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SubjectRe: [RFC 2/2] signal: extend pidfd_send_signal() to allow expedited process killing
On Thu, Apr 11, 2019 at 10:47:50AM -0700, Daniel Colascione wrote:
> On Thu, Apr 11, 2019 at 10:36 AM Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org> wrote:
> > It's not a question of the kernel deciding what the right signal is.
> > The kernel knows whether a signal is fatal to a particular process or not.
> > The question is whether the killing process should do the work of reaping
> > the dying process's resources sometimes, always or never. Currently,
> > that is never (the process reaps its own resources); Suren is suggesting
> > sometimes, and I'm asking "Why not always?"
>
> FWIW, Suren's initial proposal is that the oom_reaper kthread do the
> reaping, not the process sending the kill. Are you suggesting that
> sending SIGKILL should spend a while in signal delivery reaping pages
> before returning? I thought about just doing it this way, but I didn't
> like the idea: it'd slow down mass-killing programs like killall(1).
> Programs expect sending SIGKILL to be a fast operation that returns
> immediately.

Suren said that the implementation in this proposal wasn't to be taken
literally.

You've raised some good points here though. Do mass-killing programs
like kill with a pgid or killall expect the signal-sending process to
be fast, or do they not really care?

From the kernel's point of view, the same work has to be done, no matter
whether the killer or the victim does it. Should the work be accounted
to the killer or the victim? It probably doesn't matter. The victim
doing the work allows for parallelisation, but I'm not convinced that's
important either.

I see another advantage for the killer doing the work -- if the task
is currently blocking on I/O (eg to an NFS mount that has gone away),
the killer can get rid of the task's page tables. If we have to wait
for the I/O to complete before the victim reaps its own page tables,
we may be waiting forever.

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