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Subject[PATCH v2 1/3] security: Create "kernel hardening" config area
Date
Right now kernel hardening options are scattered around various Kconfig
files. This can be a central place to collect these kinds of options
going forward. This is initially populated with the memory initialization
options from the gcc-plugins.

Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
---
scripts/gcc-plugins/Kconfig | 74 +++--------------------------
security/Kconfig | 2 +
security/Kconfig.hardening | 93 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
3 files changed, 102 insertions(+), 67 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 security/Kconfig.hardening

diff --git a/scripts/gcc-plugins/Kconfig b/scripts/gcc-plugins/Kconfig
index 74271dba4f94..84d471dea2b7 100644
--- a/scripts/gcc-plugins/Kconfig
+++ b/scripts/gcc-plugins/Kconfig
@@ -13,10 +13,11 @@ config HAVE_GCC_PLUGINS
An arch should select this symbol if it supports building with
GCC plugins.

-menuconfig GCC_PLUGINS
- bool "GCC plugins"
+config GCC_PLUGINS
+ bool
depends on HAVE_GCC_PLUGINS
depends on PLUGIN_HOSTCC != ""
+ default y
help
GCC plugins are loadable modules that provide extra features to the
compiler. They are useful for runtime instrumentation and static analysis.
@@ -25,6 +26,8 @@ menuconfig GCC_PLUGINS

if GCC_PLUGINS

+menu "GCC plugins"
+
config GCC_PLUGIN_CYC_COMPLEXITY
bool "Compute the cyclomatic complexity of a function" if EXPERT
depends on !COMPILE_TEST # too noisy
@@ -66,71 +69,6 @@ config GCC_PLUGIN_LATENT_ENTROPY
* https://grsecurity.net/
* https://pax.grsecurity.net/

-config GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK
- bool "Zero initialize stack variables"
- help
- While the kernel is built with warnings enabled for any missed
- stack variable initializations, this warning is silenced for
- anything passed by reference to another function, under the
- occasionally misguided assumption that the function will do
- the initialization. As this regularly leads to exploitable
- flaws, this plugin is available to identify and zero-initialize
- such variables, depending on the chosen level of coverage.
-
- This plugin was originally ported from grsecurity/PaX. More
- information at:
- * https://grsecurity.net/
- * https://pax.grsecurity.net/
-
-choice
- prompt "Coverage"
- depends on GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK
- default GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK_BYREF_ALL
- help
- This chooses the level of coverage over classes of potentially
- uninitialized variables. The selected class will be
- zero-initialized before use.
-
- config GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK_USER
- bool "structs marked for userspace"
- help
- Zero-initialize any structures on the stack containing
- a __user attribute. This can prevent some classes of
- uninitialized stack variable exploits and information
- exposures, like CVE-2013-2141:
- https://git.kernel.org/linus/b9e146d8eb3b9eca
-
- config GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK_BYREF
- bool "structs passed by reference"
- help
- Zero-initialize any structures on the stack that may
- be passed by reference and had not already been
- explicitly initialized. This can prevent most classes
- of uninitialized stack variable exploits and information
- exposures, like CVE-2017-1000410:
- https://git.kernel.org/linus/06e7e776ca4d3654
-
- config GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK_BYREF_ALL
- bool "anything passed by reference"
- help
- Zero-initialize any stack variables that may be passed
- by reference and had not already been explicitly
- initialized. This is intended to eliminate all classes
- of uninitialized stack variable exploits and information
- exposures.
-
-endchoice
-
-config GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK_VERBOSE
- bool "Report forcefully initialized variables"
- depends on GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK
- depends on !COMPILE_TEST # too noisy
- help
- This option will cause a warning to be printed each time the
- structleak plugin finds a variable it thinks needs to be
- initialized. Since not all existing initializers are detected
- by the plugin, this can produce false positive warnings.
-
config GCC_PLUGIN_RANDSTRUCT
bool "Randomize layout of sensitive kernel structures"
select MODVERSIONS if MODULES
@@ -226,4 +164,6 @@ config GCC_PLUGIN_ARM_SSP_PER_TASK
bool
depends on GCC_PLUGINS && ARM

+endmenu
+
endif
diff --git a/security/Kconfig b/security/Kconfig
index 1d6463fb1450..7aec8d094ce2 100644
--- a/security/Kconfig
+++ b/security/Kconfig
@@ -249,5 +249,7 @@ config LSM

If unsure, leave this as the default.

+source "security/Kconfig.hardening"
+
endmenu

diff --git a/security/Kconfig.hardening b/security/Kconfig.hardening
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..01a119437dfc
--- /dev/null
+++ b/security/Kconfig.hardening
@@ -0,0 +1,93 @@
+menu "Kernel hardening options"
+
+config GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK
+ bool
+ help
+ While the kernel is built with warnings enabled for any missed
+ stack variable initializations, this warning is silenced for
+ anything passed by reference to another function, under the
+ occasionally misguided assumption that the function will do
+ the initialization. As this regularly leads to exploitable
+ flaws, this plugin is available to identify and zero-initialize
+ such variables, depending on the chosen level of coverage.
+
+ This plugin was originally ported from grsecurity/PaX. More
+ information at:
+ * https://grsecurity.net/
+ * https://pax.grsecurity.net/
+
+menu "Memory initialization"
+
+choice
+ prompt "Initialize kernel stack variables at function entry"
+ depends on GCC_PLUGINS
+ default INIT_STACK_NONE
+ help
+ This option enables initialization of stack variables at
+ function entry time. This has the possibility to have the
+ greatest coverage (since all functions can have their
+ variables initialized), but the performance impact depends
+ on the function calling complexity of a given workload's
+ syscalls.
+
+ This chooses the level of coverage over classes of potentially
+ uninitialized variables. The selected class will be
+ initialized before use in a function.
+
+ config INIT_STACK_NONE
+ bool "no automatic initialization (weakest)"
+ help
+ Disable automatic stack variable initialization.
+ This leaves the kernel vulnerable to the standard
+ classes of uninitialized stack variable exploits
+ and information exposures.
+
+ config GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK_USER
+ bool "zero-init structs marked for userspace (weak)"
+ depends on GCC_PLUGINS
+ select GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK
+ help
+ Zero-initialize any structures on the stack containing
+ a __user attribute. This can prevent some classes of
+ uninitialized stack variable exploits and information
+ exposures, like CVE-2013-2141:
+ https://git.kernel.org/linus/b9e146d8eb3b9eca
+
+ config GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK_BYREF
+ bool "zero-init structs passed by reference (strong)"
+ depends on GCC_PLUGINS
+ select GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK
+ help
+ Zero-initialize any structures on the stack that may
+ be passed by reference and had not already been
+ explicitly initialized. This can prevent most classes
+ of uninitialized stack variable exploits and information
+ exposures, like CVE-2017-1000410:
+ https://git.kernel.org/linus/06e7e776ca4d3654
+
+ config GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK_BYREF_ALL
+ bool "zero-init anything passed by reference (very strong)"
+ depends on GCC_PLUGINS
+ select GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK
+ help
+ Zero-initialize any stack variables that may be passed
+ by reference and had not already been explicitly
+ initialized. This is intended to eliminate all classes
+ of uninitialized stack variable exploits and information
+ exposures.
+
+endchoice
+
+config GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK_VERBOSE
+ bool "Report forcefully initialized variables"
+ depends on GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK
+ depends on !COMPILE_TEST # too noisy
+ help
+ This option will cause a warning to be printed each time the
+ structleak plugin finds a variable it thinks needs to be
+ initialized. Since not all existing initializers are detected
+ by the plugin, this can produce false positive warnings.
+
+endmenu
+
+endmenu
--
2.17.1
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