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SubjectRe: Some new bio merging behaviors in __bio_try_merge_page
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On 2019/4/11 15:08, Ming Lei wrote:
> Hi Gao Xiang,
>
> On Thu, Apr 11, 2019 at 01:47:49PM +0800, Gao Xiang wrote:
>> Hi Ming,
>>
>> I found a erofs issue after commit 07173c3ec276
>> ("block: enable multipage bvecs") is merged. It seems that
>> it tries to merge more physical continuous pages in one iovec.
>>
>> However it breaks the current erofs_read_raw_page logic since it uses
>> nr_iovecs of bio_alloc to limit the maximum number of physical
>
> I believe you can do the limit outside easily, such as by checking
> how many pages have been added to the bio.

Yes, I agree that. However, I noticed that bio_add_page is exported as
EXPORT_SYMBOL. I have no idea how many out-of-tree drivers break as well.

Is there no way to take old behavior into consideration in the block layer as well?

>
>> continuous blocks as well. It was practicable since the old
>> __bio_try_merge_page only tries to merge in the same page.
>> it is a kAPI behavior change which also affects bio_alloc...
>>
>> ...
>> 231 err = erofs_map_blocks(inode, &map, EROFS_GET_BLOCKS_RAW);
>> 232 if (unlikely(err))
>> 233 goto err_out;
>> ...
>> 284 /* max # of continuous pages */
>> 285 if (nblocks > DIV_ROUND_UP(map.m_plen, PAGE_SIZE))
>> 286 nblocks = DIV_ROUND_UP(map.m_plen, PAGE_SIZE);
>> 287 if (nblocks > BIO_MAX_PAGES)
>> 288 nblocks = BIO_MAX_PAGES;
>> 289
>> 290 bio = erofs_grab_bio(sb, blknr, nblocks, sb,
>> 291 read_endio, false);
>
> Previously this bio is allowed to add at most 'nblocks' pages, however,
> now we are allowed to add at most 'nblocks' io vecs, instead of pages.
>
>> 292 if (IS_ERR(bio)) {
>> 293 err = PTR_ERR(bio);
>> 294 bio = NULL;
>> 295 goto err_out;
>> 296 }
>> 297 }
>> 298
>> 299 err = bio_add_page(bio, page, PAGE_SIZE, 0);
>> 300 /* out of the extent or bio is full */
>> 301 if (err < PAGE_SIZE)
>> 302 goto submit_bio_retry;
>> ...
>>
>> After commit 07173c3ec276 ("block: enable multipage bvecs"), erofs could
>> read more beyond what erofs_map_blocks assigns, and out-of-bound data could
>> be read and it breaks tail-end inline determination.
>
> I don't understand why, could you explain a bit why erofs reads more?

In current erofs, file could be break in two parts (non tail-end and tail-end blocks).
Considering this on-disk layout,
________________________________________________________________
| non tail-end data | meta data |
|____________________________________|_(inode) + non-inline data_|
^ ^
| |
bio start \-- what nr_iovecs indicates as well:
the end of the non tail-end data.

Before this commit, it will stop just before the next meta data. However,
if the new bio merging behavior is introduced, it could add pages more than
nr_iovecs, thus meta data will be read as the normal data...


>
> The amount depends on how many pages you added to the bio.
>
>>
>> I can change the logic in erofs. However, out of curiosity, I have no idea
>> if some other places also are designed like this.
>>
>> IMO, it's better to provide a total count which indicates how many real
>> pages have been added in this bio. some thoughts?
>
> As I mentioned, you may count how many pages added to bio, or you still
> can get the number via bio_segments(bio).

It is unsuitable to introduce bio_segments for each bio_add_page...

Thanks,
Gao Xiang

>
> Thanks,
> Ming
>

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