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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 2/2] media: docs-rst: Document memory-to-memory video encoder interface
On Mon, Mar 25, 2019 at 10:12 PM Hans Verkuil <hverkuil@xs4all.nl> wrote:
>
> Another comment found while creating compliance tests:
>
> On 1/24/19 11:04 AM, Tomasz Figa wrote:
> > +Drain
> > +=====
> > +
> > +To ensure that all the queued ``OUTPUT`` buffers have been processed and the
> > +related ``CAPTURE`` buffers are given to the client, the client must follow the
> > +drain sequence described below. After the drain sequence ends, the client has
> > +received all encoded frames for all ``OUTPUT`` buffers queued before the
> > +sequence was started.
> > +
> > +1. Begin the drain sequence by issuing :c:func:`VIDIOC_ENCODER_CMD`.
> > +
> > + * **Required fields:**
> > +
> > + ``cmd``
> > + set to ``V4L2_ENC_CMD_STOP``
> > +
> > + ``flags``
> > + set to 0
> > +
> > + ``pts``
> > + set to 0
> > +
> > + .. warning::
> > +
> > + The sequence can be only initiated if both ``OUTPUT`` and ``CAPTURE``
> > + queues are streaming. For compatibility reasons, the call to
> > + :c:func:`VIDIOC_ENCODER_CMD` will not fail even if any of the queues is
> > + not streaming, but at the same time it will not initiate the `Drain`
> > + sequence and so the steps described below would not be applicable.
> > +
> > +2. Any ``OUTPUT`` buffers queued by the client before the
> > + :c:func:`VIDIOC_ENCODER_CMD` was issued will be processed and encoded as
> > + normal. The client must continue to handle both queues independently,
> > + similarly to normal encode operation. This includes:
> > +
> > + * queuing and dequeuing ``CAPTURE`` buffers, until a buffer marked with the
> > + ``V4L2_BUF_FLAG_LAST`` flag is dequeued,
> > +
> > + .. warning::
> > +
> > + The last buffer may be empty (with :c:type:`v4l2_buffer`
> > + ``bytesused`` = 0) and in that case it must be ignored by the client,
> > + as it does not contain an encoded frame.
> > +
> > + .. note::
> > +
> > + Any attempt to dequeue more buffers beyond the buffer marked with
> > + ``V4L2_BUF_FLAG_LAST`` will result in a -EPIPE error from
> > + :c:func:`VIDIOC_DQBUF`.
> > +
> > + * dequeuing processed ``OUTPUT`` buffers, until all the buffers queued
> > + before the ``V4L2_ENC_CMD_STOP`` command are dequeued,
> > +
> > + * dequeuing the ``V4L2_EVENT_EOS`` event, if the client subscribes to it.
> > +
> > + .. note::
> > +
> > + For backwards compatibility, the encoder will signal a ``V4L2_EVENT_EOS``
> > + event when the last frame has been decoded and all frames are ready to be
> > + dequeued. It is deprecated behavior and the client must not rely on it.
> > + The ``V4L2_BUF_FLAG_LAST`` buffer flag should be used instead.
> > +
> > +3. Once all ``OUTPUT`` buffers queued before the ``V4L2_ENC_CMD_STOP`` call are
> > + dequeued and the last ``CAPTURE`` buffer is dequeued, the encoder is stopped
> > + and it will accept, but not process any newly queued ``OUTPUT`` buffers
> > + until the client issues any of the following operations:
> > +
> > + * ``V4L2_ENC_CMD_START`` - the encoder will not be reset and will resume
> > + operation normally, with all the state from before the drain,
>
> I assume that calling CMD_START when *not* draining will succeed but does nothing.
>
> In other words: while draining is in progress START will return EBUSY. When draining
> was finished, then START will resume the encoder. In all other cases it just returns
> 0 since the encoder is really already started.
>

Yes, that was the intention and seems to be the closest to the
behavior described in the existing documentation.

> > +
> > + * a pair of :c:func:`VIDIOC_STREAMOFF` and :c:func:`VIDIOC_STREAMON` on the
> > + ``CAPTURE`` queue - the encoder will be reset (see the `Reset` sequence)
> > + and then resume encoding,
> > +
> > + * a pair of :c:func:`VIDIOC_STREAMOFF` and :c:func:`VIDIOC_STREAMON` on the
> > + ``OUTPUT`` queue - the encoder will resume operation normally, however any
> > + source frames queued to the ``OUTPUT`` queue between ``V4L2_ENC_CMD_STOP``
> > + and :c:func:`VIDIOC_STREAMOFF` will be discarded.
> > +
> > +.. note::
> > +
> > + Once the drain sequence is initiated, the client needs to drive it to
> > + completion, as described by the steps above, unless it aborts the process by
> > + issuing :c:func:`VIDIOC_STREAMOFF` on any of the ``OUTPUT`` or ``CAPTURE``
> > + queues. The client is not allowed to issue ``V4L2_ENC_CMD_START`` or
> > + ``V4L2_ENC_CMD_STOP`` again while the drain sequence is in progress and they
> > + will fail with -EBUSY error code if attempted.
>
> I assume calling STOP again once the drain sequence completed just returns 0 and
> doesn't do anything else (since we're already stopped).
>

Right.

> > +
> > + Although mandatory, the availability of encoder commands may be queried
> > + using :c:func:`VIDIOC_TRY_ENCODER_CMD`.
>
> Some corner cases:
>
> 1) No buffers are queued on either vb2_queue, but STREAMON is called for both queues.
> Now ENC_CMD_STOP is issued. What should happen?
>
> Proposal: the next time the applications queues a CAPTURE buffer it is returned
> at once as an empty buffer with FLAG_LAST set.
>

SGTM. It's actually similar to a relatively common case where all
CAPTURE buffers have been dequeued and the application has to refill
the CAPTURE queue, but in the meantime a drain request needs to be
issued.

> 2) Both queues are streaming and buffers have been encoded, but currently no buffers
> are queued on either vb2_queue. Now ENC_CMD_STOP is issued. What should happen?
>
> Proposal: the next time the applications queues a CAPTURE buffer it is returned
> at once as an empty buffer with FLAG_LAST set. This is consistent with the
> previous corner case.

Agreed.

>
> 3) The CAPTURE queue contains buffers, the OUTPUT queue does not. Now ENC_CMD_STOP
> is issued. What should happen?
>
> Proposal: the oldest CAPTURE buffer in the ready queue is returned as an empty
> buffer with FLAG_LAST set.

Generally agreed, but not sure if there is a reason to specifically
refer to the oldest buffer. (I'm personally for keeping the queues
ordered, though...)

>
> 4) Both queues have queued buffers. ENC_CMD_STOP is issued to start the drain process.
> Before the drain process completes STREAMOFF is called for either CAPTURE or
> OUTPUT queue. What should happen?
>
> Proposal for STREAMOFF(CAPTURE): aborts the drain process and all CAPTURE buffers are
> returned to userspace. If encoding is restarted, then any remaining OUTPUT buffers
> will be used as input to the encoder.
>

Agreed.

> Proposal for STREAMOFF(OUTPUT): the next capture buffer will be empty and have
> FLAG_LAST set.

Agreed.

>
> Some of this might have to be documented, but these corner cases should certainly be
> tested by v4l2-compliance. Before I write those tests I'd like to know if you agree
> with this.

Agreed with just one minor comment. Thanks for checking with me!

Best regards,
Tomasz

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