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Subject[PATCH v2] cpuset: restore sanity to cpuset_cpus_allowed_fallback()
If a process is limited by taskset (i.e. cpuset) to only be allowed to
run on cpu N, and then cpu N is offlined via hotplug, the process will
be assigned the current value of its cpuset cgroup's effective_cpus field
in a call to do_set_cpus_allowed() in cpuset_cpus_allowed_fallback().
This argument's value does not makes sense for this case, because
task_cs(tsk)->effective_cpus is modified by cpuset_hotplug_workfn()
to reflect the new value of cpu_active_mask after cpu N is removed from
the mask. While this may make sense for the cgroup affinity mask, it
does not make sense on a per-task basis, as a task that was previously
limited to only be run on cpu N will be limited to every cpu _except_ for
cpu N after it is offlined/onlined via hotplug.

Pre-patch behavior:

$ grep Cpus /proc/$$/status
Cpus_allowed: ff
Cpus_allowed_list: 0-7

$ taskset -p 4 $$
pid 19202's current affinity mask: f
pid 19202's new affinity mask: 4

$ grep Cpus /proc/self/status
Cpus_allowed: 04
Cpus_allowed_list: 2

# echo off > /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu2/online
$ grep Cpus /proc/$$/status
Cpus_allowed: 0b
Cpus_allowed_list: 0-1,3

# echo on > /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu2/online
$ grep Cpus /proc/$$/status
Cpus_allowed: 0b
Cpus_allowed_list: 0-1,3

On a patched system, the final grep produces the following
output instead:

$ grep Cpus /proc/$$/status
Cpus_allowed: ff
Cpus_allowed_list: 0-7

This patch changes the above behavior by instead resetting the mask to
task_cs(tsk)->cpus_allowed by default, and cpu_possible mask in legacy

This fallback mechanism is only triggered if _every_ other valid avenue
has been traveled, and it is the last resort before calling BUG().

Signed-off-by: Joel Savitz <>
kernel/cgroup/cpuset.c | 15 ++++++++++++++-
1 file changed, 14 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/kernel/cgroup/cpuset.c b/kernel/cgroup/cpuset.c
index 4834c4214e9c..6c9deb2cc687 100644
--- a/kernel/cgroup/cpuset.c
+++ b/kernel/cgroup/cpuset.c
@@ -3255,10 +3255,23 @@ void cpuset_cpus_allowed(struct task_struct *tsk, struct cpumask *pmask)
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&callback_lock, flags);

+ * cpuset_cpus_allowed_fallback - final fallback before complete catastrophe.
+ * @tsk: pointer to task_struct with which the scheduler is struggling
+ *
+ * Description: In the case that the scheduler cannot find an allowed cpu in
+ * tsk->cpus_allowed, we fall back to task_cs(tsk)->cpus_allowed. In legacy
+ * mode however, this value is the same as task_cs(tsk)->effective_cpus,
+ * which will not contain a sane cpumask during cases such as cpu hotplugging.
+ * This is the absolute last resort for the scheduler and it is only used if
+ * _every_ other avenue has been traveled.
+ **/
void cpuset_cpus_allowed_fallback(struct task_struct *tsk)
- do_set_cpus_allowed(tsk, task_cs(tsk)->effective_cpus);
+ do_set_cpus_allowed(tsk, is_in_v2_mode() ?
+ task_cs(tsk)->cpus_allowed : cpu_possible_mask);

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