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Subject[BUG] usb: xhci: Possible resource leaks when xhci_run() fails
Date
xhci_pci_setup() is assigned to hc_driver.reset;
xhci_run() is assigned to hc_driver.start();
xhci_stop() is assigned to hc_driver.stop().

xhci_pci_setup() calls xhci_gen_setup, which calls xhci_init(). And
xhci_init() calls xhci_mem_init() to allocate resources.

xhci_stop() calls xhci_mem_cleanup(), to release the resources allocated
in xhci_mem_init() (also namely xhci_pci_setup()).

xhci_run() can fail, because xhci_try_enable_msi() or
xhci_alloc_command() in this function can fail.

In drivers/usb/core/hcd.c:
retval = hcd->driver->reset(hcd);
if (retval < 0) {
......
goto err_hcd_driver_setup;
}
......
retval = hcd->driver->start(hcd);
if (retval < 0) {
......
goto err_hcd_driver_start;
}
.......
hcd->driver->stop(hcd);
hcd->state = HC_STATE_HALT;
clear_bit(HCD_FLAG_POLL_RH, &hcd->flags);
del_timer_sync(&hcd->rh_timer);
err_hcd_driver_start:
if (usb_hcd_is_primary_hcd(hcd) && hcd->irq > 0)
free_irq(irqnum, hcd);
err_request_irq:
err_hcd_driver_setup:
err_set_rh_speed:
usb_put_invalidate_rhdev(hcd);
err_allocate_root_hub:
usb_deregister_bus(&hcd->self);
err_register_bus:
hcd_buffer_destroy(hcd);
err_create_buf:
usb_phy_roothub_power_off(hcd->phy_roothub);
err_usb_phy_roothub_power_on:
usb_phy_roothub_exit(hcd->phy_roothub);

Thus, when hcd->driver->reset() succeeds and hcd->driver->start() fails,
hcd->driver->stop() is not called.

Namely, when xhci_pci_setup() successfully allocates resources, and
xhci_run() fails, xhci_stop() is not called to release the resources.
For this reason, resource leaks occur in this case.

I check the code of the ehci driver, uhci driver and ohci driver, and
find that they do not have such problem, because:
In the ehci driver, ehci_run() (namely hcd->driver->start()) never fails.
In the uhci driver, all the resources are allocated in uhci_start
(namely hcd->driver->start()), and no resources are allocated in
uhci_pci_init() (namely hcd->driver->reset()).
In the ohci driver, ohci_setup() (namely hcd->driver->reset()) also
allocates resources. But when ohci_start() (namely hcd->driver->start())
is going to fail, ohci_stop() is directly called to release the
resources allocated by ohci_setup().

Thus, there are two possible ways of fixing bugs:
1) Call xhci_stop() when xhci_run() is going to fail (like the ohci driver)
2) Move all resource-allocation operations into xhci_run() (like the
uhci driver).

I am not sure whether these ways are correct, so I only report bugs.

These bugs are found by a runtime fuzzing tool named FIZZER written by us.


Best wishes,
Jia-Ju Bai

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