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Subject[PATCH v2] kbuild: use -flive-patching when CONFIG_LIVEPATCH is enabled
GCC 9 introduces a new option, -flive-patching. It disables certain
optimizations which could make a compilation unsafe for later live
patching of the running kernel.

The option is used only if CONFIG_LIVEPATCH is enabled and $(CC)
supports it.

Performance impact of the option was measured on three different
Intel machines - two bigger NUMA boxes and one smaller UMA box. Kernel
intensive (IO, scheduling, networking) benchmarks were selected, plus a
set of HPC workloads from NAS Parallel Benchmark. The tests were done on
upstream kernel 5.0-rc8 with openSUSE Leap 15.0 userspace.

The majority of the tests is unaffected. The only significant exception
is the scheduler section which suffers 1-3% degradation.

Evaluated-by: Giovanni Gherdovich <>
Signed-off-by: Miroslav Benes <>
The patch is based on master branch of the livepatching tree on

Many thanks to Giovanni who ran the whole testing campaign and analyzed
the results. I archived the dashboard and detailed data. If anyone is
interested, we could probably set up a public website somewhere.

Makefile | 4 ++++
1 file changed, 4 insertions(+)

diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
index f070e0d65186..464a693a22e9 100644
--- a/Makefile
+++ b/Makefile
@@ -789,6 +789,10 @@ KBUILD_CFLAGS_KERNEL += -ffunction-sections -fdata-sections
LDFLAGS_vmlinux += --gc-sections

+KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option, -flive-patching=inline-clone)
# arch Makefile may override CC so keep this after arch Makefile is included
NOSTDINC_FLAGS += -nostdinc -isystem $(shell $(CC) -print-file-name=include)

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