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Subject[PATCH V11 2/5] pwm: Add i.MX TPM PWM driver support
Date
i.MX7ULP has TPM(Low Power Timer/Pulse Width Modulation Module)
inside, it can support multiple PWM channels, all the channels
share same counter and period setting, but each channel can
configure its duty and polarity independently.

There are several TPM modules in i.MX7ULP, the number of channels
in TPM modules are different, it can be read from each TPM module's
PARAM register.

Signed-off-by: Anson Huang <Anson.Huang@nxp.com>
---
Changes since V10:
- remove channel private data which is ONLY for storing polarity, just read it from HW register;
- improve pwm_imx_tpm_round_state() and pwm_imx_tpm_apply_hw() parameters sequence;
- improve comments for polarity setting;
- refuse polarity change if PWM is active.
---
drivers/pwm/Kconfig | 11 ++
drivers/pwm/Makefile | 1 +
drivers/pwm/pwm-imx-tpm.c | 442 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
3 files changed, 454 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 drivers/pwm/pwm-imx-tpm.c

diff --git a/drivers/pwm/Kconfig b/drivers/pwm/Kconfig
index c054bd1..1311b540 100644
--- a/drivers/pwm/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/pwm/Kconfig
@@ -210,6 +210,17 @@ config PWM_IMX27
To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the module
will be called pwm-imx27.

+config PWM_IMX_TPM
+ tristate "i.MX TPM PWM support"
+ depends on ARCH_MXC || COMPILE_TEST
+ depends on HAVE_CLK && HAS_IOMEM
+ help
+ Generic PWM framework driver for i.MX7ULP TPM module, TPM's full
+ name is Low Power Timer/Pulse Width Modulation Module.
+
+ To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the module
+ will be called pwm-imx-tpm.
+
config PWM_JZ4740
tristate "Ingenic JZ47xx PWM support"
depends on MACH_INGENIC
diff --git a/drivers/pwm/Makefile b/drivers/pwm/Makefile
index 448825e..c368599 100644
--- a/drivers/pwm/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/pwm/Makefile
@@ -19,6 +19,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_PWM_HIBVT) += pwm-hibvt.o
obj-$(CONFIG_PWM_IMG) += pwm-img.o
obj-$(CONFIG_PWM_IMX1) += pwm-imx1.o
obj-$(CONFIG_PWM_IMX27) += pwm-imx27.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_PWM_IMX_TPM) += pwm-imx-tpm.o
obj-$(CONFIG_PWM_JZ4740) += pwm-jz4740.o
obj-$(CONFIG_PWM_LP3943) += pwm-lp3943.o
obj-$(CONFIG_PWM_LPC18XX_SCT) += pwm-lpc18xx-sct.o
diff --git a/drivers/pwm/pwm-imx-tpm.c b/drivers/pwm/pwm-imx-tpm.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..9349f4f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/pwm/pwm-imx-tpm.c
@@ -0,0 +1,442 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * Copyright 2018-2019 NXP.
+ *
+ * Limitations:
+ * - The TPM counter and period counter are shared between
+ * multiple channels, so all channels should use same period
+ * settings.
+ * - Changes to polarity cannot be latched at the time of the
+ * next period start.
+ * - Changing period and duty cycle together isn't atomic,
+ * with the wrong timing it might happen that a period is
+ * produced with old duty cycle but new period settings.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/bitfield.h>
+#include <linux/bitops.h>
+#include <linux/clk.h>
+#include <linux/err.h>
+#include <linux/io.h>
+#include <linux/log2.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/of.h>
+#include <linux/of_address.h>
+#include <linux/platform_device.h>
+#include <linux/pwm.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+
+#define PWM_IMX_TPM_PARAM 0x4
+#define PWM_IMX_TPM_GLOBAL 0x8
+#define PWM_IMX_TPM_SC 0x10
+#define PWM_IMX_TPM_CNT 0x14
+#define PWM_IMX_TPM_MOD 0x18
+#define PWM_IMX_TPM_CnSC(n) (0x20 + (n) * 0x8)
+#define PWM_IMX_TPM_CnV(n) (0x24 + (n) * 0x8)
+
+#define PWM_IMX_TPM_PARAM_CHAN GENMASK(7, 0)
+
+#define PWM_IMX_TPM_SC_PS GENMASK(2, 0)
+#define PWM_IMX_TPM_SC_CMOD GENMASK(4, 3)
+#define PWM_IMX_TPM_SC_CMOD_INC_EVERY_CLK FIELD_PREP(PWM_IMX_TPM_SC_CMOD, 1)
+#define PWM_IMX_TPM_SC_CPWMS BIT(5)
+
+#define PWM_IMX_TPM_CnSC_CHF BIT(7)
+#define PWM_IMX_TPM_CnSC_MSB BIT(5)
+#define PWM_IMX_TPM_CnSC_MSA BIT(4)
+
+/*
+ * The reference manual describes this field as two separate bits. The
+ * semantic of the two bits isn't orthogonal though, so they are treated
+ * together as a 2-bit field here.
+ */
+#define PWM_IMX_TPM_CnSC_ELS GENMASK(3, 2)
+#define PWM_IMX_TPM_CnSC_ELS_INVERSED FIELD_PREP(PWM_IMX_TPM_CnSC_ELS, 1)
+#define PWM_IMX_TPM_CnSC_ELS_NORMAL FIELD_PREP(PWM_IMX_TPM_CnSC_ELS, 2)
+
+
+#define PWM_IMX_TPM_MOD_WIDTH 16
+#define PWM_IMX_TPM_MOD_MOD GENMASK(PWM_IMX_TPM_MOD_WIDTH - 1, 0)
+
+struct imx_tpm_pwm_chip {
+ struct pwm_chip chip;
+ struct clk *clk;
+ void __iomem *base;
+ struct mutex lock;
+ u32 user_count;
+ u32 enable_count;
+ u32 real_period;
+};
+
+struct imx_tpm_pwm_param {
+ u8 prescale;
+ u32 mod;
+ u32 val;
+};
+
+static inline struct imx_tpm_pwm_chip *to_imx_tpm_pwm_chip(struct pwm_chip *chip)
+{
+ return container_of(chip, struct imx_tpm_pwm_chip, chip);
+}
+
+static int pwm_imx_tpm_round_state(struct pwm_chip *chip,
+ struct imx_tpm_pwm_param *p,
+ struct pwm_state *real_state,
+ struct pwm_state *state)
+{
+ struct imx_tpm_pwm_chip *tpm = to_imx_tpm_pwm_chip(chip);
+ u32 rate, prescale, period_count, clock_unit;
+ u64 tmp;
+
+ rate = clk_get_rate(tpm->clk);
+ tmp = (u64)state->period * rate;
+ clock_unit = DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST_ULL(tmp, NSEC_PER_SEC);
+ if (clock_unit <= PWM_IMX_TPM_MOD_MOD)
+ prescale = 0;
+ else
+ prescale = ilog2(clock_unit) + 1 - PWM_IMX_TPM_MOD_WIDTH;
+
+ if ((!FIELD_FIT(PWM_IMX_TPM_SC_PS, prescale)))
+ return -ERANGE;
+ p->prescale = prescale;
+
+ period_count = (clock_unit + ((1 << prescale) >> 1)) >> prescale;
+ p->mod = period_count;
+
+ /* calculate real period HW can support */
+ tmp = (u64)period_count << prescale;
+ tmp *= NSEC_PER_SEC;
+ real_state->period = DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST_ULL(tmp, rate);
+
+ /*
+ * if eventually the PWM output is inactive, either
+ * duty cycle is 0 or status is disabled, need to
+ * make sure the output pin is inactive.
+ */
+ if (!state->enabled)
+ real_state->duty_cycle = 0;
+ else
+ real_state->duty_cycle = state->duty_cycle;
+
+ tmp = (u64)p->mod * real_state->duty_cycle;
+ p->val = DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST_ULL(tmp, real_state->period);
+
+ real_state->polarity = state->polarity;
+ real_state->enabled = state->enabled;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void pwm_imx_tpm_get_state(struct pwm_chip *chip,
+ struct pwm_device *pwm,
+ struct pwm_state *state)
+{
+ struct imx_tpm_pwm_chip *tpm = to_imx_tpm_pwm_chip(chip);
+ u32 rate, val, prescale;
+ u64 tmp;
+
+ /* get period */
+ state->period = tpm->real_period;
+
+ /* get duty cycle */
+ rate = clk_get_rate(tpm->clk);
+ val = readl(tpm->base + PWM_IMX_TPM_SC);
+ prescale = FIELD_GET(PWM_IMX_TPM_SC_PS, val);
+ tmp = readl(tpm->base + PWM_IMX_TPM_CnV(pwm->hwpwm));
+ tmp = (tmp << prescale) * NSEC_PER_SEC;
+ state->duty_cycle = DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST_ULL(tmp, rate);
+
+ /* get polarity */
+ val = readl(tpm->base + PWM_IMX_TPM_CnSC(pwm->hwpwm));
+ if ((val & PWM_IMX_TPM_CnSC_ELS) == PWM_IMX_TPM_CnSC_ELS_INVERSED)
+ state->polarity = PWM_POLARITY_INVERSED;
+ else
+ /*
+ * Assume reserved values (2b00 and 2b11) to yield
+ * normal polarity.
+ */
+ state->polarity = PWM_POLARITY_NORMAL;
+
+ /* get channel status */
+ state->enabled = FIELD_GET(PWM_IMX_TPM_CnSC_ELS, val) ? true : false;
+}
+
+/* this function is supposed to be called with mutex hold */
+static int pwm_imx_tpm_apply_hw(struct pwm_chip *chip,
+ struct imx_tpm_pwm_param *p,
+ struct pwm_state *state,
+ struct pwm_device *pwm)
+{
+ struct imx_tpm_pwm_chip *tpm = to_imx_tpm_pwm_chip(chip);
+ bool period_update = false;
+ bool duty_update = false;
+ u32 val, cmod, cur_prescale;
+ unsigned long timeout;
+ struct pwm_state c;
+
+ if (state->period != tpm->real_period) {
+ /*
+ * TPM counter is shared by multiple channels, so
+ * prescale and period can NOT be modified when
+ * there are multiple channels in use with different
+ * period settings.
+ */
+ if (tpm->user_count > 1)
+ return -EBUSY;
+
+ val = readl(tpm->base + PWM_IMX_TPM_SC);
+ cmod = FIELD_GET(PWM_IMX_TPM_SC_CMOD, val);
+ cur_prescale = FIELD_GET(PWM_IMX_TPM_SC_PS, val);
+ if (cmod && cur_prescale != p->prescale)
+ return -EBUSY;
+
+ /* set TPM counter prescale */
+ val &= ~PWM_IMX_TPM_SC_PS;
+ val |= FIELD_PREP(PWM_IMX_TPM_SC_PS, p->prescale);
+ writel(val, tpm->base + PWM_IMX_TPM_SC);
+
+ /*
+ * set period count:
+ * if the PWM is disabled (CMOD[1:0] = 2b00), then MOD register
+ * is updated when MOD register is written.
+ *
+ * if the PWM is enabled (CMOD[1:0] ≠ 2b00), the period length
+ * is latched into hardware when the next period starts.
+ */
+ writel(p->mod, tpm->base + PWM_IMX_TPM_MOD);
+ tpm->real_period = state->period;
+ period_update = true;
+ }
+
+ pwm_imx_tpm_get_state(chip, pwm, &c);
+
+ /* polarity is NOT allowed to be changed if PWM is active */
+ if (c.enabled && c.polarity != state->polarity)
+ return -EBUSY;
+
+ if (state->duty_cycle != c.duty_cycle) {
+ /*
+ * set channel value:
+ * if the PWM is disabled (CMOD[1:0] = 2b00), then CnV register
+ * is updated when CnV register is written.
+ *
+ * if the PWM is enabled (CMOD[1:0] ≠ 2b00), the duty length
+ * is latched into hardware when the next period starts.
+ */
+ writel(p->val, tpm->base + PWM_IMX_TPM_CnV(pwm->hwpwm));
+ duty_update = true;
+ }
+
+ /* make sure MOD & CnV registers are updated */
+ if (period_update || duty_update) {
+ timeout = jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(tpm->real_period /
+ NSEC_PER_MSEC + 1);
+ while (readl(tpm->base + PWM_IMX_TPM_MOD) != p->mod
+ || readl(tpm->base + PWM_IMX_TPM_CnV(pwm->hwpwm))
+ != p->val) {
+ if (time_after(jiffies, timeout))
+ return -ETIME;
+ cpu_relax();
+ }
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * polarity settings will enabled/disable output status
+ * immediately, so if the channel is disabled, need to
+ * make sure MSA/MSB/ELS are set to 0 which means channel
+ * disabled.
+ */
+ val = readl(tpm->base + PWM_IMX_TPM_CnSC(pwm->hwpwm));
+ val &= ~(PWM_IMX_TPM_CnSC_ELS | PWM_IMX_TPM_CnSC_MSA |
+ PWM_IMX_TPM_CnSC_MSB);
+ if (state->enabled) {
+ /*
+ * set polarity (for edge-aligned PWM modes)
+ *
+ * ELS[1:0] = 2b10 yields normal polarity behaviour,
+ * ELS[1:0] = 2b01 yields inversed polarity.
+ * The other values are reserved.
+ */
+ val |= PWM_IMX_TPM_CnSC_MSB;
+ val |= (state->polarity == PWM_POLARITY_NORMAL) ?
+ PWM_IMX_TPM_CnSC_ELS_NORMAL :
+ PWM_IMX_TPM_CnSC_ELS_INVERSED;
+ }
+ writel(val, tpm->base + PWM_IMX_TPM_CnSC(pwm->hwpwm));
+
+ /* control the counter status */
+ if (state->enabled != c.enabled) {
+ val = readl(tpm->base + PWM_IMX_TPM_SC);
+ if (state->enabled) {
+ if (++tpm->enable_count == 1)
+ val |= PWM_IMX_TPM_SC_CMOD_INC_EVERY_CLK;
+ } else {
+ if (--tpm->enable_count == 0)
+ val &= ~PWM_IMX_TPM_SC_CMOD;
+ }
+ writel(val, tpm->base + PWM_IMX_TPM_SC);
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int pwm_imx_tpm_apply(struct pwm_chip *chip,
+ struct pwm_device *pwm,
+ struct pwm_state *state)
+{
+ struct imx_tpm_pwm_chip *tpm = to_imx_tpm_pwm_chip(chip);
+ struct imx_tpm_pwm_param param;
+ struct pwm_state real_state;
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = pwm_imx_tpm_round_state(chip, &param, &real_state, state);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ mutex_lock(&tpm->lock);
+ ret = pwm_imx_tpm_apply_hw(chip, &param, &real_state, pwm);
+ mutex_unlock(&tpm->lock);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int pwm_imx_tpm_request(struct pwm_chip *chip, struct pwm_device *pwm)
+{
+ struct imx_tpm_pwm_chip *tpm = to_imx_tpm_pwm_chip(chip);
+
+ mutex_lock(&tpm->lock);
+ tpm->user_count++;
+ mutex_unlock(&tpm->lock);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void pwm_imx_tpm_free(struct pwm_chip *chip, struct pwm_device *pwm)
+{
+ struct imx_tpm_pwm_chip *tpm = to_imx_tpm_pwm_chip(chip);
+
+ mutex_lock(&tpm->lock);
+ tpm->user_count--;
+ mutex_unlock(&tpm->lock);
+}
+
+static const struct pwm_ops imx_tpm_pwm_ops = {
+ .request = pwm_imx_tpm_request,
+ .free = pwm_imx_tpm_free,
+ .get_state = pwm_imx_tpm_get_state,
+ .apply = pwm_imx_tpm_apply,
+ .owner = THIS_MODULE,
+};
+
+static int pwm_imx_tpm_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+ struct imx_tpm_pwm_chip *tpm;
+ int ret;
+ u32 val;
+
+ tpm = devm_kzalloc(&pdev->dev, sizeof(*tpm), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!tpm)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ platform_set_drvdata(pdev, tpm);
+
+ tpm->base = devm_platform_ioremap_resource(pdev, 0);
+ if (IS_ERR(tpm->base))
+ return PTR_ERR(tpm->base);
+
+ tpm->clk = devm_clk_get(&pdev->dev, NULL);
+ if (IS_ERR(tpm->clk)) {
+ ret = PTR_ERR(tpm->clk);
+ if (ret != -EPROBE_DEFER)
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev,
+ "failed to get PWM clock: %d\n", ret);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ ret = clk_prepare_enable(tpm->clk);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev,
+ "failed to prepare or enable clock: %d\n", ret);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ tpm->chip.dev = &pdev->dev;
+ tpm->chip.ops = &imx_tpm_pwm_ops;
+ tpm->chip.base = -1;
+ tpm->chip.of_xlate = of_pwm_xlate_with_flags;
+ tpm->chip.of_pwm_n_cells = 3;
+
+ /* get number of channels */
+ val = readl(tpm->base + PWM_IMX_TPM_PARAM);
+ tpm->chip.npwm = FIELD_GET(PWM_IMX_TPM_PARAM_CHAN, val);
+
+ mutex_init(&tpm->lock);
+
+ ret = pwmchip_add(&tpm->chip);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev, "failed to add PWM chip: %d\n", ret);
+ clk_disable_unprepare(tpm->clk);
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int pwm_imx_tpm_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+ struct imx_tpm_pwm_chip *tpm = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
+ int ret = pwmchip_remove(&tpm->chip);
+
+ clk_disable_unprepare(tpm->clk);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int __maybe_unused pwm_imx_tpm_suspend(struct device *dev)
+{
+ struct imx_tpm_pwm_chip *tpm = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+
+ if (tpm->enable_count > 0)
+ return -EBUSY;
+
+ clk_disable_unprepare(tpm->clk);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int __maybe_unused pwm_imx_tpm_resume(struct device *dev)
+{
+ struct imx_tpm_pwm_chip *tpm = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ ret = clk_prepare_enable(tpm->clk);
+ if (ret)
+ dev_err(dev,
+ "failed to prepare or enable clock: %d\n",
+ ret);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static SIMPLE_DEV_PM_OPS(imx_tpm_pwm_pm,
+ pwm_imx_tpm_suspend, pwm_imx_tpm_resume);
+
+static const struct of_device_id imx_tpm_pwm_dt_ids[] = {
+ { .compatible = "fsl,imx7ulp-pwm", },
+ { /* sentinel */ }
+};
+MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, imx_tpm_pwm_dt_ids);
+
+static struct platform_driver imx_tpm_pwm_driver = {
+ .driver = {
+ .name = "imx7ulp-tpm-pwm",
+ .of_match_table = imx_tpm_pwm_dt_ids,
+ .pm = &imx_tpm_pwm_pm,
+ },
+ .probe = pwm_imx_tpm_probe,
+ .remove = pwm_imx_tpm_remove,
+};
+module_platform_driver(imx_tpm_pwm_driver);
+
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Anson Huang <Anson.Huang@nxp.com>");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("i.MX TPM PWM Driver");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
--
2.7.4
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