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Subject[Xen-devel][PATCH] xen/cameraif: add ABI for para-virtual camera
Date
From: Oleksandr Andrushchenko <oleksandr_andrushchenko@epam.com>

This is the ABI for the two halves of a para-virtualized
camera driver which extends Xen's reach multimedia capabilities even
further enabling it for video conferencing, In-Vehicle Infotainment,
high definition maps etc.

The initial goal is to support most needed functionality with the
final idea to make it possible to extend the protocol if need be:

1. Provide means for base virtual device configuration:
- pixel formats
- resolutions
- frame rates
2. Support basic camera controls:
- contrast
- brightness
- hue
- saturation
3. Support streaming control

Signed-off-by: Oleksandr Andrushchenko <oleksandr_andrushchenko@epam.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com>
Cc: Hans Verkuil <hverkuil@xs4all.nl>
---
include/xen/interface/io/cameraif.h | 1365 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1 file changed, 1365 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 include/xen/interface/io/cameraif.h

diff --git a/include/xen/interface/io/cameraif.h b/include/xen/interface/io/cameraif.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..8618ab189489
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/xen/interface/io/cameraif.h
@@ -0,0 +1,1365 @@
+/******************************************************************************
+ * cameraif.h
+ *
+ * Unified camera device I/O interface for Xen guest OSes.
+ *
+ * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
+ * of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to
+ * deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the
+ * rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or
+ * sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
+ * furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
+ *
+ * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
+ * all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
+ *
+ * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
+ * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
+ * AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
+ * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING
+ * FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER
+ * DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2018-2019 EPAM Systems Inc.
+ *
+ * Author: Oleksandr Andrushchenko <oleksandr_andrushchenko@epam.com>
+ */
+
+#ifndef __XEN_PUBLIC_IO_CAMERAIF_H__
+#define __XEN_PUBLIC_IO_CAMERAIF_H__
+
+#include "ring.h"
+#include "../grant_table.h"
+
+/*
+ ******************************************************************************
+ * Protocol version
+ ******************************************************************************
+ */
+#define XENCAMERA_PROTOCOL_VERSION "1"
+
+/*
+ ******************************************************************************
+ * Feature and Parameter Negotiation
+ ******************************************************************************
+ *
+ * Front->back notifications: when enqueuing a new request, sending a
+ * notification can be made conditional on xencamera_req (i.e., the generic
+ * hold-off mechanism provided by the ring macros). Backends must set
+ * xencamera_req appropriately (e.g., using RING_FINAL_CHECK_FOR_REQUESTS()).
+ *
+ * Back->front notifications: when enqueuing a new response, sending a
+ * notification can be made conditional on xencamera_resp (i.e., the generic
+ * hold-off mechanism provided by the ring macros). Frontends must set
+ * xencamera_resp appropriately (e.g., using RING_FINAL_CHECK_FOR_RESPONSES()).
+ *
+ * The two halves of a para-virtual camera driver utilize nodes within
+ * XenStore to communicate capabilities and to negotiate operating parameters.
+ * This section enumerates these nodes which reside in the respective front and
+ * backend portions of XenStore, following the XenBus convention.
+ *
+ * All data in XenStore is stored as strings. Nodes specifying numeric
+ * values are encoded in decimal. Integer value ranges listed below are
+ * expressed as fixed sized integer types capable of storing the conversion
+ * of a properly formatted node string, without loss of information.
+ *
+ ******************************************************************************
+ * Example configuration
+ ******************************************************************************
+ *
+ * This is an example of backend and frontend configuration:
+ *
+ *--------------------------------- Backend -----------------------------------
+ *
+ * /local/domain/0/backend/vcamera/1/0/frontend-id = "1"
+ * /local/domain/0/backend/vcamera/1/0/frontend = "/local/domain/1/device/vcamera/0"
+ * /local/domain/0/backend/vcamera/1/0/state = "4"
+ * /local/domain/0/backend/vcamera/1/0/versions = "1,2"
+ *
+ *--------------------------------- Frontend ----------------------------------
+ *
+ * /local/domain/1/device/vcamera/0/backend-id = "0"
+ * /local/domain/1/device/vcamera/0/backend = "/local/domain/0/backend/vcamera/1"
+ * /local/domain/1/device/vcamera/0/state = "4"
+ * /local/domain/1/device/vcamera/0/version = "1"
+ * /local/domain/1/device/vcamera/0/be-alloc = "1"
+ *
+ *---------------------------- Device 0 configuration -------------------------
+ *
+ * /local/domain/1/device/vcamera/0/max-buffers = "3"
+ * /local/domain/1/device/vcamera/0/controls = "contrast,hue"
+ * /local/domain/1/device/vcamera/0/formats/YUYV/640x480/frame-rates = "30/1,15/1"
+ * /local/domain/1/device/vcamera/0/formats/YUYV/1920x1080/frame-rates = "15/2"
+ * /local/domain/1/device/vcamera/0/formats/BGRA/640x480/frame-rates = "15/1,15/2"
+ * /local/domain/1/device/vcamera/0/formats/BGRA/1200x720/frame-rates = "15/2"
+ * /local/domain/1/device/vcamera/0/unique-id = "0"
+ * /local/domain/1/device/vcamera/0/req-ring-ref = "2832"
+ * /local/domain/1/device/vcamera/0/req-event-channel = "15"
+ * /local/domain/1/device/vcamera/0/evt-ring-ref = "387"
+ * /local/domain/1/device/vcamera/0/evt-event-channel = "16"
+ *
+ *---------------------------- Device 1 configuration -------------------------
+ *
+ * /local/domain/1/device/vcamera/1/max-buffers = "8"
+ * /local/domain/1/device/vcamera/1/controls = "brightness,saturation,hue"
+ * /local/domain/1/device/vcamera/1/formats/YUYV/640x480/frame-rates = "30/1,15/2"
+ * /local/domain/1/device/vcamera/1/formats/YUYV/1920x1080/frame-rates = "15/2"
+ * /local/domain/1/device/vcamera/1/unique-id = "1"
+ * /local/domain/1/device/vcamera/1/req-ring-ref = "2833"
+ * /local/domain/1/device/vcamera/1/req-event-channel = "17"
+ * /local/domain/1/device/vcamera/1/evt-ring-ref = "388"
+ * /local/domain/1/device/vcamera/1/evt-event-channel = "18"
+ *
+ ******************************************************************************
+ * Backend XenBus Nodes
+ ******************************************************************************
+ *
+ *----------------------------- Protocol version ------------------------------
+ *
+ * versions
+ * Values: <string>
+ *
+ * List of XENCAMERA_LIST_SEPARATOR separated protocol versions supported
+ * by the backend. For example "1,2,3".
+ *
+ ******************************************************************************
+ * Frontend XenBus Nodes
+ ******************************************************************************
+ *
+ *-------------------------------- Addressing ---------------------------------
+ *
+ * dom-id
+ * Values: <uint16_t>
+ *
+ * Domain identifier.
+ *
+ * dev-id
+ * Values: <uint16_t>
+ *
+ * Device identifier.
+ *
+ * /local/domain/<dom-id>/device/vcamera/<dev-id>/...
+ *
+ *----------------------------- Protocol version ------------------------------
+ *
+ * version
+ * Values: <string>
+ *
+ * Protocol version, chosen among the ones supported by the backend.
+ *
+ *------------------------- Backend buffer allocation -------------------------
+ *
+ * be-alloc
+ * Values: "0", "1"
+ *
+ * If value is set to "1", then backend will be the buffer
+ * provider/allocator for this domain during XENCAMERA_OP_BUF_CREATE
+ * operation.
+ * If value is not "1" or omitted frontend must allocate buffers itself.
+ *
+ *------------------------------- Camera settings -----------------------------
+ *
+ * unique-id
+ * Values: <string>
+ *
+ * After device instance initialization each camera is assigned a
+ * unique ID, so it can be identified by the backend by this ID.
+ * This can be UUID or such.
+ *
+ * max-buffers
+ * Values: <uint8_t>
+ *
+ * Maximum number of camera buffers this frontend may use.
+ *
+ * controls
+ * Values: <list of string>
+ *
+ * List of supported camera controls separated by XENCAMERA_LIST_SEPARATOR.
+ * Camera controls are expressed as a list of string values w/o any
+ * ordering requirement.
+ *
+ * formats
+ * Values: <format, char[7]>
+ *
+ * Formats are organized as a set of directories one per each
+ * supported pixel format. The name of the directory is the
+ * corresponding FOURCC string label. The next level of
+ * the directory under <formats> represents supported resolutions.
+ * If the format represents a big-endian variant of a little
+ * endian format, then the "-BE" suffix must be added. E.g. 'AR15' vs
+ * 'AR15-BE'.
+ * If FOURCC string label has spaces then those are only allowed to
+ * be at the end of the label and must be trimmed, for example
+ * 'Y16' and 'Y16-BE' will be trimmed.
+ *
+ * resolution
+ * Values: <width, uint32_t>x<height, uint32_t>
+ *
+ * Resolutions are organized as a set of directories one per each
+ * supported resolution under corresponding <formats> directory.
+ * The name of the directory is the supported width and height
+ * of the camera resolution in pixels.
+ *
+ * frame-rates
+ * Values: <numerator, uint32_t>/<denominator, uint32_t>
+ *
+ * List of XENCAMERA_FRAME_RATE_SEPARATOR separated supported frame rates
+ * of the camera expressed as numerator and denominator of the
+ * corresponding frame rate.
+ *
+ *------------------- Camera Request Transport Parameters ---------------------
+ *
+ * This communication path is used to deliver requests from frontend to backend
+ * and get the corresponding responses from backend to frontend,
+ * set up per virtual camera device.
+ *
+ * req-event-channel
+ * Values: <uint32_t>
+ *
+ * The identifier of the Xen camera's control event channel
+ * used to signal activity in the ring buffer.
+ *
+ * req-ring-ref
+ * Values: <uint32_t>
+ *
+ * The Xen grant reference granting permission for the backend to map
+ * a sole page of camera's control ring buffer.
+ *
+ *-------------------- Camera Event Transport Parameters ----------------------
+ *
+ * This communication path is used to deliver asynchronous events from backend
+ * to frontend, set up per virtual camera device.
+ *
+ * evt-event-channel
+ * Values: <uint32_t>
+ *
+ * The identifier of the Xen camera's event channel
+ * used to signal activity in the ring buffer.
+ *
+ * evt-ring-ref
+ * Values: <uint32_t>
+ *
+ * The Xen grant reference granting permission for the backend to map
+ * a sole page of camera's event ring buffer.
+ */
+
+/*
+ ******************************************************************************
+ * STATE DIAGRAMS
+ ******************************************************************************
+ *
+ * Tool stack creates front and back state nodes with initial state
+ * XenbusStateInitialising.
+ * Tool stack creates and sets up frontend camera configuration
+ * nodes per domain.
+ *
+ *-------------------------------- Normal flow --------------------------------
+ *
+ * Front Back
+ * ================================= =====================================
+ * XenbusStateInitialising XenbusStateInitialising
+ * o Query backend device identification
+ * data.
+ * o Open and validate backend device.
+ * |
+ * |
+ * V
+ * XenbusStateInitWait
+ *
+ * o Query frontend configuration
+ * o Allocate and initialize
+ * event channels per configured
+ * camera.
+ * o Publish transport parameters
+ * that will be in effect during
+ * this connection.
+ * |
+ * |
+ * V
+ * XenbusStateInitialised
+ *
+ * o Query frontend transport parameters.
+ * o Connect to the event channels.
+ * |
+ * |
+ * V
+ * XenbusStateConnected
+ *
+ * o Create and initialize OS
+ * virtual camera as per
+ * configuration.
+ * |
+ * |
+ * V
+ * XenbusStateConnected
+ *
+ * XenbusStateUnknown
+ * XenbusStateClosed
+ * XenbusStateClosing
+ * o Remove virtual camera device
+ * o Remove event channels
+ * |
+ * |
+ * V
+ * XenbusStateClosed
+ *
+ *------------------------------- Recovery flow -------------------------------
+ *
+ * In case of frontend unrecoverable errors backend handles that as
+ * if frontend goes into the XenbusStateClosed state.
+ *
+ * In case of backend unrecoverable errors frontend tries removing
+ * the virtualized device. If this is possible at the moment of error,
+ * then frontend goes into the XenbusStateInitialising state and is ready for
+ * new connection with backend. If the virtualized device is still in use and
+ * cannot be removed, then frontend goes into the XenbusStateReconfiguring state
+ * until either the virtualized device is removed or backend initiates a new
+ * connection. On the virtualized device removal frontend goes into the
+ * XenbusStateInitialising state.
+ *
+ * Note on XenbusStateReconfiguring state of the frontend: if backend has
+ * unrecoverable errors then frontend cannot send requests to the backend
+ * and thus cannot provide functionality of the virtualized device anymore.
+ * After backend is back to normal the virtualized device may still hold some
+ * state: configuration in use, allocated buffers, client application state etc.
+ * In most cases, this will require frontend to implement complex recovery
+ * reconnect logic. Instead, by going into XenbusStateReconfiguring state,
+ * frontend will make sure no new clients of the virtualized device are
+ * accepted, allow existing client(s) to exit gracefully by signaling error
+ * state etc.
+ * Once all the clients are gone frontend can reinitialize the virtualized
+ * device and get into XenbusStateInitialising state again signaling the
+ * backend that a new connection can be made.
+ *
+ * There are multiple conditions possible under which frontend will go from
+ * XenbusStateReconfiguring into XenbusStateInitialising, some of them are OS
+ * specific. For example:
+ * 1. The underlying OS framework may provide callbacks to signal that the last
+ * client of the virtualized device has gone and the device can be removed
+ * 2. Frontend can schedule a deferred work (timer/tasklet/workqueue)
+ * to periodically check if this is the right time to re-try removal of
+ * the virtualized device.
+ * 3. By any other means.
+ *
+ ******************************************************************************
+ * REQUEST CODES
+ ******************************************************************************
+ */
+#define XENCAMERA_OP_CONFIG_SET 0x00
+#define XENCAMERA_OP_CONFIG_GET 0x01
+#define XENCAMERA_OP_CONFIG_VALIDATE 0x02
+#define XENCAMERA_OP_FRAME_RATE_SET 0x03
+#define XENCAMERA_OP_BUF_GET_LAYOUT 0x04
+#define XENCAMERA_OP_BUF_REQUEST 0x05
+#define XENCAMERA_OP_BUF_CREATE 0x06
+#define XENCAMERA_OP_BUF_DESTROY 0x07
+#define XENCAMERA_OP_BUF_QUEUE 0x08
+#define XENCAMERA_OP_BUF_DEQUEUE 0x09
+#define XENCAMERA_OP_CTRL_ENUM 0x0a
+#define XENCAMERA_OP_CTRL_SET 0x0b
+#define XENCAMERA_OP_CTRL_GET 0x0c
+#define XENCAMERA_OP_STREAM_START 0x0d
+#define XENCAMERA_OP_STREAM_STOP 0x0e
+
+#define XENCAMERA_CTRL_BRIGHTNESS 0
+#define XENCAMERA_CTRL_CONTRAST 1
+#define XENCAMERA_CTRL_SATURATION 2
+#define XENCAMERA_CTRL_HUE 3
+
+/* Number of supported controls. */
+#define XENCAMERA_MAX_CTRL 4
+
+/* Control is read-only. */
+#define XENCAMERA_CTRL_FLG_RO (1 << 0)
+/* Control is write-only. */
+#define XENCAMERA_CTRL_FLG_WO (1 << 1)
+/* Control's value is volatile. */
+#define XENCAMERA_CTRL_FLG_VOLATILE (1 << 2)
+
+/* Supported color spaces. */
+#define XENCAMERA_COLORSPACE_DEFAULT 0
+#define XENCAMERA_COLORSPACE_SMPTE170M 1
+#define XENCAMERA_COLORSPACE_REC709 2
+#define XENCAMERA_COLORSPACE_SRGB 3
+#define XENCAMERA_COLORSPACE_OPRGB 4
+#define XENCAMERA_COLORSPACE_BT2020 5
+#define XENCAMERA_COLORSPACE_DCI_P3 6
+
+/* Color space transfer function. */
+#define XENCAMERA_XFER_FUNC_DEFAULT 0
+#define XENCAMERA_XFER_FUNC_709 1
+#define XENCAMERA_XFER_FUNC_SRGB 2
+#define XENCAMERA_XFER_FUNC_OPRGB 3
+#define XENCAMERA_XFER_FUNC_NONE 4
+#define XENCAMERA_XFER_FUNC_DCI_P3 5
+#define XENCAMERA_XFER_FUNC_SMPTE2084 6
+
+/* Color space Y’CbCr encoding. */
+#define XENCAMERA_YCBCR_ENC_IGNORE 0
+#define XENCAMERA_YCBCR_ENC_601 1
+#define XENCAMERA_YCBCR_ENC_709 2
+#define XENCAMERA_YCBCR_ENC_XV601 3
+#define XENCAMERA_YCBCR_ENC_XV709 4
+#define XENCAMERA_YCBCR_ENC_BT2020 5
+#define XENCAMERA_YCBCR_ENC_BT2020_CONST_LUM 6
+
+/* Quantization range. */
+#define XENCAMERA_QUANTIZATION_DEFAULT 0
+#define XENCAMERA_QUANTIZATION_FULL_RANGE 1
+#define XENCAMERA_QUANTIZATION_LIM_RANGE 2
+
+/*
+ ******************************************************************************
+ * EVENT CODES
+ ******************************************************************************
+ */
+#define XENCAMERA_EVT_FRAME_AVAIL 0x00
+#define XENCAMERA_EVT_CTRL_CHANGE 0x01
+
+/*
+ ******************************************************************************
+ * XENSTORE FIELD AND PATH NAME STRINGS, HELPERS
+ ******************************************************************************
+ */
+#define XENCAMERA_DRIVER_NAME "vcamera"
+
+#define XENCAMERA_LIST_SEPARATOR ","
+#define XENCAMERA_RESOLUTION_SEPARATOR "x"
+#define XENCAMERA_FRACTION_SEPARATOR "/"
+
+#define XENCAMERA_FIELD_BE_VERSIONS "versions"
+#define XENCAMERA_FIELD_FE_VERSION "version"
+#define XENCAMERA_FIELD_REQ_RING_REF "req-ring-ref"
+#define XENCAMERA_FIELD_REQ_CHANNEL "req-event-channel"
+#define XENCAMERA_FIELD_EVT_RING_REF "evt-ring-ref"
+#define XENCAMERA_FIELD_EVT_CHANNEL "evt-event-channel"
+#define XENCAMERA_FIELD_MAX_BUFFERS "max-buffers"
+#define XENCAMERA_FIELD_CONTROLS "controls"
+#define XENCAMERA_FIELD_FORMATS "formats"
+#define XENCAMERA_FIELD_FRAME_RATES "frame-rates"
+#define XENCAMERA_FIELD_BE_ALLOC "be-alloc"
+#define XENCAMERA_FIELD_UNIQUE_ID "unique-id"
+
+#define XENCAMERA_CTRL_BRIGHTNESS_STR "brightness"
+#define XENCAMERA_CTRL_CONTRAST_STR "contrast"
+#define XENCAMERA_CTRL_SATURATION_STR "saturation"
+#define XENCAMERA_CTRL_HUE_STR "hue"
+
+#define XENCAMERA_FOURCC_BIGENDIAN_STR "-BE"
+
+/* Maximum number of buffer planes supported. */
+#define XENCAMERA_MAX_PLANE 4
+
+/*
+ ******************************************************************************
+ * STATUS RETURN CODES
+ ******************************************************************************
+ *
+ * Status return code is zero on success and -XEN_EXX on failure.
+ *
+ ******************************************************************************
+ * Assumptions
+ ******************************************************************************
+ *
+ * - usage of grant reference 0 as invalid grant reference:
+ * grant reference 0 is valid, but never exposed to a PV driver,
+ * because of the fact it is already in use/reserved by the PV console.
+ * - all references in this document to page sizes must be treated
+ * as pages of size XEN_PAGE_SIZE unless otherwise noted.
+ * - all FOURCC mappings used for configuration and messaging are
+ * Linux V4L2 ones: https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git/tree/include/uapi/linux/videodev2.h
+ * with the following exceptions:
+ * - characters are allowed in [0x20; 0x7f] range
+ * - when used for XenStore configuration entries the following
+ * are not allowed:
+ * - '/', '\', ' ' (space), '<', '>', ':', '"', '|', '?', '*'
+ * - if trailing spaces are part of the FOURCC code then those must be
+ * trimmed
+ *
+ *
+ ******************************************************************************
+ * Description of the protocol between frontend and backend driver
+ ******************************************************************************
+ *
+ * The two halves of a Para-virtual camera driver communicate with
+ * each other using shared pages and event channels.
+ * Shared page contains a ring with request/response packets.
+ *
+ * All reserved fields in the structures below must be 0.
+ *
+ * For all request/response/event packets:
+ * - frame rate parameter is represented as a pair of 4 octet long
+ * numerator and denominator:
+ * - frame_rate_numer - uint32_t, numerator of the frame rate
+ * - frame_rate_denom - uint32_t, denominator of the frame rate
+ * The corresponding frame rate (Hz) is calculated as:
+ * frame_rate = frame_rate_numer / frame_rate_denom
+ * - buffer index is a zero based index of the buffer. Must be less than
+ * the value of XENCAMERA_OP_CONFIG_SET.num_bufs response:
+ * - index - uint8_t, index of the buffer.
+ *
+ *
+ *---------------------------------- Requests ---------------------------------
+ *
+ * All request packets have the same length (64 octets).
+ * All request packets have common header:
+ * 0 1 2 3 octet
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | id | operation | reserved | 4
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 8
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * id - uint16_t, private guest value, echoed in response.
+ * operation - uint8_t, operation code, XENCAMERA_OP_XXX.
+ *
+ *
+ * Request to set/validate the configuration - request to set the
+ * configuration/mode of the camera (XENCAMERA_OP_CONFIG_SET) or to
+ * check if the configuration is valid and can be used
+ * (XENCAMERA_OP_CONFIG_VALIDATE):
+ * 0 1 2 3 octet
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | id | _OP_CONFIG_XXX | reserved | 4
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 8
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | pixel format | 12
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | width | 16
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | height | 20
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 24
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * |/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/|
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 64
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ *
+ * pixel_format - uint32_t, pixel format to be used, FOURCC code.
+ * width - uint32_t, width in pixels.
+ * height - uint32_t, height in pixels.
+ *
+ * See response format for this request.
+ *
+ * Notes:
+ * - the only difference between XENCAMERA_OP_CONFIG_VALIDATE and
+ * XENCAMERA_OP_CONFIG_SET is that the former doesn't actually change
+ * camera configuration, but queries if the configuration is valid.
+ * This can be used while stream is active and/or buffers allocated.
+ * - frontend must check the corresponding response in order to see
+ * if the values reported back by the backend do match the desired ones
+ * and can be accepted.
+ * - frontend may send multiple XENCAMERA_OP_CONFIG_SET requests before
+ * sending XENCAMERA_OP_STREAM_START request to update or tune the
+ * final stream configuration.
+ * - configuration cannot be changed during active streaming, e.g.
+ * after XENCAMERA_OP_STREAM_START and before XENCAMERA_OP_STREAM_STOP
+ * requests.
+ */
+struct xencamera_config_req {
+ uint32_t pixel_format;
+ uint32_t width;
+ uint32_t height;
+};
+
+/*
+ * Request current configuration of the camera:
+ * 0 1 2 3 octet
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | id | _OP_CONFIG_GET | reserved | 4
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 8
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * |/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/|
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 64
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ *
+ * See response format for this request.
+ *
+ *
+ * Request to set the frame rate of the stream:
+ * 0 1 2 3 octet
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | id | _FRAME_RATE_SET| reserved | 4
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 8
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | frame_rate_numer | 12
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | frame_rate_denom | 16
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 20
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * |/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/|
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 64
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ *
+ * frame_rate_numer - uint32_t, numerator of the frame rate.
+ * frame_rate_denom - uint32_t, denominator of the frame rate.
+ *
+ * Notes:
+ * - to query the current (actual) frame rate use XENCAMERA_OP_CONFIG_GET
+ * request.
+ * - this request can be used with camera buffers allocated, but stream
+ * stopped, e.g. frontend is allowed to stop the stream with
+ * XENCAMERA_OP_STREAM_STOP, hold the buffers allocated (e.g. keep the
+ * configuration set with XENCAMERA_OP_CONFIG_SET), change the
+ * frame rate of the stream and (re)start the stream again with
+ * XENCAMERA_OP_STREAM_START.
+ * - frame rate cannot be changed during active streaming, e.g.
+ * after XENCAMERA_OP_STREAM_START and before XENCAMERA_OP_STREAM_STOP
+ * commands.
+ */
+struct xencamera_frame_rate_req {
+ uint32_t frame_rate_numer;
+ uint32_t frame_rate_denom;
+};
+
+/*
+ * Request camera buffer's layout:
+ * 0 1 2 3 octet
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | id | _BUF_GET_LAYOUT| reserved | 4
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 8
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * |/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/|
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 64
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ *
+ * See response format for this request.
+ *
+ *
+ * Request number of buffers to be used:
+ * 0 1 2 3 octet
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | id | _OP_BUF_REQUEST| reserved | 4
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 8
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | num_bufs | reserved | 12
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 16
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * |/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/|
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 64
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ *
+ * num_bufs - uint8_t, desired number of buffers to be used.
+ *
+ * If num_bufs is not zero then the backend validates the requested number of
+ * buffers and responds with the number of buffers allowed for this frontend.
+ * Frontend is responsible for checking the corresponding response in order to
+ * see if the values reported back by the backend do match the desired ones
+ * and can be accepted.
+ * Frontend is allowed to send multiple XENCAMERA_OP_BUF_REQUEST requests
+ * before sending XENCAMERA_OP_STREAM_START request to update or tune the
+ * final configuration.
+ * Frontend is not allowed to change the camera configuration after this call
+ * with a non-zero value of num_bufs. If camera reconfiguration is required
+ * then this request must be sent with num_bufs set to zero and any created
+ * buffers must be destroyed first.
+ * Frontend is not allowed to change the number of buffers after the
+ * streaming has started.
+ *
+ * If num_bufs is 0 and streaming has not started yet, then the backend will
+ * free all previously allocated buffers (if any).
+ * Trying to call this if streaming is in progress will result in an error.
+ *
+ * If camera reconfiguration is required then the streaming must be stopped
+ * and this request must be sent with num_bufs set to zero and any
+ * created buffers must be destroyed.
+ *
+ * Please note, that the number of buffers in this request must not exceed
+ * the value configured in XenStore.max-buffers.
+ *
+ * See response format for this request.
+ */
+struct xencamera_buf_request {
+ uint8_t num_bufs;
+};
+
+/*
+ * Request camera buffer creation:
+ * 0 1 2 3 octet
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | id | _OP_BUF_CREATE | reserved | 4
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 8
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | index | reserved | 12
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | plane_offset[0] | 16
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | plane_offset[1] | 20
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | plane_offset[2] | 24
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | plane_offset[3] | 28
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | gref_directory | 32
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 36
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * |/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/|
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 64
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ *
+ * An attempt to create multiple buffers with the same index is an error.
+ * index can be re-used after destroying the corresponding camera buffer.
+ *
+ * index - uint8_t, index of the buffer to be created in the range
+ * from 0 to the num_bufs field returned in response for
+ * XENCAMERA_OP_BUF_REQUEST request
+ * plane_offset - array of uint32_t, offset of the corresponding plane
+ * in octets from the buffer start. Number of offsets returned is
+ * equal to the value returned in XENCAMERA_OP_BUF_GET_LAYOUT.num_planes.
+ * gref_directory - grant_ref_t, a reference to the first shared page
+ * describing shared buffer references. The size of the buffer is equal to
+ * XENCAMERA_OP_BUF_GET_LAYOUT.size response. At least one page exists. If
+ * shared buffer size exceeds what can be addressed by this single page,
+ * then reference to the next shared page must be supplied (see
+ * gref_dir_next_page below).
+ *
+ * If XENCAMERA_FIELD_BE_ALLOC configuration entry is set, then backend will
+ * allocate the buffer with the parameters provided in this request and page
+ * directory is handled as follows:
+ * Frontend on request:
+ * - allocates pages for the directory (gref_directory,
+ * gref_dir_next_page(s)
+ * - grants permissions for the pages of the directory to the backend
+ * - sets gref_dir_next_page fields
+ * Backend on response:
+ * - grants permissions for the pages of the buffer allocated to
+ * the frontend
+ * - fills in page directory with grant references
+ * (gref[] in struct xencamera_page_directory)
+ */
+struct xencamera_buf_create_req {
+ uint8_t index;
+ uint8_t reserved[3];
+ uint32_t plane_offset[XENCAMERA_MAX_PLANE];
+ grant_ref_t gref_directory;
+};
+
+/*
+ * Shared page for XENCAMERA_OP_BUF_CREATE buffer descriptor (gref_directory in
+ * the request) employs a list of pages, describing all pages of the shared
+ * data buffer:
+ * 0 1 2 3 octet
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | gref_dir_next_page | 4
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | gref[0] | 8
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * |/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/|
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | gref[i] | i*4+8
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * |/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/|
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | gref[N - 1] | N*4+8
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ *
+ * gref_dir_next_page - grant_ref_t, reference to the next page describing
+ * page directory. Must be 0 if there are no more pages in the list.
+ * gref[i] - grant_ref_t, reference to a shared page of the buffer
+ * allocated at XENCAMERA_OP_BUF_CREATE.
+ *
+ * Number of grant_ref_t entries in the whole page directory is not
+ * passed, but instead can be calculated as:
+ * num_grefs_total = (XENCAMERA_OP_BUF_REQUEST.size + XEN_PAGE_SIZE - 1) /
+ * XEN_PAGE_SIZE
+ */
+struct xencamera_page_directory {
+ grant_ref_t gref_dir_next_page;
+ grant_ref_t gref[1]; /* Variable length */
+};
+
+/*
+ * Request buffer destruction - destroy a previously allocated camera buffer:
+ * 0 1 2 3 octet
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | id | _OP_BUF_DESTROY| reserved | 4
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 8
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | index | reserved | 12
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 16
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * |/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/|
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 64
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ *
+ * index - uint8_t, index of the buffer to be destroyed.
+ *
+ *
+ * Request queueing of the buffer for backend use:
+ * 0 1 2 3 octet
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | id | _OP_BUF_QUEUE | reserved | 4
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 8
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | index | reserved | 12
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 16
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * |/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/|
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 64
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ *
+ * Notes:
+ * - frontends must not access the buffer content after this request until
+ * response to XENCAMERA_OP_BUF_DEQUEUE has been received.
+ * - buffers must be queued to the backend before destroying them with
+ * XENCAMERA_OP_BUF_DESTROY.
+ *
+ * index - uint8_t, index of the buffer to be queued.
+ *
+ *
+ * Request dequeueing of the buffer for frontend use:
+ * 0 1 2 3 octet
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | id |_OP_BUF_DEQUEUE | reserved | 4
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 8
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | index | reserved | 12
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 16
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * |/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/|
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 64
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ *
+ * Notes:
+ * - frontend is allowed to access the buffer content after the corresponding
+ * response to this request.
+ *
+ * index - uint8_t, index of the buffer to be queued.
+ *
+ *
+ * Request camera control details:
+ * 0 1 2 3 octet
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | id | _OP_CTRL_ENUM | reserved | 4
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | index | reserved | 8
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 12
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * |/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/|
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 64
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ *
+ * See response format for this request.
+ *
+ * index - uint8_t, index of the control to be queried.
+ */
+struct xencamera_index {
+ uint8_t index;
+};
+
+/*
+ * Request camera control change:
+ * 0 1 2 3 octet
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | id | _OP_SET_CTRL | reserved | 4
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | type | reserved | 8
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 12
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 16
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | value low 32-bit | 20
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | value high 32-bit | 24
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 28
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * |/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/|
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 64
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ *
+ * type - uint8_t, type of the control, one of the XENCAMERA_CTRL_XXX.
+ * value - int64_t, new value of the control.
+ */
+struct xencamera_ctrl_value {
+ uint8_t type;
+ uint8_t reserved[7];
+ int64_t value;
+};
+
+/*
+ * Request camera control state:
+ * 0 1 2 3 octet
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | id | _OP_GET_CTRL | reserved | 4
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | type | reserved | 8
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 12
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * |/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/|
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 64
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ *
+ * See response format for this request.
+ *
+ * type - uint8_t, type of the control, one of the XENCAMERA_CTRL_XXX.
+ */
+struct xencamera_get_ctrl_req {
+ uint8_t type;
+};
+
+/*
+ * Request camera capture stream start:
+ * 0 1 2 3 octet
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | id |_OP_STREAM_START| reserved | 4
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 8
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * |/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/|
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 64
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ *
+ *
+ * Request camera capture stream stop:
+ * 0 1 2 3 octet
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | id |_OP_STREAM_STOP | reserved | 4
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 8
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * |/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/|
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 64
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ *
+ *
+ *---------------------------------- Responses --------------------------------
+ *
+ * All response packets have the same length (64 octets).
+ *
+ * All response packets have common header:
+ * 0 1 2 3 octet
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | id | operation | reserved | 4
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | status | 8
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ *
+ * id - uint16_t, copied from the request.
+ * operation - uint8_t, XENCAMERA_OP_* - copied from request.
+ * status - int32_t, response status, zero on success and -XEN_EXX on failure.
+ *
+ *
+ * Configuration response - response for XENCAMERA_OP_CONFIG_SET,
+ * XENCAMERA_OP_CONFIG_GET and XENCAMERA_OP_CONFIG_VALIDATE requests:
+ * 0 1 2 3 octet
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | id | _OP_CONFIG_XXX | reserved | 4
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | status | 8
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | pixel format | 12
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | width | 16
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | height | 20
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | colorspace | 24
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | xfer_func | 28
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | ycbcr_enc | 32
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | quantization | 36
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | displ_asp_ratio_numer | 40
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | displ_asp_ratio_denom | 44
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | frame_rate_numer | 48
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | frame_rate_denom | 52
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 56
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * |/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/|
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 64
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ *
+ * Meaning of the corresponding values in this response is the same as for
+ * XENCAMERA_OP_CONFIG_SET and XENCAMERA_OP_FRAME_RATE_SET requests.
+ *
+ * colorspace - uint32_t, this supplements pixel_format parameter,
+ * one of the XENCAMERA_COLORSPACE_XXX.
+ * xfer_func - uint32_t, this supplements colorspace parameter,
+ * one of the XENCAMERA_XFER_FUNC_XXX.
+ * ycbcr_enc - uint32_t, this supplements colorspace parameter,
+ * one of the XENCAMERA_YCBCR_ENC_XXX. Please note, that ycbcr_enc is only
+ * valid for YCbCr pixelformats and should be ignored otherwise.
+ * quantization - uint32_t, this supplements colorspace parameter,
+ * one of the XENCAMERA_QUANTIZATION_XXX.
+ * displ_asp_ratio_numer - uint32_t, numerator of the display aspect ratio.
+ * displ_asp_ratio_denom - uint32_t, denominator of the display aspect ratio.
+ */
+struct xencamera_config_resp {
+ uint32_t pixel_format;
+ uint32_t width;
+ uint32_t height;
+ uint32_t colorspace;
+ uint32_t xfer_func;
+ uint32_t ycbcr_enc;
+ uint32_t quantization;
+ uint32_t displ_asp_ratio_numer;
+ uint32_t displ_asp_ratio_denom;
+ uint32_t frame_rate_numer;
+ uint32_t frame_rate_denom;
+};
+
+/*
+ * Request buffer response - response for XENCAMERA_OP_BUF_GET_LAYOUT
+ * request:
+ * 0 1 2 3 octet
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | id |_BUF_GET_LAYOUT | reserved | 4
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | status | 8
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | num_planes | reserved | 12
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | size | 16
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | plane_size[0] | 20
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | plane_size[1] | 24
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | plane_size[2] | 28
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | plane_size[3] | 32
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | plane_stride[0] | 36
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | plane_stride[1] | 40
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | plane_stride[2] | 44
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | plane_stride[3] | 48
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * |/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/|
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 64
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ *
+ * num_planes - uint8_t, number of planes of the buffer.
+ * size - uint32_t, overall size of the buffer including sizes of the
+ * individual planes and padding if applicable.
+ * plane_size - array of uint32_t, size in octets of the corresponding plane
+ * including padding.
+ * plane_stride - array of uint32_t, size in octets occupied by the
+ * corresponding single image line including padding if applicable.
+ *
+ * Note! The sizes and strides in this response apply to all buffers created
+ * with XENCAMERA_OP_BUF_CREATE command, but individual buffers may have
+ * different plane offsets, see XENCAMERA_OP_BUF_REQUEST.plane_offset.
+ */
+struct xencamera_buf_get_layout_resp {
+ uint8_t num_planes;
+ uint8_t reserved[3];
+ uint32_t size;
+ uint32_t plane_size[XENCAMERA_MAX_PLANE];
+ uint32_t plane_stride[XENCAMERA_MAX_PLANE];
+};
+
+/*
+ * Request buffer response - response for XENCAMERA_OP_BUF_REQUEST
+ * request:
+ * 0 1 2 3 octet
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | id |_OP_BUF_REQUEST | reserved | 4
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | status | 8
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | num_buffers | reserved | 12
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 16
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * |/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/|
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 64
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ *
+ * num_buffers - uint8_t, number of buffers to be used.
+ *
+ *
+ * Control enumerate response - response for XENCAMERA_OP_CTRL_ENUM:
+ * 0 1 2 3 octet
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | id | _OP_CTRL_ENUM | reserved | 4
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | status | 8
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | index | type | reserved | 12
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | flags | 16
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | min low 32-bits | 20
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | min high 32-bits | 24
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | max low 32-bits | 28
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | max high 32-bits | 32
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | step low 32-bits | 36
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | step high 32-bits | 40
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | def_val low 32-bits | 44
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | def_val high 32-bits | 48
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 52
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * |/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/|
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 64
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ *
+ * index - uint8_t, index of the camera control in response.
+ * type - uint8_t, type of the control, one of the XENCAMERA_CTRL_XXX.
+ * flags - uint32_t, flags of the control, one of the XENCAMERA_CTRL_FLG_XXX.
+ * min - int64_t, minimum value of the control.
+ * max - int64_t, maximum value of the control.
+ * step - int64_t, minimum size in which control value can be changed.
+ * def_val - int64_t, default value of the control.
+ */
+struct xencamera_ctrl_enum_resp {
+ uint8_t index;
+ uint8_t type;
+ uint8_t reserved[2];
+ uint32_t flags;
+ int64_t min;
+ int64_t max;
+ int64_t step;
+ int64_t def_val;
+};
+
+/*
+ * Get control response - response for XENCAMERA_OP_CTRL_GET:
+ * 0 1 2 3 octet
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | id | _OP_CTRL_GET | reserved | 4
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | status | 8
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | type | reserved | 12
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 16
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 20
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | value low 32-bit | 24
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | value high 32-bit | 28
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 32
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * |/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/|
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 64
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ *
+ * type - uint8_t, type of the control, one of the XENCAMERA_CTRL_XXX.
+ * value - int64_t, new value of the control.
+ */
+
+/*
+ *----------------------------------- Events ----------------------------------
+ *
+ * Events are sent via a shared page allocated by the front and propagated by
+ * evt-event-channel/evt-ring-ref XenStore entries.
+ *
+ * All event packets have the same length (64 octets).
+ * All event packets have common header:
+ * 0 1 2 3 octet
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | id | type | reserved | 4
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 8
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ *
+ * id - uint16_t, event id, may be used by front.
+ * type - uint8_t, type of the event.
+ *
+ *
+ * Frame captured event - event from back to front when a new captured
+ * frame is available:
+ * 0 1 2 3 octet
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | id |_EVT_FRAME_AVAIL| reserved | 4
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 8
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | index | reserved | 12
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | used_sz | 16
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | seq_num | 20
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 24
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * |/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/|
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 64
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ *
+ * index - uint8_t, index of the buffer that contains new captured frame,
+ * see XENCAMERA_OP_BUF_CREATE description on the range
+ * used_sz - uint32_t, number of octets this frame has. This can be less
+ * than the XENCAMERA_OP_BUF_REQUEST.size (response) for compressed formats.
+ * seq_num - uint32_t, sequential number of the frame. Must be
+ * monotonically increasing. If skips are detected in seq_num then that
+ * means that the frames in-between were dropped. Note however that not
+ * all video capture hardware is capable of detecting dropped frames.
+ * In that case there will be no skips in the sequence counter.
+ */
+struct xencamera_frame_avail_evt {
+ uint8_t index;
+ uint8_t reserved[3];
+ uint32_t used_sz;
+ uint32_t seq_num;
+};
+
+/*
+ * Control change event- event from back to front when camera control
+ * has changed:
+ * 0 1 2 3 octet
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | id |_EVT_CTRL_CHANGE| reserved | 4
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | type | reserved | 8
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 12
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 16
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | value low 32-bit | 20
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | value high 32-bit | 24
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 28
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * |/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/|
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ * | reserved | 64
+ * +----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+
+ *
+ * type - uint8_t, type of the control, one of the XENCAMERA_CTRL_XXX.
+ * value - int64_t, new value of the control.
+ *
+ * Notes:
+ * - this event is not sent for write-only controls
+ * - this event is not sent to the originator of the control change
+ * - this event is not sent when frontend first connects, e.g. initial
+ * control state must be explicitly queried
+ */
+
+struct xencamera_req {
+ uint16_t id;
+ uint8_t operation;
+ uint8_t reserved[5];
+ union {
+ struct xencamera_config_req config;
+ struct xencamera_frame_rate_req frame_rate;
+ struct xencamera_buf_request buf_request;
+ struct xencamera_buf_create_req buf_create;
+ struct xencamera_index index;
+ struct xencamera_ctrl_value ctrl_value;
+ struct xencamera_get_ctrl_req get_ctrl;
+ uint8_t reserved[56];
+ } req;
+};
+
+struct xencamera_resp {
+ uint16_t id;
+ uint8_t operation;
+ uint8_t reserved;
+ int32_t status;
+ union {
+ struct xencamera_config_resp config;
+ struct xencamera_buf_get_layout_resp buf_layout;
+ struct xencamera_buf_request buf_request;
+ struct xencamera_ctrl_enum_resp ctrl_enum;
+ struct xencamera_ctrl_value ctrl_value;
+ uint8_t reserved1[56];
+ } resp;
+};
+
+struct xencamera_evt {
+ uint16_t id;
+ uint8_t type;
+ uint8_t reserved[5];
+ union {
+ struct xencamera_frame_avail_evt frame_avail;
+ struct xencamera_ctrl_value ctrl_value;
+ uint8_t reserved[56];
+ } evt;
+};
+
+DEFINE_RING_TYPES(xen_cameraif, struct xencamera_req, struct xencamera_resp);
+
+/*
+ ******************************************************************************
+ * Back to front events delivery
+ ******************************************************************************
+ * In order to deliver asynchronous events from back to front a shared page is
+ * allocated by front and its granted reference propagated to back via
+ * XenStore entries (evt-ring-ref/evt-event-channel).
+ * This page has a common header used by both front and back to synchronize
+ * access and control event's ring buffer, while back being a producer of the
+ * events and front being a consumer. The rest of the page after the header
+ * is used for event packets.
+ *
+ * Upon reception of an event(s) front may confirm its reception
+ * for either each event, group of events or none.
+ */
+
+struct xencamera_event_page {
+ uint32_t in_cons;
+ uint32_t in_prod;
+ uint8_t reserved[56];
+};
+
+#define XENCAMERA_EVENT_PAGE_SIZE XEN_PAGE_SIZE
+#define XENCAMERA_IN_RING_OFFS (sizeof(struct xencamera_event_page))
+#define XENCAMERA_IN_RING_SIZE (XENCAMERA_EVENT_PAGE_SIZE - XENCAMERA_IN_RING_OFFS)
+#define XENCAMERA_IN_RING_LEN (XENCAMERA_IN_RING_SIZE / sizeof(struct xencamera_evt))
+#define XENCAMERA_IN_RING(page) \
+ ((struct xencamera_evt *)((char *)(page) + XENCAMERA_IN_RING_OFFS))
+#define XENCAMERA_IN_RING_REF(page, idx) \
+ (XENCAMERA_IN_RING((page))[(idx) % XENCAMERA_IN_RING_LEN])
+
+#endif /* __XEN_PUBLIC_IO_CAMERAIF_H__ */
+
--
2.21.0
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