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SubjectRe: [PATCH 4/6] mm/hotplug: Reorder arch_remove_memory() call in __remove_memory()
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On 04/03/2019 02:47 PM, Michal Hocko wrote:
> On Wed 03-04-19 10:00:04, Anshuman Khandual wrote:
>> Memory hot remove uses get_nid_for_pfn() while tearing down linked sysfs
>> entries between memory block and node. It first checks pfn validity with
>> pfn_valid_within() before fetching nid. With CONFIG_HOLES_IN_ZONE config
>> (arm64 has this enabled) pfn_valid_within() calls pfn_valid().
>>
>> pfn_valid() is an arch implementation on arm64 (CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PFN_VALID)
>> which scans all mapped memblock regions with memblock_is_map_memory(). This
>> creates a problem in memory hot remove path which has already removed given
>> memory range from memory block with memblock_[remove|free] before arriving
>> at unregister_mem_sect_under_nodes(). Hence get_nid_for_pfn() returns -1
>> skipping subsequent sysfs_remove_link() calls leaving node <-> memory block
>> sysfs entries as is. Subsequent memory add operation hits BUG_ON() because
>> of existing sysfs entries.
>>
>> [ 62.007176] NUMA: Unknown node for memory at 0x680000000, assuming node 0
>> [ 62.052517] ------------[ cut here ]------------
>> [ 62.053211] kernel BUG at mm/memory_hotplug.c:1143!
>> [ 62.053868] Internal error: Oops - BUG: 0 [#1] PREEMPT SMP
>> [ 62.054589] Modules linked in:
>> [ 62.054999] CPU: 19 PID: 3275 Comm: bash Not tainted 5.1.0-rc2-00004-g28cea40b2683 #41
>> [ 62.056274] Hardware name: linux,dummy-virt (DT)
>> [ 62.057166] pstate: 40400005 (nZcv daif +PAN -UAO)
>> [ 62.058083] pc : add_memory_resource+0x1cc/0x1d8
>> [ 62.058961] lr : add_memory_resource+0x10c/0x1d8
>> [ 62.059842] sp : ffff0000168b3ce0
>> [ 62.060477] x29: ffff0000168b3ce0 x28: ffff8005db546c00
>> [ 62.061501] x27: 0000000000000000 x26: 0000000000000000
>> [ 62.062509] x25: ffff0000111ef000 x24: ffff0000111ef5d0
>> [ 62.063520] x23: 0000000000000000 x22: 00000006bfffffff
>> [ 62.064540] x21: 00000000ffffffef x20: 00000000006c0000
>> [ 62.065558] x19: 0000000000680000 x18: 0000000000000024
>> [ 62.066566] x17: 0000000000000000 x16: 0000000000000000
>> [ 62.067579] x15: ffffffffffffffff x14: ffff8005e412e890
>> [ 62.068588] x13: ffff8005d6b105d8 x12: 0000000000000000
>> [ 62.069610] x11: ffff8005d6b10490 x10: 0000000000000040
>> [ 62.070615] x9 : ffff8005e412e898 x8 : ffff8005e412e890
>> [ 62.071631] x7 : ffff8005d6b105d8 x6 : ffff8005db546c00
>> [ 62.072640] x5 : 0000000000000001 x4 : 0000000000000002
>> [ 62.073654] x3 : ffff8005d7049480 x2 : 0000000000000002
>> [ 62.074666] x1 : 0000000000000003 x0 : 00000000ffffffef
>> [ 62.075685] Process bash (pid: 3275, stack limit = 0x00000000d754280f)
>> [ 62.076930] Call trace:
>> [ 62.077411] add_memory_resource+0x1cc/0x1d8
>> [ 62.078227] __add_memory+0x70/0xa8
>> [ 62.078901] probe_store+0xa4/0xc8
>> [ 62.079561] dev_attr_store+0x18/0x28
>> [ 62.080270] sysfs_kf_write+0x40/0x58
>> [ 62.080992] kernfs_fop_write+0xcc/0x1d8
>> [ 62.081744] __vfs_write+0x18/0x40
>> [ 62.082400] vfs_write+0xa4/0x1b0
>> [ 62.083037] ksys_write+0x5c/0xc0
>> [ 62.083681] __arm64_sys_write+0x18/0x20
>> [ 62.084432] el0_svc_handler+0x88/0x100
>> [ 62.085177] el0_svc+0x8/0xc
>>
>> Re-ordering arch_remove_memory() with memblock_[free|remove] solves the
>> problem on arm64 as pfn_valid() behaves correctly and returns positive
>> as memblock for the address range still exists. arch_remove_memory()
>> removes applicable memory sections from zone with __remove_pages() and
>> tears down kernel linear mapping. Removing memblock regions afterwards
>> is consistent.
>
> consistent with what? Anyway, I believe you wanted to mention that this
> is safe because there is no other memblock (bootmem) allocator user that

Yes I did intend but did not express that very well here.

> late. So nobody is going to allocate from the removed range just to blow
> up later. Also nobody should be using the bootmem allocated range else
> we wouldn't allow to remove it. So reordering is indeed safe.

Looks better.

>
>> Signed-off-by: Anshuman Khandual <anshuman.khandual@arm.com>
>
> With a changelog updated to explain why this is safe

Sure will change it. Thanks for the commit message suggestion.

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