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Subject[PATCH ghak10 v7 2/2] ntp: Audit NTP parameters adjustment
Date
Emit an audit record every time selected NTP parameters are modified
from userspace (via adjtimex(2) or clock_adjtime(2)). These parameters
may be used to indirectly change system clock, and thus their
modifications should be audited.

Such events will now generate records of type AUDIT_TIME_ADJNTPVAL
containing the following fields:
- op -- which value was adjusted:
- offset -- corresponding to the time_offset variable
- freq -- corresponding to the time_freq variable
- status -- corresponding to the time_status variable
- adjust -- corresponding to the time_adjust variable
- tick -- corresponding to the tick_usec variable
- tai -- corresponding to the timekeeping's TAI offset
- old -- the old value
- new -- the new value

Example records:

type=TIME_ADJNTPVAL msg=audit(1530616044.507:7): op=status old=64 new=8256
type=TIME_ADJNTPVAL msg=audit(1530616044.511:11): op=freq old=0 new=49180377088000

The records of this type will be associated with the corresponding
syscall records.

An overview of parameter changes that can be done via do_adjtimex()
(based on information from Miroslav Lichvar) and whether they are
audited:
__timekeeping_set_tai_offset() -- sets the offset from the
International Atomic Time
(AUDITED)
NTP variables:
time_offset -- can adjust the clock by up to 0.5 seconds per call
and also speed it up or slow down by up to about
0.05% (43 seconds per day) (AUDITED)
time_freq -- can speed up or slow down by up to about 0.05%
time_status -- can insert/delete leap seconds and it also enables/
disables synchronization of the hardware real-time
clock (AUDITED)
time_maxerror, time_esterror -- change error estimates used to
inform userspace applications
(NOT AUDITED)
time_constant -- controls the speed of the clock adjustments that
are made when time_offset is set (NOT AUDITED)
time_adjust -- can temporarily speed up or slow down the clock by up
to 0.05% (AUDITED)
tick_usec -- a more extreme version of time_freq; can speed up or
slow down the clock by up to 10% (AUDITED)

Signed-off-by: Ondrej Mosnacek <omosnace@redhat.com>
---
include/linux/audit.h | 54 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/uapi/linux/audit.h | 1 +
kernel/auditsc.c | 23 ++++++++++++++++
kernel/time/ntp.c | 22 +++++++++++++---
kernel/time/ntp_internal.h | 4 ++-
kernel/time/timekeeping.c | 7 ++++-
6 files changed, 106 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/audit.h b/include/linux/audit.h
index 2c62c0468888..1c372ad7ebe9 100644
--- a/include/linux/audit.h
+++ b/include/linux/audit.h
@@ -86,6 +86,26 @@ struct audit_field {
u32 op;
};

+#define AUDIT_NTP_OFFSET 0
+#define AUDIT_NTP_FREQ 1
+#define AUDIT_NTP_STATUS 2
+#define AUDIT_NTP_TAI 3
+#define AUDIT_NTP_TICK 4
+#define AUDIT_NTP_ADJUST 5
+#define AUDIT_NTP_NVALS 6 /* count */
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_AUDITSYSCALL
+struct audit_ntp_val {
+ s64 oldval, newval;
+};
+
+struct audit_ntp_data {
+ struct audit_ntp_val vals[AUDIT_NTP_NVALS];
+};
+#else
+struct audit_ntp_data {};
+#endif
+
extern int is_audit_feature_set(int which);

extern int __init audit_register_class(int class, unsigned *list);
@@ -366,6 +386,7 @@ extern void __audit_mmap_fd(int fd, int flags);
extern void __audit_log_kern_module(char *name);
extern void __audit_fanotify(unsigned int response);
extern void __audit_tk_injoffset(struct timespec64 offset);
+extern void __audit_ntp_log(const struct audit_ntp_data *ad);

static inline void audit_ipc_obj(struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp)
{
@@ -478,6 +499,27 @@ static inline void audit_tk_injoffset(struct timespec64 offset)
__audit_tk_injoffset(offset);
}

+static inline void audit_ntp_init(struct audit_ntp_data *ad)
+{
+ memset(ad, 0, sizeof(*ad));
+}
+
+static inline void audit_ntp_set_old(struct audit_ntp_data *ad, int id, s64 val)
+{
+ ad->vals[id].oldval = val;
+}
+
+static inline void audit_ntp_set_new(struct audit_ntp_data *ad, int id, s64 val)
+{
+ ad->vals[id].newval = val;
+}
+
+static inline void audit_ntp_log(const struct audit_ntp_data *ad)
+{
+ if (!audit_dummy_context())
+ __audit_ntp_log(ad);
+}
+
extern int audit_n_rules;
extern int audit_signals;
#else /* CONFIG_AUDITSYSCALL */
@@ -594,6 +636,18 @@ static inline void audit_fanotify(unsigned int response)
static inline void audit_tk_injoffset(struct timespec64 offset)
{ }

+static inline void audit_ntp_init(struct audit_ntp_data *ad)
+{ }
+
+static inline void audit_ntp_set_old(struct audit_ntp_data *ad, int id, s64 val)
+{ }
+
+static inline void audit_ntp_set_new(struct audit_ntp_data *ad, int id, s64 val)
+{ }
+
+static inline void audit_ntp_log(const struct audit_ntp_data *ad)
+{ }
+
static inline void audit_ptrace(struct task_struct *t)
{ }
#define audit_n_rules 0
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/audit.h b/include/uapi/linux/audit.h
index ab58d67baf4d..a1280af20336 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/audit.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/audit.h
@@ -115,6 +115,7 @@
#define AUDIT_KERN_MODULE 1330 /* Kernel Module events */
#define AUDIT_FANOTIFY 1331 /* Fanotify access decision */
#define AUDIT_TIME_INJOFFSET 1332 /* Timekeeping offset injected */
+#define AUDIT_TIME_ADJNTPVAL 1333 /* NTP value adjustment */

#define AUDIT_AVC 1400 /* SE Linux avc denial or grant */
#define AUDIT_SELINUX_ERR 1401 /* Internal SE Linux Errors */
diff --git a/kernel/auditsc.c b/kernel/auditsc.c
index 80dfe0cdc636..519ada7522ad 100644
--- a/kernel/auditsc.c
+++ b/kernel/auditsc.c
@@ -2518,6 +2518,29 @@ void __audit_tk_injoffset(struct timespec64 offset)
"sec=%lli nsec=%li", (long long)offset.tv_sec, offset.tv_nsec);
}

+static void audit_log_ntp_val(const struct audit_ntp_data *ad,
+ const char *type, int id)
+{
+ const struct audit_ntp_val *val = &ad->vals[id];
+
+ if (val->newval == val->oldval)
+ return;
+
+ audit_log(audit_context(), GFP_KERNEL, AUDIT_TIME_ADJNTPVAL,
+ "op=%s old=%lli new=%lli", type,
+ (long long)val->oldval, (long long)val->newval);
+}
+
+void __audit_ntp_log(const struct audit_ntp_data *ad)
+{
+ audit_log_ntp_val(ad, "offset", AUDIT_NTP_OFFSET);
+ audit_log_ntp_val(ad, "freq", AUDIT_NTP_FREQ);
+ audit_log_ntp_val(ad, "status", AUDIT_NTP_STATUS);
+ audit_log_ntp_val(ad, "tai", AUDIT_NTP_TAI);
+ audit_log_ntp_val(ad, "tick", AUDIT_NTP_TICK);
+ audit_log_ntp_val(ad, "adjust", AUDIT_NTP_ADJUST);
+}
+
static void audit_log_task(struct audit_buffer *ab)
{
kuid_t auid, uid;
diff --git a/kernel/time/ntp.c b/kernel/time/ntp.c
index 92a90014a925..ac5555e25733 100644
--- a/kernel/time/ntp.c
+++ b/kernel/time/ntp.c
@@ -17,6 +17,7 @@
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/rtc.h>
+#include <linux/audit.h>

#include "ntp_internal.h"
#include "timekeeping_internal.h"
@@ -709,7 +710,7 @@ static inline void process_adjtimex_modes(const struct __kernel_timex *txc,
* kernel time-keeping variables. used by xntpd.
*/
int __do_adjtimex(struct __kernel_timex *txc, const struct timespec64 *ts,
- s32 *time_tai)
+ s32 *time_tai, struct audit_ntp_data *ad)
{
int result;

@@ -720,14 +721,29 @@ int __do_adjtimex(struct __kernel_timex *txc, const struct timespec64 *ts,
/* adjtime() is independent from ntp_adjtime() */
time_adjust = txc->offset;
ntp_update_frequency();
+
+ audit_ntp_set_old(ad, AUDIT_NTP_ADJUST, save_adjust);
+ audit_ntp_set_new(ad, AUDIT_NTP_ADJUST, time_adjust);
}
txc->offset = save_adjust;
} else {
-
/* If there are input parameters, then process them: */
- if (txc->modes)
+ if (txc->modes) {
+ audit_ntp_set_old(ad, AUDIT_NTP_OFFSET, time_offset);
+ audit_ntp_set_old(ad, AUDIT_NTP_FREQ, time_freq);
+ audit_ntp_set_old(ad, AUDIT_NTP_STATUS, time_status);
+ audit_ntp_set_old(ad, AUDIT_NTP_TAI, *time_tai);
+ audit_ntp_set_old(ad, AUDIT_NTP_TICK, tick_usec);
+
process_adjtimex_modes(txc, time_tai);

+ audit_ntp_set_new(ad, AUDIT_NTP_OFFSET, time_offset);
+ audit_ntp_set_new(ad, AUDIT_NTP_FREQ, time_freq);
+ audit_ntp_set_new(ad, AUDIT_NTP_STATUS, time_status);
+ audit_ntp_set_new(ad, AUDIT_NTP_TAI, *time_tai);
+ audit_ntp_set_new(ad, AUDIT_NTP_TICK, tick_usec);
+ }
+
txc->offset = shift_right(time_offset * NTP_INTERVAL_FREQ,
NTP_SCALE_SHIFT);
if (!(time_status & STA_NANO))
diff --git a/kernel/time/ntp_internal.h b/kernel/time/ntp_internal.h
index 40e6122e634e..908ecaa65fc3 100644
--- a/kernel/time/ntp_internal.h
+++ b/kernel/time/ntp_internal.h
@@ -8,6 +8,8 @@ extern void ntp_clear(void);
extern u64 ntp_tick_length(void);
extern ktime_t ntp_get_next_leap(void);
extern int second_overflow(time64_t secs);
-extern int __do_adjtimex(struct __kernel_timex *txc, const struct timespec64 *ts, s32 *time_tai);
+extern int __do_adjtimex(struct __kernel_timex *txc,
+ const struct timespec64 *ts,
+ s32 *time_tai, struct audit_ntp_data *ad);
extern void __hardpps(const struct timespec64 *phase_ts, const struct timespec64 *raw_ts);
#endif /* _LINUX_NTP_INTERNAL_H */
diff --git a/kernel/time/timekeeping.c b/kernel/time/timekeeping.c
index 3d24be4cd607..f366f2fdf1b0 100644
--- a/kernel/time/timekeeping.c
+++ b/kernel/time/timekeeping.c
@@ -2307,6 +2307,7 @@ static int timekeeping_validate_timex(const struct __kernel_timex *txc)
int do_adjtimex(struct __kernel_timex *txc)
{
struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper;
+ struct audit_ntp_data ad;
unsigned long flags;
struct timespec64 ts;
s32 orig_tai, tai;
@@ -2330,13 +2331,15 @@ int do_adjtimex(struct __kernel_timex *txc)
audit_tk_injoffset(delta);
}

+ audit_ntp_init(&ad);
+
ktime_get_real_ts64(&ts);

raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&timekeeper_lock, flags);
write_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq);

orig_tai = tai = tk->tai_offset;
- ret = __do_adjtimex(txc, &ts, &tai);
+ ret = __do_adjtimex(txc, &ts, &tai, &ad);

if (tai != orig_tai) {
__timekeeping_set_tai_offset(tk, tai);
@@ -2347,6 +2350,8 @@ int do_adjtimex(struct __kernel_timex *txc)
write_seqcount_end(&tk_core.seq);
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&timekeeper_lock, flags);

+ audit_ntp_log(&ad);
+
/* Update the multiplier immediately if frequency was set directly */
if (txc->modes & (ADJ_FREQUENCY | ADJ_TICK))
timekeeping_advance(TK_ADV_FREQ);
--
2.20.1
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