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Subject[PATCH 2/6] arm64/mm: Enable memory hot remove
Date
Memory removal from an arch perspective involves tearing down two different
kernel based mappings i.e vmemmap and linear while releasing related page
table pages allocated for the physical memory range to be removed.

Define a common kernel page table tear down helper remove_pagetable() which
can be used to unmap given kernel virtual address range. In effect it can
tear down both vmemap or kernel linear mappings. This new helper is called
from both vmemamp_free() and ___remove_pgd_mapping() during memory removal.
The argument 'direct' here identifies kernel linear mappings.

Vmemmap mappings page table pages are allocated through sparse mem helper
functions like vmemmap_alloc_block() which does not cycle the pages through
pgtable_page_ctor() constructs. Hence while removing it skips corresponding
destructor construct pgtable_page_dtor().

While here update arch_add_mempory() to handle __add_pages() failures by
just unmapping recently added kernel linear mapping. Now enable memory hot
remove on arm64 platforms by default with ARCH_ENABLE_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE.

This implementation is overall inspired from kernel page table tear down
procedure on X86 architecture.

Signed-off-by: Anshuman Khandual <anshuman.khandual@arm.com>
---
arch/arm64/Kconfig | 3 +
arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable.h | 14 +++
arch/arm64/mm/mmu.c | 227 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
3 files changed, 241 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/Kconfig b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
index a2418fb..db3e625 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
@@ -266,6 +266,9 @@ config HAVE_GENERIC_GUP
config ARCH_ENABLE_MEMORY_HOTPLUG
def_bool y

+config ARCH_ENABLE_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE
+ def_bool y
+
config ARCH_MEMORY_PROBE
bool "Enable /sys/devices/system/memory/probe interface"
depends on MEMORY_HOTPLUG
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable.h
index de70c1e..858098e 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable.h
@@ -355,6 +355,18 @@ static inline int pmd_protnone(pmd_t pmd)
}
#endif

+#if (CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 2)
+#define pmd_large(pmd) (pmd_val(pmd) && !(pmd_val(pmd) & PMD_TABLE_BIT))
+#else
+#define pmd_large(pmd) 0
+#endif
+
+#if (CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 3)
+#define pud_large(pud) (pud_val(pud) && !(pud_val(pud) & PUD_TABLE_BIT))
+#else
+#define pud_large(pmd) 0
+#endif
+
/*
* THP definitions.
*/
@@ -555,6 +567,7 @@ static inline phys_addr_t pud_page_paddr(pud_t pud)

#else

+#define pmd_index(addr) 0
#define pud_page_paddr(pud) ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; })

/* Match pmd_offset folding in <asm/generic/pgtable-nopmd.h> */
@@ -612,6 +625,7 @@ static inline phys_addr_t pgd_page_paddr(pgd_t pgd)

#else

+#define pud_index(adrr) 0
#define pgd_page_paddr(pgd) ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0;})

/* Match pud_offset folding in <asm/generic/pgtable-nopud.h> */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/mmu.c b/arch/arm64/mm/mmu.c
index e97f018..ae0777b 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/mmu.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/mmu.c
@@ -714,6 +714,198 @@ int kern_addr_valid(unsigned long addr)

return pfn_valid(pte_pfn(pte));
}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG
+static void __meminit free_pagetable(struct page *page, int order)
+{
+ unsigned long magic;
+ unsigned int nr_pages = 1 << order;
+
+ if (PageReserved(page)) {
+ __ClearPageReserved(page);
+
+ magic = (unsigned long)page->freelist;
+ if (magic == SECTION_INFO || magic == MIX_SECTION_INFO) {
+ while (nr_pages--)
+ put_page_bootmem(page++);
+ } else
+ while (nr_pages--)
+ free_reserved_page(page++);
+ } else
+ free_pages((unsigned long)page_address(page), order);
+}
+
+#if (CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 2)
+static void __meminit free_pte_table(pte_t *pte_start, pmd_t *pmd, bool direct)
+{
+ pte_t *pte;
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_PTE; i++) {
+ pte = pte_start + i;
+ if (!pte_none(*pte))
+ return;
+ }
+
+ if (direct)
+ pgtable_page_dtor(pmd_page(*pmd));
+ free_pagetable(pmd_page(*pmd), 0);
+ spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
+ pmd_clear(pmd);
+ spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
+}
+#else
+static void __meminit free_pte_table(pte_t *pte_start, pmd_t *pmd, bool direct)
+{
+}
+#endif
+
+#if (CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 3)
+static void __meminit free_pmd_table(pmd_t *pmd_start, pud_t *pud, bool direct)
+{
+ pmd_t *pmd;
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_PMD; i++) {
+ pmd = pmd_start + i;
+ if (!pmd_none(*pmd))
+ return;
+ }
+
+ if (direct)
+ pgtable_page_dtor(pud_page(*pud));
+ free_pagetable(pud_page(*pud), 0);
+ spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
+ pud_clear(pud);
+ spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
+}
+
+static void __meminit free_pud_table(pud_t *pud_start, pgd_t *pgd, bool direct)
+{
+ pud_t *pud;
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_PUD; i++) {
+ pud = pud_start + i;
+ if (!pud_none(*pud))
+ return;
+ }
+
+ if (direct)
+ pgtable_page_dtor(pgd_page(*pgd));
+ free_pagetable(pgd_page(*pgd), 0);
+ spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
+ pgd_clear(pgd);
+ spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
+}
+#else
+static void __meminit free_pmd_table(pmd_t *pmd_start, pud_t *pud, bool direct)
+{
+}
+
+static void __meminit free_pud_table(pud_t *pud_start, pgd_t *pgd, bool direct)
+{
+}
+#endif
+
+static void __meminit
+remove_pte_table(pte_t *pte_start, unsigned long addr,
+ unsigned long end, bool direct)
+{
+ pte_t *pte;
+
+ pte = pte_start + pte_index(addr);
+ for (; addr < end; addr += PAGE_SIZE, pte++) {
+ if (!pte_present(*pte))
+ continue;
+
+ if (!direct)
+ free_pagetable(pte_page(*pte), 0);
+ spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
+ pte_clear(&init_mm, addr, pte);
+ spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
+ }
+}
+
+static void __meminit
+remove_pmd_table(pmd_t *pmd_start, unsigned long addr,
+ unsigned long end, bool direct)
+{
+ unsigned long next;
+ pte_t *pte_base;
+ pmd_t *pmd;
+
+ pmd = pmd_start + pmd_index(addr);
+ for (; addr < end; addr = next, pmd++) {
+ next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end);
+ if (!pmd_present(*pmd))
+ continue;
+
+ if (pmd_large(*pmd)) {
+ if (!direct)
+ free_pagetable(pmd_page(*pmd),
+ get_order(PMD_SIZE));
+ spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
+ pmd_clear(pmd);
+ spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
+ continue;
+ }
+ pte_base = pte_offset_kernel(pmd, 0UL);
+ remove_pte_table(pte_base, addr, next, direct);
+ free_pte_table(pte_base, pmd, direct);
+ }
+}
+
+static void __meminit
+remove_pud_table(pud_t *pud_start, unsigned long addr,
+ unsigned long end, bool direct)
+{
+ unsigned long next;
+ pmd_t *pmd_base;
+ pud_t *pud;
+
+ pud = pud_start + pud_index(addr);
+ for (; addr < end; addr = next, pud++) {
+ next = pud_addr_end(addr, end);
+ if (!pud_present(*pud))
+ continue;
+
+ if (pud_large(*pud)) {
+ if (!direct)
+ free_pagetable(pud_page(*pud),
+ get_order(PUD_SIZE));
+ spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
+ pud_clear(pud);
+ spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
+ continue;
+ }
+ pmd_base = pmd_offset(pud, 0UL);
+ remove_pmd_table(pmd_base, addr, next, direct);
+ free_pmd_table(pmd_base, pud, direct);
+ }
+}
+
+static void __meminit
+remove_pagetable(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, bool direct)
+{
+ unsigned long addr, next;
+ pud_t *pud_base;
+ pgd_t *pgd;
+
+ for (addr = start; addr < end; addr = next) {
+ next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end);
+ pgd = pgd_offset_k(addr);
+ if (!pgd_present(*pgd))
+ continue;
+
+ pud_base = pud_offset(pgd, 0UL);
+ remove_pud_table(pud_base, addr, next, direct);
+ free_pud_table(pud_base, pgd, direct);
+ }
+ flush_tlb_kernel_range(start, end);
+}
+#endif
+
#ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP
#if !ARM64_SWAPPER_USES_SECTION_MAPS
int __meminit vmemmap_populate(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, int node,
@@ -758,9 +950,12 @@ int __meminit vmemmap_populate(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, int node,
return 0;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_ARM64_64K_PAGES */
-void vmemmap_free(unsigned long start, unsigned long end,
+void __ref vmemmap_free(unsigned long start, unsigned long end,
struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
{
+#ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG
+ remove_pagetable(start, end, false);
+#endif
}
#endif /* CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP */

@@ -1046,10 +1241,16 @@ int p4d_free_pud_page(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr)
}

#ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG
+static void __remove_pgd_mapping(pgd_t *pgdir, unsigned long start, u64 size)
+{
+ WARN_ON(pgdir != init_mm.pgd);
+ remove_pagetable(start, start + size, true);
+}
+
int arch_add_memory(int nid, u64 start, u64 size, struct vmem_altmap *altmap,
bool want_memblock)
{
- int flags = 0;
+ int flags = 0, ret = 0;

if (rodata_full || debug_pagealloc_enabled())
flags = NO_BLOCK_MAPPINGS | NO_CONT_MAPPINGS;
@@ -1057,7 +1258,27 @@ int arch_add_memory(int nid, u64 start, u64 size, struct vmem_altmap *altmap,
__create_pgd_mapping(swapper_pg_dir, start, __phys_to_virt(start),
size, PAGE_KERNEL, pgd_pgtable_alloc, flags);

- return __add_pages(nid, start >> PAGE_SHIFT, size >> PAGE_SHIFT,
+ ret = __add_pages(nid, start >> PAGE_SHIFT, size >> PAGE_SHIFT,
altmap, want_memblock);
+ if (ret)
+ __remove_pgd_mapping(swapper_pg_dir,
+ __phys_to_virt(start), size);
+ return ret;
}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE
+int arch_remove_memory(int nid, u64 start, u64 size, struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
+{
+ unsigned long start_pfn = start >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+ unsigned long nr_pages = size >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+ struct zone *zone = page_zone(pfn_to_page(start_pfn));
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = __remove_pages(zone, start_pfn, nr_pages, altmap);
+ if (!ret)
+ __remove_pgd_mapping(swapper_pg_dir,
+ __phys_to_virt(start), size);
+ return ret;
+}
+#endif
#endif
--
2.7.4
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