[lkml]   [2019]   [Apr]   [4]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
SubjectRe: [PATCH 6/6] arm64/mm: Enable ZONE_DEVICE

On 04/03/2019 07:28 PM, Robin Murphy wrote:
> [ +Dan, Jerome ]
> On 03/04/2019 05:30, Anshuman Khandual wrote:
>> Arch implementation for functions which create or destroy vmemmap mapping
>> (vmemmap_populate, vmemmap_free) can comprehend and allocate from inside
>> device memory range through driver provided vmem_altmap structure which
>> fulfils all requirements to enable ZONE_DEVICE on the platform. Hence just
> ZONE_DEVICE is about more than just altmap support, no?

Hot plugging the memory into a dev->numa_node's ZONE_DEVICE and initializing the
struct pages for it has stand alone and self contained use case. The driver could
just want to manage the memory itself but with struct pages either in the RAM or
in the device memory range through struct vmem_altmap. The driver may not choose
to opt for HMM, FS DAX, P2PDMA (use cases of ZONE_DEVICE) where it may have to
map these pages into any user pagetable which would necessitate support for

Though I am still working towards getting HMM, FS DAX, P2PDMA enabled on arm64,
IMHO ZONE_DEVICE is self contained and can be evaluated in itself.

>> enable ZONE_DEVICE by subscribing to ARCH_HAS_ZONE_DEVICE. But this is only
>> applicable for ARM64_4K_PAGES (ARM64_SWAPPER_USES_SECTION_MAPS) only which
>> creates vmemmap section mappings and utilize vmem_altmap structure.
> What prevents it from working with other page sizes? One of the foremost use-cases for our 52-bit VA/PA support is to enable mapping large quantities of persistent memory, so we really do need this for 64K pages too. FWIW, it appears not to be an issue for PowerPC.

On !AR64_4K_PAGES vmemmap_populate() calls vmemmap_populate_basepages() which
does not support struct vmem_altmap right now. Originally was planning to send
the vmemmap_populate_basepages() enablement patches separately but will post it
here for review.

>> Signed-off-by: Anshuman Khandual <>
>> ---
>>   arch/arm64/Kconfig | 1 +
>>   1 file changed, 1 insertion(+)
>> diff --git a/arch/arm64/Kconfig b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
>> index db3e625..b5d8cf5 100644
>> --- a/arch/arm64/Kconfig
>> +++ b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
>> @@ -31,6 +31,7 @@ config ARM64
>> +    select ARCH_HAS_ZONE_DEVICE if ARM64_4K_PAGES
> IIRC certain configurations (HMM?) don't even build if you just turn this on alone (although of course things may have changed elsewhere in the meantime) - crucially, though, from previous discussions[1] it seems fundamentally unsafe, since I don't think we can guarantee that nobody will touch the corners of ZONE_DEVICE that also require pte_devmap in order not to go subtly wrong. I did get as far as cooking up some patches to sort that out [2][3] which I never got round to posting for their own sake, so please consider picking those up as part of this series.

In the previous discussion mentioned here [1] it sort of indicates that we
cannot have a viable (ARCH_HAS_ZONE_DEVICE=y but !__HAVE_ARCH_PTE_DEVMAP). I
dont understand why ! The driver can just hotplug the range into ZONE_DEVICE,
manage the memory itself without mapping them to user page table ever. IIUC
ZONE_DEVICE must not need user mapped device PFN support. All the corner case
problems discussed previously come in once these new 'device PFN' memory which
is now in ZONE_DEVICE get mapped into user page table.

> Robin.
> [1]
> [2];a=commitdiff;h=61816b833afdb56b49c2e58f5289ae18809e5d67
> [3];a=commitdiff;h=a5a16560eb1becf9a1d4cc0d03d6b5e76da4f4e1
> (apologies to anyone if the server is being flaky as usual and requires a few tries to respond properly)

I have not evaluated pte_devmap(). Will consider [3] when enabling it. But
I still dont understand why ZONE_DEVICE can not be enabled and used from a
driver which never requires user mapping or pte|pmd|pud_devmap() support.

 \ /
  Last update: 2019-04-04 06:45    [W:0.080 / U:7.064 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site