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Subject[PATCH v3] ubsan: Avoid unnecessary 128-bit shifts
If CONFIG_ARCH_SUPPORTS_INT128, s_max is 128 bits, and variable
sign-extending shifts of such a double-word data type are a non-trivial
amount of code and complexity. Do a single-word sign-extension *before*
the cast to (s_max), greatly simplifying the object code.

Rasmus Villemoes suggested using sign_extend* from <linux/bitops.h>.

On s390 (and perhaps some other arches), gcc implements variable
128-bit shifts using an __ashrti3 helper function which the kernel
doesn't provide, causing a link error. In that case, this patch is
a prerequisite for enabling INT128 support. Andrey Ryabinin has gven
permission for any arch that needs it to cherry-pick it so they don't
have to wait for ubsan to be merged into Linus' tree.

We *could*, alternatively, implement __ashrti3, but that becomes dead as
soon as this patch is merged, so it seems like a waste of time and its
absence discourages people from adding inefficient code. Note that the
shifts in <math64.h> (unsigned, and by a compile-time constant amount)
are simpler and generated inline.

Signed-off-by: George Spelvin <>
Acked-By: Andrey Ryabinin <>
Feedback-from: Rasmus Villemoes <>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <>
include/linux/bitops.h | 7 +++++++
lib/ubsan.c | 13 +++++--------
2 files changed, 12 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

v3: Added sign_extend_long() to sign_extend{32,64} in <linux/bitops.h>.
Used sign_extend_long rather than hand-rolling sign extension.
Changed to more uniform if ... else if ... else ... structure.
v2: Eliminated redundant cast to (s_max).
Rewrote commit message without "is this the right thing to do?"
Incorporated ack from Andrey Ryabinin.

diff --git a/include/linux/bitops.h b/include/linux/bitops.h
index 705f7c442691..8d33c2bfe6c5 100644
--- a/include/linux/bitops.h
+++ b/include/linux/bitops.h
@@ -157,6 +157,13 @@ static inline __s64 sign_extend64(__u64 value, int index)
return (__s64)(value << shift) >> shift;

+static inline long sign_extend_long(unsigned long value, int index)
+ if (sizeof(value) == 4)
+ return sign_extend32(value);
+ return sign_extend64(value);
static inline unsigned fls_long(unsigned long l)
if (sizeof(l) == 4)
diff --git a/lib/ubsan.c b/lib/ubsan.c
index e4162f59a81c..24d4920317e4 100644
--- a/lib/ubsan.c
+++ b/lib/ubsan.c
@@ -88,15 +88,12 @@ static bool is_inline_int(struct type_descriptor *type)

static s_max get_signed_val(struct type_descriptor *type, unsigned long val)
- if (is_inline_int(type)) {
- unsigned extra_bits = sizeof(s_max)*8 - type_bit_width(type);
- return ((s_max)val) << extra_bits >> extra_bits;
- }
+ if (is_inline_int(type))
+ return sign_extend_long(val, type_bit_width(type) - 1);
- if (type_bit_width(type) == 64)
+ else if (type_bit_width(type) == 64)
return *(s64 *)val;
- return *(s_max *)val;
+ else
+ return *(s_max *)val;

static bool val_is_negative(struct type_descriptor *type, unsigned long val)
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