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SubjectRe: [RFC] iommu: arm-smmu: stall support
On Tue, May 14, 2019 at 3:24 AM Robin Murphy <robin.murphy@arm.com> wrote:
>
> On 14/05/2019 02:54, Rob Clark wrote:
> > On Mon, May 13, 2019 at 11:37 AM Jean-Philippe Brucker
> > <jean-philippe.brucker@arm.com> wrote:
> >>
> >> Hi Rob,
> >>
> >> On 10/05/2019 19:23, Rob Clark wrote:
> >>> On Fri, Sep 22, 2017 at 2:58 AM Jean-Philippe Brucker
> >>> <jean-philippe.brucker@arm.com> wrote:
> >>>>
> >>>> On 22/09/17 10:02, Joerg Roedel wrote:
> >>>>> On Tue, Sep 19, 2017 at 10:23:43AM -0400, Rob Clark wrote:
> >>>>>> I would like to decide in the IRQ whether or not to queue work or not,
> >>>>>> because when we get a gpu fault, we tend to get 1000's of gpu faults
> >>>>>> all at once (and I really only need to handle the first one). I
> >>>>>> suppose that could also be achieved by having a special return value
> >>>>>> from the fault handler to say "call me again from a wq"..
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>> Note that in the drm driver I already have a suitable wq to queue the
> >>>>>> work, so it really doesn't buy me anything to have the iommu driver
> >>>>>> toss things off to a wq for me. Might be a different situation for
> >>>>>> other drivers (but I guess mostly other drivers are using iommu API
> >>>>>> indirectly via dma-mapping?)
> >>>>>
> >>>>> Okay, so since you are the only user for now, we don't need a
> >>>>> work-queue. But I still want the ->resume call-back to be hidden in the
> >>>>> iommu code and not be exposed to users.
> >>>>>
> >>>>> We already have per-domain fault-handlers, so the best solution for now
> >>>>> is to call ->resume from report_iommu_fault() when the fault-handler
> >>>>> returns a special value.
> >>>>
> >>>> The problem is that report_iommu_fault is called from IRQ context by the
> >>>> SMMU driver, so the device driver callback cannot sleep.
> >>>>
> >>>> So if the device driver needs to be able to sleep between fault report and
> >>>> resume, as I understand Rob needs for writing debugfs, we can either:
> >>>>
> >>>> * call report_iommu_fault from higher up, in a thread or workqueue.
> >>>> * split the fault reporting as this patch proposes. The exact same
> >>>> mechanism is needed for the vSVM work by Intel: in order to inject fault
> >>>> into the guest, they would like to have an atomic notifier registered by
> >>>> VFIO for passing down the Page Request, and a new function in the IOMMU
> >>>> API to resume/complete the fault.
> >>>>
> >>>
> >>> So I was thinking about this topic again.. I would still like to get
> >>> some sort of async resume so that I can wire up GPU cmdstream/state
> >>> logging on iommu fault (without locally resurrecting and rebasing this
> >>> patch and drm/msm side changes each time I need to debug iommu
> >>> faults)..
> >>
> >> We've been working on the new fault reporting API with Jacob and Eric,
> >> and I intend to send it out soon. It is supposed to be used for
> >> reporting faults to guests via VFIO, handling page faults via mm, and
> >> also reporting events directly to device drivers. Please let us know
> >> what works and what doesn't in your case
> >>
> >> The most recent version of the patches is at
> >> http://www.linux-arm.org/git?p=linux-jpb.git;a=shortlog;h=refs/heads/sva/api
> >> (git://www.linux-arm.org/linux-jpb.git branch sva/api). Hopefully on the
> >> list sometimes next week, I'll add you on Cc.
> >>
> >> In particular, see commits
> >> iommu: Introduce device fault data
> >> iommu: Introduce device fault report API
> >> iommu: Add recoverable fault reporting
> >>
> >> The device driver calls iommu_register_device_fault_handler(dev, cb,
> >> data). To report a fault, the SMMU driver calls
> >> iommu_report_device_fault(dev, fault). This calls into the device driver
> >> directly, there isn't any workqueue. If the fault is recoverable (the
> >> SMMU driver set type IOMMU_FAULT_PAGE_REQ rather than
> >> IOMMU_FAULT_DMA_UNRECOV), the device driver calls iommu_page_response()
> >> once it has dealt with the fault (after sleeping if it needs to). This
> >> invokes the SMMU driver's resume callback.
> >
> > Ok, this sounds at a high level similar to my earlier RFC, in that
> > resume is split (and that was the main thing I was interested in).
> > And it does solve one thing I was struggling with, namely that when
> > the domain is created it doesn't know which iommu device it will be
> > attached to (given that at least the original arm-smmu.c driver cannot
> > support stall in all cases)..
> >
> > For GPU translation faults, I also don't really need to know if the
> > faulting translation is stalled until the callback (I mainly want to
> > not bother to snapshot GPU state if it is not stalled, because in that
> > case the data we snapshot is unlikely to be related to the fault if
> > the translation is not stalled).
> >
> >> At the moment we use mutexes, so iommu_report_device_fault() can only be
> >> called from an IRQ thread, which is incompatible with the current SMMUv2
> >> driver. Either we need to switch the SMMUv2 driver to an IRQ thread, or
> >> rework the fault handler to be called from an IRQ handler. The reporting
> >> also has to be per device rather than per domain, and I'm not sure if
> >> the SMMUv2 driver can deal with this.
> >
> > I'll take a closer look at the branch and try to formulate some plan
> > to add v2 support for this.
>
> What's fun is that we should be able to identify a stream ID for most
> context faults *except* translation faults...
>
> We've considered threaded IRQs before, and IIRC the problem with doing
> it at the architectural level is that in some cases the fault interrupt
> can only be deasserted by actually resuming/terminating the stalled
> transaction.
>
> > For my cases, the GPU always has it's own iommu device, while display
> > and other blocks share an apps_smmu.. although this sort of
> > functionality isn't really required outside of the GPU.. but I'll have
> > to think a bit about how we can support both cases in the single v2
> > driver.
>
> With the above said, I am in the middle of a big refactoring[1] to allow
> everyone's imp-def stuff to coexist nicely, so ultimately if qcom
> implementations can guarantee the appropriate hardware behaviour then
> they can have their own interrupt handlers to accommodate this.
>

Ok, maybe I'll hold off a bit and work on other things, to avoid feet stomping..

I don't suppose you have thoughts about split pagetables, which is one
of the things we want for implementing per-context pagetables? I
suppose that is less of an impl thing and more an architecture thing,
but maybe no one on other implementations wants this?

BR,
-R


> Robin.
>
> [1]
> http://linux-arm.org/git?p=linux-rm.git;a=shortlog;h=refs/heads/iommu/smmu-impl
> - note that this is very, very WIP right now

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