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SubjectRe: [PATCH v7 06/23] iommu: Introduce bind/unbind_guest_msi
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Hi Robin,
On 5/8/19 3:59 PM, Robin Murphy wrote:
> On 08/04/2019 13:18, Eric Auger wrote:
>> On ARM, MSI are translated by the SMMU. An IOVA is allocated
>> for each MSI doorbell. If both the host and the guest are exposed
>> with SMMUs, we end up with 2 different IOVAs allocated by each.
>> guest allocates an IOVA (gIOVA) to map onto the guest MSI
>> doorbell (gDB). The Host allocates another IOVA (hIOVA) to map
>> onto the physical doorbell (hDB).
>>
>> So we end up with 2 untied mappings:
>>           S1            S2
>> gIOVA    ->    gDB
>>                hIOVA    ->    hDB
>>
>> Currently the PCI device is programmed by the host with hIOVA
>> as MSI doorbell. So this does not work.
>>
>> This patch introduces an API to pass gIOVA/gDB to the host so
>> that gIOVA can be reused by the host instead of re-allocating
>> a new IOVA. So the goal is to create the following nested mapping:
>>
>>           S1            S2
>> gIOVA    ->    gDB     ->    hDB
>>
>> and program the PCI device with gIOVA MSI doorbell.
>>
>> In case we have several devices attached to this nested domain
>> (devices belonging to the same group), they cannot be isolated
>> on guest side either. So they should also end up in the same domain
>> on guest side. We will enforce that all the devices attached to
>> the host iommu domain use the same physical doorbell and similarly
>> a single virtual doorbell mapping gets registered (1 single
>> virtual doorbell is used on guest as well).
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Eric Auger <eric.auger@redhat.com>
>>
>> ---
>> v6 -> v7:
>> - remove the device handle parameter.
>> - Add comments saying there can only be a single MSI binding
>>    registered per iommu_domain
>> v5 -> v6:
>> -fix compile issue when IOMMU_API is not set
>>
>> v3 -> v4:
>> - add unbind
>>
>> v2 -> v3:
>> - add a struct device handle
>> ---
>>   drivers/iommu/iommu.c | 37 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>   include/linux/iommu.h | 23 +++++++++++++++++++++++
>>   2 files changed, 60 insertions(+)
>>
>> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/iommu.c b/drivers/iommu/iommu.c
>> index 6d6cb4005ca5..0d160bbd6f81 100644
>> --- a/drivers/iommu/iommu.c
>> +++ b/drivers/iommu/iommu.c
>> @@ -1575,6 +1575,43 @@ static void __iommu_detach_device(struct
>> iommu_domain *domain,
>>       trace_detach_device_from_domain(dev);
>>   }
>>   +/**
>> + * iommu_bind_guest_msi - Passes the stage1 GIOVA/GPA mapping of a
>> + * virtual doorbell
>> + *
>> + * @domain: iommu domain the stage 1 mapping will be attached to
>> + * @iova: iova allocated by the guest
>> + * @gpa: guest physical address of the virtual doorbell
>> + * @size: granule size used for the mapping
>> + *
>> + * The associated IOVA can be reused by the host to create a nested
>> + * stage2 binding mapping translating into the physical doorbell used
>> + * by the devices attached to the domain.
>> + *
>> + * All devices within the domain must share the same physical doorbell.
>> + * A single MSI GIOVA/GPA mapping can be attached to an iommu_domain.
>> + */
>> +
>> +int iommu_bind_guest_msi(struct iommu_domain *domain,
>> +             dma_addr_t giova, phys_addr_t gpa, size_t size)
>> +{
>> +    if (unlikely(!domain->ops->bind_guest_msi))
>> +        return -ENODEV;
>> +
>> +    return domain->ops->bind_guest_msi(domain, giova, gpa, size);
>> +}
>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iommu_bind_guest_msi);
>> +
>> +void iommu_unbind_guest_msi(struct iommu_domain *domain,
>> +                dma_addr_t iova)
>> +{
>> +    if (unlikely(!domain->ops->unbind_guest_msi))
>> +        return;
>> +
>> +    domain->ops->unbind_guest_msi(domain, iova);
>> +}
>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iommu_unbind_guest_msi);
>> +
>>   void iommu_detach_device(struct iommu_domain *domain, struct device
>> *dev)
>>   {
>>       struct iommu_group *group;
>> diff --git a/include/linux/iommu.h b/include/linux/iommu.h
>> index 7c7c6bad1420..a2f3f964ead2 100644
>> --- a/include/linux/iommu.h
>> +++ b/include/linux/iommu.h
>> @@ -192,6 +192,8 @@ struct iommu_resv_region {
>>    * @attach_pasid_table: attach a pasid table
>>    * @detach_pasid_table: detach the pasid table
>>    * @cache_invalidate: invalidate translation caches
>> + * @bind_guest_msi: provides a stage1 giova/gpa MSI doorbell mapping
>> + * @unbind_guest_msi: withdraw a stage1 giova/gpa MSI doorbell mapping
>>    * @pgsize_bitmap: bitmap of all possible supported page sizes
>>    */
>>   struct iommu_ops {
>> @@ -243,6 +245,10 @@ struct iommu_ops {
>>       int (*cache_invalidate)(struct iommu_domain *domain, struct
>> device *dev,
>>                   struct iommu_cache_invalidate_info *inv_info);
>>   +    int (*bind_guest_msi)(struct iommu_domain *domain,
>> +                  dma_addr_t giova, phys_addr_t gpa, size_t size);
>> +    void (*unbind_guest_msi)(struct iommu_domain *domain, dma_addr_t
>> giova);
>> +
>>       unsigned long pgsize_bitmap;
>>   };
>>   @@ -356,6 +362,11 @@ extern void iommu_detach_pasid_table(struct
>> iommu_domain *domain);
>>   extern int iommu_cache_invalidate(struct iommu_domain *domain,
>>                     struct device *dev,
>>                     struct iommu_cache_invalidate_info *inv_info);
>> +extern int iommu_bind_guest_msi(struct iommu_domain *domain,
>> +                dma_addr_t giova, phys_addr_t gpa, size_t size);
>> +extern void iommu_unbind_guest_msi(struct iommu_domain *domain,
>> +                   dma_addr_t giova);
>> +
>>   extern struct iommu_domain *iommu_get_domain_for_dev(struct device
>> *dev);
>>   extern struct iommu_domain *iommu_get_dma_domain(struct device *dev);
>>   extern int iommu_map(struct iommu_domain *domain, unsigned long iova,
>> @@ -812,6 +823,18 @@ iommu_cache_invalidate(struct iommu_domain *domain,
>>       return -ENODEV;
>>   }
>>   +static inline
>> +int iommu_bind_guest_msi(struct iommu_domain *domain,
>> +             dma_addr_t giova, phys_addr_t gpa, size_t size)
>> +{
>> +    return -ENODEV;
>> +}
>> +static inline
>> +int iommu_unbind_guest_msi(struct iommu_domain *domain, dma_addr_t
>> giova)
>> +{
>> +    return -ENODEV;
>
> It's less of a problem than mismatching the other way round, but for
> consistency this should return void like the real version.
thank you for spotting this.

Eric
>
> Robin.
>
>> +}
>> +
>>   #endif /* CONFIG_IOMMU_API */
>>     #ifdef CONFIG_IOMMU_DEBUGFS
>>

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