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Subject[RFC 3/6] objtool: arm64: Adapt the stack frame checks and the section analysis for the arm architecture
Date
Since the way the initial stack frame when entering a function is different that what is done
in the x86_64 architecture, we need to add some more check to support the different cases.
As opposed as for x86_64, the return address is not stored by the call instruction but is instead
loaded in a register. The initial stack frame is thus empty when entering a function and 2 push
operations are needed to set it up correctly. All the different combinations need to be
taken into account.

On arm64, the .altinstr_replacement section is not flagged as containing executable instructions
but we still need to process it.

Switch tables are alse stored in a different way on arm64 than on x86_64 so we need to be able
to identify in which case we are when looking for it.

Signed-off-by: Raphael Gault <raphael.gault@arm.com>
---
tools/objtool/arch.h | 2 +
tools/objtool/arch/arm64/decode.c | 27 +++++++++
tools/objtool/arch/x86/decode.c | 5 ++
tools/objtool/check.c | 95 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
tools/objtool/elf.c | 3 +-
5 files changed, 120 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)

diff --git a/tools/objtool/arch.h b/tools/objtool/arch.h
index 0eff166ca613..f3bef3f2cef3 100644
--- a/tools/objtool/arch.h
+++ b/tools/objtool/arch.h
@@ -88,4 +88,6 @@ unsigned long arch_compute_jump_destination(struct instruction *insn);

unsigned long arch_compute_rela_sym_offset(int addend);

+bool arch_is_insn_sibling_call(struct instruction *insn);
+
#endif /* _ARCH_H */
diff --git a/tools/objtool/arch/arm64/decode.c b/tools/objtool/arch/arm64/decode.c
index 0feb3ae3af5d..8b293eae2b38 100644
--- a/tools/objtool/arch/arm64/decode.c
+++ b/tools/objtool/arch/arm64/decode.c
@@ -105,6 +105,33 @@ unsigned long arch_compute_rela_sym_offset(int addend)
return addend;
}

+/*
+ * In order to know if we are in presence of a sibling
+ * call and not in presence of a switch table we look
+ * back at the previous instructions and see if we are
+ * jumping inside the same function that we are already
+ * in.
+ */
+bool arch_is_insn_sibling_call(struct instruction *insn)
+{
+ struct instruction *prev;
+ struct list_head *l;
+ struct symbol *sym;
+ list_for_each_prev(l, &insn->list) {
+ prev = (void *)l;
+ if (!prev->func
+ || prev->func->pfunc != insn->func->pfunc)
+ return false;
+ if (prev->stack_op.src.reg != ADR_SOURCE)
+ continue;
+ sym = find_symbol_containing(insn->sec, insn->immediate);
+ if (!sym || sym->type != STT_FUNC
+ || sym->pfunc != insn->func->pfunc)
+ return true;
+ break;
+ }
+ return true;
+}
static int is_arm64(struct elf *elf)
{
switch(elf->ehdr.e_machine){
diff --git a/tools/objtool/arch/x86/decode.c b/tools/objtool/arch/x86/decode.c
index 1af7b4996307..88c3d99c76be 100644
--- a/tools/objtool/arch/x86/decode.c
+++ b/tools/objtool/arch/x86/decode.c
@@ -85,6 +85,11 @@ unsigned long arch_compute_rela_sym_offset(int addend)
return addend + 4;
}

+bool arch_is_insn_sibling_call(struct instruction *insn)
+{
+ return true;
+}
+
int arch_orc_read_unwind_hints(struct objtool_file *file)
{
struct section *sec, *relasec;
diff --git a/tools/objtool/check.c b/tools/objtool/check.c
index 17fcd8c8f9c1..fa6106214318 100644
--- a/tools/objtool/check.c
+++ b/tools/objtool/check.c
@@ -261,10 +261,12 @@ static int decode_instructions(struct objtool_file *file)
unsigned long offset;
struct instruction *insn;
int ret;
+ static int composed_insn = 0;

for_each_sec(file, sec) {

- if (!(sec->sh.sh_flags & SHF_EXECINSTR))
+ if (!(sec->sh.sh_flags & SHF_EXECINSTR)
+ && (strcmp(sec->name, ".altinstr_replacement") || !IGNORE_SHF_EXEC_FLAG))
continue;

if (strcmp(sec->name, ".altinstr_replacement") &&
@@ -297,10 +299,22 @@ static int decode_instructions(struct objtool_file *file)
WARN_FUNC("invalid instruction type %d",
insn->sec, insn->offset, insn->type);
ret = -1;
- goto err;
+ free(insn);
+ continue;
}
-
- hash_add(file->insn_hash, &insn->hash, insn->offset);
+ /*
+ * For arm64 architecture, we sometime split instructions so that
+ * we can track the state evolution (i.e. load/store of pairs of registers).
+ * We thus need to take both into account and not erase the previous ones.
+ */
+ if (composed_insn > 0)
+ hash_add(file->insn_hash, &insn->hash, insn->offset + composed_insn);
+ else
+ hash_add(file->insn_hash, &insn->hash, insn->offset);
+ if (insn->len == 0)
+ composed_insn++;
+ else
+ composed_insn = 0;
list_add_tail(&insn->list, &file->insn_list);
}

@@ -510,10 +524,10 @@ static int add_jump_destinations(struct objtool_file *file)
dest_off = arch_compute_jump_destination(insn);
} else if (rela->sym->type == STT_SECTION) {
dest_sec = rela->sym->sec;
- dest_off = rela->addend + 4;
+ dest_off = arch_compute_rela_sym_offset(rela->addend);
} else if (rela->sym->sec->idx) {
dest_sec = rela->sym->sec;
- dest_off = rela->sym->sym.st_value + rela->addend + 4;
+ dest_off = rela->sym->sym.st_value + arch_compute_rela_sym_offset(rela->addend);
} else if (strstr(rela->sym->name, "_indirect_thunk_")) {
/*
* Retpoline jumps are really dynamic jumps in
@@ -663,7 +677,7 @@ static int handle_group_alt(struct objtool_file *file,
last_orig_insn = insn;
}

- if (next_insn_same_sec(file, last_orig_insn)) {
+ if (last_orig_insn && next_insn_same_sec(file, last_orig_insn)) {
fake_jump = malloc(sizeof(*fake_jump));
if (!fake_jump) {
WARN("malloc failed");
@@ -976,6 +990,17 @@ static struct rela *find_switch_table(struct objtool_file *file,
if (find_symbol_containing(rodata_sec, table_offset))
continue;

+ /*
+ * If we are on arm64 architecture, we now that we
+ * are in presence of a switch table thanks to
+ * the `br <Xn>` insn. but we can't retrieve it yet.
+ * So we just ignore unreachable for this file.
+ */
+ if (JUMP_DYNAMIC_IS_SWITCH_TABLE) {
+ file->ignore_unreachables = true;
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
rodata_rela = find_rela_by_dest(rodata_sec, table_offset);
if (rodata_rela) {
/*
@@ -1258,8 +1283,8 @@ static void save_reg(struct insn_state *state, unsigned char reg, int base,

static void restore_reg(struct insn_state *state, unsigned char reg)
{
- state->regs[reg].base = CFI_UNDEFINED;
- state->regs[reg].offset = 0;
+ state->regs[reg].base = initial_func_cfi.regs[reg].base;
+ state->regs[reg].offset = initial_func_cfi.regs[reg].offset;
}

/*
@@ -1415,8 +1440,33 @@ static int update_insn_state(struct instruction *insn, struct insn_state *state)

/* add imm, %rsp */
state->stack_size -= op->src.offset;
- if (cfa->base == CFI_SP)
+ if (cfa->base == CFI_SP) {
cfa->offset -= op->src.offset;
+ if (state->stack_size == 0
+ && initial_func_cfi.cfa.base == CFI_CFA) {
+ cfa->base = CFI_CFA;
+ cfa->offset = 0;
+ }
+ }
+ /*
+ * on arm64 the save/restore of sp into fp is not automatic
+ * and the first one can be done without the other so we
+ * need to be careful not to invalidate the stack frame in such
+ * cases.
+ */
+ else if (cfa->base == CFI_BP) {
+ if (state->stack_size == 0
+ && initial_func_cfi.cfa.base == CFI_CFA) {
+ cfa->base = CFI_CFA;
+ cfa->offset = 0;
+ restore_reg(state, CFI_BP);
+ }
+ }
+ else if (cfa->base == CFI_CFA) {
+ cfa->base = CFI_SP;
+ if (state->stack_size >= 16)
+ cfa->offset = 16;
+ }
break;
}

@@ -1427,6 +1477,16 @@ static int update_insn_state(struct instruction *insn, struct insn_state *state)
break;
}

+ if (op->src.reg == CFI_SP && op->dest.reg == CFI_BP &&
+ cfa->base == CFI_SP &&
+ regs[CFI_BP].base == CFI_CFA &&
+ regs[CFI_BP].offset == -cfa->offset) {
+
+ /* mov %rsp, %rbp */
+ cfa->base = op->dest.reg;
+ state->bp_scratch = false;
+ break;
+ }
if (op->src.reg == CFI_SP && cfa->base == CFI_SP) {

/* drap: lea disp(%rsp), %drap */
@@ -1518,6 +1578,9 @@ static int update_insn_state(struct instruction *insn, struct insn_state *state)
state->stack_size -= 8;
if (cfa->base == CFI_SP)
cfa->offset -= 8;
+ if (cfa->base == CFI_SP && cfa->offset == 0
+ && initial_func_cfi.cfa.base == CFI_CFA)
+ cfa->base = CFI_CFA;

break;

@@ -1557,6 +1620,8 @@ static int update_insn_state(struct instruction *insn, struct insn_state *state)

case OP_DEST_PUSH:
state->stack_size += 8;
+ if (cfa->base == CFI_CFA)
+ cfa->base = CFI_SP;
if (cfa->base == CFI_SP)
cfa->offset += 8;

@@ -1728,7 +1793,7 @@ static int validate_branch(struct objtool_file *file, struct instruction *first,
insn = first;
sec = insn->sec;

- if (insn->alt_group && list_empty(&insn->alts)) {
+ if (!insn->visited && insn->alt_group && list_empty(&insn->alts)) {
WARN_FUNC("don't know how to handle branch to middle of alternative instruction group",
sec, insn->offset);
return 1;
@@ -1871,6 +1936,14 @@ static int validate_branch(struct objtool_file *file, struct instruction *first,
case INSN_JUMP_DYNAMIC:
if (func && list_empty(&insn->alts) &&
has_modified_stack_frame(&state)) {
+ /*
+ * On arm64 `br <Xn>` insn can be used for switch-tables
+ * but it cannot be distinguished in itself from a sibling
+ * call thus we need to have a look at the previous instructions
+ * to determine which it is
+ */
+ if (!arch_is_insn_sibling_call(insn))
+ break;
WARN_FUNC("sibling call from callable instruction with modified stack frame",
sec, insn->offset);
return 1;
diff --git a/tools/objtool/elf.c b/tools/objtool/elf.c
index b8f3cca8e58b..136f9b9fb1d1 100644
--- a/tools/objtool/elf.c
+++ b/tools/objtool/elf.c
@@ -74,7 +74,8 @@ struct symbol *find_symbol_by_offset(struct section *sec, unsigned long offset)
struct symbol *sym;

list_for_each_entry(sym, &sec->symbol_list, list)
- if (sym->type != STT_SECTION &&
+ if (sym->type != STT_NOTYPE &&
+ sym->type != STT_SECTION &&
sym->offset == offset)
return sym;

--
2.17.1
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