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SubjectRe: [RFC 2/2] signal: extend pidfd_send_signal() to allow expedited process killing
Cc: Oleg too

On Thu, Apr 11, 2019 at 12:30:18PM +0200, Christian Brauner wrote:
> On Wed, Apr 10, 2019 at 06:43:53PM -0700, Suren Baghdasaryan wrote:
> > Add new SS_EXPEDITE flag to be used when sending SIGKILL via
> > pidfd_send_signal() syscall to allow expedited memory reclaim of the
> > victim process. The usage of this flag is currently limited to SIGKILL
> > signal and only to privileged users.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Suren Baghdasaryan <surenb@google.com>
> > ---
> > include/linux/sched/signal.h | 3 ++-
> > include/linux/signal.h | 11 ++++++++++-
> > ipc/mqueue.c | 2 +-
> > kernel/signal.c | 37 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
> > kernel/time/itimer.c | 2 +-
> > 5 files changed, 43 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/include/linux/sched/signal.h b/include/linux/sched/signal.h
> > index e412c092c1e8..8a227633a058 100644
> > --- a/include/linux/sched/signal.h
> > +++ b/include/linux/sched/signal.h
> > @@ -327,7 +327,8 @@ extern int send_sig_info(int, struct kernel_siginfo *, struct task_struct *);
> > extern void force_sigsegv(int sig, struct task_struct *p);
> > extern int force_sig_info(int, struct kernel_siginfo *, struct task_struct *);
> > extern int __kill_pgrp_info(int sig, struct kernel_siginfo *info, struct pid *pgrp);
> > -extern int kill_pid_info(int sig, struct kernel_siginfo *info, struct pid *pid);
> > +extern int kill_pid_info(int sig, struct kernel_siginfo *info, struct pid *pid,
> > + bool expedite);
> > extern int kill_pid_info_as_cred(int, struct kernel_siginfo *, struct pid *,
> > const struct cred *);
> > extern int kill_pgrp(struct pid *pid, int sig, int priv);
> > diff --git a/include/linux/signal.h b/include/linux/signal.h
> > index 9702016734b1..34b7852aa4a0 100644
> > --- a/include/linux/signal.h
> > +++ b/include/linux/signal.h
> > @@ -446,8 +446,17 @@ int __save_altstack(stack_t __user *, unsigned long);
> > } while (0);
> >
> > #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * SS_FLAGS values used in pidfd_send_signal:
> > + *
> > + * SS_EXPEDITE indicates desire to expedite the operation.
> > + */
> > +#define SS_EXPEDITE 0x00000001
>
> Does this make sense as an SS_* flag?
> How does this relate to the signal stack?
> Is there any intention to ever use this flag with stack_t?
>
> New flags should be PIDFD_SIGNAL_*. (E.g. the thread flag will be
> PIDFD_SIGNAL_THREAD.)
> And since this is exposed to userspace in contrast to the mm internal
> naming it should be something more easily understandable like
> PIDFD_SIGNAL_MM_RECLAIM{_FASTER} or something.
>
> > +
> > struct seq_file;
> > extern void render_sigset_t(struct seq_file *, const char *, sigset_t *);
> > -#endif
> > +
> > +#endif /* CONFIG_PROC_FS */
> >
> > #endif /* _LINUX_SIGNAL_H */
> > diff --git a/ipc/mqueue.c b/ipc/mqueue.c
> > index aea30530c472..27c66296e08e 100644
> > --- a/ipc/mqueue.c
> > +++ b/ipc/mqueue.c
> > @@ -720,7 +720,7 @@ static void __do_notify(struct mqueue_inode_info *info)
> > rcu_read_unlock();
> >
> > kill_pid_info(info->notify.sigev_signo,
> > - &sig_i, info->notify_owner);
> > + &sig_i, info->notify_owner, false);
> > break;
> > case SIGEV_THREAD:
> > set_cookie(info->notify_cookie, NOTIFY_WOKENUP);
> > diff --git a/kernel/signal.c b/kernel/signal.c
> > index f98448cf2def..02ed4332d17c 100644
> > --- a/kernel/signal.c
> > +++ b/kernel/signal.c
> > @@ -43,6 +43,7 @@
> > #include <linux/compiler.h>
> > #include <linux/posix-timers.h>
> > #include <linux/livepatch.h>
> > +#include <linux/oom.h>
> >
> > #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
> > #include <trace/events/signal.h>
> > @@ -1394,7 +1395,8 @@ int __kill_pgrp_info(int sig, struct kernel_siginfo *info, struct pid *pgrp)
> > return success ? 0 : retval;
> > }
> >
> > -int kill_pid_info(int sig, struct kernel_siginfo *info, struct pid *pid)
> > +int kill_pid_info(int sig, struct kernel_siginfo *info, struct pid *pid,
> > + bool expedite)
> > {
> > int error = -ESRCH;
> > struct task_struct *p;
> > @@ -1402,8 +1404,17 @@ int kill_pid_info(int sig, struct kernel_siginfo *info, struct pid *pid)
> > for (;;) {
> > rcu_read_lock();
> > p = pid_task(pid, PIDTYPE_PID);
> > - if (p)
> > + if (p) {
> > error = group_send_sig_info(sig, info, p, PIDTYPE_TGID);
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * Ignore expedite_reclaim return value, it is best
> > + * effort only.
> > + */
> > + if (!error && expedite)
> > + expedite_reclaim(p);
>
> SIGKILL will take the whole thread group down so the reclaim should make
> sense here.
>
> > + }
> > +
> > rcu_read_unlock();
> > if (likely(!p || error != -ESRCH))
> > return error;
> > @@ -1420,7 +1431,7 @@ static int kill_proc_info(int sig, struct kernel_siginfo *info, pid_t pid)
> > {
> > int error;
> > rcu_read_lock();
> > - error = kill_pid_info(sig, info, find_vpid(pid));
> > + error = kill_pid_info(sig, info, find_vpid(pid), false);
> > rcu_read_unlock();
> > return error;
> > }
> > @@ -1487,7 +1498,7 @@ static int kill_something_info(int sig, struct kernel_siginfo *info, pid_t pid)
> >
> > if (pid > 0) {
> > rcu_read_lock();
> > - ret = kill_pid_info(sig, info, find_vpid(pid));
> > + ret = kill_pid_info(sig, info, find_vpid(pid), false);
> > rcu_read_unlock();
> > return ret;
> > }
> > @@ -1704,7 +1715,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(kill_pgrp);
> >
> > int kill_pid(struct pid *pid, int sig, int priv)
> > {
> > - return kill_pid_info(sig, __si_special(priv), pid);
> > + return kill_pid_info(sig, __si_special(priv), pid, false);
> > }
> > EXPORT_SYMBOL(kill_pid);
> >
> > @@ -3577,10 +3588,20 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE4(pidfd_send_signal, int, pidfd, int, sig,
> > struct pid *pid;
> > kernel_siginfo_t kinfo;
> >
> > - /* Enforce flags be set to 0 until we add an extension. */
> > - if (flags)
> > + /* Enforce no unknown flags. */
> > + if (flags & ~SS_EXPEDITE)
> > return -EINVAL;
> >
> > + if (flags & SS_EXPEDITE) {
> > + /* Enforce SS_EXPEDITE to be used with SIGKILL only. */
> > + if (sig != SIGKILL)
> > + return -EINVAL;
>
> Not super fond of this being a SIGKILL specific flag but I get why.
>
> > +
> > + /* Limit expedited killing to privileged users only. */
> > + if (!capable(CAP_SYS_NICE))
> > + return -EPERM;
>
> Do you have a specific (DOS or other) attack vector in mind that renders
> ns_capable unsuitable?
>
> > + }
> > +
> > f = fdget_raw(pidfd);
> > if (!f.file)
> > return -EBADF;
> > @@ -3614,7 +3635,7 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE4(pidfd_send_signal, int, pidfd, int, sig,
> > prepare_kill_siginfo(sig, &kinfo);
> > }
> >
> > - ret = kill_pid_info(sig, &kinfo, pid);
> > + ret = kill_pid_info(sig, &kinfo, pid, (flags & SS_EXPEDITE) != 0);
> >
> > err:
> > fdput(f);
> > diff --git a/kernel/time/itimer.c b/kernel/time/itimer.c
> > index 02068b2d5862..c926483cdb53 100644
> > --- a/kernel/time/itimer.c
> > +++ b/kernel/time/itimer.c
> > @@ -140,7 +140,7 @@ enum hrtimer_restart it_real_fn(struct hrtimer *timer)
> > struct pid *leader_pid = sig->pids[PIDTYPE_TGID];
> >
> > trace_itimer_expire(ITIMER_REAL, leader_pid, 0);
> > - kill_pid_info(SIGALRM, SEND_SIG_PRIV, leader_pid);
> > + kill_pid_info(SIGALRM, SEND_SIG_PRIV, leader_pid, false);
> >
> > return HRTIMER_NORESTART;
> > }
> > --
> > 2.21.0.392.gf8f6787159e-goog
> >

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