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SubjectRe: WARN_ON_ONCE() hit at kernel/events/core.c:330
On Mon, Apr 08, 2019 at 11:50:31AM +0200, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> On Mon, Apr 08, 2019 at 10:22:29AM +0200, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> > On Mon, Apr 08, 2019 at 09:12:28AM +0200, Thomas-Mich Richter wrote:
>
> > > very good news, your fix ran over the weekend without any hit!!!
> > >
> > > Thanks very much for your help. Do you submit this patch to the kernel mailing list?
> >
> > Most excellent, let me go write a Changelog.
>
> Hi Thomas, find below.
>
> Sadly, while writing the Changelog I ended up with a 'completely'
> differet patch again, could I bother you to test this one too?
>
> ---
> Subject: perf: Fix perf_event_disable_inatomic()
> From: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
> Date: Thu, 4 Apr 2019 15:03:00 +0200
>
> Thomas-Mich Richter reported he triggered a WARN from event_function_local()
> on his s390. The problem boils down to:
>
> CPU-A CPU-B
>
> perf_event_overflow()
> perf_event_disable_inatomic()
> @pending_disable = 1
> irq_work_queue();
>
> sched-out
> event_sched_out()
> @pending_disable = 0
>
> sched-in
> perf_event_overflow()
> perf_event_disable_inatomic()
> @pending_disable = 1;
> irq_work_queue(); // FAILS
>
> irq_work_run()
> perf_pending_event()
> if (@pending_disable)
> perf_event_disable_local(); // WHOOPS
>
> The problem exists in generic, but s390 is particularly sensitive
> because it doesn't implement arch_irq_work_raise(), nor does it call
> irq_work_run() from it's PMU interrupt handler (nor would that be
> sufficient in this case, because s390 also generates
> perf_event_overflow() from pmu::stop). Add to that the fact that s390
> is a virtual architecture and (virtual) CPU-A can stall long enough
> for the above race to happen, even if it would self-IPI.
>
> Adding an irq_work_syn() to event_sched_in() would work for all hardare
> PMUs that properly use irq_work_run() but fails for software PMUs.

Typo: s/syn/sync/

>
> Instead encode the CPU number in @pending_disable, such that we can
> tell which CPU requested the disable. This then allows us to detect
> the above scenario and even redirect the IPI to make up for the failed
> queue.
>
> Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
> Cc: Hendrik Brueckner <brueckner@linux.ibm.com>
> Cc: acme@redhat.com
> Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
> Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>
> Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@redhat.com>
> Reported-by: Thomas-Mich Richter <tmricht@linux.ibm.com>
> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>

I can't think of a nicer way of handling this, so FWIW:

Acked-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>

Mark.

> ---
> kernel/events/core.c | 52 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
> 1 file changed, 43 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)
>
> --- a/kernel/events/core.c
> +++ b/kernel/events/core.c
> @@ -2009,8 +2009,8 @@ event_sched_out(struct perf_event *event
> event->pmu->del(event, 0);
> event->oncpu = -1;
>
> - if (event->pending_disable) {
> - event->pending_disable = 0;
> + if (READ_ONCE(event->pending_disable) >= 0) {
> + WRITE_ONCE(event->pending_disable, -1);
> state = PERF_EVENT_STATE_OFF;
> }
> perf_event_set_state(event, state);
> @@ -2198,7 +2198,8 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(perf_event_disable);
>
> void perf_event_disable_inatomic(struct perf_event *event)
> {
> - event->pending_disable = 1;
> + WRITE_ONCE(event->pending_disable, smp_processor_id());
> + /* can fail, see perf_pending_event_disable() */
> irq_work_queue(&event->pending);
> }
>
> @@ -5810,10 +5811,45 @@ void perf_event_wakeup(struct perf_event
> }
> }
>
> +static void perf_pending_event_disable(struct perf_event *event)
> +{
> + int cpu = READ_ONCE(event->pending_disable);
> +
> + if (cpu < 0)
> + return;
> +
> + if (cpu == smp_processor_id()) {
> + WRITE_ONCE(event->pending_disable, -1);
> + perf_event_disable_local(event);
> + return;
> + }
> +
> + /*
> + * CPU-A CPU-B
> + *
> + * perf_event_disable_inatomic()
> + * @pending_disable = CPU-A;
> + * irq_work_queue();
> + *
> + * sched-out
> + * @pending_disable = -1;
> + *
> + * sched-in
> + * perf_event_disable_inatomic()
> + * @pending_disable = CPU-B;
> + * irq_work_queue(); // FAILS
> + *
> + * irq_work_run()
> + * perf_pending_event()
> + *
> + * But the event runs on CPU-B and wants disabling there.
> + */
> + irq_work_queue_on(&event->pending, cpu);
> +}
> +
> static void perf_pending_event(struct irq_work *entry)
> {
> - struct perf_event *event = container_of(entry,
> - struct perf_event, pending);
> + struct perf_event *event = container_of(entry, struct perf_event, pending);
> int rctx;
>
> rctx = perf_swevent_get_recursion_context();
> @@ -5822,10 +5858,7 @@ static void perf_pending_event(struct ir
> * and we won't recurse 'further'.
> */
>
> - if (event->pending_disable) {
> - event->pending_disable = 0;
> - perf_event_disable_local(event);
> - }
> + perf_pending_event_disable(event);
>
> if (event->pending_wakeup) {
> event->pending_wakeup = 0;
> @@ -10236,6 +10269,7 @@ perf_event_alloc(struct perf_event_attr
>
>
> init_waitqueue_head(&event->waitq);
> + event->pending_disable = -1;
> init_irq_work(&event->pending, perf_pending_event);
>
> mutex_init(&event->mmap_mutex);

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