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Subject[PATCH v12 05/31] mm: prepare for FAULT_FLAG_SPECULATIVE
Date
From: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>

When speculating faults (without holding mmap_sem) we need to validate
that the vma against which we loaded pages is still valid when we're
ready to install the new PTE.

Therefore, replace the pte_offset_map_lock() calls that (re)take the
PTL with pte_map_lock() which can fail in case we find the VMA changed
since we started the fault.

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>

[Port to 4.12 kernel]
[Remove the comment about the fault_env structure which has been
implemented as the vm_fault structure in the kernel]
[move pte_map_lock()'s definition upper in the file]
[move the define of FAULT_FLAG_SPECULATIVE later in the series]
[review error path in do_swap_page(), do_anonymous_page() and
wp_page_copy()]
Signed-off-by: Laurent Dufour <ldufour@linux.ibm.com>
---
mm/memory.c | 87 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------------
1 file changed, 58 insertions(+), 29 deletions(-)

diff --git a/mm/memory.c b/mm/memory.c
index c6ddadd9d2b7..fc3698d13cb5 100644
--- a/mm/memory.c
+++ b/mm/memory.c
@@ -2073,6 +2073,13 @@ int apply_to_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr,
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(apply_to_page_range);

+static inline bool pte_map_lock(struct vm_fault *vmf)
+{
+ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd,
+ vmf->address, &vmf->ptl);
+ return true;
+}
+
/*
* handle_pte_fault chooses page fault handler according to an entry which was
* read non-atomically. Before making any commitment, on those architectures
@@ -2261,25 +2268,26 @@ static vm_fault_t wp_page_copy(struct vm_fault *vmf)
int page_copied = 0;
struct mem_cgroup *memcg;
struct mmu_notifier_range range;
+ int ret = VM_FAULT_OOM;

if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma)))
- goto oom;
+ goto out;

if (is_zero_pfn(pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte))) {
new_page = alloc_zeroed_user_highpage_movable(vma,
vmf->address);
if (!new_page)
- goto oom;
+ goto out;
} else {
new_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma,
vmf->address);
if (!new_page)
- goto oom;
+ goto out;
cow_user_page(new_page, old_page, vmf->address, vma);
}

if (mem_cgroup_try_charge_delay(new_page, mm, GFP_KERNEL, &memcg, false))
- goto oom_free_new;
+ goto out_free_new;

__SetPageUptodate(new_page);

@@ -2291,7 +2299,10 @@ static vm_fault_t wp_page_copy(struct vm_fault *vmf)
/*
* Re-check the pte - we dropped the lock
*/
- vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl);
+ if (!pte_map_lock(vmf)) {
+ ret = VM_FAULT_RETRY;
+ goto out_uncharge;
+ }
if (likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) {
if (old_page) {
if (!PageAnon(old_page)) {
@@ -2378,12 +2389,14 @@ static vm_fault_t wp_page_copy(struct vm_fault *vmf)
put_page(old_page);
}
return page_copied ? VM_FAULT_WRITE : 0;
-oom_free_new:
+out_uncharge:
+ mem_cgroup_cancel_charge(new_page, memcg, false);
+out_free_new:
put_page(new_page);
-oom:
+out:
if (old_page)
put_page(old_page);
- return VM_FAULT_OOM;
+ return ret;
}

/**
@@ -2405,8 +2418,8 @@ static vm_fault_t wp_page_copy(struct vm_fault *vmf)
vm_fault_t finish_mkwrite_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf)
{
WARN_ON_ONCE(!(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED));
- vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address,
- &vmf->ptl);
+ if (!pte_map_lock(vmf))
+ return VM_FAULT_RETRY;
/*
* We might have raced with another page fault while we released the
* pte_offset_map_lock.
@@ -2527,8 +2540,11 @@ static vm_fault_t do_wp_page(struct vm_fault *vmf)
get_page(vmf->page);
pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl);
lock_page(vmf->page);
- vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd,
- vmf->address, &vmf->ptl);
+ if (!pte_map_lock(vmf)) {
+ unlock_page(vmf->page);
+ put_page(vmf->page);
+ return VM_FAULT_RETRY;
+ }
if (!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte)) {
unlock_page(vmf->page);
pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl);
@@ -2744,11 +2760,15 @@ vm_fault_t do_swap_page(struct vm_fault *vmf)

if (!page) {
/*
- * Back out if somebody else faulted in this pte
- * while we released the pte lock.
+ * Back out if the VMA has changed in our back during
+ * a speculative page fault or if somebody else
+ * faulted in this pte while we released the pte lock.
*/
- vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd,
- vmf->address, &vmf->ptl);
+ if (!pte_map_lock(vmf)) {
+ delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN);
+ ret = VM_FAULT_RETRY;
+ goto out;
+ }
if (likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte)))
ret = VM_FAULT_OOM;
delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN);
@@ -2801,10 +2821,13 @@ vm_fault_t do_swap_page(struct vm_fault *vmf)
}

/*
- * Back out if somebody else already faulted in this pte.
+ * Back out if the VMA has changed in our back during a speculative
+ * page fault or if somebody else already faulted in this pte.
*/
- vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address,
- &vmf->ptl);
+ if (!pte_map_lock(vmf)) {
+ ret = VM_FAULT_RETRY;
+ goto out_cancel_cgroup;
+ }
if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte)))
goto out_nomap;

@@ -2882,8 +2905,9 @@ vm_fault_t do_swap_page(struct vm_fault *vmf)
out:
return ret;
out_nomap:
- mem_cgroup_cancel_charge(page, memcg, false);
pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl);
+out_cancel_cgroup:
+ mem_cgroup_cancel_charge(page, memcg, false);
out_page:
unlock_page(page);
out_release:
@@ -2934,8 +2958,8 @@ static vm_fault_t do_anonymous_page(struct vm_fault *vmf)
!mm_forbids_zeropage(vma->vm_mm)) {
entry = pte_mkspecial(pfn_pte(my_zero_pfn(vmf->address),
vma->vm_page_prot));
- vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd,
- vmf->address, &vmf->ptl);
+ if (!pte_map_lock(vmf))
+ return VM_FAULT_RETRY;
if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte))
goto unlock;
ret = check_stable_address_space(vma->vm_mm);
@@ -2971,14 +2995,16 @@ static vm_fault_t do_anonymous_page(struct vm_fault *vmf)
if (vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE)
entry = pte_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry));

- vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address,
- &vmf->ptl);
- if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte))
+ if (!pte_map_lock(vmf)) {
+ ret = VM_FAULT_RETRY;
goto release;
+ }
+ if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte))
+ goto unlock_and_release;

ret = check_stable_address_space(vma->vm_mm);
if (ret)
- goto release;
+ goto unlock_and_release;

/* Deliver the page fault to userland, check inside PT lock */
if (userfaultfd_missing(vma)) {
@@ -3000,10 +3026,12 @@ static vm_fault_t do_anonymous_page(struct vm_fault *vmf)
unlock:
pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl);
return ret;
+unlock_and_release:
+ pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl);
release:
mem_cgroup_cancel_charge(page, memcg, false);
put_page(page);
- goto unlock;
+ return ret;
oom_free_page:
put_page(page);
oom:
@@ -3118,8 +3146,9 @@ static vm_fault_t pte_alloc_one_map(struct vm_fault *vmf)
* pte_none() under vmf->ptl protection when we return to
* alloc_set_pte().
*/
- vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address,
- &vmf->ptl);
+ if (!pte_map_lock(vmf))
+ return VM_FAULT_RETRY;
+
return 0;
}

--
2.21.0
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