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SubjectRe: [PATCH v7 10/13] selftests/resctrl: Add vendor detection mechanism
On Sat,  9 Feb 2019 18:50:39 -0800
Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@intel.com> wrote:

Hi,

> From: Babu Moger <babu.moger@amd.com>
>
> RESCTRL feature is supported both on Intel and AMD now. Some features
> are implemented differently. Add vendor detection mechanism. Use the vendor
> check where there are differences.

I don't think vendor detection is the right approach. The Linux userland
interface should be even architecture agnostic, not to speak of different
vendors.

But even if we need this for some reason ...

>
> Signed-off-by: Babu Moger <babu.moger@amd.com>
> Signed-off-by: Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@intel.com>
> ---
> tools/testing/selftests/resctrl/resctrl.h | 13 +++++
> tools/testing/selftests/resctrl/resctrl_tests.c | 63 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 2 files changed, 76 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/resctrl/resctrl.h b/tools/testing/selftests/resctrl/resctrl.h
> index dadbb3d0cad8..974ec2de5fee 100644
> --- a/tools/testing/selftests/resctrl/resctrl.h
> +++ b/tools/testing/selftests/resctrl/resctrl.h
> @@ -63,10 +63,23 @@ struct resctrl_val_param {
>
> };
>
> +/**
> + * Results of CPUID operation are stored in this structure.
> + * It consists of 4x32bits IA registers: EAX, EBX, ECX and EDX.
> + */
> +struct cpuid_out {
> + uint32_t eax;
> + uint32_t ebx;
> + uint32_t ecx;
> + uint32_t edx;
> +};
> +
> pid_t bm_pid, ppid;
> extern char cbm_mask[256];
> extern unsigned long long_mask;
> extern char llc_occup_path[1024];
> +extern int genuine_intel;
> +extern int authentic_amd;

There are more CPU vendors than that ;-)
And to not encourage this kind of vendor specific tests, I'd keep this exposure to a minimum.

In my version I have a simple is_amd() function, to cover the L3 vs. physical pacakges differences.

>
> int remount_resctrlfs(bool mum_resctrlfs);
> int get_resource_id(int cpu_no, int *resource_id);
> diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/resctrl/resctrl_tests.c b/tools/testing/selftests/resctrl/resctrl_tests.c
> index 3959b2b0671a..1d9adcfbdb4c 100644
> --- a/tools/testing/selftests/resctrl/resctrl_tests.c
> +++ b/tools/testing/selftests/resctrl/resctrl_tests.c
> @@ -14,6 +14,66 @@
> #define BENCHMARK_ARGS 64
> #define BENCHMARK_ARG_SIZE 64
>
> +/**
> + * This variables provides information about the vendor
> + */
> +int genuine_intel;
> +int authentic_amd;
> +
> +void lcpuid(const unsigned int leaf, const unsigned int subleaf,
> + struct cpuid_out *out)

There is a much easier way to detect the vendor, without resorting to
(unchecked) inline assembly in userland:
I changed this to scan /proc/cpuinfo for a line starting with vendor_id,
then use the information there. This should work everywhere.

Cheers,
Andre

> +{
> + if (!out)
> + return;
> +
> +#ifdef __x86_64__
> + asm volatile("mov %4, %%eax\n\t"
> + "mov %5, %%ecx\n\t"
> + "cpuid\n\t"
> + "mov %%eax, %0\n\t"
> + "mov %%ebx, %1\n\t"
> + "mov %%ecx, %2\n\t"
> + "mov %%edx, %3\n\t"
> + : "=g" (out->eax), "=g" (out->ebx), "=g" (out->ecx),
> + "=g" (out->edx)
> + : "g" (leaf), "g" (subleaf)
> + : "%eax", "%ebx", "%ecx", "%edx");
> +#else
> + asm volatile("push %%ebx\n\t"
> + "mov %4, %%eax\n\t"
> + "mov %5, %%ecx\n\t"
> + "cpuid\n\t"
> + "mov %%eax, %0\n\t"
> + "mov %%ebx, %1\n\t"
> + "mov %%ecx, %2\n\t"
> + "mov %%edx, %3\n\t"
> + "pop %%ebx\n\t"
> + : "=g" (out->eax), "=g" (out->ebx), "=g" (out->ecx),
> + "=g" (out->edx)
> + : "g" (leaf), "g" (subleaf)
> + : "%eax", "%ecx", "%edx");
> +#endif
> +}
> +
> +int detect_vendor(void)
> +{
> + struct cpuid_out vendor;
> + int ret = 0;
> +
> + lcpuid(0x0, 0x0, &vendor);
> + if (vendor.ebx == 0x756e6547 && vendor.edx == 0x49656e69 &&
> + vendor.ecx == 0x6c65746e) {
> + genuine_intel = 1;
> + } else if (vendor.ebx == 0x68747541 && vendor.edx == 0x69746E65 &&
> + vendor.ecx == 0x444D4163) {
> + authentic_amd = 1;
> + } else {
> + ret = -EFAULT;
> + }
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> static void cmd_help(void)
> {
> printf("usage: resctrl_tests [-h] [-b \"benchmark_cmd [options]\"] [-t test list] [-n no_of_bits]\n");
> @@ -110,6 +170,9 @@ int main(int argc, char **argv)
> return errno;
> }
>
> + /* Detect vendor */
> + detect_vendor();
> +
> if (has_ben) {
> /* Extract benchmark command from command line. */
> for (i = ben_ind; i < argc; i++) {

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