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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 2/2] media: docs-rst: Document memory-to-memory video encoder interface
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On 4/8/19 8:59 AM, Tomasz Figa wrote:
> On Thu, Mar 21, 2019 at 7:11 PM Hans Verkuil <hverkuil@xs4all.nl> wrote:
>>
>> Hi Tomasz,
>>
>> A few more comments:
>>
>> On 1/24/19 11:04 AM, Tomasz Figa wrote:
>>> Due to complexity of the video encoding process, the V4L2 drivers of
>>> stateful encoder hardware require specific sequences of V4L2 API calls
>>> to be followed. These include capability enumeration, initialization,
>>> encoding, encode parameters change, drain and reset.
>>>
>>> Specifics of the above have been discussed during Media Workshops at
>>> LinuxCon Europe 2012 in Barcelona and then later Embedded Linux
>>> Conference Europe 2014 in Düsseldorf. The de facto Codec API that
>>> originated at those events was later implemented by the drivers we already
>>> have merged in mainline, such as s5p-mfc or coda.
>>>
>>> The only thing missing was the real specification included as a part of
>>> Linux Media documentation. Fix it now and document the encoder part of
>>> the Codec API.
>>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Tomasz Figa <tfiga@chromium.org>
>>> ---
>>> Documentation/media/uapi/v4l/dev-encoder.rst | 586 ++++++++++++++++++
>>> Documentation/media/uapi/v4l/dev-mem2mem.rst | 1 +
>>> Documentation/media/uapi/v4l/pixfmt-v4l2.rst | 5 +
>>> Documentation/media/uapi/v4l/v4l2.rst | 2 +
>>> .../media/uapi/v4l/vidioc-encoder-cmd.rst | 38 +-
>>> 5 files changed, 617 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)
>>> create mode 100644 Documentation/media/uapi/v4l/dev-encoder.rst
>>>
>>> diff --git a/Documentation/media/uapi/v4l/dev-encoder.rst b/Documentation/media/uapi/v4l/dev-encoder.rst
>>> new file mode 100644
>>> index 000000000000..fb8b05a132ee
>>> --- /dev/null
>>> +++ b/Documentation/media/uapi/v4l/dev-encoder.rst
>>> @@ -0,0 +1,586 @@
>>> +.. -*- coding: utf-8; mode: rst -*-
>>> +
>>> +.. _encoder:
>>> +
>>> +*************************************************
>>> +Memory-to-memory Stateful Video Encoder Interface
>>> +*************************************************
>>> +
>>> +A stateful video encoder takes raw video frames in display order and encodes
>>> +them into a bitstream. It generates complete chunks of the bitstream, including
>>> +all metadata, headers, etc. The resulting bitstream does not require any
>>> +further post-processing by the client.
>>> +
>>> +Performing software stream processing, header generation etc. in the driver
>>> +in order to support this interface is strongly discouraged. In case such
>>> +operations are needed, use of the Stateless Video Encoder Interface (in
>>> +development) is strongly advised.
>>> +
>>> +Conventions and notation used in this document
>>> +==============================================
>>> +
>>> +1. The general V4L2 API rules apply if not specified in this document
>>> + otherwise.
>>> +
>>> +2. The meaning of words "must", "may", "should", etc. is as per `RFC
>>> + 2119 <https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2119>`_.
>>> +
>>> +3. All steps not marked "optional" are required.
>>> +
>>> +4. :c:func:`VIDIOC_G_EXT_CTRLS` and :c:func:`VIDIOC_S_EXT_CTRLS` may be used
>>> + interchangeably with :c:func:`VIDIOC_G_CTRL` and :c:func:`VIDIOC_S_CTRL`,
>>> + unless specified otherwise.
>>> +
>>> +5. Single-planar API (see :ref:`planar-apis`) and applicable structures may be
>>> + used interchangeably with multi-planar API, unless specified otherwise,
>>> + depending on decoder capabilities and following the general V4L2 guidelines.
>>
>> decoder -> encoder
>>
>
> Ack.
>
>>> +
>>> +6. i = [a..b]: sequence of integers from a to b, inclusive, i.e. i =
>>> + [0..2]: i = 0, 1, 2.
>>> +
>>> +7. Given an ``OUTPUT`` buffer A, then A’ represents a buffer on the ``CAPTURE``
>>> + queue containing data that resulted from processing buffer A.
>>> +
>>> +Glossary
>>> +========
>>> +
>>> +Refer to :ref:`decoder-glossary`.
>>> +
>>> +State machine
>>> +=============
>>> +
>>> +.. kernel-render:: DOT
>>> + :alt: DOT digraph of encoder state machine
>>> + :caption: Encoder state machine
>>> +
>>> + digraph encoder_state_machine {
>>> + node [shape = doublecircle, label="Encoding"] Encoding;
>>> +
>>> + node [shape = circle, label="Initialization"] Initialization;
>>> + node [shape = circle, label="Stopped"] Stopped;
>>> + node [shape = circle, label="Drain"] Drain;
>>> + node [shape = circle, label="Reset"] Reset;
>>> +
>>> + node [shape = point]; qi
>>> + qi -> Initialization [ label = "open()" ];
>>> +
>>> + Initialization -> Encoding [ label = "Both queues streaming" ];
>>> +
>>> + Encoding -> Drain [ label = "V4L2_DEC_CMD_STOP" ];
>>> + Encoding -> Reset [ label = "VIDIOC_STREAMOFF(CAPTURE)" ];
>>> + Encoding -> Stopped [ label = "VIDIOC_STREAMOFF(OUTPUT)" ];
>>> + Encoding -> Encoding;
>>> +
>>> + Drain -> Stopped [ label = "All CAPTURE\nbuffers dequeued\nor\nVIDIOC_STREAMOFF(CAPTURE)" ];
>>> + Drain -> Reset [ label = "VIDIOC_STREAMOFF(CAPTURE)" ];
>>> +
>>> + Reset -> Encoding [ label = "VIDIOC_STREAMON(CAPTURE)" ];
>>> + Reset -> Initialization [ label = "VIDIOC_REQBUFS(OUTPUT, 0)" ];
>>> +
>>> + Stopped -> Encoding [ label = "V4L2_DEC_CMD_START\nor\nVIDIOC_STREAMON(OUTPUT)" ];
>>> + Stopped -> Reset [ label = "VIDIOC_STREAMOFF(CAPTURE)" ];
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> +Querying capabilities
>>> +=====================
>>> +
>>> +1. To enumerate the set of coded formats supported by the encoder, the
>>> + client may call :c:func:`VIDIOC_ENUM_FMT` on ``CAPTURE``.
>>> +
>>> + * The full set of supported formats will be returned, regardless of the
>>> + format set on ``OUTPUT``.
>>> +
>>> +2. To enumerate the set of supported raw formats, the client may call
>>> + :c:func:`VIDIOC_ENUM_FMT` on ``OUTPUT``.
>>> +
>>> + * Only the formats supported for the format currently active on ``CAPTURE``
>>> + will be returned.
>>> +
>>> + * In order to enumerate raw formats supported by a given coded format,
>>> + the client must first set that coded format on ``CAPTURE`` and then
>>> + enumerate the formats on ``OUTPUT``.
>>> +
>>> +3. The client may use :c:func:`VIDIOC_ENUM_FRAMESIZES` to detect supported
>>> + resolutions for a given format, passing desired pixel format in
>>> + :c:type:`v4l2_frmsizeenum` ``pixel_format``.
>>> +
>>> + * Values returned by :c:func:`VIDIOC_ENUM_FRAMESIZES` for a coded pixel
>>> + format will include all possible coded resolutions supported by the
>>> + encoder for given coded pixel format.
>>> +
>>> + * Values returned by :c:func:`VIDIOC_ENUM_FRAMESIZES` for a raw pixel format
>>> + will include all possible frame buffer resolutions supported by the
>>> + encoder for given raw pixel format and coded format currently set on
>>> + ``CAPTURE``.
>>> +
>>> +4. Supported profiles and levels for the coded format currently set on
>>> + ``CAPTURE``, if applicable, may be queried using their respective controls
>>> + via :c:func:`VIDIOC_QUERYCTRL`.
>>> +
>>> +5. Any additional encoder capabilities may be discovered by querying
>>> + their respective controls.
>>> +
>>> +Initialization
>>> +==============
>>> +
>>> +1. Set the coded format on the ``CAPTURE`` queue via :c:func:`VIDIOC_S_FMT`
>>> +
>>> + * **Required fields:**
>>> +
>>> + ``type``
>>> + a ``V4L2_BUF_TYPE_*`` enum appropriate for ``CAPTURE``
>>> +
>>> + ``pixelformat``
>>> + the coded format to be produced
>>> +
>>> + ``sizeimage``
>>> + desired size of ``CAPTURE`` buffers; the encoder may adjust it to
>>> + match hardware requirements
>>> +
>>> + ``width``, ``height``
>>> + ignored (always zero)
>>> +
>>> + other fields
>>> + follow standard semantics
>>> +
>>> + * **Return fields:**
>>> +
>>> + ``sizeimage``
>>> + adjusted size of ``CAPTURE`` buffers
>>> +
>>> + .. important::
>>> +
>>> + Changing the ``CAPTURE`` format may change the currently set ``OUTPUT``
>>> + format. The encoder will derive a new ``OUTPUT`` format from the
>>> + ``CAPTURE`` format being set, including resolution, colorimetry
>>> + parameters, etc. If the client needs a specific ``OUTPUT`` format, it
>>> + must adjust it afterwards.
>>> +
>>> +2. **Optional.** Enumerate supported ``OUTPUT`` formats (raw formats for
>>> + source) for the selected coded format via :c:func:`VIDIOC_ENUM_FMT`.
>>> +
>>> + * **Required fields:**
>>> +
>>> + ``type``
>>> + a ``V4L2_BUF_TYPE_*`` enum appropriate for ``OUTPUT``
>>> +
>>> + other fields
>>> + follow standard semantics
>>> +
>>> + * **Return fields:**
>>> +
>>> + ``pixelformat``
>>> + raw format supported for the coded format currently selected on
>>> + the ``CAPTURE`` queue.
>>> +
>>> + other fields
>>> + follow standard semantics
>>> +
>>> +3. Set the raw source format on the ``OUTPUT`` queue via
>>> + :c:func:`VIDIOC_S_FMT`.
>>> +
>>> + * **Required fields:**
>>> +
>>> + ``type``
>>> + a ``V4L2_BUF_TYPE_*`` enum appropriate for ``OUTPUT``
>>> +
>>> + ``pixelformat``
>>> + raw format of the source
>>> +
>>> + ``width``, ``height``
>>> + source resolution
>>> +
>>> + other fields
>>> + follow standard semantics
>>> +
>>> + * **Return fields:**
>>> +
>>> + ``width``, ``height``
>>> + may be adjusted by encoder to match alignment requirements, as
>>> + required by the currently selected formats
>>> +
>>> + other fields
>>> + follow standard semantics
>>> +
>>> + * Setting the source resolution will reset the selection rectangles to their
>>> + default values, based on the new resolution, as described in the step 5
>>> + below.
>>> +
>>> +4. **Optional.** Set the visible resolution for the stream metadata via
>>> + :c:func:`VIDIOC_S_SELECTION` on the ``OUTPUT`` queue.
>>> +
>>> + * **Required fields:**
>>> +
>>> + ``type``
>>> + a ``V4L2_BUF_TYPE_*`` enum appropriate for ``OUTPUT``
>>> +
>>> + ``target``
>>> + set to ``V4L2_SEL_TGT_CROP``
>>> +
>>> + ``r.left``, ``r.top``, ``r.width``, ``r.height``
>>> + visible rectangle; this must fit within the `V4L2_SEL_TGT_CROP_BOUNDS`
>>> + rectangle and may be subject to adjustment to match codec and
>>> + hardware constraints
>>> +
>>> + * **Return fields:**
>>> +
>>> + ``r.left``, ``r.top``, ``r.width``, ``r.height``
>>> + visible rectangle adjusted by the encoder
>>> +
>>> + * The following selection targets are supported on ``OUTPUT``:
>>> +
>>> + ``V4L2_SEL_TGT_CROP_BOUNDS``
>>> + equal to the full source frame, matching the active ``OUTPUT``
>>> + format
>>> +
>>> + ``V4L2_SEL_TGT_CROP_DEFAULT``
>>> + equal to ``V4L2_SEL_TGT_CROP_BOUNDS``
>>> +
>>> + ``V4L2_SEL_TGT_CROP``
>>> + rectangle within the source buffer to be encoded into the
>>> + ``CAPTURE`` stream; defaults to ``V4L2_SEL_TGT_CROP_DEFAULT``
>>> +
>>> + .. note::
>>> +
>>> + A common use case for this selection target is encoding a source
>>> + video with a resolution that is not a multiple of a macroblock,
>>> + e.g. the common 1920x1080 resolution may require the source
>>> + buffers to be aligned to 1920x1088 for codecs with 16x16 macroblock
>>> + size. To avoid encoding the padding, the client needs to explicitly
>>> + configure this selection target to 1920x1080.
>>> +
>>> + ``V4L2_SEL_TGT_COMPOSE_BOUNDS``
>>> + maximum rectangle within the coded resolution, which the cropped
>>> + source frame can be composed into; if the hardware does not support
>>> + composition or scaling, then this is always equal to the rectangle of
>>> + width and height matching ``V4L2_SEL_TGT_CROP`` and located at (0, 0)
>>> +
>>> + ``V4L2_SEL_TGT_COMPOSE_DEFAULT``
>>> + equal to a rectangle of width and height matching
>>> + ``V4L2_SEL_TGT_CROP`` and located at (0, 0)
>>> +
>>> + ``V4L2_SEL_TGT_COMPOSE``
>>> + rectangle within the coded frame, which the cropped source frame
>>> + is to be composed into; defaults to
>>> + ``V4L2_SEL_TGT_COMPOSE_DEFAULT``; read-only on hardware without
>>> + additional compose/scaling capabilities; resulting stream will
>>> + have this rectangle encoded as the visible rectangle in its
>>> + metadata
>>
>> I would only support the COMPOSE targets if the hardware can actually do
>> scaling and/or composing. That is conform standard V4L2 behavior where
>> cropping/composing is only implemented if the hardware can actually do
>> this.
>>
>
> Please see my other reply to your earlier similar comment in this thread.
>
>>> +
>>> + .. warning::
>>> +
>>> + The encoder may adjust the crop/compose rectangles to the nearest
>>> + supported ones to meet codec and hardware requirements. The client needs
>>> + to check the adjusted rectangle returned by :c:func:`VIDIOC_S_SELECTION`.
>>> +
>>> +5. Allocate buffers for both ``OUTPUT`` and ``CAPTURE`` via
>>> + :c:func:`VIDIOC_REQBUFS`. This may be performed in any order.
>>> +
>>> + * **Required fields:**
>>> +
>>> + ``count``
>>> + requested number of buffers to allocate; greater than zero
>>> +
>>> + ``type``
>>> + a ``V4L2_BUF_TYPE_*`` enum appropriate for ``OUTPUT`` or
>>> + ``CAPTURE``
>>> +
>>> + other fields
>>> + follow standard semantics
>>> +
>>> + * **Return fields:**
>>> +
>>> + ``count``
>>> + actual number of buffers allocated
>>> +
>>> + .. warning::
>>> +
>>> + The actual number of allocated buffers may differ from the ``count``
>>> + given. The client must check the updated value of ``count`` after the
>>> + call returns.
>>> +
>>> + .. note::
>>> +
>>> + To allocate more than the minimum number of OUTPUT buffers (for pipeline
>>> + depth), the client may query the ``V4L2_CID_MIN_BUFFERS_FOR_OUTPUT``
>>> + control to get the minimum number of buffers required, and pass the
>>> + obtained value plus the number of additional buffers needed in the
>>> + ``count`` field to :c:func:`VIDIOC_REQBUFS`.
>>> +
>>> + Alternatively, :c:func:`VIDIOC_CREATE_BUFS` can be used to have more
>>> + control over buffer allocation.
>>> +
>>> + * **Required fields:**
>>> +
>>> + ``count``
>>> + requested number of buffers to allocate; greater than zero
>>> +
>>> + ``type``
>>> + a ``V4L2_BUF_TYPE_*`` enum appropriate for ``OUTPUT``
>>> +
>>> + other fields
>>> + follow standard semantics
>>> +
>>> + * **Return fields:**
>>> +
>>> + ``count``
>>> + adjusted to the number of allocated buffers
>>> +
>>> +6. Begin streaming on both ``OUTPUT`` and ``CAPTURE`` queues via
>>> + :c:func:`VIDIOC_STREAMON`. This may be performed in any order. The actual
>>> + encoding process starts when both queues start streaming.
>>> +
>>> +.. note::
>>> +
>>> + If the client stops the ``CAPTURE`` queue during the encode process and then
>>> + restarts it again, the encoder will begin generating a stream independent
>>> + from the stream generated before the stop. The exact constraints depend
>>> + on the coded format, but may include the following implications:
>>> +
>>> + * encoded frames produced after the restart must not reference any
>>> + frames produced before the stop, e.g. no long term references for
>>> + H.264,
>>> +
>>> + * any headers that must be included in a standalone stream must be
>>> + produced again, e.g. SPS and PPS for H.264.
>>> +
>>> +Encoding
>>> +========
>>> +
>>> +This state is reached after the `Initialization` sequence finishes
>>> +successfully. In this state, the client queues and dequeues buffers to both
>>> +queues via :c:func:`VIDIOC_QBUF` and :c:func:`VIDIOC_DQBUF`, following the
>>> +standard semantics.
>>> +
>>> +The contents of encoded ``CAPTURE`` buffers depend on the active coded pixel
>>> +format and may be affected by codec-specific extended controls, as stated
>>> +in the documentation of each format.
>>> +
>>> +Both queues operate independently, following standard behavior of V4L2 buffer
>>> +queues and memory-to-memory devices. In addition, the order of encoded frames
>>> +dequeued from the ``CAPTURE`` queue may differ from the order of queuing raw
>>> +frames to the ``OUTPUT`` queue, due to properties of the selected coded format,
>>> +e.g. frame reordering.
>>> +
>>> +The client must not assume any direct relationship between ``CAPTURE`` and
>>> +``OUTPUT`` buffers and any specific timing of buffers becoming
>>> +available to dequeue. Specifically:
>>> +
>>> +* a buffer queued to ``OUTPUT`` may result in more than 1 buffer produced on
>>> + ``CAPTURE`` (if returning an encoded frame allowed the encoder to return a
>>> + frame that preceded it in display, but succeeded it in the decode order),
>>> +
>>> +* a buffer queued to ``OUTPUT`` may result in a buffer being produced on
>>> + ``CAPTURE`` later into encode process, and/or after processing further
>>> + ``OUTPUT`` buffers, or be returned out of order, e.g. if display
>>> + reordering is used,
>>> +
>>> +* buffers may become available on the ``CAPTURE`` queue without additional
>>> + buffers queued to ``OUTPUT`` (e.g. during drain or ``EOS``), because of the
>>> + ``OUTPUT`` buffers queued in the past whose decoding results are only
>>> + available at later time, due to specifics of the decoding process,
>>> +
>>> +* buffers queued to ``OUTPUT`` may not become available to dequeue instantly
>>> + after being encoded into a corresponding ``CATPURE`` buffer, e.g. if the
>>> + encoder needs to use the frame as a reference for encoding further frames.
>>> +
>>> +.. note::
>>> +
>>> + To allow matching encoded ``CAPTURE`` buffers with ``OUTPUT`` buffers they
>>> + originated from, the client can set the ``timestamp`` field of the
>>> + :c:type:`v4l2_buffer` struct when queuing an ``OUTPUT`` buffer. The
>>> + ``CAPTURE`` buffer(s), which resulted from encoding that ``OUTPUT`` buffer
>>> + will have their ``timestamp`` field set to the same value when dequeued.
>>> +
>>> + In addition to the straightforward case of one ``OUTPUT`` buffer producing
>>> + one ``CAPTURE`` buffer, the following cases are defined:
>>> +
>>> + * one ``OUTPUT`` buffer generates multiple ``CAPTURE`` buffers: the same
>>> + ``OUTPUT`` timestamp will be copied to multiple ``CAPTURE`` buffers,
>>> +
>>> + * the encoding order differs from the presentation order (i.e. the
>>> + ``CAPTURE`` buffers are out-of-order compared to the ``OUTPUT`` buffers):
>>> + ``CAPTURE`` timestamps will not retain the order of ``OUTPUT`` timestamps
>>> + and thus monotonicity of the timestamps cannot be guaranteed.
>>> +
>>> +.. note::
>>> +
>>> + To let the client distinguish between frame types (keyframes, intermediate
>>> + frames; the exact list of types depends on the coded format), the
>>> + ``CAPTURE`` buffers will have corresponding flag bits set in their
>>> + :c:type:`v4l2_buffer` struct when dequeued. See the documentation of
>>> + :c:type:`v4l2_buffer` and each coded pixel format for exact list of flags
>>> + and their meanings.
>>
>> I don't think we can require this since a capture buffer may contain multiple
>> encoded frames.
>>
>
> I thought we required that only one encoded frame was in one CAPTURE
> buffer. Real time use cases rely heavily on this frame type
> information, so I can't imagine not requiring this.

That the CAPTURE buffer contains only one encoded frame is never stated
explicitly. I am not so sure I want that to be a hard requirement anyway
since the old ivtv MPEG encoder just produces a bitstream.

Perhaps this should be signaled with a flag in ENUM_FMT?

>
>> It would actually make more sense to return it in the output buffer, but I don't
>> know if a hardware encoder can actually provide that information.
>>
>
> I believe all the already existing drivers provide the information
> about the encoded frame type, but I don't think they provide the
> information about what source frame it came from.
>
>> Another use of these flags for an output buffer is to force a keyframe if for
>> example a scene change was detected.
>>
>> My feeling is that we should drop this note. Forcing a keyframe by setting that
>> flag for the output buffer might actually be a useful thing to do for a stateful
>> encoder.
>>
>
> However, to force keyframe, one sets it in the OUTPUT buffer. Then, to
> actually get the right CAPTURE buffer, one has to look for one with
> this flag set.

So *if* the driver stores only one encoded frame in a CAPTURE buffer, then we
can require that these flags have to be set for that CAPTURE buffer. Otherwise
they should be cleared since they cannot be associated with a specific buffer.

And I think it should be documented that you can set the KEYFRAME flag in the
OUTPUT buffer to force a keyframe (the driver may ignore this if it can't do
this for some reason).

Regards,

Hans

>
>>> +
>>> +Encoding parameter changes
>>> +==========================
>>> +
>>> +The client is allowed to use :c:func:`VIDIOC_S_CTRL` to change encoder
>>> +parameters at any time. The availability of parameters is encoder-specific
>>> +and the client must query the encoder to find the set of available controls.
>>> +
>>> +The ability to change each parameter during encoding is encoder-specific, as
>>> +per the standard semantics of the V4L2 control interface. The client may
>>> +attempt to set a control during encoding and if the operation fails with the
>>> +-EBUSY error code, the ``CAPTURE`` queue needs to be stopped for the
>>> +configuration change to be allowed. To do this, it may follow the `Drain`
>>> +sequence to avoid losing the already queued/encoded frames.
>>> +
>>> +The timing of parameter updates is encoder-specific, as per the standard
>>> +semantics of the V4L2 control interface. If the client needs to apply the
>>> +parameters exactly at specific frame, using the Request API
>>> +(:ref:`media-request-api`) should be considered, if supported by the encoder.
>>> +
>>> +Drain
>>> +=====
>>> +
>>> +To ensure that all the queued ``OUTPUT`` buffers have been processed and the
>>> +related ``CAPTURE`` buffers are given to the client, the client must follow the
>>> +drain sequence described below. After the drain sequence ends, the client has
>>> +received all encoded frames for all ``OUTPUT`` buffers queued before the
>>> +sequence was started.
>>> +
>>> +1. Begin the drain sequence by issuing :c:func:`VIDIOC_ENCODER_CMD`.
>>> +
>>> + * **Required fields:**
>>> +
>>> + ``cmd``
>>> + set to ``V4L2_ENC_CMD_STOP``
>>> +
>>> + ``flags``
>>> + set to 0
>>> +
>>> + ``pts``
>>> + set to 0
>>> +
>>> + .. warning::
>>> +
>>> + The sequence can be only initiated if both ``OUTPUT`` and ``CAPTURE``
>>> + queues are streaming. For compatibility reasons, the call to
>>> + :c:func:`VIDIOC_ENCODER_CMD` will not fail even if any of the queues is
>>> + not streaming, but at the same time it will not initiate the `Drain`
>>> + sequence and so the steps described below would not be applicable.
>>> +
>>> +2. Any ``OUTPUT`` buffers queued by the client before the
>>> + :c:func:`VIDIOC_ENCODER_CMD` was issued will be processed and encoded as
>>> + normal. The client must continue to handle both queues independently,
>>> + similarly to normal encode operation. This includes:
>>> +
>>> + * queuing and dequeuing ``CAPTURE`` buffers, until a buffer marked with the
>>> + ``V4L2_BUF_FLAG_LAST`` flag is dequeued,
>>> +
>>> + .. warning::
>>> +
>>> + The last buffer may be empty (with :c:type:`v4l2_buffer`
>>> + ``bytesused`` = 0) and in that case it must be ignored by the client,
>>> + as it does not contain an encoded frame.
>>> +
>>> + .. note::
>>> +
>>> + Any attempt to dequeue more buffers beyond the buffer marked with
>>> + ``V4L2_BUF_FLAG_LAST`` will result in a -EPIPE error from
>>> + :c:func:`VIDIOC_DQBUF`.
>>> +
>>> + * dequeuing processed ``OUTPUT`` buffers, until all the buffers queued
>>> + before the ``V4L2_ENC_CMD_STOP`` command are dequeued,
>>> +
>>> + * dequeuing the ``V4L2_EVENT_EOS`` event, if the client subscribes to it.
>>> +
>>> + .. note::
>>> +
>>> + For backwards compatibility, the encoder will signal a ``V4L2_EVENT_EOS``
>>> + event when the last frame has been decoded and all frames are ready to be
>>
>> decoded -> encoded
>>
>
> Ack.
>
> Best regards,
> Tomasz
>

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