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SubjectRe: [PATCH v1 1/1] Add support for IPMB driver
On Fri, Apr 12, 2019 at 05:59:16PM -0400, Asmaa Mnebhi wrote:
> Support receiving IPMB requests on a Satellite MC from the BMC.
> Once a response is ready, this driver will send back a response
> to the BMC via the IPMB channel.

I haven't done a detailed analysis of this, but from a cursory
look it looks structurally good. I made a few small comments
inline.

But there is really very little here that is IPMB-specific.
You could push the few IPMB-specific formatting things up
to userland, I think.

I am wondering if you could make this into a generic I2C
slave interface. I'm adding the I2C mailing list to the CC
and for their review.

For the I2C mailing list...

IPMB is a protocol that lets IPMI devices talk between
themselves, so it is master/slave on all device on the
IPMB. It's basically designed so that modular parts of
the system (like a power supply) can have their own
IPMI management controller that handles things for that
device, and a management system can discover these and
use them through the main IPMI management controller.
It's used like a normal packet-oriented bus, with only
writes, no reads.

It seems to me that you could create a slave-specific
I2C device that only received messages and took
responses to those messages. You could use the normal
I2C dev interface to to the sends and open a separate
I2C slave dev interface to do the receives.

-corey

>
> Signed-off-by: Asmaa Mnebhi <Asmaa@mellanox.com>
> ---
> drivers/char/ipmi/Kconfig | 8 +
> drivers/char/ipmi/Makefile | 1 +
> drivers/char/ipmi/ipmb_dev_int.c | 418 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 3 files changed, 427 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 drivers/char/ipmi/ipmb_dev_int.c
>
> diff --git a/drivers/char/ipmi/Kconfig b/drivers/char/ipmi/Kconfig
> index 94719fc..784bc84 100644
> --- a/drivers/char/ipmi/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/char/ipmi/Kconfig
> @@ -74,6 +74,14 @@ config IPMI_SSIF
> have a driver that must be accessed over an I2C bus instead of a
> standard interface. This module requires I2C support.
>
> +config IPMB_DEVICE_INTERFACE
> + tristate 'IPMB Interface handler'
> + select I2C
> + help
> + Provides a driver for a device (Satellite MC) to
> + receive requests and send responses back to the BMC via
> + the IPMB interface. This module requires I2C support.
> +
> config IPMI_POWERNV
> depends on PPC_POWERNV
> tristate 'POWERNV (OPAL firmware) IPMI interface'
> diff --git a/drivers/char/ipmi/Makefile b/drivers/char/ipmi/Makefile
> index 3f06b20..0822adc 100644
> --- a/drivers/char/ipmi/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/char/ipmi/Makefile
> @@ -26,3 +26,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_IPMI_KCS_BMC) += kcs_bmc.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_ASPEED_BT_IPMI_BMC) += bt-bmc.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_ASPEED_KCS_IPMI_BMC) += kcs_bmc_aspeed.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_NPCM7XX_KCS_IPMI_BMC) += kcs_bmc_npcm7xx.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_IPMB_DEVICE_INTERFACE) += ipmb_dev_int.o
> diff --git a/drivers/char/ipmi/ipmb_dev_int.c b/drivers/char/ipmi/ipmb_dev_int.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..a45a686
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/char/ipmi/ipmb_dev_int.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,418 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +
> +/*
> + * Mellanox IPMB driver to receive a request and send a response
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2018 Mellanox Techologies, Ltd.
> + *
> + * This was inspired by Brendan Higgins' ipmi-bmc-bt-i2c driver.
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
> + * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
> + * version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
> + *
> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
> + * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
> + * GNU General Public License for more details.
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/errno.h>
> +#include <linux/i2c.h>
> +#include <linux/miscdevice.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/mutex.h>
> +#include <linux/poll.h>
> +#include <linux/slab.h>
> +#include <linux/spinlock.h>
> +#include <linux/wait.h>
> +
> +#define PFX "IPMB DEV INT: "
> +
> +#define DEVICE_NAME "ipmb-dev"
> +
> +#define MAX_MSG_LEN 128
> +#define IPMB_REQUEST_LEN_MIN 7
> +#define NETFN_RSP_BIT_MASK 0x4
> +#define REQUEST_QUEUE_MAX_LEN 256
> +
> +#define IPMB_MSG_LEN_IDX 0
> +#define RQ_SA_8BIT_IDX 1
> +#define NETFN_LUN_IDX 2
> +
> +#define IPMB_MSG_PAYLOAD_LEN_MAX \
> + (MAX_MSG_LEN - IPMB_REQUEST_LEN_MIN - 1)
> +
> +struct ipmb_msg {
> + u8 len;
> + u8 rs_sa;
> + u8 netfn_rs_lun;
> + u8 checksum1;
> + u8 rq_sa;
> + u8 rq_seq_rq_lun;
> + u8 cmd;
> + u8 payload[IPMB_MSG_PAYLOAD_LEN_MAX];
> + /* checksum2 is included in payload */
> +} __packed;
> +
> +static u32 ipmb_msg_len(struct ipmb_msg *ipmb_msg)
> +{
> + return ipmb_msg->len + 1;
> +}
> +
> +struct ipmb_request_elem {
> + struct list_head list;
> + struct ipmb_msg request;
> +};
> +
> +struct ipmb_dev {
> + struct i2c_client *client;
> + struct miscdevice miscdev;
> + struct ipmb_msg request;
> + struct list_head request_queue;
> + atomic_t request_queue_len;
> + struct ipmb_msg response;
> + size_t msg_idx;
> + spinlock_t lock;
> + wait_queue_head_t wait_queue;
> + struct mutex file_mutex;
> +};
> +
> +static int receive_ipmb_request(struct ipmb_dev *ipmb_dev_p,
> + bool non_blocking,
> + struct ipmb_msg *ipmb_request)
> +{
> + struct ipmb_request_elem *queue_elem;
> + unsigned long flags;
> + int res;
> +
> + if (!non_blocking) {
> +
> +try_again:
> + res = wait_event_interruptible(ipmb_dev_p->wait_queue,
> + atomic_read(&ipmb_dev_p->request_queue_len));
> + if (res)
> + return res;
> + }
> +
> + spin_lock_irqsave(&ipmb_dev_p->lock, flags);
> +
> + if (!atomic_read(&ipmb_dev_p->request_queue_len)) {
> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ipmb_dev_p->lock, flags);
> + if (non_blocking)
> + return -EAGAIN;
> + goto try_again;
> + }
> +
> + if (list_empty(&ipmb_dev_p->request_queue)) {
> + pr_err(PFX "request_queue is empty\n");
> + return -EIO;
> + }
> +
> + queue_elem = list_first_entry(&ipmb_dev_p->request_queue,
> + struct ipmb_request_elem, list);
> + memcpy(ipmb_request, &queue_elem->request, sizeof(*ipmb_request));
> + list_del(&queue_elem->list);
> + kfree(queue_elem);
> + atomic_dec(&ipmb_dev_p->request_queue_len);
> +
> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ipmb_dev_p->lock, flags);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static inline struct ipmb_dev *to_ipmb_dev(struct file *file)
> +{
> + return container_of(file->private_data, struct ipmb_dev, miscdev);
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t ipmb_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t count,
> + loff_t *ppos)
> +{
> + struct ipmb_dev *ipmb_dev_p = to_ipmb_dev(file);
> + struct ipmb_msg msg;
> + ssize_t ret;
> +
> + if (!ipmb_dev_p)
> + return -ENOMEM;

I don't think this can happen. Same for other things like this.

> +
> + memset(&msg, 0, sizeof(msg));
> +
> + mutex_lock(&ipmb_dev_p->file_mutex);
> + ret = receive_ipmb_request(ipmb_dev_p, file->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK,
> + &msg);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + goto out;
> + count = min_t(size_t, count, ipmb_msg_len(&msg));
> + if (copy_to_user(buf, &msg, count)) {
> + ret = -EFAULT;
> + goto out;
> + }
> +
> +out:
> + mutex_unlock(&ipmb_dev_p->file_mutex);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + return ret;
> + else
> + return count;
> +}
> +
> +static s32 i2c_smbus_write_block_data_local(struct i2c_client *client,
> + u8 command, u8 length,
> + u16 requester_i2c_addr,
> + const char *msg)
> +{
> + union i2c_smbus_data data;
> + int ret;
> +
> + if (length > I2C_SMBUS_BLOCK_MAX)
> + length = I2C_SMBUS_BLOCK_MAX;
> +
> + data.block[0] = length;
> + memcpy(&data.block[1], msg, length);
> +
> + ret = i2c_smbus_xfer(client->adapter, requester_i2c_addr,
> + client->flags,
> + I2C_SMBUS_WRITE, command,
> + I2C_SMBUS_BLOCK_DATA, &data);
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t ipmb_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
> + size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
> +{
> + struct ipmb_dev *ipmb_dev_p = to_ipmb_dev(file);
> + u8 msg[MAX_MSG_LEN];
> + ssize_t ret;
> + u8 rq_sa, netf_rq_lun, msg_len;
> +
> + if (!ipmb_dev_p)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + if (count > sizeof(msg))
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + if (copy_from_user(&msg, buf, count) || count < msg[0])
> + return -EINVAL;

copy_from_user() should return -EFAULT on an error.

> +
> + rq_sa = (u16)(msg[RQ_SA_8BIT_IDX] >> 1);
> + netf_rq_lun = msg[NETFN_LUN_IDX];
> + /*
> + * subtract rq_sa and netf_rq_lun from the length of the msg passed to
> + * i2c_smbus_write_block_data_local
> + */
> + msg_len = msg[IPMB_MSG_LEN_IDX] - 2;
> +
> + mutex_lock(&ipmb_dev_p->file_mutex);
> + ret = i2c_smbus_write_block_data_local(ipmb_dev_p->client,
> + netf_rq_lun, msg_len, rq_sa, msg + 3);
> + mutex_unlock(&ipmb_dev_p->file_mutex);
> +
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> + else
> + return count;
> +}
> +
> +static unsigned int ipmb_poll(struct file *file, poll_table *wait)
> +{
> + struct ipmb_dev *ipmb_dev_p = to_ipmb_dev(file);
> + unsigned int mask = 0;
> +
> + mutex_lock(&ipmb_dev_p->file_mutex);
> + poll_wait(file, &ipmb_dev_p->wait_queue, wait);
> +
> + if (atomic_read(&ipmb_dev_p->request_queue_len))
> + mask |= POLLIN;
> + mask |= POLLOUT;
> + mutex_unlock(&ipmb_dev_p->file_mutex);
> + return mask;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct file_operations ipmb_fops = {
> + .owner = THIS_MODULE,
> + .read = ipmb_read,
> + .write = ipmb_write,
> + .poll = ipmb_poll,
> +};
> +
> +/* Called with ipmb_dev->lock held. */
> +static int handle_request(struct ipmb_dev *ipmb_dev_p)

The return value from handle_request is ignored below, do
you need to return it?

> +{
> + struct ipmb_request_elem *queue_elem;
> +
> + if (atomic_read(&ipmb_dev_p->request_queue_len) >=
> + REQUEST_QUEUE_MAX_LEN)
> + return -EFAULT;

EFAULT is not what you want here. I'm not sure exactly what
to do here, but you should probably just drop the data on
the floor, maybe have a counter to count dropped packets.

> +
> + queue_elem = kmalloc(sizeof(*queue_elem), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!queue_elem)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + memcpy(&queue_elem->request, &ipmb_dev_p->request,
> + sizeof(struct ipmb_msg));
> + list_add(&queue_elem->list, &ipmb_dev_p->request_queue);
> + atomic_inc(&ipmb_dev_p->request_queue_len);
> + wake_up_all(&ipmb_dev_p->wait_queue);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static u8 verify_checksum1(struct ipmb_dev *ipmb_dev_p, u8 rs_sa)
> +{
> + return (rs_sa + ipmb_dev_p->request.netfn_rs_lun +
> + ipmb_dev_p->request.checksum1);
> +}
> +
> +static bool is_ipmb_request(struct ipmb_dev *ipmb_dev_p, u8 rs_sa)
> +{
> + if (ipmb_dev_p->msg_idx >= IPMB_REQUEST_LEN_MIN) {
> + if (verify_checksum1(ipmb_dev_p, rs_sa))
> + return false;
> +
> + /*
> + * Check whether this is an IPMB request or
> + * response.
> + * The 6 MSB of netfn_rs_lun are dedicated to the netfn
> + * while the remaining bits are dedicated to the lun.
> + * If the LSB of the netfn is cleared, it is associated
> + * with an IPMB request.
> + * If the LSB of the netfn is set, it is associated with
> + * an IPMB response.
> + */
> + if (!(ipmb_dev_p->request.netfn_rs_lun & NETFN_RSP_BIT_MASK))
> + return true;
> + }
> + return false;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * The IPMB protocol only supports I2C Writes so there is no need
> + * to support I2C_SLAVE_READ* events.
> + * This i2c callback function only monitors IPMB request messages
> + * and adds them in a queue, so that they can be handled by
> + * receive_ipmb_request.
> + */
> +static int ipmb_slave_cb(struct i2c_client *client,
> + enum i2c_slave_event event, u8 *val)
> +{
> + struct ipmb_dev *ipmb_dev_p = i2c_get_clientdata(client);
> + u8 *buf = (u8 *)&ipmb_dev_p->request;
> +
> + spin_lock(&ipmb_dev_p->lock);
> + switch (event) {
> + case I2C_SLAVE_WRITE_REQUESTED:
> + memset(&ipmb_dev_p->request, 0, sizeof(ipmb_dev_p->request));
> + ipmb_dev_p->msg_idx = 0;
> +
> + /*
> + * At index 0, ipmb_msg stores the length of msg,
> + * skip it for now.
> + * The len will be populated once the whole
> + * buf is populated.
> + *
> + * The I2C bus driver's responsibility is to pass the
> + * data bytes to the backend driver; it does not
> + * forward the i2c slave address.
> + * Since the first byte in the IPMB message is the
> + * address of the responder, it is the responsibility
> + * of the IPMB driver to format the message properly.
> + * So this driver prepends the address of the responder
> + * to the received i2c data before the request message
> + * is handled in userland.
> + */
> + buf[++ipmb_dev_p->msg_idx] = (u8)(client->addr << 1);
> + break;
> +
> + case I2C_SLAVE_WRITE_RECEIVED:
> + if (ipmb_dev_p->msg_idx >= sizeof(struct ipmb_msg))
> + break;
> +
> + buf[++ipmb_dev_p->msg_idx] = *val;
> + break;
> +
> + case I2C_SLAVE_STOP:
> + ipmb_dev_p->request.len = ipmb_dev_p->msg_idx;
> +
> + if (is_ipmb_request(ipmb_dev_p, (u8)(client->addr << 1)))
> + handle_request(ipmb_dev_p);
> + break;
> +
> + default:
> + break;
> + }
> + spin_unlock(&ipmb_dev_p->lock);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int ipmb_probe(struct i2c_client *client,
> + const struct i2c_device_id *id)
> +{
> + struct ipmb_dev *ipmb_dev_p;
> + int ret;
> +
> + ipmb_dev_p = devm_kzalloc(&client->dev, sizeof(*ipmb_dev_p),
> + GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!ipmb_dev_p)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + spin_lock_init(&ipmb_dev_p->lock);
> + init_waitqueue_head(&ipmb_dev_p->wait_queue);
> + atomic_set(&ipmb_dev_p->request_queue_len, 0);
> + INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ipmb_dev_p->request_queue);
> +
> + mutex_init(&ipmb_dev_p->file_mutex);
> +
> + ipmb_dev_p->miscdev.minor = MISC_DYNAMIC_MINOR;
> + ipmb_dev_p->miscdev.name = DEVICE_NAME;
> + ipmb_dev_p->miscdev.fops = &ipmb_fops;
> + ipmb_dev_p->miscdev.parent = &client->dev;
> + ret = misc_register(&ipmb_dev_p->miscdev);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> +
> + ipmb_dev_p->client = client;
> + i2c_set_clientdata(client, ipmb_dev_p);
> + ret = i2c_slave_register(client, ipmb_slave_cb);
> + if (ret) {
> + misc_deregister(&ipmb_dev_p->miscdev);
> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int ipmb_remove(struct i2c_client *client)
> +{
> + struct ipmb_dev *ipmb_dev_p = i2c_get_clientdata(client);
> +
> + if (!ipmb_dev_p)
> + return 0;
> +
> + i2c_slave_unregister(client);
> + misc_deregister(&ipmb_dev_p->miscdev);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct i2c_device_id ipmb_id[] = {
> + {"ipmb-dev", 0},
> + {},
> +};
> +MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(i2c, ipmb_id);
> +
> +static struct i2c_driver ipmb_driver = {
> + .driver = {
> + .name = "ipmb-dev",
> + },
> + .probe = ipmb_probe,
> + .remove = ipmb_remove,
> + .id_table = ipmb_id,
> +};
> +module_i2c_driver(ipmb_driver);
> +
> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Mellanox Technologies");
> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Mellanox BlueField IPMB driver");
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
> --
> 2.1.2
>

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