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SubjectRe: [RESEND PATCH 1/3] mm/vmap: keep track of free blocks for vmap allocation
Hello, Roman!

>
> The patch looks really good to me! I've tried hard, but didn't find
> any serious issues/bugs. Some small nits below.
>
> Thank you for working on it!
>
I try my best, thank you for your review!

> BTW, when sending a new iteration, please use "[PATCH vX]" subject prefix,
> e.g. [PATCH v3 1/3] mm/vmap: keep track of free blocks for vmap allocation".
> RESEND usually means that you're sending the same version, e.g. when
> you need cc more people.
>
Thank you for the clarification. I will fix that next time.

>
> On Tue, Apr 02, 2019 at 06:25:29PM +0200, Uladzislau Rezki (Sony) wrote:
> > Currently an allocation of the new vmap area is done over busy
> > list iteration(complexity O(n)) until a suitable hole is found
> > between two busy areas. Therefore each new allocation causes
> > the list being grown. Due to over fragmented list and different
> > permissive parameters an allocation can take a long time. For
> > example on embedded devices it is milliseconds.
> >
> > This patch organizes the KVA memory layout into free areas of the
> > 1-ULONG_MAX range. It uses an augment red-black tree that keeps
> > blocks sorted by their offsets in pair with linked list keeping
> > the free space in order of increasing addresses.
> >
> > Each vmap_area object contains the "subtree_max_size" that reflects
> > a maximum available free block in its left or right sub-tree. Thus,
> > that allows to take a decision and traversal toward the block that
> > will fit and will have the lowest start address, i.e. sequential
> > allocation.
>
> I'd add here that an augmented red-black tree is used, and nodes
> are augmented with the size of the maximum available free block.
>
Will add.

> >
> > Allocation: to allocate a new block a search is done over the
> > tree until a suitable lowest(left most) block is large enough
> > to encompass: the requested size, alignment and vstart point.
> > If the block is bigger than requested size - it is split.
> >
> > De-allocation: when a busy vmap area is freed it can either be
> > merged or inserted to the tree. Red-black tree allows efficiently
> > find a spot whereas a linked list provides a constant-time access
> > to previous and next blocks to check if merging can be done. In case
> > of merging of de-allocated memory chunk a large coalesced area is
> > created.
> >
> > Complexity: ~O(log(N))
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Uladzislau Rezki (Sony) <urezki@gmail.com>
> > ---
> > include/linux/vmalloc.h | 6 +-
> > mm/vmalloc.c | 1004 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------
> > 2 files changed, 762 insertions(+), 248 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/include/linux/vmalloc.h b/include/linux/vmalloc.h
> > index 398e9c95cd61..ad483378fdd1 100644
> > --- a/include/linux/vmalloc.h
> > +++ b/include/linux/vmalloc.h
> > @@ -45,12 +45,16 @@ struct vm_struct {
> > struct vmap_area {
> > unsigned long va_start;
> > unsigned long va_end;
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * Largest available free size in subtree.
> > + */
> > + unsigned long subtree_max_size;
> > unsigned long flags;
> > struct rb_node rb_node; /* address sorted rbtree */
> > struct list_head list; /* address sorted list */
> > struct llist_node purge_list; /* "lazy purge" list */
> > struct vm_struct *vm;
> > - struct rcu_head rcu_head;
> > };
> >
> > /*
> > diff --git a/mm/vmalloc.c b/mm/vmalloc.c
> > index 755b02983d8d..3adbad3fb6c1 100644
> > --- a/mm/vmalloc.c
> > +++ b/mm/vmalloc.c
> > @@ -31,6 +31,7 @@
> > #include <linux/compiler.h>
> > #include <linux/llist.h>
> > #include <linux/bitops.h>
> > +#include <linux/rbtree_augmented.h>
> >
> > #include <linux/uaccess.h>
> > #include <asm/tlbflush.h>
> > @@ -320,9 +321,7 @@ unsigned long vmalloc_to_pfn(const void *vmalloc_addr)
> > }
> > EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmalloc_to_pfn);
> >
> > -
> > /*** Global kva allocator ***/
> > -
>
> Do we need this change?
>
This patch does not tend to refactor the code. I have removed extra empty
lines because i touched the code around. I can either keep that change or
remove it. What is your opinion?

> > #define VM_LAZY_FREE 0x02
> > #define VM_VM_AREA 0x04
> >
> > @@ -331,14 +330,76 @@ static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(vmap_area_lock);
> > LIST_HEAD(vmap_area_list);
> > static LLIST_HEAD(vmap_purge_list);
> > static struct rb_root vmap_area_root = RB_ROOT;
> > +static bool vmap_initialized __read_mostly;
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * This kmem_cache is used for vmap_area objects. Instead of
> > + * allocating from slab we reuse an object from this cache to
> > + * make things faster. Especially in "no edge" splitting of
> > + * free block.
> > + */
> > +static struct kmem_cache *vmap_area_cachep;
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * This linked list is used in pair with free_vmap_area_root.
> > + * It gives O(1) access to prev/next to perform fast coalescing.
> > + */
> > +static LIST_HEAD(free_vmap_area_list);
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * This augment red-black tree represents the free vmap space.
> > + * All vmap_area objects in this tree are sorted by va->va_start
> > + * address. It is used for allocation and merging when a vmap
> > + * object is released.
> > + *
> > + * Each vmap_area node contains a maximum available free block
> > + * of its sub-tree, right or left. Therefore it is possible to
> > + * find a lowest match of free area.
> > + */
> > +static struct rb_root free_vmap_area_root = RB_ROOT;
> >
> > -/* The vmap cache globals are protected by vmap_area_lock */
> > -static struct rb_node *free_vmap_cache;
> > -static unsigned long cached_hole_size;
> > -static unsigned long cached_vstart;
> > -static unsigned long cached_align;
> > +static __always_inline unsigned long
> > +__va_size(struct vmap_area *va)
> > +{
> > + return (va->va_end - va->va_start);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static __always_inline unsigned long
> > +get_subtree_max_size(struct rb_node *node)
> > +{
> > + struct vmap_area *va;
> >
> > -static unsigned long vmap_area_pcpu_hole;
> > + va = rb_entry_safe(node, struct vmap_area, rb_node);
> > + return va ? va->subtree_max_size : 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Gets called when remove the node and rotate.
> > + */
> > +static __always_inline unsigned long
> > +compute_subtree_max_size(struct vmap_area *va)
> > +{
> > + unsigned long max_size = __va_size(va);
> > + unsigned long child_max_size;
> > +
> > + child_max_size = get_subtree_max_size(va->rb_node.rb_right);
> > + if (child_max_size > max_size)
> > + max_size = child_max_size;
> > +
> > + child_max_size = get_subtree_max_size(va->rb_node.rb_left);
> > + if (child_max_size > max_size)
> > + max_size = child_max_size;
> > +
> > + return max_size;
>
> Nit: you can use max3 instead, e.g. :
>
> return max3(__va_size(va),
> get_subtree_max_size(va->rb_node.rb_left),
> get_subtree_max_size(va->rb_node.rb_right));
>
Good point. Will replace it!

> > +}
> > +
> > +RB_DECLARE_CALLBACKS(static, free_vmap_area_rb_augment_cb,
> > + struct vmap_area, rb_node, unsigned long, subtree_max_size,
> > + compute_subtree_max_size)
> > +
> > +static void purge_vmap_area_lazy(void);
> > +static BLOCKING_NOTIFIER_HEAD(vmap_notify_list);
> > +static unsigned long lazy_max_pages(void);
> >
> > static struct vmap_area *__find_vmap_area(unsigned long addr)
> > {
> > @@ -359,41 +420,520 @@ static struct vmap_area *__find_vmap_area(unsigned long addr)
> > return NULL;
> > }
> >
> > -static void __insert_vmap_area(struct vmap_area *va)
> > -{
> > - struct rb_node **p = &vmap_area_root.rb_node;
> > - struct rb_node *parent = NULL;
> > - struct rb_node *tmp;
> > +/*
> > + * This function returns back addresses of parent node
> > + * and its left or right link for further processing.
> > + */
> > +static __always_inline struct rb_node **
> > +__find_va_links(struct vmap_area *va,
> > + struct rb_root *root, struct rb_node *from,
> > + struct rb_node **parent)
>
> The function looks much cleaner now, thank you!
>
> But if I understand it correctly, it returns a node (via parent)
> and a pointer to one of two links, so that the returned value
> is always == parent + some constant offset.
> If so, I wonder if it's cleaner to return a parent node
> (as rb_node*) and a bool value which will indicate if the left
> or the right link should be used.
>
> Not a strong opinion, just an idea.
>
I see your point. Yes, that is possible to return "bool" value that
indicates left or right path. After that we can detect the direction.

From the other hand, we end up and access the correct link anyway during
the traversal the tree. In case of "bool" way, we will need to add on top
some extra logic that checks where to attach to.

> > +{
> > + struct vmap_area *tmp_va;
> > + struct rb_node **link;
> > +
> > + if (root) {
> > + link = &root->rb_node;
> > + if (unlikely(!*link)) {
> > + *parent = NULL;
> > + return link;
> > + }
> > + } else {
> > + link = &from;
> > + }
> >
> > - while (*p) {
> > - struct vmap_area *tmp_va;
> > + /*
> > + * Go to the bottom of the tree.
> > + */
> > + do {
> > + tmp_va = rb_entry(*link, struct vmap_area, rb_node);
> >
> > - parent = *p;
> > - tmp_va = rb_entry(parent, struct vmap_area, rb_node);
> > - if (va->va_start < tmp_va->va_end)
> > - p = &(*p)->rb_left;
> > - else if (va->va_end > tmp_va->va_start)
> > - p = &(*p)->rb_right;
> > + /*
> > + * During the traversal we also do some sanity check.
> > + * Trigger the BUG() if there are sides(left/right)
> > + * or full overlaps.
> > + */
> > + if (va->va_start < tmp_va->va_end &&
> > + va->va_end <= tmp_va->va_start)
> > + link = &(*link)->rb_left;
> > + else if (va->va_end > tmp_va->va_start &&
> > + va->va_start >= tmp_va->va_end)
> > + link = &(*link)->rb_right;
> > else
> > BUG();
> > + } while (*link);
> > +
> > + *parent = &tmp_va->rb_node;
> > + return link;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static __always_inline struct list_head *
> > +__get_va_next_sibling(struct rb_node *parent, struct rb_node **link)
> > +{
> > + struct list_head *list;
> > +
> > + if (likely(parent)) {
> > + list = &rb_entry(parent, struct vmap_area, rb_node)->list;
> > + return (&parent->rb_right == link ? list->next:list);
> ^^^
> A couple of missing spaces here.
>
Will fix it.

> Also, if !parent is almost unreachable, I'd invert the if condition, e.g.:
> if (unlikely(!parent)) {
> /* comment */
> return NULL;
> }
>
> /* normal case */
> > }
Agree. Will fix it.

> >
> > - rb_link_node(&va->rb_node, parent, p);
> > - rb_insert_color(&va->rb_node, &vmap_area_root);
> > + /*
> > + * The red-black tree where we try to find VA neighbors
> > + * before merging or inserting is empty, i.e. it means
> > + * there is no free vmap space. Normally it does not
> > + * happen but we handle this case anyway.
> > + */
> > + return NULL;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static __always_inline void
> > +__link_va(struct vmap_area *va, struct rb_root *root,
> > + struct rb_node *parent, struct rb_node **link, struct list_head *head)
> > +{
> > + /*
> > + * VA is still not in the list, but we can
> > + * identify its future previous list_head node.
> > + */
> > + if (likely(parent)) {
> > + head = &rb_entry(parent, struct vmap_area, rb_node)->list;
> > + if (&parent->rb_right != link)
> > + head = head->prev;
> > + }
> >
> > - /* address-sort this list */
> > - tmp = rb_prev(&va->rb_node);
> > - if (tmp) {
> > - struct vmap_area *prev;
> > - prev = rb_entry(tmp, struct vmap_area, rb_node);
> > - list_add_rcu(&va->list, &prev->list);
> > - } else
> > - list_add_rcu(&va->list, &vmap_area_list);
> > + /* Insert to the rb-tree */
> > + rb_link_node(&va->rb_node, parent, link);
> > + if (root == &free_vmap_area_root) {
> > + /*
> > + * Some explanation here. Just perform simple insertion
> > + * to the tree. We do not set va->subtree_max_size to
> > + * its current size before calling rb_insert_augmented().
> > + * It is because of we populate the tree from the bottom
> > + * to parent levels when the node _is_ in the tree.
> > + *
> > + * Therefore we set subtree_max_size to zero after insertion,
> > + * to let __augment_tree_propagate_from() puts everything to
> > + * the correct order later on.
> > + */
> > + rb_insert_augmented(&va->rb_node,
> > + root, &free_vmap_area_rb_augment_cb);
> > + va->subtree_max_size = 0;
> > + } else {
> > + rb_insert_color(&va->rb_node, root);
> > + }
> > +
> > + /* Address-sort this list */
> > + list_add(&va->list, head);
> > }
> >
> > -static void purge_vmap_area_lazy(void);
> > +static __always_inline void
> > +__unlink_va(struct vmap_area *va, struct rb_root *root)
> > +{
> > + /*
> > + * During merging a VA node can be empty, therefore
> > + * not linked with the tree nor list. Just check it.
> > + */
> > + if (!RB_EMPTY_NODE(&va->rb_node)) {
> > + if (root == &free_vmap_area_root)
> > + rb_erase_augmented(&va->rb_node,
> > + root, &free_vmap_area_rb_augment_cb);
> > + else
> > + rb_erase(&va->rb_node, root);
> >
> > -static BLOCKING_NOTIFIER_HEAD(vmap_notify_list);
> > + list_del(&va->list);
> > + RB_CLEAR_NODE(&va->rb_node);
> > + }
> > +}
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * This function populates subtree_max_size from bottom to upper
> > + * levels starting from VA point. The propagation must be done
> > + * when VA size is modified by changing its va_start/va_end. Or
> > + * in case of newly inserting of VA to the tree.
> > + *
> > + * It means that __augment_tree_propagate_from() must be called:
> > + * - After VA has been inserted to the tree(free path);
> > + * - After VA has been shrunk(allocation path);
> > + * - After VA has been increased(merging path).
> > + *
> > + * Please note that, it does not mean that upper parent nodes
> > + * and their subtree_max_size are recalculated all the time up
> > + * to the root node.
> > + *
> > + * 4--8
> > + * /\
> > + * / \
> > + * / \
> > + * 2--2 8--8
> > + *
> > + * For example if we modify the node 4, shrinking it to 2, then
> > + * no any modification is required. If we shrink the node 2 to 1
> > + * its subtree_max_size is updated only, and set to 1. If we shrink
> > + * the node 8 to 6, then its subtree_max_size is set to 6 and parent
> > + * node becomes 4--6.
> > + */
> > +static __always_inline void
> > +__augment_tree_propagate_from(struct vmap_area *va)
> > +{
> > + struct rb_node *node = &va->rb_node;
> > + unsigned long new_va_sub_max_size;
> > +
> > + while (node) {
> > + va = rb_entry(node, struct vmap_area, rb_node);
> > + new_va_sub_max_size = compute_subtree_max_size(va);
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * If the newly calculated maximum available size of the
> > + * subtree is equal to the current one, then it means that
> > + * the tree is propagated correctly. So we have to stop at
> > + * this point to save cycles.
> > + */
> > + if (va->subtree_max_size == new_va_sub_max_size)
> > + break;
> > +
> > + va->subtree_max_size = new_va_sub_max_size;
> > + node = rb_parent(&va->rb_node);
> > + }
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void
> > +__insert_vmap_area(struct vmap_area *va,
> > + struct rb_root *root, struct list_head *head)
> > +{
> > + struct rb_node **link;
> > + struct rb_node *parent;
> > +
> > + link = __find_va_links(va, root, NULL, &parent);
> > + __link_va(va, root, parent, link, head);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void
> > +__insert_vmap_area_augment(struct vmap_area *va,
> > + struct rb_node *from, struct rb_root *root,
> > + struct list_head *head)
> > +{
> > + struct rb_node **link;
> > + struct rb_node *parent;
> > +
> > + if (from)
> > + link = __find_va_links(va, NULL, from, &parent);
> > + else
> > + link = __find_va_links(va, root, NULL, &parent);
> > +
> > + __link_va(va, root, parent, link, head);
> > + __augment_tree_propagate_from(va);
>
> Also, why almost all new functions have names starting with __?
> Usually it means that there are non-__ versions of these functions,
> which adding locking, or some additional checks, or are public.
> As I can see, it's not true for some new functions.
> So why not to spare some characters?
>
There is no clear answer on it. Initially my intention was to use "__" to
distinguish core parts from everything else. Agree. I should sort it out.

> > +}
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Merge de-allocated chunk of VA memory with previous
> > + * and next free blocks. If coalesce is not done a new
> > + * free area is inserted. If VA has been merged, it is
> > + * freed.
> > + */
> > +static __always_inline void
> > +__merge_or_add_vmap_area(struct vmap_area *va,
> > + struct rb_root *root, struct list_head *head)
> > +{
> > + struct vmap_area *sibling;
> > + struct list_head *next;
> > + struct rb_node **link;
> > + struct rb_node *parent;
> > + bool merged = false;
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * Find a place in the tree where VA potentially will be
> > + * inserted, unless it is merged with its sibling/siblings.
> > + */
> > + link = __find_va_links(va, root, NULL, &parent);
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * Get next node of VA to check if merging can be done.
> > + */
> > + next = __get_va_next_sibling(parent, link);
> > + if (unlikely(next == NULL))
> > + goto insert;
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * start end
> > + * | |
> > + * |<------VA------>|<-----Next----->|
> > + * | |
> > + * start end
> > + */
> > + if (next != head) {
> > + sibling = list_entry(next, struct vmap_area, list);
> > + if (sibling->va_start == va->va_end) {
> > + sibling->va_start = va->va_start;
> > +
> > + /* Check and update the tree if needed. */
> > + __augment_tree_propagate_from(sibling);
> > +
> > + /* Remove this VA, it has been merged. */
> > + __unlink_va(va, root);
> > +
> > + /* Free vmap_area object. */
> > + kmem_cache_free(vmap_area_cachep, va);
> > +
> > + /* Point to the new merged area. */
> > + va = sibling;
> > + merged = true;
> > + }
> > + }
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * start end
> > + * | |
> > + * |<-----Prev----->|<------VA------>|
> > + * | |
> > + * start end
> > + */
> > + if (next->prev != head) {
> > + sibling = list_entry(next->prev, struct vmap_area, list);
> > + if (sibling->va_end == va->va_start) {
> > + sibling->va_end = va->va_end;
> > +
> > + /* Check and update the tree if needed. */
> > + __augment_tree_propagate_from(sibling);
> > +
> > + /* Remove this VA, it has been merged. */
> > + __unlink_va(va, root);
> > +
> > + /* Free vmap_area object. */
> > + kmem_cache_free(vmap_area_cachep, va);
> > +
> > + return;
> > + }
> > + }
> > +
> > +insert:
> > + if (!merged) {
> > + __link_va(va, root, parent, link, head);
> > + __augment_tree_propagate_from(va);
> > + }
> > +}
> > +
> > +static __always_inline bool
> > +is_within_this_va(struct vmap_area *va, unsigned long size,
> > + unsigned long align, unsigned long vstart)
> > +{
> > + unsigned long nva_start_addr;
> > +
> > + if (va->va_start > vstart)
> > + nva_start_addr = ALIGN(va->va_start, align);
> > + else
> > + nva_start_addr = ALIGN(vstart, align);
> > +
> > + /* Can be overflowed due to big size or alignment. */
> > + if (nva_start_addr + size < nva_start_addr ||
> > + nva_start_addr < vstart)
> > + return false;
> > +
> > + return (nva_start_addr + size <= va->va_end);
> > +}
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Find the first free block(lowest start address) in the tree,
> > + * that will accomplish the request corresponding to passing
> > + * parameters.
> > + */
> > +static __always_inline struct vmap_area *
> > +__find_vmap_lowest_match(unsigned long size,
> > + unsigned long align, unsigned long vstart)
> > +{
> > + struct vmap_area *va;
> > + struct rb_node *node;
> > + unsigned long length;
> > +
> > + /* Start from the root. */
> > + node = free_vmap_area_root.rb_node;
> > +
> > + /* Adjust the search size for alignment overhead. */
> > + length = size + align - 1;
> > +
> > + while (node) {
> > + va = rb_entry(node, struct vmap_area, rb_node);
> > +
> > + if (get_subtree_max_size(node->rb_left) >= length &&
> > + vstart < va->va_start) {
> > + node = node->rb_left;
> > + } else {
> > + if (is_within_this_va(va, size, align, vstart))
> > + return va;
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * Does not make sense to go deeper towards the right
> > + * sub-tree if it does not have a free block that is
> > + * equal or bigger to the requested search length.
> > + */
> > + if (get_subtree_max_size(node->rb_right) >= length) {
> > + node = node->rb_right;
> > + continue;
> > + }
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * OK. We roll back and find the fist right sub-tree,
> > + * that will satisfy the search criteria. It can happen
> > + * only once due to "vstart" restriction.
> > + */
> > + while ((node = rb_parent(node))) {
> > + va = rb_entry(node, struct vmap_area, rb_node);
> > + if (is_within_this_va(va, size, align, vstart))
> > + return va;
> > +
> > + if (get_subtree_max_size(node->rb_right) >= length &&
> > + vstart <= va->va_start) {
> > + node = node->rb_right;
> > + break;
> > + }
> > + }
> > + }
> > + }
> > +
> > + return NULL;
> > +}
> > +
> > +enum alloc_fit_type {
> > + NOTHING_FIT = 0,
> > + FL_FIT_TYPE = 1, /* full fit */
> > + LE_FIT_TYPE = 2, /* left edge fit */
> > + RE_FIT_TYPE = 3, /* right edge fit */
> > + NE_FIT_TYPE = 4 /* no edge fit */
> > +};
> > +
> > +static __always_inline u8
> > +__classify_va_fit_type(struct vmap_area *va,
> > + unsigned long nva_start_addr, unsigned long size)
> > +{
> > + u8 fit_type;
>
> I believe enum alloc_fit_type is preferable over u8.
>
Will fix it, agree.

> > +
> > + /* Check if it is within VA. */
> > + if (nva_start_addr < va->va_start ||
> > + nva_start_addr + size > va->va_end)
> > + return NOTHING_FIT;
> > +
> > + /* Now classify. */
> > + if (va->va_start == nva_start_addr) {
> > + if (va->va_end == nva_start_addr + size)
> > + fit_type = FL_FIT_TYPE;
> > + else
> > + fit_type = LE_FIT_TYPE;
> > + } else if (va->va_end == nva_start_addr + size) {
> > + fit_type = RE_FIT_TYPE;
> > + } else {
> > + fit_type = NE_FIT_TYPE;
> > + }
> > +
> > + return fit_type;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static __always_inline int
> > +__adjust_va_to_fit_type(struct vmap_area *va,
> > + unsigned long nva_start_addr, unsigned long size, u8 fit_type)
> > +{
> > + struct vmap_area *lva;
> > +
> > + if (fit_type == FL_FIT_TYPE) {
> > + /*
> > + * No need to split VA, it fully fits.
> > + *
> > + * | |
> > + * V NVA V
> > + * |---------------|
> > + */
> > + __unlink_va(va, &free_vmap_area_root);
> > + kmem_cache_free(vmap_area_cachep, va);
> > + } else if (fit_type == LE_FIT_TYPE) {
> > + /*
> > + * Split left edge of fit VA.
> > + *
> > + * | |
> > + * V NVA V R
> > + * |-------|-------|
> > + */
> > + va->va_start += size;
> > + } else if (fit_type == RE_FIT_TYPE) {
> > + /*
> > + * Split right edge of fit VA.
> > + *
> > + * | |
> > + * L V NVA V
> > + * |-------|-------|
> > + */
> > + va->va_end = nva_start_addr;
> > + } else if (fit_type == NE_FIT_TYPE) {
> > + /*
> > + * Split no edge of fit VA.
> > + *
> > + * | |
> > + * L V NVA V R
> > + * |---|-------|---|
> > + */
> > + lva = kmem_cache_alloc(vmap_area_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT);
> > + if (unlikely(!lva))
> > + return -1;
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * Build the remainder.
> > + */
> > + lva->va_start = va->va_start;
> > + lva->va_end = nva_start_addr;
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * Shrink this VA to remaining size.
> > + */
> > + va->va_start = nva_start_addr + size;
> > + } else {
> > + return -1;
> > + }
> > +
> > + if (fit_type != FL_FIT_TYPE) {
> > + __augment_tree_propagate_from(va);
> > +
> > + if (fit_type == NE_FIT_TYPE)
> > + __insert_vmap_area_augment(lva, &va->rb_node,
> > + &free_vmap_area_root, &free_vmap_area_list);
> > + }
> > +
> > + return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Returns a start address of the newly allocated area, if success.
> > + * Otherwise a vend is returned that indicates failure.
> > + */
> > +static __always_inline unsigned long
> > +__alloc_vmap_area(unsigned long size, unsigned long align,
> > + unsigned long vstart, unsigned long vend, int node)
> > +{
> > + unsigned long nva_start_addr;
> > + struct vmap_area *va;
> > + u8 fit_type;
> > + int ret;
> > +
> > + va = __find_vmap_lowest_match(size, align, vstart);
> > + if (unlikely(!va))
> > + return vend;
> > +
> > + if (va->va_start > vstart)
> > + nva_start_addr = ALIGN(va->va_start, align);
> > + else
> > + nva_start_addr = ALIGN(vstart, align);
> > +
> > + /* Check the "vend" restriction. */
> > + if (nva_start_addr + size > vend)
> > + return vend;
> > +
> > + /* Classify what we have found. */
> > + fit_type = __classify_va_fit_type(va, nva_start_addr, size);
> > + if (WARN_ON_ONCE(fit_type == NOTHING_FIT))
> > + return vend;
> > +
> > + /* Update the free vmap_area. */
> > + ret = __adjust_va_to_fit_type(va, nva_start_addr, size, fit_type);
> > + if (ret)
> > + return vend;
> > +
> > + return nva_start_addr;
> > +}
> >
> > /*
> > * Allocate a region of KVA of the specified size and alignment, within the
> > @@ -405,18 +945,19 @@ static struct vmap_area *alloc_vmap_area(unsigned long size,
> > int node, gfp_t gfp_mask)
> > {
> > struct vmap_area *va;
> > - struct rb_node *n;
> > unsigned long addr;
> > int purged = 0;
> > - struct vmap_area *first;
> >
> > BUG_ON(!size);
> > BUG_ON(offset_in_page(size));
> > BUG_ON(!is_power_of_2(align));
> >
> > + if (unlikely(!vmap_initialized))
> > + return ERR_PTR(-EBUSY);
> > +
> > might_sleep();
> >
> > - va = kmalloc_node(sizeof(struct vmap_area),
> > + va = kmem_cache_alloc_node(vmap_area_cachep,
> > gfp_mask & GFP_RECLAIM_MASK, node);
> > if (unlikely(!va))
> > return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
> > @@ -429,87 +970,20 @@ static struct vmap_area *alloc_vmap_area(unsigned long size,
> >
> > retry:
> > spin_lock(&vmap_area_lock);
> > - /*
> > - * Invalidate cache if we have more permissive parameters.
> > - * cached_hole_size notes the largest hole noticed _below_
> > - * the vmap_area cached in free_vmap_cache: if size fits
> > - * into that hole, we want to scan from vstart to reuse
> > - * the hole instead of allocating above free_vmap_cache.
> > - * Note that __free_vmap_area may update free_vmap_cache
> > - * without updating cached_hole_size or cached_align.
> > - */
> > - if (!free_vmap_cache ||
> > - size < cached_hole_size ||
> > - vstart < cached_vstart ||
> > - align < cached_align) {
> > -nocache:
> > - cached_hole_size = 0;
> > - free_vmap_cache = NULL;
> > - }
> > - /* record if we encounter less permissive parameters */
> > - cached_vstart = vstart;
> > - cached_align = align;
> > -
> > - /* find starting point for our search */
> > - if (free_vmap_cache) {
> > - first = rb_entry(free_vmap_cache, struct vmap_area, rb_node);
> > - addr = ALIGN(first->va_end, align);
> > - if (addr < vstart)
> > - goto nocache;
> > - if (addr + size < addr)
> > - goto overflow;
> > -
> > - } else {
> > - addr = ALIGN(vstart, align);
> > - if (addr + size < addr)
> > - goto overflow;
> >
> > - n = vmap_area_root.rb_node;
> > - first = NULL;
> > -
> > - while (n) {
> > - struct vmap_area *tmp;
> > - tmp = rb_entry(n, struct vmap_area, rb_node);
> > - if (tmp->va_end >= addr) {
> > - first = tmp;
> > - if (tmp->va_start <= addr)
> > - break;
> > - n = n->rb_left;
> > - } else
> > - n = n->rb_right;
> > - }
> > -
> > - if (!first)
> > - goto found;
> > - }
> > -
> > - /* from the starting point, walk areas until a suitable hole is found */
> > - while (addr + size > first->va_start && addr + size <= vend) {
> > - if (addr + cached_hole_size < first->va_start)
> > - cached_hole_size = first->va_start - addr;
> > - addr = ALIGN(first->va_end, align);
> > - if (addr + size < addr)
> > - goto overflow;
> > -
> > - if (list_is_last(&first->list, &vmap_area_list))
> > - goto found;
> > -
> > - first = list_next_entry(first, list);
> > - }
> > -
> > -found:
> > /*
> > - * Check also calculated address against the vstart,
> > - * because it can be 0 because of big align request.
> > + * If an allocation fails, the "vend" address is
> > + * returned. Therefore trigger the overflow path.
> > */
> > - if (addr + size > vend || addr < vstart)
> > + addr = __alloc_vmap_area(size, align, vstart, vend, node);
> > + if (unlikely(addr == vend))
> > goto overflow;
> >
> > va->va_start = addr;
> > va->va_end = addr + size;
> > va->flags = 0;
> > - __insert_vmap_area(va);
> > - free_vmap_cache = &va->rb_node;
> > + __insert_vmap_area(va, &vmap_area_root, &vmap_area_list);
> > +
> > spin_unlock(&vmap_area_lock);
> >
> > BUG_ON(!IS_ALIGNED(va->va_start, align));
> > @@ -538,7 +1012,8 @@ static struct vmap_area *alloc_vmap_area(unsigned long size,
> > if (!(gfp_mask & __GFP_NOWARN) && printk_ratelimit())
> > pr_warn("vmap allocation for size %lu failed: use vmalloc=<size> to increase size\n",
> > size);
> > - kfree(va);
> > +
> > + kmem_cache_free(vmap_area_cachep, va);
> > return ERR_PTR(-EBUSY);
> > }
> >
> > @@ -558,35 +1033,16 @@ static void __free_vmap_area(struct vmap_area *va)
> > {
> > BUG_ON(RB_EMPTY_NODE(&va->rb_node));
> >
> > - if (free_vmap_cache) {
> > - if (va->va_end < cached_vstart) {
> > - free_vmap_cache = NULL;
> > - } else {
> > - struct vmap_area *cache;
> > - cache = rb_entry(free_vmap_cache, struct vmap_area, rb_node);
> > - if (va->va_start <= cache->va_start) {
> > - free_vmap_cache = rb_prev(&va->rb_node);
> > - /*
> > - * We don't try to update cached_hole_size or
> > - * cached_align, but it won't go very wrong.
> > - */
> > - }
> > - }
> > - }
> > - rb_erase(&va->rb_node, &vmap_area_root);
> > - RB_CLEAR_NODE(&va->rb_node);
> > - list_del_rcu(&va->list);
> > -
> > /*
> > - * Track the highest possible candidate for pcpu area
> > - * allocation. Areas outside of vmalloc area can be returned
> > - * here too, consider only end addresses which fall inside
> > - * vmalloc area proper.
> > + * Remove from the busy tree/list.
> > */
> > - if (va->va_end > VMALLOC_START && va->va_end <= VMALLOC_END)
> > - vmap_area_pcpu_hole = max(vmap_area_pcpu_hole, va->va_end);
> > + __unlink_va(va, &vmap_area_root);
> >
> > - kfree_rcu(va, rcu_head);
> > + /*
> > + * Merge VA with its neighbors, otherwise just add it.
> > + */
> > + __merge_or_add_vmap_area(va,
> > + &free_vmap_area_root, &free_vmap_area_list);
> > }
> >
> > /*
> > @@ -793,8 +1249,6 @@ static struct vmap_area *find_vmap_area(unsigned long addr)
> >
> > #define VMAP_BLOCK_SIZE (VMAP_BBMAP_BITS * PAGE_SIZE)
> >
> > -static bool vmap_initialized __read_mostly = false;
> > -
> > struct vmap_block_queue {
> > spinlock_t lock;
> > struct list_head free;
> > @@ -1248,12 +1702,52 @@ void __init vm_area_register_early(struct vm_struct *vm, size_t align)
> > vm_area_add_early(vm);
> > }
> >
> > +static void vmap_init_free_space(void)
> > +{
> > + unsigned long vmap_start = 1;
> > + const unsigned long vmap_end = ULONG_MAX;
> > + struct vmap_area *busy, *free;
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * B F B B B F
> > + * -|-----|.....|-----|-----|-----|.....|-
> > + * | The KVA space |
> > + * |<--------------------------------->|
> > + */
> > + list_for_each_entry(busy, &vmap_area_list, list) {
> > + if (busy->va_start - vmap_start > 0) {
> > + free = kmem_cache_zalloc(vmap_area_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT);
>
> Don't we need to check free for NULL pointer here?
>
Agree with you. Will place WARN_ON_ONCE if it fails.

> > + free->va_start = vmap_start;
> > + free->va_end = busy->va_start;
> > +
> > + __insert_vmap_area_augment(free, NULL,
> > + &free_vmap_area_root, &free_vmap_area_list);
> > + }
> > +
> > + vmap_start = busy->va_end;
> > + }
> > +
> > + if (vmap_end - vmap_start > 0) {
> > + free = kmem_cache_zalloc(vmap_area_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT);
>
> And here too.
>
The same.

> > + free->va_start = vmap_start;
> > + free->va_end = vmap_end;
> > +
> > + __insert_vmap_area_augment(free, NULL,
> > + &free_vmap_area_root, &free_vmap_area_list);
> > + }
> > +}
> > +
> > void __init vmalloc_init(void)
> > {
> > struct vmap_area *va;
> > struct vm_struct *tmp;
> > int i;
> >
> > + /*
> > + * Create the cache for vmap_area objects.
> > + */
> > + vmap_area_cachep = KMEM_CACHE(vmap_area, SLAB_PANIC);
> > +
> > for_each_possible_cpu(i) {
> > struct vmap_block_queue *vbq;
> > struct vfree_deferred *p;
> > @@ -1268,16 +1762,18 @@ void __init vmalloc_init(void)
> >
> > /* Import existing vmlist entries. */
> > for (tmp = vmlist; tmp; tmp = tmp->next) {
> > - va = kzalloc(sizeof(struct vmap_area), GFP_NOWAIT);
> > + va = kmem_cache_zalloc(vmap_area_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT);
And here as well.

> > va->flags = VM_VM_AREA;
> > va->va_start = (unsigned long)tmp->addr;
> > va->va_end = va->va_start + tmp->size;
> > va->vm = tmp;
> > - __insert_vmap_area(va);
> > + __insert_vmap_area(va, &vmap_area_root, &vmap_area_list);
> > }
> >
> > - vmap_area_pcpu_hole = VMALLOC_END;
> > -
> > + /*
> > + * Now we can initialize a free vmap space.
> > + */
> > + vmap_init_free_space();
> > vmap_initialized = true;
> > }
> >
> > @@ -2385,81 +2881,66 @@ static struct vmap_area *node_to_va(struct rb_node *n)
> > }
> >
> > /**
> > - * pvm_find_next_prev - find the next and prev vmap_area surrounding @end
> > - * @end: target address
> > - * @pnext: out arg for the next vmap_area
> > - * @pprev: out arg for the previous vmap_area
> > + * pvm_find_va_enclose_addr - find the vmap_area @addr belongs to
> > + * @addr: target address
> > *
> > - * Returns: %true if either or both of next and prev are found,
> > - * %false if no vmap_area exists
> > - *
> > - * Find vmap_areas end addresses of which enclose @end. ie. if not
> > - * NULL, *pnext->va_end > @end and *pprev->va_end <= @end.
> > + * Returns: vmap_area if it is found. If there is no such area
> > + * the first highest(reverse order) vmap_area is returned
> > + * i.e. va->va_start < addr && va->va_end < addr or NULL
> > + * if there are no any areas before @addr.
> > */
> > -static bool pvm_find_next_prev(unsigned long end,
> > - struct vmap_area **pnext,
> > - struct vmap_area **pprev)
> > +static struct vmap_area *
> > +pvm_find_va_enclose_addr(unsigned long addr)
> > {
> > - struct rb_node *n = vmap_area_root.rb_node;
> > - struct vmap_area *va = NULL;
> > + struct vmap_area *va, *tmp;
> > + struct rb_node *n;
> > +
> > + n = free_vmap_area_root.rb_node;
> > + va = NULL;
> >
> > while (n) {
> > - va = rb_entry(n, struct vmap_area, rb_node);
> > - if (end < va->va_end)
> > - n = n->rb_left;
> > - else if (end > va->va_end)
> > + tmp = rb_entry(n, struct vmap_area, rb_node);
> > + if (tmp->va_start <= addr) {
> > + va = tmp;
> > + if (tmp->va_end >= addr)
> > + break;
> > +
> > n = n->rb_right;
> > - else
> > - break;
> > + } else {
> > + n = n->rb_left;
> > + }
> > }
> >
> > - if (!va)
> > - return false;
> > -
> > - if (va->va_end > end) {
> > - *pnext = va;
> > - *pprev = node_to_va(rb_prev(&(*pnext)->rb_node));
> > - } else {
> > - *pprev = va;
> > - *pnext = node_to_va(rb_next(&(*pprev)->rb_node));
> > - }
> > - return true;
> > + return va;
> > }
> >
> > /**
> > - * pvm_determine_end - find the highest aligned address between two vmap_areas
> > - * @pnext: in/out arg for the next vmap_area
> > - * @pprev: in/out arg for the previous vmap_area
> > - * @align: alignment
> > - *
> > - * Returns: determined end address
> > + * pvm_determine_end_from_reverse - find the highest aligned address
> > + * of free block below VMALLOC_END
> > + * @va:
> > + * in - the VA we start the search(reverse order);
> > + * out - the VA with the highest aligned end address.
> > *
> > - * Find the highest aligned address between *@pnext and *@pprev below
> > - * VMALLOC_END. *@pnext and *@pprev are adjusted so that the aligned
> > - * down address is between the end addresses of the two vmap_areas.
> > - *
> > - * Please note that the address returned by this function may fall
> > - * inside *@pnext vmap_area. The caller is responsible for checking
> > - * that.
> > + * Returns: determined end address within vmap_area
> > */
> > -static unsigned long pvm_determine_end(struct vmap_area **pnext,
> > - struct vmap_area **pprev,
> > - unsigned long align)
> > +static unsigned long
> > +pvm_determine_end_from_reverse(struct vmap_area **va, unsigned long align)
> > {
> > - const unsigned long vmalloc_end = VMALLOC_END & ~(align - 1);
> > + unsigned long vmalloc_end = VMALLOC_END & ~(align - 1);
> > unsigned long addr;
> >
> > - if (*pnext)
> > - addr = min((*pnext)->va_start & ~(align - 1), vmalloc_end);
> > - else
> > - addr = vmalloc_end;
> > + if (unlikely(!(*va)))
> > + goto leave;
> >
> > - while (*pprev && (*pprev)->va_end > addr) {
> > - *pnext = *pprev;
> > - *pprev = node_to_va(rb_prev(&(*pnext)->rb_node));
> > + list_for_each_entry_from_reverse((*va),
> > + &free_vmap_area_list, list) {
> > + addr = min((*va)->va_end & ~(align - 1), vmalloc_end);
> > + if ((*va)->va_start < addr)
> > + return addr;
> > }
> >
> > - return addr;
> > +leave:
> > + return 0;
>
> If the function has more than one return point, why do bother with the leave
> label?
Will remove it.

--
Vlad Rezki

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