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SubjectRE: [PATCHv1 7/7] vfio/mdev: Fix race conditions with mdev device life cycle APIs
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> -----Original Message-----
> From: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
> Sent: Thursday, April 4, 2019 3:44 PM
> To: Parav Pandit <parav@mellanox.com>
> Cc: kvm@vger.kernel.org; linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org;
> kwankhede@nvidia.com; cjia@nvidia.com
> Subject: Re: [PATCHv1 7/7] vfio/mdev: Fix race conditions with mdev device
> life cycle APIs
>
> On Thu, 4 Apr 2019 00:02:22 +0000
> Parav Pandit <parav@mellanox.com> wrote:
>
> > > -----Original Message-----
> > > From: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
> > > Sent: Wednesday, April 3, 2019 4:27 PM
> > > To: Parav Pandit <parav@mellanox.com>
> > > Cc: kvm@vger.kernel.org; linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org;
> > > kwankhede@nvidia.com; cjia@nvidia.com
> > > Subject: Re: [PATCHv1 7/7] vfio/mdev: Fix race conditions with mdev
> > > device life cycle APIs
> > >
> > > On Tue, 26 Mar 2019 22:45:45 -0500
> > > Parav Pandit <parav@mellanox.com> wrote:
> > >
> > > > Below race condition and call trace exist with current device life
> > > > cycle sequence.
> > > >
> > > > 1. In following sequence, child devices created while removing
> > > > mdev parent device can be left out, or it may lead to race of
> > > > removing half initialized child mdev devices.
> > > >
> > > > issue-1:
> > > > --------
> > > > cpu-0 cpu-1
> > > > ----- -----
> > > > mdev_unregister_device()
> > > > device_for_each_child()
> > > > mdev_device_remove_cb()
> > > > mdev_device_remove()
> > > > create_store()
> > > > mdev_device_create() [...]
> > > > device_register()
> > > > parent_remove_sysfs_files()
> > > > /* BUG: device added by cpu-0
> > > > * whose parent is getting removed.
> > > > */
> > > >
> > > > issue-2:
> > > > --------
> > > > cpu-0 cpu-1
> > > > ----- -----
> > > > create_store()
> > > > mdev_device_create() [...]
> > > > device_register()
> > > >
> > > > [...] mdev_unregister_device()
> > > > device_for_each_child()
> > > > mdev_device_remove_cb()
> > > > mdev_device_remove()
> > > >
> > > > mdev_create_sysfs_files()
> > > > /* BUG: create is adding
> > > > * sysfs files for a device
> > > > * which is undergoing removal.
> > > > */
> > > > parent_remove_sysfs_files()
> > > >
> > > > 2. Below crash is observed when user initiated remove is in
> > > > progress and mdev_unregister_driver() completes parent
> unregistration.
> > > >
> > > > cpu-0 cpu-1
> > > > ----- -----
> > > > remove_store()
> > > > mdev_device_remove()
> > > > active = false;
> > > > mdev_unregister_device()
> > > > remove type
> > > > [...]
> > > > mdev_remove_ops() crashes.
> > > >
> > > > This is similar race like create() racing with mdev_unregister_device().
> > > >
> > > > mtty mtty: MDEV: Registered
> > > > iommu: Adding device 83b8f4f2-509f-382f-3c1e-e6bfe0fa1001 to group
> > > > 57 vfio_mdev 83b8f4f2-509f-382f-3c1e-e6bfe0fa1001: MDEV: group_id
> > > > = 57 mtty mtty: MDEV: Unregistering
> > > > mtty_dev: Unloaded!
> > > > BUG: unable to handle kernel paging request at ffffffffc027d668
> > > > PGD
> > > > af9818067 P4D af9818067 PUD af981a067 PMD 8583c3067 PTE 0
> > > > Oops: 0000 [#1] SMP PTI
> > > > CPU: 15 PID: 3517 Comm: bash Kdump: loaded Not tainted
> > > > 5.0.0-rc7-vdevbus+ #2 Hardware name: Supermicro
> > > > SYS-6028U-TR4+/X10DRU-i+, BIOS 2.0b 08/09/2016
> > > > RIP: 0010:mdev_device_remove_ops+0x1a/0x50 [mdev] Call Trace:
> > > > mdev_device_remove+0xef/0x130 [mdev]
> > > > remove_store+0x77/0xa0 [mdev]
> > > > kernfs_fop_write+0x113/0x1a0
> > > > __vfs_write+0x33/0x1b0
> > > > ? rcu_read_lock_sched_held+0x64/0x70
> > > > ? rcu_sync_lockdep_assert+0x2a/0x50 ?
> > > > __sb_start_write+0x121/0x1b0 ? vfs_write+0x17c/0x1b0
> > > > vfs_write+0xad/0x1b0
> > > > ? trace_hardirqs_on_thunk+0x1a/0x1c
> > > > ksys_write+0x55/0xc0
> > > > do_syscall_64+0x5a/0x210
> > > >
> > > > Therefore, mdev core is improved to overcome above issues.
> > > >
> > > > Wait for any ongoing mdev create() and remove() to finish before
> > > > unregistering parent device using srcu. This continues to allow
> > > > multiple create and remove to progress in parallel. At the same
> > > > time guard parent removal while parent is being access by create()
> > > > and remove
> > > callbacks.
> > > >
> > > > mdev_device_remove() is refactored to not block on srcu when
> > > > device is removed as part of parent removal.
> > > >
> > > > Fixes: 7b96953bc640 ("vfio: Mediated device Core driver")
> > > > Signed-off-by: Parav Pandit <parav@mellanox.com>
> > > > ---
> > > > drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c | 83
> > > ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
> > > > drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h | 6 +++
> > > > 2 files changed, 77 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)
> > > >
> > > > diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c
> > > > b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c index aefcf34..fa233c8 100644
> > > > --- a/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c
> > > > +++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c
> > > > @@ -84,6 +84,7 @@ static void mdev_release_parent(struct kref *kref)
> > > > ref);
> > > > struct device *dev = parent->dev;
> > > >
> > > > + cleanup_srcu_struct(&parent->unreg_srcu);
> > > > kfree(parent);
> > > > put_device(dev);
> > > > }
> > > > @@ -147,10 +148,30 @@ static int mdev_device_remove_ops(struct
> > > mdev_device *mdev, bool force_remove)
> > > > return 0;
> > > > }
> > > >
> > > > +static int mdev_device_remove_common(struct mdev_device *mdev,
> > > > + bool force_remove)
> > > > +{
> > > > + struct mdev_type *type;
> > > > + int ret;
> > > > +
> > > > + type = to_mdev_type(mdev->type_kobj);
> > >
> > > I know you're just moving this into the common function, but I think
> > > we're just caching this for aesthetics, the mdev object is still
> > > valid after the remove ops and I don't see anything touching this
> > > field. If so, maybe we should remove 'type' or at least set it
> > > right before it's used so it doesn't appear that we're preserving it before
> the remove op.
> > >
> > Sure, yes.
> > Type assignment should be done just before calling
> mdev_remove_sysfs_files().
> > Will send v2.
> >
> > > > +
> > > > + ret = mdev_device_remove_ops(mdev, force_remove);
> > > > + if (ret && !force_remove) {
> > > > + mutex_lock(&mdev_list_lock);
> > > > + mdev->active = true;
> > > > + mutex_unlock(&mdev_list_lock);
> > >
> > > The mutex around this is a change from the previous code and I'm not
> > > sure it adds anything. If there's a thread testing for active
> > > racing with this thread setting active to true, there's no
> > > meaningful difference in the result by acquiring the mutex.
> > > 'active' may change from false->true during the critical section of
> > > the other thread, but I don't think there are any strange out of
> > > order things that give the wrong result, the other thread either sees true
> or false and continues or exits, regardless of this mutex.
> > >
> > Yes, I can drop the mutex.
> > In future remove sequence fix, this will anyway vanish.
> >
> > Shall we finish this series with these 7 patches?
> > Once you ack it will send v2 for these 7 patches and follow on to that we
> cleanup the sequencing?
>
> Do you intend to move the removal of the mdev sanitization loop from
> 6/7 to this patch? I don't think we can really claim that what it's trying to do
> is unnecessary until after we have the new code here that prevents the sysfs
> remove path from running concurrent to the parent remove path. It's not
> really related to the changes in 6/7 anyway. In fact, rather than moving that
> chunk here, it could be added as a follow-on patch with explanation of why
> it is now unnecessary. Thanks,
>
Device type cannot change from mdev to something else when it was invoked by the remove() sysfs cb.
Neither it can be something else in parent removal is passes bus comparison check.

If vendor's remove fails, in current code we are not calling device_unregister(). So bus cannot become null.

I fail to understand how device type can change,
and let say if the sanitization loop exist, what prevents it to not change after that check is passed.

Do you know how can device type can change?

I was thinking to patch 6 as is and address comments of 7.


> Alex
>
> > > > + return ret;
> > > > + }
> > > > + mdev_remove_sysfs_files(&mdev->dev, type);
> > > > + device_unregister(&mdev->dev);
> > > > + return ret;
> > > > +}
> > > > +
> > > > static int mdev_device_remove_cb(struct device *dev, void *data) {
> > > > if (dev_is_mdev(dev))
> > > > - mdev_device_remove(dev, true);
> > > > + mdev_device_remove_common(to_mdev_device(dev), true);
> > > >
> > > > return 0;
> > > > }
> > > > @@ -193,6 +214,7 @@ int mdev_register_device(struct device *dev,
> > > > const
> > > struct mdev_parent_ops *ops)
> > > > }
> > > >
> > > > kref_init(&parent->ref);
> > > > + init_srcu_struct(&parent->unreg_srcu);
> > > >
> > > > parent->dev = dev;
> > > > parent->ops = ops;
> > > > @@ -213,6 +235,7 @@ int mdev_register_device(struct device *dev,
> > > > const
> > > struct mdev_parent_ops *ops)
> > > > if (ret)
> > > > dev_warn(dev, "Failed to create compatibility class link\n");
> > > >
> > > > + rcu_assign_pointer(parent->self, parent);
> > > > list_add(&parent->next, &parent_list);
> > > > mutex_unlock(&parent_list_lock);
> > > >
> > > > @@ -251,13 +274,31 @@ void mdev_unregister_device(struct device
> *dev)
> > > > dev_info(dev, "MDEV: Unregistering\n");
> > > >
> > > > list_del(&parent->next);
> > > > + mutex_unlock(&parent_list_lock);
> > > > +
> > > > + /*
> > > > + * Publish that this mdev parent is unregistering. So any new
> > > > + * create/remove cannot start on this parent anymore by user.
> > > > + */
> > > > + rcu_assign_pointer(parent->self, NULL);
> > > > +
> > > > + /*
> > > > + * Wait for any active create() or remove() mdev ops on the parent
> > > > + * to complete.
> > > > + */
> > > > + synchronize_srcu(&parent->unreg_srcu);
> > > > +
> > > > + /*
> > > > + * At this point it is confirmed that any pending user initiated
> > > > + * create or remove callbacks accessing the parent are completed.
> > > > + * It is safe to remove the parent now.
> > > > + */
> > >
> > > Thanks for the good documentation here.
> > >
> > > Alex
> > >
> > > > class_compat_remove_link(mdev_bus_compat_class, dev, NULL);
> > > >
> > > > device_for_each_child(dev, NULL, mdev_device_remove_cb);
> > > >
> > > > parent_remove_sysfs_files(parent);
> > > >
> > > > - mutex_unlock(&parent_list_lock);
> > > > mdev_put_parent(parent);
> > > > }
> > > > EXPORT_SYMBOL(mdev_unregister_device);
> > > > @@ -278,14 +319,24 @@ int mdev_device_create(struct kobject *kobj,
> > > > struct device *dev, const guid_t *uuid) {
> > > > int ret;
> > > > + struct mdev_parent *valid_parent;
> > > > struct mdev_device *mdev, *tmp;
> > > > struct mdev_parent *parent;
> > > > struct mdev_type *type = to_mdev_type(kobj);
> > > > + int srcu_idx;
> > > >
> > > > parent = mdev_get_parent(type->parent);
> > > > if (!parent)
> > > > return -EINVAL;
> > > >
> > > > + srcu_idx = srcu_read_lock(&parent->unreg_srcu);
> > > > + valid_parent = srcu_dereference(parent->self, &parent->unreg_srcu);
> > > > + if (!valid_parent) {
> > > > + /* parent is undergoing unregistration */
> > > > + ret = -ENODEV;
> > > > + goto mdev_fail;
> > > > + }
> > > > +
> > > > mutex_lock(&mdev_list_lock);
> > > >
> > > > /* Check for duplicate */
> > > > @@ -334,44 +385,52 @@ int mdev_device_create(struct kobject *kobj,
> > > > mdev->type_kobj = kobj;
> > > > mdev->active = true;
> > > > dev_dbg(&mdev->dev, "MDEV: created\n");
> > > > + srcu_read_unlock(&parent->unreg_srcu, srcu_idx);
> > > >
> > > > return 0;
> > > >
> > > > create_fail:
> > > > device_unregister(&mdev->dev);
> > > > mdev_fail:
> > > > + srcu_read_unlock(&parent->unreg_srcu, srcu_idx);
> > > > mdev_put_parent(parent);
> > > > return ret;
> > > > }
> > > >
> > > > int mdev_device_remove(struct device *dev, bool force_remove) {
> > > > + struct mdev_parent *valid_parent;
> > > > struct mdev_device *mdev;
> > > > struct mdev_parent *parent;
> > > > - struct mdev_type *type;
> > > > + int srcu_idx;
> > > > int ret;
> > > >
> > > > mdev = to_mdev_device(dev);
> > > > + parent = mdev->parent;
> > > > +
> > > > + srcu_idx = srcu_read_lock(&parent->unreg_srcu);
> > > > + valid_parent = srcu_dereference(parent->self, &parent->unreg_srcu);
> > > > + if (!valid_parent) {
> > > > + srcu_read_unlock(&parent->unreg_srcu, srcu_idx);
> > > > + /* parent is undergoing unregistration */
> > > > + return -ENODEV;
> > > > + }
> > > > +
> > > > mutex_lock(&mdev_list_lock);
> > > > if (!mdev->active) {
> > > > mutex_unlock(&mdev_list_lock);
> > > > + srcu_read_unlock(&parent->unreg_srcu, srcu_idx);
> > > > return -EAGAIN;
> > > > }
> > > >
> > > > mdev->active = false;
> > > > mutex_unlock(&mdev_list_lock);
> > > >
> > > > - type = to_mdev_type(mdev->type_kobj);
> > > > - parent = mdev->parent;
> > > > -
> > > > - ret = mdev_device_remove_ops(mdev, force_remove);
> > > > - if (ret) {
> > > > - mdev->active = true;
> > > > + ret = mdev_device_remove_common(mdev, force_remove);
> > > > + srcu_read_unlock(&parent->unreg_srcu, srcu_idx);
> > > > + if (ret)
> > > > return ret;
> > > > - }
> > > >
> > > > - mdev_remove_sysfs_files(dev, type);
> > > > - device_unregister(dev);
> > > > mdev_put_parent(parent);
> > > >
> > > > return 0;
> > > > diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h
> > > > b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h
> > > > index ddcf9c7..b799978 100644
> > > > --- a/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h
> > > > +++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h
> > > > @@ -23,6 +23,12 @@ struct mdev_parent {
> > > > struct list_head next;
> > > > struct kset *mdev_types_kset;
> > > > struct list_head type_list;
> > > > + /*
> > > > + * Protects unregistration to wait until create/remove
> > > > + * are completed.
> > > > + */
> > > > + struct srcu_struct unreg_srcu;
> > > > + struct mdev_parent __rcu *self;
> > > > };
> > > >
> > > > struct mdev_device {
> >

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