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SubjectRe: [PATCH] signal: don't always leave task frozen after ptrace_stop()
On Tue, May 14, 2019 at 06:01:59PM +0200, Oleg Nesterov wrote:
> Roman,
> Sorry, I can't agree with this patch. And even the changelog doesn't
> look right.
> On 05/13, Roman Gushchin wrote:
> >
> > The ptrace_stop() function contains the cgroup_enter_frozen() call,
> > but no cgroup_leave_frozen(). When ptrace_stop() is called from the
> > do_jobctl_trap() path, it's correct, because corresponding
> > cgroup_leave_frozen() calls in get_signal() will guarantee that
> > the task won't leave the signal handler loop frozen.
> >
> > However, if ptrace_stop() is called from ptrace_signal() or
> > ptrace_notify(), there is no such guarantee, and the task may leave
> > with the frozen bit set.
> ptrace_signal() looks fine in that the task can't return to user-mode,
> get_signal() will be called again exactly because ->frozen == 1 means
> TIF_SIGPENDING. So I an not surre I understand why ptrace_signal() does
> ptrace_stop(false) with your patch. But this is minor.
> > It leads to the regression, reported by Alex Xu. Write system call
> > gets mistakenly interrupted by fake TIF_SIGPENDING, which is set
> > by recalc_sigpending_tsk() because of the set frozen bit.
> IMHO, the real problem is not that syscall was interrupted. The problem
> is that a frozen task must never start the syscall.
> ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
> Can't we add the unconditional leave_frozen() into ptrace_stop() for now ?
> Sure, this is not what we want. Debugger can disturb CGRP_FROZEN.
> But. The "may_remain_frozen" argument uglifies this code too much (imo) and
> at the same time it doesn't solve the problem above: CGRP_FROZEN can be cleared
> "for no reason".
> Say, why ptrace_event_pid() should do leave_frozen(true) ? And if there is any
> reason, then why wait_for_vfork_done() can do leave_frozen(false) ?
> Or syscall-exit path. It can't miss get_signal(), it doesn't need leave_frozen().
> In short, I believe that compared to the unconditional leave_frozen() in ptrace_stop()
> this patch buys almost nothing, but makes the code and the whole logic much uglier.
> Oleg.

Hi Oleg!

I agree that "may_remain_frozen" adds a lot of ugliness, so let's fix
the regression with the unconditional leave_frozen(true). The patch below.
Please, let me know if it's not what you meant.

The problem is that it makes the ptrace freezer kselftest to flap,
so it's good only as a temporarily solution. But it looks like we agree here.

Thank you!


From 2602261b066a06f6884057d2cd7369951768b9ed Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Roman Gushchin <>
Date: Tue, 14 May 2019 10:13:19 -0700
Subject: [PATCH] signal: unconditionally leave the frozen state in

Alex Xu reported a regression in strace, caused by the introduction of
the cgroup v2 freezer. The regression can be reproduced by stracing
the following simple program:

#include <unistd.h>

int main() {
write(1, "a", 1);
return 0;

An attempt to run strace ./a.out leads to the infinite loop:
[ pre-main omitted ]
write(1, "a", 1) = ? ERESTARTSYS (To be restarted if SA_RESTART is set)
write(1, "a", 1) = ? ERESTARTSYS (To be restarted if SA_RESTART is set)
write(1, "a", 1) = ? ERESTARTSYS (To be restarted if SA_RESTART is set)
write(1, "a", 1) = ? ERESTARTSYS (To be restarted if SA_RESTART is set)
write(1, "a", 1) = ? ERESTARTSYS (To be restarted if SA_RESTART is set)
write(1, "a", 1) = ? ERESTARTSYS (To be restarted if SA_RESTART is set)
[ repeats forever ]

The problem occurs because the traced task leaves ptrace_stop()
(and the signal handling loop) with the frozen bit set. So let's
call cgroup_leave_frozen(true) unconditionally after sleeping
in ptrace_stop().

With this patch applied, strace works as expected:
[ pre-main omitted ]
write(1, "a", 1) = 1
exit_group(0) = ?
+++ exited with 0 +++

Reported-by: Alex Xu <>
Fixes: 76f969e8948d ("cgroup: cgroup v2 freezer")
Signed-off-by: Roman Gushchin <>
Cc: Oleg Nesterov <>
Cc: Tejun Heo <>
kernel/signal.c | 1 +
1 file changed, 1 insertion(+)

diff --git a/kernel/signal.c b/kernel/signal.c
index 8607b11ff936..565ba14d89d5 100644
--- a/kernel/signal.c
+++ b/kernel/signal.c
@@ -2112,6 +2112,7 @@ static void ptrace_stop(int exit_code, int why, int clear_code, kernel_siginfo_t
+ cgroup_leave_frozen(true);
} else {
* By the time we got the lock, our tracer went away.
 \ /
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