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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 0/9] klp-convert livepatch build tooling
On Wed, Apr 10, 2019 at 11:50:49AM -0400, Joe Lawrence wrote:
> Hi folks,
>
> This is the third installment of the klp-convert tool for generating and
> processing livepatch symbols for livepatch module builds. For those
> following along at home, archive links to previous versions:
>
> RFC:
> https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/cover.1477578530.git.jpoimboe@redhat.com/
> v2:
> https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/f52d29f7-7d1b-ad3d-050b-a9fa8878faf2@redhat.com/
>
> (Note that I don't see v2 archived at lore, but that is a link to the
> most recent subthread that lore did catch.)
>
>
> Livepatches may use symbols which are not contained in its own scope,
> and, because of that, may end up compiled with relocations that will
> only be resolved during module load. Yet, when the referenced symbols are
> not exported, solving this relocation requires information on the object
> that holds the symbol (either vmlinux or modules) and its position inside
> the object, as an object may contain multiple symbols with the same name.
> Providing such information must be done accordingly to what is specified
> in Documentation/livepatch/module-elf-format.txt.
>


Could we get some details with examples or a sample, sorry I might be dense
and missing simple information. The problem being solved is not clear to
me from the changelog.

> Currently, there is no trivial way to embed the required information as
> requested in the final livepatch elf object. klp-convert solves this
> problem in two different forms: (i) by relying on a symbol map, which is
> built during kernel compilation, to automatically infer the relocation
> targeted symbol, and, when such inference is not possible (ii) by using
> annotations in the elf object to convert the relocation accordingly to
> the specification, enabling it to be handled by the livepatch loader.
>
> Given the above, add support for symbol mapping in the form of
> Symbols.list file; add klp-convert tool; integrate klp-convert tool into
> kbuild; make livepatch modules discernible during kernel compilation
> pipeline; add data-structure and macros to enable users to annotate
> livepatch source code; make modpost stage compatible with livepatches;
> update livepatch-sample and update documentation.
>
> The patch was tested under three use-cases:
>
> use-case 1: There is a relocation in the lp that can be automatically
> resolved by klp-convert. For example. see the saved_command_line
> variable in lib/livepatch/test_klp_convert2.c.
>
> use-case 2: There is a relocation in the lp that cannot be automatically
> resolved, as the name of the respective symbol appears in multiple
> objects. The livepatch contains an annotation to enable a correct
> relocation. See the KLP_MODULE_RELOC / KLP_SYMPOS annotation sections
> in lib/livepatch/test_klp_convert{1,2}.c.
>
> use-case 3: There is a relocation in the lp that cannot be automatically
> resolved similarly as 2, but no annotation was provided in the
> livepatch, triggering an error during compilation. Reproducible by
> removing the KLP_MODULE_RELOC / KLP_SYMPOS annotation sections in
> lib/livepatch/test_klp_convert{1,2}.c.
>


Are these a part of the series?

Balbir Singh

>
> Branches
> --------
>
> Since I spent some time tinkering with v2 and accumulated a bunch of
> fixes, I collected them up and am posting this new version. For review
> purposes, I posted two branches up to github:
>
> 1 - an expanded branch that with changes separate from the original
> https://github.com/joe-lawrence/linux/commits/klp-convert-v3-expanded
>
> 2 - a squashed branch of (1) that comprises v3:
> https://github.com/joe-lawrence/linux/commits/klp-convert-v3
>
> Non-trivial commits in the expanded branch have some extra commentary
> and details for debugging in the commit message that were dropped when
> squashing into their respective parent commits.
>
>
> TODO
> ----
>
> There are a few outstanding items that I came across while reviewing v2,
> but as changes started accumulating, it made sense to defer those to a
> later version. I'll reply to this thread individual topics to start
> discussion sub-threads for those.
>
>
> Changelogs
> ----------
>
> The commit changelogs were getting long, so I've moved them here for
> posterity and review purposes:
>
> livepatch: Create and include UAPI headers
> v2:
> - jmoreira: split up and changelog
> v3:
> - joe: convert to SPDX license tags
>
> kbuild: Support for Symbols.list creation
> v3:
> - jmoreira: adjust for multiobject livepatch
> - joe: add klpclean to PHONY
> - joe: align KLP prefix
>
> livepatch: Add klp-convert tool
> v2:
> - khlebnikov: use HOSTLOADLIBES_ instead of HOSTLDFLAGS: -lelf must be
> at the end
> - jmoreira: add support to automatic relocation conversion in
> klp-convert.c, changelog
> v3:
> - joe: convert to SPDX license tags
> - jmoreira: add rela symbol name to WARNs
> - jmoreira: ignore relocations to .TOC and symbols with index 0
> - joe: separate and fix valid_sympos() sympos=0 and sympos=1..n checks
> - joe: fix symbol use-after-frees
> - joe: fix remaining valgrind leak complaints (non-error paths only)
> - joe: checkpatch nits
>
> livepatch: Add klp-convert annotation helpers
> v2:
> - jmoreira: split up: move KLP_MODULE_RELOC from previous patch to
> here, add KLP_SYMPOS, move macros from include/uapi/livepatch.h to
> include/linux/livepatch.h
> v3:
> - joe: suggested by jpoimboe, KLP_MODULE_RELOC macro should 4-byte
> align klp_module_reloc structures
>
> modpost: Integrate klp-convert
> v2:
> - khlebnikov: save cmd_ld_ko_o into .module.cmd, if_changed_rule
> doesn't do that.f
> - khlebnikov: fix bashisms for debian where /bin/sh is a symlink to
> /bin/dash
> - khlebnikov: rename rule_link_module to rule_ld_ko_o, otherwise
> arg-check inside if_changed_rule compares cmd_link_module and
> cmd_ld_ko_o.
> - khlebnikov: check modinfo -F livepatch only if CONFIG_LIVEPATCH is
> true.
> - mbenes: remove modinfo call. LIVEPATCH_ in Makefile
> - jmoreira: split up: move the .livepatch file-based scheme for
> identifying livepatches to a previous patch, as it was required for
> correctly building Symbols.list there.
> v3:
> - joe: adjust rule_ld_ko_o to call echo-cmd
> - joe: rebase for v5.1
> - joe: align KLP prefix
>
> modpost: Add modinfo flag to livepatch modules
> v2:
> - jmoreira: fix modpost.c (add_livepatch_flag) to update module
> structure with livepatch flag and prevent modpost from breaking due to
> unresolved symbols
> v3:
> - joe: adjust modpost.c::get_modinfo() call for v5.0 version
>
> livepatch: Add sample livepatch module
> v3:
> - joe: update all in-tree livepatches with LIVEPATCH_* modinfo flag
>
> documentation: Update on livepatch elf format
> v2:
> - jmoreira: update module to use KLP_SYMPOS
> - jmoreira: Comments on symbol resolution scheme
> - jmoreira: Update Makefile
> - jmoreira: Remove MODULE_INFO statement
> - jmoreira: Changelog
> v3:
> - joe: rebase for v5.1
> - joe: code shuffle to better match original source file
>
> livepatch/selftests: add klp-convert
> v3:
> - joe: clarify sympos=0 and sympos=1..n
>
>
> And now the usual git cover-letter boilerplate...
>
> Joao Moreira (2):
> kbuild: Support for Symbols.list creation
> documentation: Update on livepatch elf format
>
> Joe Lawrence (1):
> livepatch/selftests: add klp-convert
>
> Josh Poimboeuf (5):
> livepatch: Create and include UAPI headers
> livepatch: Add klp-convert tool
> livepatch: Add klp-convert annotation helpers
> modpost: Integrate klp-convert
> livepatch: Add sample livepatch module
>
> Miroslav Benes (1):
> modpost: Add modinfo flag to livepatch modules
>
> .gitignore | 1 +
> Documentation/livepatch/livepatch.txt | 3 +
> Documentation/livepatch/module-elf-format.txt | 50 +-
> MAINTAINERS | 2 +
> Makefile | 30 +-
> include/linux/livepatch.h | 13 +
> include/uapi/linux/livepatch.h | 22 +
> kernel/livepatch/core.c | 4 +-
> lib/livepatch/Makefile | 15 +
> lib/livepatch/test_klp_atomic_replace.c | 1 -
> lib/livepatch/test_klp_callbacks_demo.c | 1 -
> lib/livepatch/test_klp_callbacks_demo2.c | 1 -
> lib/livepatch/test_klp_convert1.c | 106 +++
> lib/livepatch/test_klp_convert2.c | 103 +++
> lib/livepatch/test_klp_convert_mod_a.c | 25 +
> lib/livepatch/test_klp_convert_mod_b.c | 13 +
> lib/livepatch/test_klp_livepatch.c | 1 -
> samples/livepatch/Makefile | 7 +
> .../livepatch/livepatch-annotated-sample.c | 102 +++
> samples/livepatch/livepatch-sample.c | 1 -
> scripts/Kbuild.include | 4 +-
> scripts/Makefile | 1 +
> scripts/Makefile.build | 7 +
> scripts/Makefile.modpost | 24 +-
> scripts/livepatch/.gitignore | 1 +
> scripts/livepatch/Makefile | 7 +
> scripts/livepatch/elf.c | 753 ++++++++++++++++++
> scripts/livepatch/elf.h | 72 ++
> scripts/livepatch/klp-convert.c | 692 ++++++++++++++++
> scripts/livepatch/klp-convert.h | 39 +
> scripts/livepatch/list.h | 391 +++++++++
> scripts/mod/modpost.c | 82 +-
> scripts/mod/modpost.h | 1 +
> .../selftests/livepatch/test-livepatch.sh | 64 ++
> 34 files changed, 2616 insertions(+), 23 deletions(-)
> create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/livepatch.h
> create mode 100644 lib/livepatch/test_klp_convert1.c
> create mode 100644 lib/livepatch/test_klp_convert2.c
> create mode 100644 lib/livepatch/test_klp_convert_mod_a.c
> create mode 100644 lib/livepatch/test_klp_convert_mod_b.c
> create mode 100644 samples/livepatch/livepatch-annotated-sample.c
> create mode 100644 scripts/livepatch/.gitignore
> create mode 100644 scripts/livepatch/Makefile
> create mode 100644 scripts/livepatch/elf.c
> create mode 100644 scripts/livepatch/elf.h
> create mode 100644 scripts/livepatch/klp-convert.c
> create mode 100644 scripts/livepatch/klp-convert.h
> create mode 100644 scripts/livepatch/list.h
>
> --
> 2.20.1

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