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SubjectRe: Problems caused by dm crypt: use WQ_HIGHPRI for the IO and crypt workqueues
On Tue, May 14 2019 at 12:47pm -0400,
Doug Anderson <dianders@chromium.org> wrote:

> Hi,
>
> On Mon, May 13, 2019 at 10:15 AM Mike Snitzer <snitzer@redhat.com> wrote:
>
> > On Mon, May 13 2019 at 12:18pm -0400,
> > Doug Anderson <dianders@chromium.org> wrote:
> >
> > > Hi,
> > >
> > > I wanted to jump on the bandwagon of people reporting problems with
> > > commit a1b89132dc4f ("dm crypt: use WQ_HIGHPRI for the IO and crypt
> > > workqueues").
> > >
> > > Specifically I've been tracking down communication errors when talking
> > > to our Embedded Controller (EC) over SPI. I found that communication
> > > errors happened _much_ more frequently on newer kernels than older
> > > ones. Using ftrace I managed to track the problem down to the dm
> > > crypt patch. ...and, indeed, reverting that patch gets rid of the
> > > vast majority of my errors.
> > >
> > > If you want to see the ftrace of my high priority worker getting
> > > blocked for 7.5 ms, you can see:
> > >
> > > https://bugs.chromium.org/p/chromium/issues/attachmentText?aid=392715
> > >
> > >
> > > In my case I'm looking at solving my problems by bumping the CrOS EC
> > > transfers fully up to real time priority. ...but given that there are
> > > other reports of problems with the dm-crypt priority (notably I found
> > > https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=199857) maybe we should
> > > also come up with a different solution for dm-crypt?
> > >
> >
> > And chance you can test how behaviour changes if you remove
> > WQ_CPU_INTENSIVE? e.g.:
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/md/dm-crypt.c b/drivers/md/dm-crypt.c
> > index 692cddf3fe2a..c97d5d807311 100644
> > --- a/drivers/md/dm-crypt.c
> > +++ b/drivers/md/dm-crypt.c
> > @@ -2827,8 +2827,7 @@ static int crypt_ctr(struct dm_target *ti, unsigned int argc, char **argv)
> >
> > ret = -ENOMEM;
> > cc->io_queue = alloc_workqueue("kcryptd_io/%s",
> > - WQ_HIGHPRI | WQ_CPU_INTENSIVE | WQ_MEM_RECLAIM,
> > - 1, devname);
> > + WQ_HIGHPRI | WQ_MEM_RECLAIM, 1, devname);
> > if (!cc->io_queue) {
> > ti->error = "Couldn't create kcryptd io queue";
> > goto bad;
> > @@ -2836,11 +2835,10 @@ static int crypt_ctr(struct dm_target *ti, unsigned int argc, char **argv)
> >
> > if (test_bit(DM_CRYPT_SAME_CPU, &cc->flags))
> > cc->crypt_queue = alloc_workqueue("kcryptd/%s",
> > - WQ_HIGHPRI | WQ_CPU_INTENSIVE | WQ_MEM_RECLAIM,
> > - 1, devname);
> > + WQ_HIGHPRI | WQ_MEM_RECLAIM, 1, devname);
> > else
> > cc->crypt_queue = alloc_workqueue("kcryptd/%s",
> > - WQ_HIGHPRI | WQ_CPU_INTENSIVE | WQ_MEM_RECLAIM | WQ_UNBOUND,
> > + WQ_HIGHPRI | WQ_MEM_RECLAIM | WQ_UNBOUND,
> > num_online_cpus(), devname);
> > if (!cc->crypt_queue) {
> > ti->error = "Couldn't create kcryptd queue";
>
> It's not totally trivially easy for me to test. My previous failure
> cases were leaving a few devices "idle" over a long period of time. I
> did that on 3 machines last night and didn't see any failures. Thus
> removing "WQ_CPU_INTENSIVE" may have made things better. Before I say
> for sure I'd want to test for longer / redo the test a few times,
> since I've seen the problem go away on its own before (just by
> timing/luck) and then re-appear.

What you shared below seems to indicate that removing WQ_CPU_INTENSIVE
didn't work.

> Do you have a theory about why removing WQ_CPU_INTENSIVE would help?

Reading this comment is what made me think to ask:
https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=199857#c4

> NOTE: in trying to reproduce problems more quickly I actually came up
> with a better test case for the problem I was seeing. I found that I
> can reproduce my own problems much better with this test:
>
> dd if=/dev/zero of=/var/log/foo.txt bs=4M count=512&
> while true; do
> ectool version > /dev/null;
> done
>
> It should be noted that "/var" is on encrypted stateful on my system
> so throwing data at it stresses dm-crypt. It should also be noted
> that somehow "/var" also ends up traversing through a loopback device
> (this becomes relevant below):
>
>
> With the above test:
>
> 1. With a mainline kernel that has commit 37a186225a0c
> ("platform/chrome: cros_ec_spi: Transfer messages at high priority"):
> I see failures.
>
> 2. With a mainline kernel that has commit 37a186225a0c plus removing
> WQ_CPU_INTENSIVE in dm-crypt: I still see failures.
>
> 3. With a mainline kernel that has commit 37a186225a0c plus removing
> high priority (but keeping CPU intensive) in dm-crypt: I still see
> failures.
>
> 4. With a mainline kernel that has commit 37a186225a0c plus removing
> high priority (but keeping CPU intensive) in dm-crypt plus removing
> set_user_nice() in loop_prepare_queue(): I get a pass!
>
> 5. With a mainline kernel that has commit 37a186225a0c plus removing
> set_user_nice() in loop_prepare_queue() plus leaving dm-crypt alone: I
> see failures.
>
> 6. With a mainline kernel that has commit 37a186225a0c plus removing
> set_user_nice() in loop_prepare_queue() plus removing WQ_CPU_INTENSIVE
> in dm-crypt: I still see failures
>
> 7. With my new "cros_ec at realtime" series and no other patches, I get a pass!
>
>
> tl;dr: High priority (even without CPU_INTENSIVE) definitely causes
> interference with my high priority work starving it for > 8 ms, but
> dm-crypt isn't unique here--loopback devices also have problems.

Well I read it all ;)

I don't have a commit 37a186225a0c, the original commit in querstion is
a1b89132dc4 right?

But I think we need a deeper understanding from workqueue maintainers on
what the right way forward is here. I cc'd Tejun in my previous reply
but IIRC he no longer looks after the workqueue code.

I think it'd be good for you to work with the original author of commit
a1b89132dc4 (Tim, on cc) to see if you can reach consensus on what works
for both of your requirements.

Given 7 above, if your new "cros_ec at realtime" series fixes it.. ship
it?

Mike

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