lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2019]   [May]   [14]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
From
SubjectRE: [PATCHv2 08/10] vfio/mdev: Improve the create/remove sequence
Date
Hi Alex, Cornelia,


> -----Original Message-----
> From: linux-kernel-owner@vger.kernel.org <linux-kernel-
> owner@vger.kernel.org> On Behalf Of Parav Pandit
> Sent: Thursday, May 9, 2019 2:20 PM
> To: Cornelia Huck <cohuck@redhat.com>
> Cc: kvm@vger.kernel.org; linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org;
> kwankhede@nvidia.com; alex.williamson@redhat.com; cjia@nvidia.com;
> Tony Krowiak <akrowiak@linux.ibm.com>; Pierre Morel
> <pmorel@linux.ibm.com>; Halil Pasic <pasic@linux.ibm.com>
> Subject: RE: [PATCHv2 08/10] vfio/mdev: Improve the create/remove
> sequence
>
>
>
> > -----Original Message-----
> > From: Cornelia Huck <cohuck@redhat.com>
> > Sent: Thursday, May 9, 2019 4:06 AM
> > To: Parav Pandit <parav@mellanox.com>
> > Cc: kvm@vger.kernel.org; linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org;
> > kwankhede@nvidia.com; alex.williamson@redhat.com; cjia@nvidia.com;
> > Tony Krowiak <akrowiak@linux.ibm.com>; Pierre Morel
> > <pmorel@linux.ibm.com>; Halil Pasic <pasic@linux.ibm.com>
> > Subject: Re: [PATCHv2 08/10] vfio/mdev: Improve the create/remove
> > sequence
> >
> > [vfio-ap folks: find a question regarding removal further down]
> >
> > On Wed, 8 May 2019 22:06:48 +0000
> > Parav Pandit <parav@mellanox.com> wrote:
> >
> > > > -----Original Message-----
> > > > From: Cornelia Huck <cohuck@redhat.com>
> > > > Sent: Wednesday, May 8, 2019 12:10 PM
> > > > To: Parav Pandit <parav@mellanox.com>
> > > > Cc: kvm@vger.kernel.org; linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org;
> > > > kwankhede@nvidia.com; alex.williamson@redhat.com;
> cjia@nvidia.com
> > > > Subject: Re: [PATCHv2 08/10] vfio/mdev: Improve the create/remove
> > > > sequence
> > > >
> > > > On Tue, 30 Apr 2019 17:49:35 -0500 Parav Pandit
> > > > <parav@mellanox.com> wrote:
> > > >
> > > > > This patch addresses below two issues and prepares the code to
> > > > > address 3rd issue listed below.
> > > > >
> > > > > 1. mdev device is placed on the mdev bus before it is created in
> > > > > the vendor driver. Once a device is placed on the mdev bus
> > > > > without creating its supporting underlying vendor device, mdev
> > > > > driver's
> > > > > probe()
> > > > gets triggered.
> > > > > However there isn't a stable mdev available to work on.
> > > > >
> > > > > create_store()
> > > > > mdev_create_device()
> > > > > device_register()
> > > > > ...
> > > > > vfio_mdev_probe()
> > > > > [...]
> > > > > parent->ops->create()
> > > > > vfio_ap_mdev_create()
> > > > > mdev_set_drvdata(mdev, matrix_mdev);
> > > > > /* Valid pointer set above */
> > > > >
> > > > > Due to this way of initialization, mdev driver who want to use
> > > > > the
> >
> > s/want/wants/
> >
> > > > > mdev, doesn't have a valid mdev to work on.
> > > > >
> > > > > 2. Current creation sequence is,
> > > > > parent->ops_create()
> > > > > groups_register()
> > > > >
> > > > > Remove sequence is,
> > > > > parent->ops->remove()
> > > > > groups_unregister()
> > > > >
> > > > > However, remove sequence should be exact mirror of creation
> > sequence.
> > > > > Once this is achieved, all users of the mdev will be terminated
> > > > > first before removing underlying vendor device.
> > > > > (Follow standard linux driver model).
> > > > > At that point vendor's remove() ops shouldn't failed because
> > > > > device is
> >
> > s/failed/fail/
> >
> > > > > taken off the bus that should terminate the users.
> >
> > "because taking the device off the bus should terminate any usage" ?
> >
> > > > >
> > > > > 3. When remove operation fails, mdev sysfs removal attempts to
> > > > > add the file back on already removed device. Following call
> > > > > trace [1] is
> > observed.
> > > > >
> > > > > [1] call trace:
> > > > > kernel: WARNING: CPU: 2 PID: 9348 at fs/sysfs/file.c:327
> > > > > sysfs_create_file_ns+0x7f/0x90
> > > > > kernel: CPU: 2 PID: 9348 Comm: bash Kdump: loaded Not tainted
> > > > > 5.1.0-rc6-vdevbus+ #6
> > > > > kernel: Hardware name: Supermicro SYS-6028U-TR4+/X10DRU-i+, BIOS
> > > > > 2.0b
> > > > > 08/09/2016
> > > > > kernel: RIP: 0010:sysfs_create_file_ns+0x7f/0x90
> > > > > kernel: Call Trace:
> > > > > kernel: remove_store+0xdc/0x100 [mdev]
> > > > > kernel: kernfs_fop_write+0x113/0x1a0
> > > > > kernel: vfs_write+0xad/0x1b0
> > > > > kernel: ksys_write+0x5a/0xe0
> > > > > kernel: do_syscall_64+0x5a/0x210
> > > > > kernel: entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x49/0xbe
> > > > >
> > > > > Therefore, mdev core is improved in following ways.
> > > > >
> > > > > 1. Before placing mdev devices on the bus, perform vendor
> > > > > drivers creation which supports the mdev creation.
> >
> > "invoke the vendor driver ->create callback" ?
> >
> > > > > This ensures that mdev specific all necessary fields are
> > > > > initialized
> >
> > "that all necessary mdev specific fields are initialized" ?
> >
> > > > > before a given mdev can be accessed by bus driver.
> > > > > This follows standard Linux kernel bus and device model similar
> > > > > to other widely used PCI bus.
> >
> > "This follows standard practice on other Linux device model buses." ?
> >
> > > > >
> > > > > 2. During remove flow, first remove the device from the bus.
> > > > > This ensures that any bus specific devices and data is cleared.
> > > > > Once device is taken of the mdev bus, perform remove() of mdev
> > > > > from
> >
> > s/of/off/
> >
> > > > > the vendor driver.
> > > > >
> > > > > 3. Linux core device model provides way to register and auto
> > > > > unregister the device sysfs attribute groups at dev->groups.
> >
> > "The driver core provides a way to automatically register and
> > unregister sysfs attributes via dev->groups." ?
> >
> > > > > Make use of this groups to let core create the groups and
> > > > > simplify code to avoid explicit groups creation and removal.
> > > > >
> > > > > A below stack dump of a mdev device remove process also ensures
> > > > > that vfio driver guards against device removal already in use.
> > > > >
> > > > > cat /proc/21962/stack
> > > > > [<0>] vfio_del_group_dev+0x216/0x3c0 [vfio] [<0>]
> > > > > mdev_remove+0x21/0x40 [mdev] [<0>]
> > > > > device_release_driver_internal+0xe8/0x1b0
> > > > > [<0>] bus_remove_device+0xf9/0x170 [<0>] device_del+0x168/0x350
> > > > > [<0>] mdev_device_remove_common+0x1d/0x50 [mdev] [<0>]
> > > > > mdev_device_remove+0x8c/0xd0 [mdev] [<0>]
> > remove_store+0x71/0x90
> > > > > [mdev] [<0>] kernfs_fop_write+0x113/0x1a0 [<0>]
> > > > > vfs_write+0xad/0x1b0 [<0>] ksys_write+0x5a/0xe0 [<0>]
> > > > > do_syscall_64+0x5a/0x210 [<0>]
> > > > > entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x49/0xbe
> > > > > [<0>] 0xffffffffffffffff
> > > > >
> > > > > This prepares the code to eliminate calling device_create_file()
> > > > > in subsquent patch.
> >
> > I find this stack dump and explanation more confusing than enlightening.
> > Maybe just drop it?
> >
> > > >
> > > > I'm afraid I have a bit of a problem following this explanation,
> > > > so let me try to summarize what the patch does to make sure that I
> > > > understand it
> > > > correctly:
> > > >
> > > > - Add the sysfs groups to device->groups so that the driver core deals
> > > > with proper registration/deregistration.
> > > > - Split the device registration/deregistration sequence so that some
> > > > things can be done between initialization of the device and hooking
> > > > it up to the infrastructure respectively after deregistering it from
> > > > the infrastructure but before giving up our final reference. In
> > > > particular, this means invoking the ->create and ->remove callback in
> > > > those new windows. This gives the vendor driver an initialized mdev
> > > > device to work with during creation.
> > > > - Don't allow ->remove to fail, as the device is already removed from
> > > > the infrastructure at that point in time.
> > > >
> > > You got all the points pretty accurate.
> >
> > Ok, good.
> >
> > >
> > > > >
> > > > > Signed-off-by: Parav Pandit <parav@mellanox.com>
> > > > > ---
> > > > > drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c | 94 +++++++++-----------------------
> > > > > drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h | 2 +-
> > > > > drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_sysfs.c | 2 +-
> > > > > 3 files changed, 27 insertions(+), 71 deletions(-)
> > > >
> > > > (...)
> >
> > > > > @@ -373,16 +330,15 @@ int mdev_device_remove(struct device
> *dev,
> > > > bool force_remove)
> > > > > mutex_unlock(&mdev_list_lock);
> > > > >
> > > > > type = to_mdev_type(mdev->type_kobj);
> > > > > + mdev_remove_sysfs_files(dev, type);
> > > > > + device_del(&mdev->dev);
> > > > > parent = mdev->parent;
> > > > > + ret = parent->ops->remove(mdev);
> > > > > + if (ret)
> > > > > + dev_err(&mdev->dev, "Remove failed: err=%d\n",
> ret);
> > > >
> > > > I think carrying on with removal regardless of the return code of
> > > > the
> > > > ->remove callback makes sense, as it simply matches usual practice.
> > > > However, are we sure that every vendor driver works well with that?
> > > > I think it should, as removal from bus unregistration (vs. from
> > > > the sysfs
> > > > file) was always something it could not veto, but have you looked
> > > > at the individual drivers?
> > > >
> > > I looked at following drivers a little while back.
> > > Looked again now.
> > >
> > > drivers/gpu/drm/i915/gvt/kvmgt.c which clears the handle valid in
> > intel_vgpu_release(), which should finish first before remove() is invoked.
> > >
> > > s390 vfio_ccw_mdev_remove() driver drivers/s390/cio/vfio_ccw_ops.c
> > remove() always returns 0.
> > > s39 crypo fails the remove() once vfio_ap_mdev_release marks kvm
> > > null,
> > which should finish before remove() is invoked.
> >
> > That one is giving me a bit of a headache (the ->kvm reference is
> > supposed to keep us from detaching while a vm is running), so let's cc:
> > the vfio-ap maintainers to see whether they have any concerns.
> >
> I probably wrote wrongly.
> vfio_ap_mdev_remove() fails if the VM is already running (i.e.
> vfio_ap_mdev_release() is not yet called).
>
> And if VM is running it guarded by the vfio_mdev driver which is the one
> who binds to the device mdev device.
> That is why I shown the above stack trace in the commit log, indicating that
> vfio driver is guarding it.
>
> > > samples/vfio-mdev/mbochs.c mbochs_remove() always returns 0.
> > >
> > > > >
> > > > > - ret = mdev_device_remove_ops(mdev, force_remove);
> > > > > - if (ret) {
> > > > > - mdev->active = true;
> > > > > - return ret;
> > > > > - }
> > > > > -
> > > > > - mdev_remove_sysfs_files(dev, type);
> > > > > - device_unregister(dev);
> > > > > + /* Balances with device_initialize() */
> > > > > + put_device(&mdev->dev);
> > > > > mdev_put_parent(parent);
> > > > >
> > > > > return 0;
> > > >
> > > > I think that looks sane in general, but the commit message might
> > > > benefit from tweaking.
> > > Part of your description is more crisp than my commit message, I can
> > probably take snippet from it to improve?
> > > Or any specific entries in commit message that I should address?
> >
> > I have added some comments inline (mostly some wording tweaks).
> >
> > Feel free to take anything from my summary as well.

I want to send v3 addressing commit log comment and take updated description from Cornelia, if this 3 patches looks reasonable enough.
What do you think?

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2019-05-14 22:35    [W:0.091 / U:3.812 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site