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SubjectRe: [PATCH 3/3] ARC: cache: allow to autodetect L1 cache line size
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On 4/16/19 10:10 AM, Eugeniy Paltsev wrote:
> One step to "build once run anywhere"

This is what I'm afraid is going to happen. We will slowly sneak this into
defconfigs and this will become the default. Occasional need for verification
doesn't necessarily need this complexity to be maintained. Not all hacks need to
be upstream.

> Allow to autodetect L1 I/D caches line size in runtime instead of
> relying on value provided via Kconfig.
>
> This is controlled via CONFIG_ARC_CACHE_LINE_AUTODETECT Kconfig option
> which is disabled by default.
> * In case of this option disabled there is no overhead in compare with
> current implementation.
> * In case of this option enabled there is some overhead in both speed
> and code size:
> - we use cache line size stored in the global variable instead of
> compile time available define, so compiler can't do some
> optimizations.
> - we align all cache related buffers by maximum possible cache line
> size. Nevertheless it isn't significant because we mostly use
> SMP_CACHE_BYTES or ARCH_DMA_MINALIGN to align stuff (they are
> equal to maximum possible cache line size)
>
> Main change is the split L1_CACHE_BYTES for two separate defines:
> * L1_CACHE_BYTES >= real L1 I$/D$ line size.
> Available at compile time. Used for alligning stuff.
> * CACHEOPS_L1_LINE_SZ == real L1 I$/D$ line size.
> Available at run time. Used in operations with cache lines/regions.
>
> Signed-off-by: Eugeniy Paltsev <Eugeniy.Paltsev@synopsys.com>
> ---
> arch/arc/Kconfig | 10 +++++
> arch/arc/include/asm/cache.h | 9 ++++-
> arch/arc/lib/memset-archs.S | 8 +++-
> arch/arc/mm/cache.c | 89 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------
> 4 files changed, 94 insertions(+), 22 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/arc/Kconfig b/arch/arc/Kconfig
> index c781e45d1d99..e7eb5ff1485d 100644
> --- a/arch/arc/Kconfig
> +++ b/arch/arc/Kconfig
> @@ -215,10 +215,20 @@ menuconfig ARC_CACHE
>
> if ARC_CACHE
>
> +config ARC_CACHE_LINE_AUTODETECT
> + bool "Detect cache lines length automatically in runtime"
> + depends on ARC_HAS_ICACHE || ARC_HAS_DCACHE
> + help
> + ARC has configurable cache line length. Enable this option to detect
> + all cache lines length automatically in runtime to make kernel image
> + runnable on HW with different cache lines configuration.
> + If you don't know what the above means, leave this setting alone.
> +
> config ARC_CACHE_LINE_SHIFT
> int "Cache Line Length (as power of 2)"
> range 5 7
> default "6"
> + depends on !ARC_CACHE_LINE_AUTODETECT
> help
> Starting with ARC700 4.9, Cache line length is configurable,
> This option specifies "N", with Line-len = 2 power N
> diff --git a/arch/arc/include/asm/cache.h b/arch/arc/include/asm/cache.h
> index f1642634aab0..0ff8e19008e4 100644
> --- a/arch/arc/include/asm/cache.h
> +++ b/arch/arc/include/asm/cache.h
> @@ -15,15 +15,22 @@
> #define SMP_CACHE_BYTES ARC_MAX_CACHE_BYTES
> #define ARCH_DMA_MINALIGN ARC_MAX_CACHE_BYTES
>
> +#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARC_CACHE_LINE_AUTODETECT)
> +/*
> + * This must be used for aligning only. In case of cache line autodetect it is
> + * only safe to use maximum possible value here.
> + */
> +#define L1_CACHE_SHIFT ARC_MAX_CACHE_SHIFT
> +#else
> /* In case $$ not config, setup a dummy number for rest of kernel */
> #ifndef CONFIG_ARC_CACHE_LINE_SHIFT
> #define L1_CACHE_SHIFT 6
> #else
> #define L1_CACHE_SHIFT CONFIG_ARC_CACHE_LINE_SHIFT
> #endif
> +#endif /* IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARC_CACHE_LINE_AUTODETECT) */
>
> #define L1_CACHE_BYTES (1 << L1_CACHE_SHIFT)
> -#define CACHE_LINE_MASK (~(L1_CACHE_BYTES - 1))
>
> /*
> * ARC700 doesn't cache any access in top 1G (0xc000_0000 to 0xFFFF_FFFF)
> diff --git a/arch/arc/lib/memset-archs.S b/arch/arc/lib/memset-archs.S
> index b3373f5c88e0..4baeeea29482 100644
> --- a/arch/arc/lib/memset-archs.S
> +++ b/arch/arc/lib/memset-archs.S
> @@ -16,9 +16,15 @@
> * line lengths (32B and 128B) you should rewrite code carefully checking
> * we don't call any prefetchw/prealloc instruction for L1 cache lines which
> * don't belongs to memset area.
> + *
> + * TODO: FIXME: as for today we chose not optimized memset implementation if we
> + * enable ARC_CACHE_LINE_AUTODETECT option (as we don't know L1 cache line
> + * size in compile time).
> + * One possible way to fix this is to declare memset as a function pointer and
> + * update it when we discover actual cache line size.
> */
>
> -#if L1_CACHE_SHIFT == 6
> +#if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARC_CACHE_LINE_AUTODETECT)) && (L1_CACHE_SHIFT == 6)
>
> .macro PREALLOC_INSTR reg, off
> prealloc [\reg, \off]

You really want verification testing to hit these instructions....

> diff --git a/arch/arc/mm/cache.c b/arch/arc/mm/cache.c
> index 1036bd56f518..8d006c1d12a1 100644
> --- a/arch/arc/mm/cache.c
> +++ b/arch/arc/mm/cache.c
> @@ -25,6 +25,22 @@
> #define USE_RGN_FLSH 1
> #endif
>
> +/*
> + * Cache line defines and real L1 I$/D$ line size relations:
> + *
> + * L1_CACHE_BYTES >= real L1 I$/D$ line size. Available at compile time.

Call it "Max possible line size" compile time constant

> + * CACHEOPS_L1_LINE_SZ == real L1 I$/D$ line size. Available at run time.
> + */
> +#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARC_CACHE_LINE_AUTODETECT)
> +#define CACHEOPS_L1_LINE_SZ l1_line_sz
> +#define CACHEOPS_L1_LINE_MASK l1_line_mask
> +#else
> +#define CACHEOPS_L1_LINE_SZ L1_CACHE_BYTES
> +#define CACHEOPS_L1_LINE_MASK (~((CACHEOPS_L1_LINE_SZ) - 1))
> +#endif /* IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARC_CACHE_LINE_AUTODETECT) */
> +
> +static unsigned int l1_line_sz;
> +static unsigned long l1_line_mask;
> static int l2_line_sz;
> static int ioc_exists;
> int slc_enable = 1, ioc_enable = 1;
> @@ -256,19 +272,19 @@ void __cache_line_loop_v2(phys_addr_t paddr, unsigned long vaddr,
> * -@sz will be integral multiple of line size (being page sized).
> */
> if (!full_page) {
> - sz += paddr & ~CACHE_LINE_MASK;
> - paddr &= CACHE_LINE_MASK;
> - vaddr &= CACHE_LINE_MASK;
> + sz += paddr & ~CACHEOPS_L1_LINE_MASK;
> + paddr &= CACHEOPS_L1_LINE_MASK;
> + vaddr &= CACHEOPS_L1_LINE_MASK;
> }
>
> - num_lines = DIV_ROUND_UP(sz, L1_CACHE_BYTES);
> + num_lines = DIV_ROUND_UP(sz, CACHEOPS_L1_LINE_SZ);
>
> /* MMUv2 and before: paddr contains stuffed vaddrs bits */
> paddr |= (vaddr >> PAGE_SHIFT) & 0x1F;
>
> while (num_lines-- > 0) {
> write_aux_reg(aux_cmd, paddr);
> - paddr += L1_CACHE_BYTES;
> + paddr += CACHEOPS_L1_LINE_SZ;
> }
> }
>
> @@ -302,11 +318,11 @@ void __cache_line_loop_v3(phys_addr_t paddr, unsigned long vaddr,
> * -@sz will be integral multiple of line size (being page sized).
> */
> if (!full_page) {
> - sz += paddr & ~CACHE_LINE_MASK;
> - paddr &= CACHE_LINE_MASK;
> - vaddr &= CACHE_LINE_MASK;
> + sz += paddr & ~CACHEOPS_L1_LINE_MASK;
> + paddr &= CACHEOPS_L1_LINE_MASK;
> + vaddr &= CACHEOPS_L1_LINE_MASK;
> }
> - num_lines = DIV_ROUND_UP(sz, L1_CACHE_BYTES);
> + num_lines = DIV_ROUND_UP(sz, CACHEOPS_L1_LINE_SZ);
>
> /*
> * MMUv3, cache ops require paddr in PTAG reg
> @@ -328,11 +344,11 @@ void __cache_line_loop_v3(phys_addr_t paddr, unsigned long vaddr,
> while (num_lines-- > 0) {
> if (!full_page) {
> write_aux_reg(aux_tag, paddr);
> - paddr += L1_CACHE_BYTES;
> + paddr += CACHEOPS_L1_LINE_SZ;
> }
>
> write_aux_reg(aux_cmd, vaddr);
> - vaddr += L1_CACHE_BYTES;
> + vaddr += CACHEOPS_L1_LINE_SZ;
> }
> }
>
> @@ -372,11 +388,11 @@ void __cache_line_loop_v4(phys_addr_t paddr, unsigned long vaddr,
> * -@sz will be integral multiple of line size (being page sized).
> */
> if (!full_page) {
> - sz += paddr & ~CACHE_LINE_MASK;
> - paddr &= CACHE_LINE_MASK;
> + sz += paddr & ~CACHEOPS_L1_LINE_MASK;
> + paddr &= CACHEOPS_L1_LINE_MASK;
> }
>
> - num_lines = DIV_ROUND_UP(sz, L1_CACHE_BYTES);
> + num_lines = DIV_ROUND_UP(sz, CACHEOPS_L1_LINE_SZ);
>
> /*
> * For HS38 PAE40 configuration
> @@ -396,7 +412,7 @@ void __cache_line_loop_v4(phys_addr_t paddr, unsigned long vaddr,
>
> while (num_lines-- > 0) {
> write_aux_reg(aux_cmd, paddr);
> - paddr += L1_CACHE_BYTES;
> + paddr += CACHEOPS_L1_LINE_SZ;
> }
> }
>
> @@ -422,14 +438,14 @@ void __cache_line_loop_v4(phys_addr_t paddr, unsigned long vaddr,
>
> if (!full_page) {
> /* for any leading gap between @paddr and start of cache line */
> - sz += paddr & ~CACHE_LINE_MASK;
> - paddr &= CACHE_LINE_MASK;
> + sz += paddr & ~CACHEOPS_L1_LINE_MASK;
> + paddr &= CACHEOPS_L1_LINE_MASK;
>
> /*
> * account for any trailing gap to end of cache line
> * this is equivalent to DIV_ROUND_UP() in line ops above
> */
> - sz += L1_CACHE_BYTES - 1;
> + sz += CACHEOPS_L1_LINE_SZ - 1;
> }
>
> if (is_pae40_enabled()) {
> @@ -1215,14 +1231,21 @@ static void arc_l1_line_check(unsigned int line_len, const char *cache_name)
> panic("%s support enabled but non-existent cache\n",
> cache_name);
>
> - if (line_len != L1_CACHE_BYTES)
> + /*
> + * In case of CONFIG_ARC_CACHE_LINE_AUTODETECT disabled we check
> + * that cache line size is equal to provided via Kconfig,
> + * in case of CONFIG_ARC_CACHE_LINE_AUTODETECT enabled we check
> + * that cache line size is equal for every L1 (I/D) cache on every cpu.
> + */
> + if (line_len != CACHEOPS_L1_LINE_SZ)
> panic("%s line size [%u] != expected [%u]",
> - cache_name, line_len, L1_CACHE_BYTES);
> + cache_name, line_len, CACHEOPS_L1_LINE_SZ);
> }
> #endif /* IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARC_HAS_ICACHE) || IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARC_HAS_DCACHE) */
>
> /*
> * Cache related boot time checks needed on every CPU.
> + * NOTE: This function expects 'l1_line_sz' to be set.
> */
> static void arc_l1_cache_check(unsigned int cpu)
> {
> @@ -1239,12 +1262,28 @@ static void arc_l1_cache_check(unsigned int cpu)
> * configuration (we validate this in arc_cache_check()):
> * - Geometry checks
> * - L1 cache line loop callbacks
> + * - l1_line_sz / l1_line_mask setup
> */
> void __init arc_l1_cache_init_master(unsigned int cpu)
> {
> + /*
> + * 'l1_line_sz' programing model:
> + * We simplify programing of 'l1_line_sz' as we assume that we don't
> + * support case where CPU have different cache configuration.
> + * 1. Assign to 'l1_line_sz' length of any (I/D) L1 cache line of
> + * master CPU.
> + * 2. Validate 'l1_line_sz' length itself.
> + * 3. Check that both L1 I$/D$ lines on each CPU are equal to
> + * 'l1_line_sz' (or to value provided via Kconfig in case of
> + * CONFIG_ARC_CACHE_LINE_AUTODETECT is disabled). This is done in
> + * arc_cache_check() which is called for each CPU.
> + */
> +
> if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARC_HAS_ICACHE)) {
> struct cpuinfo_arc_cache *ic = &cpuinfo_arc700[cpu].icache;
>
> + l1_line_sz = ic->line_len;
> +
> /*
> * In MMU v4 (HS38x) the aliasing icache config uses IVIL/PTAG
> * pair to provide vaddr/paddr respectively, just as in MMU v3
> @@ -1258,6 +1297,8 @@ void __init arc_l1_cache_init_master(unsigned int cpu)
> if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARC_HAS_DCACHE)) {
> struct cpuinfo_arc_cache *dc = &cpuinfo_arc700[cpu].dcache;
>
> + l1_line_sz = dc->line_len;
> +
> /* check for D-Cache aliasing on ARCompact: ARCv2 has PIPT */
> if (is_isa_arcompact()) {
> int handled = IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARC_CACHE_VIPT_ALIASING);
> @@ -1274,6 +1315,14 @@ void __init arc_l1_cache_init_master(unsigned int cpu)
> }
> }
>
> + if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARC_HAS_ICACHE) ||
> + IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARC_HAS_DCACHE)) {
> + if (l1_line_sz != 32 && l1_line_sz != 64 && l1_line_sz != 128)
> + panic("L1 cache line sz [%u] unsupported\n", l1_line_sz);
> +
> + l1_line_mask = ~(l1_line_sz - 1);
> + }
> +
> /*
> * Check that SMP_CACHE_BYTES (and hence ARCH_DMA_MINALIGN) is larger
> * or equal to any cache line length.


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