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SubjectRe: [PATCH 6/6] arm64/mm: Enable ZONE_DEVICE
On Wed, Apr 3, 2019 at 9:42 PM Anshuman Khandual
<anshuman.khandual@arm.com> wrote:
>
>
>
> On 04/03/2019 07:28 PM, Robin Murphy wrote:
> > [ +Dan, Jerome ]
> >
> > On 03/04/2019 05:30, Anshuman Khandual wrote:
> >> Arch implementation for functions which create or destroy vmemmap mapping
> >> (vmemmap_populate, vmemmap_free) can comprehend and allocate from inside
> >> device memory range through driver provided vmem_altmap structure which
> >> fulfils all requirements to enable ZONE_DEVICE on the platform. Hence just
> >
> > ZONE_DEVICE is about more than just altmap support, no?
>
> Hot plugging the memory into a dev->numa_node's ZONE_DEVICE and initializing the
> struct pages for it has stand alone and self contained use case. The driver could
> just want to manage the memory itself but with struct pages either in the RAM or
> in the device memory range through struct vmem_altmap. The driver may not choose
> to opt for HMM, FS DAX, P2PDMA (use cases of ZONE_DEVICE) where it may have to
> map these pages into any user pagetable which would necessitate support for
> pte|pmd|pud_devmap.

What's left for ZONE_DEVICE if none of the above cases are used?

> Though I am still working towards getting HMM, FS DAX, P2PDMA enabled on arm64,
> IMHO ZONE_DEVICE is self contained and can be evaluated in itself.

I'm not convinced. What's the specific use case.

>
> >
> >> enable ZONE_DEVICE by subscribing to ARCH_HAS_ZONE_DEVICE. But this is only
> >> applicable for ARM64_4K_PAGES (ARM64_SWAPPER_USES_SECTION_MAPS) only which
> >> creates vmemmap section mappings and utilize vmem_altmap structure.
> >
> > What prevents it from working with other page sizes? One of the foremost use-cases for our 52-bit VA/PA support is to enable mapping large quantities of persistent memory, so we really do need this for 64K pages too. FWIW, it appears not to be an issue for PowerPC.
>
>
> On !AR64_4K_PAGES vmemmap_populate() calls vmemmap_populate_basepages() which
> does not support struct vmem_altmap right now. Originally was planning to send
> the vmemmap_populate_basepages() enablement patches separately but will post it
> here for review.
>
> >
> >> Signed-off-by: Anshuman Khandual <anshuman.khandual@arm.com>
> >> ---
> >> arch/arm64/Kconfig | 1 +
> >> 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+)
> >>
> >> diff --git a/arch/arm64/Kconfig b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
> >> index db3e625..b5d8cf5 100644
> >> --- a/arch/arm64/Kconfig
> >> +++ b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
> >> @@ -31,6 +31,7 @@ config ARM64
> >> select ARCH_HAS_SYSCALL_WRAPPER
> >> select ARCH_HAS_TEARDOWN_DMA_OPS if IOMMU_SUPPORT
> >> select ARCH_HAS_TICK_BROADCAST if GENERIC_CLOCKEVENTS_BROADCAST
> >> + select ARCH_HAS_ZONE_DEVICE if ARM64_4K_PAGES
> >
> > IIRC certain configurations (HMM?) don't even build if you just turn this on alone (although of course things may have changed elsewhere in the meantime) - crucially, though, from previous discussions[1] it seems fundamentally unsafe, since I don't think we can guarantee that nobody will touch the corners of ZONE_DEVICE that also require pte_devmap in order not to go subtly wrong. I did get as far as cooking up some patches to sort that out [2][3] which I never got round to posting for their own sake, so please consider picking those up as part of this series.
>
> In the previous discussion mentioned here [1] it sort of indicates that we
> cannot have a viable (ARCH_HAS_ZONE_DEVICE=y but !__HAVE_ARCH_PTE_DEVMAP). I
> dont understand why !

Because ZONE_DEVICE was specifically invented to solve get_user_pages() for DAX.

> The driver can just hotplug the range into ZONE_DEVICE,
> manage the memory itself without mapping them to user page table ever.

Then why do you even need 'struct page' objects?

> IIUC
> ZONE_DEVICE must not need user mapped device PFN support.

No, you don't understand correctly, or I don't understand how you plan
to use ZONE_DEVICE outside it's intended use case.

> All the corner case
> problems discussed previously come in once these new 'device PFN' memory which
> is now in ZONE_DEVICE get mapped into user page table.
>
> >
> > Robin.
> >
> >> select ARCH_HAVE_NMI_SAFE_CMPXCHG
> >> select ARCH_INLINE_READ_LOCK if !PREEMPT
> >> select ARCH_INLINE_READ_LOCK_BH if !PREEMPT
> >>
> >
> >
> > [1] https://lore.kernel.org/linux-mm/CAA9_cmfA9GS+1M1aSyv1ty5jKY3iho3CERhnRAruWJW3PfmpgA@mail.gmail.com/#t
> > [2] http://linux-arm.org/git?p=linux-rm.git;a=commitdiff;h=61816b833afdb56b49c2e58f5289ae18809e5d67
> > [3] http://linux-arm.org/git?p=linux-rm.git;a=commitdiff;h=a5a16560eb1becf9a1d4cc0d03d6b5e76da4f4e1
> > (apologies to anyone if the linux-arm.org server is being flaky as usual and requires a few tries to respond properly)
>
> I have not evaluated pte_devmap(). Will consider [3] when enabling it. But
> I still dont understand why ZONE_DEVICE can not be enabled and used from a
> driver which never requires user mapping or pte|pmd|pud_devmap() support.

Because there are mm paths that make assumptions about ZONE_DEVICE
that your use case might violate.

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