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Subject[PATCH RFC 2/5] x86/speculation: Add support for 'cpu_spec_mitigations=' cmdline options
Date
Configure x86 runtime CPU speculation bug mitigations in accordance with
the 'cpu_spec_mitigations=' cmdline options. This affects Meltdown,
Spectre v2, Speculative Store Bypass, and L1TF.

The default behavior is unchanged.

Signed-off-by: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
---
.../admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt | 15 +++++++++
arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h | 1 +
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/bugs.c | 32 ++++++++++++++++---
arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c | 2 ++
arch/x86/mm/pti.c | 4 ++-
5 files changed, 49 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
index ac42e510bd6e..29dc03971630 100644
--- a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -2552,6 +2552,11 @@

off
Disable all speculative CPU mitigations.
+ Equivalent to: nopti [x86]
+ nospectre_v2 [x86]
+ spectre_v2_user=off [x86]
+ spec_store_bypass_disable=off [x86]
+ l1tf=off [x86]

auto (default)
Mitigate all speculative CPU vulnerabilities,
@@ -2560,12 +2565,22 @@
surprised by SMT getting disabled across kernel
upgrades, or who have other ways of avoiding
SMT-based attacks.
+ Equivalent to: pti=auto [x86]
+ spectre_v2=auto [x86]
+ spectre_v2_user=auto [x86]
+ spec_store_bypass_disable=auto [x86]
+ l1tf=flush [x86]

auto,nosmt
Mitigate all speculative CPU vulnerabilities,
disabling SMT if needed. This is for users who
always want to be fully mitigated, even if it
means losing SMT.
+ Equivalent to: pti=auto [x86]
+ spectre_v2=auto [x86]
+ spectre_v2_user=auto [x86]
+ spec_store_bypass_disable=auto [x86]
+ l1tf=flush,nosmt [x86]

mminit_loglevel=
[KNL] When CONFIG_DEBUG_MEMORY_INIT is set, this
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
index 2bb3a648fc12..7e95b310f869 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
@@ -982,6 +982,7 @@ void microcode_check(void);

enum l1tf_mitigations {
L1TF_MITIGATION_OFF,
+ L1TF_MITIGATION_DEFAULT,
L1TF_MITIGATION_FLUSH_NOWARN,
L1TF_MITIGATION_FLUSH,
L1TF_MITIGATION_FLUSH_NOSMT,
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/bugs.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/bugs.c
index 2da82eff0eb4..65b95fb95ba5 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/bugs.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/bugs.c
@@ -308,8 +308,11 @@ spectre_v2_parse_user_cmdline(enum spectre_v2_mitigation_cmd v2_cmd)

ret = cmdline_find_option(boot_command_line, "spectre_v2_user",
arg, sizeof(arg));
- if (ret < 0)
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ if (cpu_spec_mitigations == CPU_SPEC_MITIGATIONS_OFF)
+ return SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_NONE;
return SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_AUTO;
+ }

for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(v2_user_options); i++) {
if (match_option(arg, ret, v2_user_options[i].option)) {
@@ -444,8 +447,11 @@ static enum spectre_v2_mitigation_cmd __init spectre_v2_parse_cmdline(void)
return SPECTRE_V2_CMD_NONE;

ret = cmdline_find_option(boot_command_line, "spectre_v2", arg, sizeof(arg));
- if (ret < 0)
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ if (cpu_spec_mitigations == CPU_SPEC_MITIGATIONS_OFF)
+ return SPECTRE_V2_CMD_NONE;
return SPECTRE_V2_CMD_AUTO;
+ }

for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(mitigation_options); i++) {
if (!match_option(arg, ret, mitigation_options[i].option))
@@ -677,8 +683,11 @@ static enum ssb_mitigation_cmd __init ssb_parse_cmdline(void)
} else {
ret = cmdline_find_option(boot_command_line, "spec_store_bypass_disable",
arg, sizeof(arg));
- if (ret < 0)
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ if (cpu_spec_mitigations == CPU_SPEC_MITIGATIONS_OFF)
+ return SPEC_STORE_BYPASS_CMD_NONE;
return SPEC_STORE_BYPASS_CMD_AUTO;
+ }

for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(ssb_mitigation_options); i++) {
if (!match_option(arg, ret, ssb_mitigation_options[i].option))
@@ -955,7 +964,7 @@ void x86_spec_ctrl_setup_ap(void)
#define pr_fmt(fmt) "L1TF: " fmt

/* Default mitigation for L1TF-affected CPUs */
-enum l1tf_mitigations l1tf_mitigation __ro_after_init = L1TF_MITIGATION_FLUSH;
+enum l1tf_mitigations l1tf_mitigation __ro_after_init = L1TF_MITIGATION_DEFAULT;
#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KVM_INTEL)
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(l1tf_mitigation);
#endif
@@ -1010,8 +1019,23 @@ static void __init l1tf_select_mitigation(void)

override_cache_bits(&boot_cpu_data);

+ if (l1tf_mitigation == L1TF_MITIGATION_DEFAULT) {
+ switch (cpu_spec_mitigations) {
+ case CPU_SPEC_MITIGATIONS_OFF:
+ l1tf_mitigation = L1TF_MITIGATION_OFF;
+ break;
+ case CPU_SPEC_MITIGATIONS_AUTO:
+ l1tf_mitigation = L1TF_MITIGATION_FLUSH;
+ break;
+ case CPU_SPEC_MITIGATIONS_AUTO_NOSMT:
+ l1tf_mitigation = L1TF_MITIGATION_FLUSH_NOSMT;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
switch (l1tf_mitigation) {
case L1TF_MITIGATION_OFF:
+ case L1TF_MITIGATION_DEFAULT:
case L1TF_MITIGATION_FLUSH_NOWARN:
case L1TF_MITIGATION_FLUSH:
break;
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c
index ab432a930ae8..83b5bdc3c777 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c
@@ -233,6 +233,7 @@ static int vmx_setup_l1d_flush(enum vmx_l1d_flush_state l1tf)
case L1TF_MITIGATION_FLUSH_NOWARN:
case L1TF_MITIGATION_FLUSH:
case L1TF_MITIGATION_FLUSH_NOSMT:
+ case L1TF_MITIGATION_DEFAULT:
l1tf = VMENTER_L1D_FLUSH_COND;
break;
case L1TF_MITIGATION_FULL:
@@ -6686,6 +6687,7 @@ static int vmx_vm_init(struct kvm *kvm)
case L1TF_MITIGATION_FLUSH:
case L1TF_MITIGATION_FLUSH_NOSMT:
case L1TF_MITIGATION_FULL:
+ case L1TF_MITIGATION_DEFAULT:
/*
* Warn upon starting the first VM in a potentially
* insecure environment.
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/pti.c b/arch/x86/mm/pti.c
index 139b28a01ce4..6d3bf680bf95 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/pti.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/pti.c
@@ -35,6 +35,7 @@
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <linux/cpu.h>

#include <asm/cpufeature.h>
#include <asm/hypervisor.h>
@@ -115,7 +116,8 @@ void __init pti_check_boottime_disable(void)
}
}

- if (cmdline_find_option_bool(boot_command_line, "nopti")) {
+ if (cmdline_find_option_bool(boot_command_line, "nopti") ||
+ cpu_spec_mitigations == CPU_SPEC_MITIGATIONS_OFF) {
pti_mode = PTI_FORCE_OFF;
pti_print_if_insecure("disabled on command line.");
return;
--
2.17.2
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