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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2] iommu/arm-smmu: Break insecure users by disabling bypass by default
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On 01/03/2019 20:20, Douglas Anderson wrote:

> If you're bisecting why your peripherals stopped working, it's
> probably this CL. Specifically if you see this in your dmesg:
> Unexpected global fault, this could be serious
> ...then it's almost certainly this CL.
>
> Running your IOMMU-enabled peripherals with the IOMMU in bypass mode
> is insecure and effectively disables the protection they provide.
> There are few reasons to allow unmatched stream bypass, and even fewer
> good ones.
>
> This patch starts the transition over to make it much harder to run
> your system insecurely. Expected steps:
>
> 1. By default disable bypass (so anyone insecure will notice) but make
> it easy for someone to re-enable bypass with just a KConfig change.
> That's this patch.
>
> 2. After people have had a little time to come to grips with the fact
> that they need to set their IOMMUs properly and have had time to
> dig into how to do this, the KConfig will be eliminated and bypass
> will simply be disabled. Folks who are truly upset and still
> haven't fixed their system can either figure out how to add
> 'arm-smmu.disable_bypass=n' to their command line or revert the
> patch in their own private kernel. Of course these folks will be
> less secure.
>
> Suggested-by: Robin Murphy <robin.murphy@arm.com>
> Signed-off-by: Douglas Anderson <dianders@chromium.org>
> ---
>
> Changes in v2:
> - Flipped default to 'yes' and changed comments a lot.
>
> drivers/iommu/Kconfig | 25 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
> drivers/iommu/arm-smmu.c | 3 ++-
> 2 files changed, 27 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/Kconfig b/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
> index 1ca1fa107b21..a4210672804a 100644
> --- a/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
> @@ -359,6 +359,31 @@ config ARM_SMMU
> Say Y here if your SoC includes an IOMMU device implementing
> the ARM SMMU architecture.
>
> +config ARM_SMMU_DISABLE_BYPASS_BY_DEFAULT
> + bool "Default to disabling bypass on ARM SMMU v1 and v2"
> + depends on ARM_SMMU
> + default y
> + help
> + Say Y here to (by default) disable bypass streams such that
> + incoming transactions from devices that are not attached to
> + an iommu domain will report an abort back to the device and
> + will not be allowed to pass through the SMMU.
> +
> + Any old kernels that existed before this KConfig was
> + introduced would default to _allowing_ bypass (AKA the
> + equivalent of NO for this config). However the default for
> + this option is YES because the old behavior is insecure.
> +
> + There are few reasons to allow unmatched stream bypass, and
> + even fewer good ones. If saying YES here breaks your board
> + you should work on fixing your board. This KConfig option
> + is expected to be removed in the future and we'll simply
> + hardcode the bypass disable in the code.
> +
> + NOTE: the kernel command line parameter
> + 'arm-smmu.disable_bypass' will continue to override this
> + config.
> +
> config ARM_SMMU_V3
> bool "ARM Ltd. System MMU Version 3 (SMMUv3) Support"
> depends on ARM64
> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu.c b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu.c
> index 045d93884164..930c07635956 100644
> --- a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu.c
> +++ b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu.c
> @@ -110,7 +110,8 @@ static int force_stage;
> module_param(force_stage, int, S_IRUGO);
> MODULE_PARM_DESC(force_stage,
> "Force SMMU mappings to be installed at a particular stage of translation. A value of '1' or '2' forces the corresponding stage. All other values are ignored (i.e. no stage is forced). Note that selecting a specific stage will disable support for nested translation.");
> -static bool disable_bypass;
> +static bool disable_bypass =
> + IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARM_SMMU_DISABLE_BYPASS_BY_DEFAULT);
> module_param(disable_bypass, bool, S_IRUGO);
> MODULE_PARM_DESC(disable_bypass,
> "Disable bypass streams such that incoming transactions from devices that are not attached to an iommu domain will report an abort back to the device and will not be allowed to pass through the SMMU.");
>

OK, so my defconfig contains neither IOMMU_DEFAULT_PASSTHROUGH nor
ARM_SMMU_DISABLE_BYPASS_BY_DEFAULT.

Thus my .config contains:
# CONFIG_IOMMU_DEFAULT_PASSTHROUGH is not set
CONFIG_ARM_SMMU_DISABLE_BYPASS_BY_DEFAULT=y

I have checked that disable_bypass is indeed set to true.
And that we can override the default value on the command-line with arm-smmu.disable_bypass=0
And that PCIe and UFS still work on my board (they are "behind" the ANOC1 SMMU).

Reviewed-by: Marc Gonzalez <marc.w.gonzalez@free.fr>
Tested-by: Marc Gonzalez <marc.w.gonzalez@free.fr>

Regards.

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