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SubjectRe: [PATCH v12 11/31] mm: protect mremap() against SPF hanlder
On Tue, Apr 16, 2019 at 03:45:02PM +0200, Laurent Dufour wrote:
> If a thread is remapping an area while another one is faulting on the
> destination area, the SPF handler may fetch the vma from the RB tree before
> the pte has been moved by the other thread. This means that the moved ptes
> will overwrite those create by the page fault handler leading to page
> leaked.
>
> CPU 1 CPU2
> enter mremap()
> unmap the dest area
> copy_vma() Enter speculative page fault handler
> >> at this time the dest area is present in the RB tree
> fetch the vma matching dest area
> create a pte as the VMA matched
> Exit the SPF handler
> <data written in the new page>
> move_ptes()
> > it is assumed that the dest area is empty,
> > the move ptes overwrite the page mapped by the CPU2.
>
> To prevent that, when the VMA matching the dest area is extended or created
> by copy_vma(), it should be marked as non available to the SPF handler.
> The usual way to so is to rely on vm_write_begin()/end().
> This is already in __vma_adjust() called by copy_vma() (through
> vma_merge()). But __vma_adjust() is calling vm_write_end() before returning
> which create a window for another thread.
> This patch adds a new parameter to vma_merge() which is passed down to
> vma_adjust().
> The assumption is that copy_vma() is returning a vma which should be
> released by calling vm_raw_write_end() by the callee once the ptes have
> been moved.
>
> Signed-off-by: Laurent Dufour <ldufour@linux.ibm.com>

Reviewed-by: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>

Small comment about a comment below but can be fix as a fixup
patch nothing earth shattering.

> ---
> include/linux/mm.h | 24 ++++++++++++++++-----
> mm/mmap.c | 53 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
> mm/mremap.c | 13 ++++++++++++
> 3 files changed, 73 insertions(+), 17 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
> index 906b9e06f18e..5d45b7d8718d 100644
> --- a/include/linux/mm.h
> +++ b/include/linux/mm.h
> @@ -2343,18 +2343,32 @@ void anon_vma_interval_tree_verify(struct anon_vma_chain *node);
>
> /* mmap.c */
> extern int __vm_enough_memory(struct mm_struct *mm, long pages, int cap_sys_admin);
> +
> extern int __vma_adjust(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start,
> unsigned long end, pgoff_t pgoff, struct vm_area_struct *insert,
> - struct vm_area_struct *expand);
> + struct vm_area_struct *expand, bool keep_locked);
> +
> static inline int vma_adjust(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start,
> unsigned long end, pgoff_t pgoff, struct vm_area_struct *insert)
> {
> - return __vma_adjust(vma, start, end, pgoff, insert, NULL);
> + return __vma_adjust(vma, start, end, pgoff, insert, NULL, false);
> }
> -extern struct vm_area_struct *vma_merge(struct mm_struct *,
> +
> +extern struct vm_area_struct *__vma_merge(struct mm_struct *mm,
> + struct vm_area_struct *prev, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
> + unsigned long vm_flags, struct anon_vma *anon, struct file *file,
> + pgoff_t pgoff, struct mempolicy *mpol,
> + struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx uff, bool keep_locked);
> +
> +static inline struct vm_area_struct *vma_merge(struct mm_struct *mm,
> struct vm_area_struct *prev, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
> - unsigned long vm_flags, struct anon_vma *, struct file *, pgoff_t,
> - struct mempolicy *, struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx);
> + unsigned long vm_flags, struct anon_vma *anon, struct file *file,
> + pgoff_t off, struct mempolicy *pol, struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx uff)
> +{
> + return __vma_merge(mm, prev, addr, end, vm_flags, anon, file, off,
> + pol, uff, false);
> +}
> +
> extern struct anon_vma *find_mergeable_anon_vma(struct vm_area_struct *);
> extern int __split_vma(struct mm_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *,
> unsigned long addr, int new_below);
> diff --git a/mm/mmap.c b/mm/mmap.c
> index b77ec0149249..13460b38b0fb 100644
> --- a/mm/mmap.c
> +++ b/mm/mmap.c
> @@ -714,7 +714,7 @@ static inline void __vma_unlink_prev(struct mm_struct *mm,
> */
> int __vma_adjust(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start,
> unsigned long end, pgoff_t pgoff, struct vm_area_struct *insert,
> - struct vm_area_struct *expand)
> + struct vm_area_struct *expand, bool keep_locked)
> {
> struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
> struct vm_area_struct *next = vma->vm_next, *orig_vma = vma;
> @@ -830,8 +830,12 @@ int __vma_adjust(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start,
>
> importer->anon_vma = exporter->anon_vma;
> error = anon_vma_clone(importer, exporter);
> - if (error)
> + if (error) {
> + if (next && next != vma)
> + vm_raw_write_end(next);
> + vm_raw_write_end(vma);
> return error;
> + }
> }
> }
> again:
> @@ -1025,7 +1029,8 @@ int __vma_adjust(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start,
>
> if (next && next != vma)
> vm_raw_write_end(next);
> - vm_raw_write_end(vma);
> + if (!keep_locked)
> + vm_raw_write_end(vma);
>
> validate_mm(mm);
>
> @@ -1161,12 +1166,13 @@ can_vma_merge_after(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long vm_flags,
> * parameter) may establish ptes with the wrong permissions of NNNN
> * instead of the right permissions of XXXX.
> */
> -struct vm_area_struct *vma_merge(struct mm_struct *mm,
> +struct vm_area_struct *__vma_merge(struct mm_struct *mm,
> struct vm_area_struct *prev, unsigned long addr,
> unsigned long end, unsigned long vm_flags,
> struct anon_vma *anon_vma, struct file *file,
> pgoff_t pgoff, struct mempolicy *policy,
> - struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx vm_userfaultfd_ctx)
> + struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx vm_userfaultfd_ctx,
> + bool keep_locked)
> {
> pgoff_t pglen = (end - addr) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
> struct vm_area_struct *area, *next;
> @@ -1214,10 +1220,11 @@ struct vm_area_struct *vma_merge(struct mm_struct *mm,
> /* cases 1, 6 */
> err = __vma_adjust(prev, prev->vm_start,
> next->vm_end, prev->vm_pgoff, NULL,
> - prev);
> + prev, keep_locked);
> } else /* cases 2, 5, 7 */
> err = __vma_adjust(prev, prev->vm_start,
> - end, prev->vm_pgoff, NULL, prev);
> + end, prev->vm_pgoff, NULL, prev,
> + keep_locked);
> if (err)
> return NULL;
> khugepaged_enter_vma_merge(prev, vm_flags);
> @@ -1234,10 +1241,12 @@ struct vm_area_struct *vma_merge(struct mm_struct *mm,
> vm_userfaultfd_ctx)) {
> if (prev && addr < prev->vm_end) /* case 4 */
> err = __vma_adjust(prev, prev->vm_start,
> - addr, prev->vm_pgoff, NULL, next);
> + addr, prev->vm_pgoff, NULL, next,
> + keep_locked);
> else { /* cases 3, 8 */
> err = __vma_adjust(area, addr, next->vm_end,
> - next->vm_pgoff - pglen, NULL, next);
> + next->vm_pgoff - pglen, NULL, next,
> + keep_locked);
> /*
> * In case 3 area is already equal to next and
> * this is a noop, but in case 8 "area" has
> @@ -3259,9 +3268,20 @@ struct vm_area_struct *copy_vma(struct vm_area_struct **vmap,
>
> if (find_vma_links(mm, addr, addr + len, &prev, &rb_link, &rb_parent))
> return NULL; /* should never get here */
> - new_vma = vma_merge(mm, prev, addr, addr + len, vma->vm_flags,
> - vma->anon_vma, vma->vm_file, pgoff, vma_policy(vma),
> - vma->vm_userfaultfd_ctx);
> +
> + /* There is 3 cases to manage here in
> + * AAAA AAAA AAAA AAAA
> + * PPPP.... PPPP......NNNN PPPP....NNNN PP........NN
> + * PPPPPPPP(A) PPPP..NNNNNNNN(B) PPPPPPPPPPPP(1) NULL
> + * PPPPPPPPNNNN(2)
> + * PPPPNNNNNNNN(3)
> + *
> + * new_vma == prev in case A,1,2
> + * new_vma == next in case B,3
> + */
> + new_vma = __vma_merge(mm, prev, addr, addr + len, vma->vm_flags,
> + vma->anon_vma, vma->vm_file, pgoff,
> + vma_policy(vma), vma->vm_userfaultfd_ctx, true);
> if (new_vma) {
> /*
> * Source vma may have been merged into new_vma
> @@ -3299,6 +3319,15 @@ struct vm_area_struct *copy_vma(struct vm_area_struct **vmap,
> get_file(new_vma->vm_file);
> if (new_vma->vm_ops && new_vma->vm_ops->open)
> new_vma->vm_ops->open(new_vma);
> + /*
> + * As the VMA is linked right now, it may be hit by the
> + * speculative page fault handler. But we don't want it to
> + * to start mapping page in this area until the caller has
> + * potentially move the pte from the moved VMA. To prevent
> + * that we protect it right now, and let the caller unprotect
> + * it once the move is done.
> + */

It would be better to say:
/*
* Block speculative page fault on the new VMA before "linking" it as
* as once it is linked then it may be hit by speculative page fault.
* But we don't want it to start mapping page in this area until the
* caller has potentially move the pte from the moved VMA. To prevent
* that we protect it before linking and let the caller unprotect it
* once the move is done.
*/


> + vm_raw_write_begin(new_vma);
> vma_link(mm, new_vma, prev, rb_link, rb_parent);
> *need_rmap_locks = false;
> }
> diff --git a/mm/mremap.c b/mm/mremap.c
> index fc241d23cd97..ae5c3379586e 100644
> --- a/mm/mremap.c
> +++ b/mm/mremap.c
> @@ -357,6 +357,14 @@ static unsigned long move_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> if (!new_vma)
> return -ENOMEM;
>
> + /* new_vma is returned protected by copy_vma, to prevent speculative
> + * page fault to be done in the destination area before we move the pte.
> + * Now, we must also protect the source VMA since we don't want pages
> + * to be mapped in our back while we are copying the PTEs.
> + */
> + if (vma != new_vma)
> + vm_raw_write_begin(vma);
> +
> moved_len = move_page_tables(vma, old_addr, new_vma, new_addr, old_len,
> need_rmap_locks);
> if (moved_len < old_len) {
> @@ -373,6 +381,8 @@ static unsigned long move_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> */
> move_page_tables(new_vma, new_addr, vma, old_addr, moved_len,
> true);
> + if (vma != new_vma)
> + vm_raw_write_end(vma);
> vma = new_vma;
> old_len = new_len;
> old_addr = new_addr;
> @@ -381,7 +391,10 @@ static unsigned long move_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> mremap_userfaultfd_prep(new_vma, uf);
> arch_remap(mm, old_addr, old_addr + old_len,
> new_addr, new_addr + new_len);
> + if (vma != new_vma)
> + vm_raw_write_end(vma);
> }
> + vm_raw_write_end(new_vma);
>
> /* Conceal VM_ACCOUNT so old reservation is not undone */
> if (vm_flags & VM_ACCOUNT) {
> --
> 2.21.0
>

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