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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 1/3] platform/chrome: cros_ec_spi: Move to real time priority for transfers
On Tue, May 14, 2019 at 11:40 AM Douglas Anderson <dianders@chromium.org> wrote:
>
> In commit 37a186225a0c ("platform/chrome: cros_ec_spi: Transfer
> messages at high priority") we moved transfers to a high priority
> workqueue. This helped make them much more reliable.
>
> ...but, we still saw failures.
>
> We were actually finding ourselves competing for time with dm-crypt
> which also scheduled work on HIGHPRI workqueues. While we can
> consider reverting the change that made dm-crypt run its work at
> HIGHPRI, the argument in commit a1b89132dc4f ("dm crypt: use
> WQ_HIGHPRI for the IO and crypt workqueues") is somewhat compelling.
> It does make sense for IO to be scheduled at a priority that's higher
> than the default user priority. It also turns out that dm-crypt isn't
> alone in using high priority like this. loop_prepare_queue() does
> something similar for loopback devices.
>
> Looking in more detail, it can be seen that the high priority
> workqueue isn't actually that high of a priority. It runs at MIN_NICE
> which is _fairly_ high priority but still below all real time
> priority.
>
> Should we move cros_ec_spi to real time priority to fix our problems,
> or is this just escalating a priority war? I'll argue here that
> cros_ec_spi _does_ belong at real time priority. Specifically
> cros_ec_spi actually needs to run quickly for correctness. As I
> understand this is exactly what real time priority is for.
>
> There currently doesn't appear to be any way to use the standard
> workqueue APIs with a real time priority, so we'll switch over to
> using using a kthread worker. We'll match the priority that the SPI
> core uses when it wants to do things on a realtime thread and just use
> "MAX_RT_PRIO - 1".
>
> This commit plus the patch ("platform/chrome: cros_ec_spi: Request the
> SPI thread be realtime") are enough to get communications very close
> to 100% reliable (the only known problem left is when serial console
> is turned on, which isn't something that happens in shipping devices).
> Specifically this test case now passes (tested on rk3288-veyron-jerry):
>
> dd if=/dev/zero of=/var/log/foo.txt bs=4M count=512&
> while true; do
> ectool version > /dev/null;
> done
>
> It should be noted that "/var/log" is encrypted (and goes through
> dm-crypt) and also passes through a loopback device.
>
> Signed-off-by: Douglas Anderson <dianders@chromium.org>
> ---
>
> Changes in v3:
> - cros_ec realtime patch replaces revert; now patch #1
>
> Changes in v2: None
>
> drivers/platform/chrome/cros_ec_spi.c | 88 +++++++++++++++++++++++----
> 1 file changed, 77 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/platform/chrome/cros_ec_spi.c b/drivers/platform/chrome/cros_ec_spi.c
> index 8e9451720e73..b89bf11dda64 100644
> --- a/drivers/platform/chrome/cros_ec_spi.c
> +++ b/drivers/platform/chrome/cros_ec_spi.c
> @@ -13,6 +13,8 @@
> #include <linux/slab.h>
> #include <linux/spi/spi.h>
>
> +#include <uapi/linux/sched/types.h>
> +

Extra newline.

>
> /* The header byte, which follows the preamble */
> #define EC_MSG_HEADER 0xec
> @@ -67,12 +69,16 @@
> * is sent when we want to turn on CS at the start of a transaction.
> * @end_of_msg_delay: used to set the delay_usecs on the spi_transfer that
> * is sent when we want to turn off CS at the end of a transaction.
> + * @high_pri_worker: Used to give work to high_pri_thread.
> + * @high_pri_thread: We'll do our transfers here to reduce preemption problems.
> */
> struct cros_ec_spi {
> struct spi_device *spi;
> s64 last_transfer_ns;
> unsigned int start_of_msg_delay;
> unsigned int end_of_msg_delay;
> + struct kthread_worker high_pri_worker;
> + struct task_struct *high_pri_thread;
> };
>
> typedef int (*cros_ec_xfer_fn_t) (struct cros_ec_device *ec_dev,
> @@ -89,7 +95,7 @@ typedef int (*cros_ec_xfer_fn_t) (struct cros_ec_device *ec_dev,
> */
>
> struct cros_ec_xfer_work_params {
> - struct work_struct work;
> + struct kthread_work work;
> cros_ec_xfer_fn_t fn;
> struct cros_ec_device *ec_dev;
> struct cros_ec_command *ec_msg;
> @@ -632,7 +638,7 @@ static int do_cros_ec_cmd_xfer_spi(struct cros_ec_device *ec_dev,
> return ret;
> }
>
> -static void cros_ec_xfer_high_pri_work(struct work_struct *work)
> +static void cros_ec_xfer_high_pri_work(struct kthread_work *work)
> {
> struct cros_ec_xfer_work_params *params;
>
> @@ -644,12 +650,14 @@ static int cros_ec_xfer_high_pri(struct cros_ec_device *ec_dev,
> struct cros_ec_command *ec_msg,
> cros_ec_xfer_fn_t fn)
> {
> - struct cros_ec_xfer_work_params params;
> -
> - INIT_WORK_ONSTACK(&params.work, cros_ec_xfer_high_pri_work);
> - params.ec_dev = ec_dev;
> - params.ec_msg = ec_msg;
> - params.fn = fn;
> + struct cros_ec_spi *ec_spi = ec_dev->priv;
> + struct cros_ec_xfer_work_params params = {
> + .work = KTHREAD_WORK_INIT(params.work,
> + cros_ec_xfer_high_pri_work),
> + .ec_dev = ec_dev,
> + .ec_msg = ec_msg,
> + .fn = fn,
> + };
>
> /*
> * This looks a bit ridiculous. Why do the work on a
> @@ -660,9 +668,8 @@ static int cros_ec_xfer_high_pri(struct cros_ec_device *ec_dev,
> * context switched out for too long and the EC giving up on
> * the transfer.
> */
> - queue_work(system_highpri_wq, &params.work);
> - flush_work(&params.work);
> - destroy_work_on_stack(&params.work);
> + kthread_queue_work(&ec_spi->high_pri_worker, &params.work);
> + kthread_flush_work(&params.work);
>
> return params.ret;
> }
> @@ -694,6 +701,61 @@ static void cros_ec_spi_dt_probe(struct cros_ec_spi *ec_spi, struct device *dev)
> ec_spi->end_of_msg_delay = val;
> }
>
> +static void cros_ec_spi_high_pri_release(struct device *dev, void *res)
> +{
> + struct cros_ec_spi *ec_spi = *(struct cros_ec_spi **)res;
> +
> + kthread_stop(ec_spi->high_pri_thread);

Is that needed ? kthread_destroy_worker() does it for you.

> + kthread_destroy_worker(&ec_spi->high_pri_worker);
> +}
> +
> +static int cros_ec_spi_devm_high_pri_alloc(struct device *dev,
> + struct cros_ec_spi *ec_spi)
> +{
> + struct sched_param sched_priority = {
> + .sched_priority = MAX_RT_PRIO - 1,
> + };
> + struct cros_ec_spi **ptr;
> + int err = 0;
> +
> + ptr = devres_alloc(cros_ec_spi_high_pri_release, sizeof(*ptr),
> + GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!ptr)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> + *ptr = ec_spi;
> +
> + kthread_init_worker(&ec_spi->high_pri_worker);
> + ec_spi->high_pri_thread = kthread_create(kthread_worker_fn,
> + &ec_spi->high_pri_worker,
> + "cros_ec_spi_high_pri");
> + if (IS_ERR(ec_spi->high_pri_thread)) {
> + err = PTR_ERR(ec_spi->high_pri_thread);
> + dev_err(dev, "Can't create cros_ec high pri thread: %d\n", err);
> + goto err_worker_initted;
> + }
> +
> + err = sched_setscheduler_nocheck(ec_spi->high_pri_thread,
> + SCHED_FIFO, &sched_priority);
> + if (err) {
> + dev_err(dev, "Can't set cros_ec high pri priority: %d\n", err);
> + goto err_thread_created;
> + }
> +
> + wake_up_process(ec_spi->high_pri_thread);
> +
> + devres_add(dev, ptr);
> +

If you move that ahead of sched_setscheduler_nocheck(), you would not
need the err_thread_created: label.

> + return 0;
> +
> +err_thread_created:
> + kthread_stop(ec_spi->high_pri_thread);
> +
> +err_worker_initted:
> + kthread_destroy_worker(&ec_spi->high_pri_worker);

Are you sure about this ? The worker isn't started here, but
kthread_destroy_worker() tries to stop it.

> + devres_free(ptr);
> + return err;
> +}
> +
> static int cros_ec_spi_probe(struct spi_device *spi)
> {
> struct device *dev = &spi->dev;
> @@ -732,6 +794,10 @@ static int cros_ec_spi_probe(struct spi_device *spi)
>
> ec_spi->last_transfer_ns = ktime_get_ns();
>
> + err = cros_ec_spi_devm_high_pri_alloc(dev, ec_spi);
> + if (err)
> + return err;
> +
> err = cros_ec_register(ec_dev);
> if (err) {
> dev_err(dev, "cannot register EC\n");
> --
> 2.21.0.1020.gf2820cf01a-goog
>

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