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Subject[PATCH V2 1/3] Calculate Thermal Pressure
Date
Add thermal.c and thermal.h files that provides interface
APIs to initialize, update/average, track, accumulate and decay
thermal pressure per cpu basis. A per cpu structure thermal_pressure is
introduced to keep track of instantaneous per cpu thermal pressure.
Per cpu timers are scheduled to accumulate and decay thermal pressure
periodically. Two interfaces are introduced: sched_update_thermal_pressure
to be called from any entity that caps the maximum frequency of a cpu
and sched_get_thermal_pressure to be called by scheduler to get the
thermal pressure of the cpu.

Signed-off-by: Thara Gopinath <thara.gopinath@linaro.org>
---
include/linux/sched/thermal.h | 11 +++
kernel/sched/Makefile | 2 +-
kernel/sched/thermal.c | 220 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
3 files changed, 232 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
create mode 100644 include/linux/sched/thermal.h
create mode 100644 kernel/sched/thermal.c

diff --git a/include/linux/sched/thermal.h b/include/linux/sched/thermal.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..cda158e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/sched/thermal.h
@@ -0,0 +1,11 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+#ifndef _LINUX_SCHED_THERMAL_H
+#define _LINUX_SCHED_THERMAL_H
+
+void sched_update_thermal_pressure(struct cpumask *cpus,
+ unsigned long cap_max_freq,
+ unsigned long max_freq);
+
+unsigned long sched_get_thermal_pressure(int cpu);
+
+#endif /* _LINUX_SCHED_THERMAL_H */
diff --git a/kernel/sched/Makefile b/kernel/sched/Makefile
index 21fb5a5..4d3b820 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/Makefile
+++ b/kernel/sched/Makefile
@@ -20,7 +20,7 @@ obj-y += core.o loadavg.o clock.o cputime.o
obj-y += idle.o fair.o rt.o deadline.o
obj-y += wait.o wait_bit.o swait.o completion.o

-obj-$(CONFIG_SMP) += cpupri.o cpudeadline.o topology.o stop_task.o pelt.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_SMP) += cpupri.o cpudeadline.o topology.o stop_task.o pelt.o thermal.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SCHED_AUTOGROUP) += autogroup.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS) += stats.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG) += debug.o
diff --git a/kernel/sched/thermal.c b/kernel/sched/thermal.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..1acee52
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kernel/sched/thermal.c
@@ -0,0 +1,220 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * Sceduler Thermal Interactions
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2018 Linaro, Inc., Thara Gopinath <thara.gopinath@linaro.org>
+ */
+
+#include <linux/mutex.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/timer.h>
+#include "sched.h"
+
+/* Per cpu structure to keep track of Thermal Pressure */
+struct thermal_pressure {
+ unsigned long scale; /* scale reflecting average cpu max capacity*/
+ unsigned long acc_scale; /* Accumulated scale for this time window */
+ unsigned long old_scale; /* Scale value for the previous window */
+ unsigned long raw_scale; /* Raw max capacity */
+ unsigned long age_stamp; /* Last time old_scale was updated */
+ unsigned long last_update; /* Last time acc_scale was updated */
+ spinlock_t lock; /* Lock for protecting from simultaneous access*/
+ /* Timer for periodic update of thermal pressure */
+ struct timer_list timer;
+ int cpu;
+};
+
+DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct thermal_pressure *, thermal_pressure_cpu);
+
+#define THERMAL_PRESSURE_DECAY_PERIOD (NSEC_PER_SEC / 2)
+
+static unsigned long calculate_simple(struct thermal_pressure *cpu_thermal,
+ s64 delta, s64 period)
+{
+ unsigned long scale;
+ s64 decay_period = THERMAL_PRESSURE_DECAY_PERIOD;
+
+ cpu_thermal->acc_scale += delta * cpu_thermal->raw_scale;
+ scale = cpu_thermal->old_scale * decay_period;
+ scale += cpu_thermal->acc_scale;
+ scale /= (decay_period + period);
+ cpu_thermal->last_update += delta;
+
+ return scale;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Calculate thermal pressure.
+ * At the crux this is an averaging algorithm. Intially a tunable
+ * decay period(D) is defined. Thermal pressure at the end of a decay
+ * period D is the average of thermal pressure of period D-1 and D.
+ *
+ * Time D-2 D-1 D
+ * ----------------------------------------------------------
+ * Raw Thermal r1 r2 r3
+ * Pressure
+ *
+ * Average Thermal r1 (r1+r2)/2 ((r1+r2)/2 + r3)/2
+ * Pressure.
+ */
+static void calculate_thermal_pressure(struct thermal_pressure *cpu_thermal)
+{
+ unsigned long scale;
+ s64 now, delta, decay_period, period;
+ int cpu;
+
+ if (!cpu_thermal)
+ return;
+
+ cpu = cpu_thermal->cpu;
+ now = sched_clock_cpu(cpu);
+ period = now - cpu_thermal->age_stamp;
+ decay_period = THERMAL_PRESSURE_DECAY_PERIOD;
+
+ if (period <= 0)
+ return;
+
+ /*
+ * If period is less than decay_period,
+ * just accumulate thermal pressure
+ */
+ if (period < decay_period) {
+ delta = now - cpu_thermal->last_update;
+ scale = calculate_simple(cpu_thermal, delta, period);
+ } else {
+ /* delta here is the remaining time in the last time window */
+ delta = decay_period -
+ (cpu_thermal->last_update - cpu_thermal->age_stamp);
+ scale = calculate_simple(cpu_thermal, delta, decay_period);
+ cpu_thermal->acc_scale = 0;
+ cpu_thermal->age_stamp += decay_period;
+ /* Decay thermal pressure for every decay period remaining */
+ while ((sched_clock_cpu(cpu) - cpu_thermal->age_stamp)
+ > decay_period) {
+ scale += cpu_thermal->raw_scale;
+ scale /= 2;
+ cpu_thermal->age_stamp += decay_period;
+ cpu_thermal->last_update += decay_period;
+ }
+ cpu_thermal->old_scale = scale;
+ delta = sched_clock_cpu(cpu) - cpu_thermal->age_stamp;
+ if (delta > 0)
+ scale = calculate_simple(cpu_thermal, delta, delta);
+ }
+ cpu_thermal->scale = scale;
+}
+
+static void thermal_pressure_update(struct thermal_pressure *cpu_thermal,
+ unsigned long cap_max_freq,
+ unsigned long max_freq, bool change_scale)
+{
+ unsigned long flags = 0;
+
+ calculate_thermal_pressure(cpu_thermal);
+ if (change_scale)
+ cpu_thermal->raw_scale =
+ (cap_max_freq << SCHED_CAPACITY_SHIFT) / max_freq;
+
+ mod_timer(&cpu_thermal->timer, jiffies +
+ usecs_to_jiffies(TICK_USEC));
+
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cpu_thermal->lock, flags);
+}
+
+/**
+ * Function for the tick update of the thermal pressure.
+ * The thermal pressure update is aborted if already an update is
+ * happening.
+ */
+static void thermal_pressure_timeout(struct timer_list *timer)
+{
+ struct thermal_pressure *cpu_thermal = from_timer(cpu_thermal, timer,
+ timer);
+ unsigned long flags = 0;
+
+ if (!cpu_thermal)
+ return;
+
+ if (!spin_trylock_irqsave(&cpu_thermal->lock, flags))
+ return;
+
+ thermal_pressure_update(cpu_thermal, 0, 0, 0);
+}
+
+/**
+ * Function to update thermal pressure from cooling device
+ * or any framework responsible for capping cpu maximum
+ * capacity.
+ */
+void sched_update_thermal_pressure(struct cpumask *cpus,
+ unsigned long cap_max_freq,
+ unsigned long max_freq)
+{
+ int cpu;
+ unsigned long flags = 0;
+ struct thermal_pressure *cpu_thermal;
+
+ for_each_cpu(cpu, cpus) {
+ cpu_thermal = per_cpu(thermal_pressure_cpu, cpu);
+ if (!cpu_thermal)
+ return;
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&cpu_thermal->lock, flags);
+ thermal_pressure_update(cpu_thermal, cap_max_freq, max_freq, 1);
+ }
+}
+
+/**
+ * Function to be called from scheduler to get thermal pressure
+ * of a cpu
+ */
+unsigned long sched_get_thermal_pressure(int cpu)
+{
+ struct thermal_pressure *cpu_thermal = per_cpu(thermal_pressure_cpu,
+ cpu);
+
+ if (!cpu_thermal)
+ return SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE;
+ else
+ return cpu_thermal->scale;
+}
+
+static void __init init_thermal_pressure(void)
+{
+ struct thermal_pressure *cpu_thermal;
+ unsigned long scale;
+ int cpu;
+
+ pr_debug("Init thermal pressure\n");
+ for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
+ cpu_thermal = per_cpu(thermal_pressure_cpu, cpu);
+ if (cpu_thermal)
+ continue;
+
+ cpu_thermal = kzalloc(sizeof(*cpu_thermal), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!cpu_thermal)
+ continue;
+ scale = SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE;
+ cpu_thermal->scale = scale;
+ cpu_thermal->old_scale = scale;
+ cpu_thermal->raw_scale = scale;
+ cpu_thermal->age_stamp = sched_clock_cpu(cpu);
+ cpu_thermal->last_update = sched_clock_cpu(cpu);
+ cpu_thermal->cpu = cpu;
+ spin_lock_init(&cpu_thermal->lock);
+ timer_setup(&cpu_thermal->timer, thermal_pressure_timeout,
+ TIMER_DEFERRABLE);
+ per_cpu(thermal_pressure_cpu, cpu) = cpu_thermal;
+ pr_debug("cpu %d thermal scale = %ld\n", cpu, cpu_thermal->scale);
+ }
+
+ for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
+ cpu_thermal = per_cpu(thermal_pressure_cpu, cpu);
+ if (!cpu_thermal)
+ continue;
+ cpu_thermal->timer.expires = jiffies +
+ usecs_to_jiffies(TICK_USEC);
+ add_timer(&cpu_thermal->timer);
+ }
+}
+
+late_initcall(init_thermal_pressure);
--
2.1.4
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