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Subject[PATCH] ubsan: Avoid unnecessary 128-bit shifts
Double-word sign-extending shifts by a variable amount are a
non-trivial amount of code and complexity. Doing signed long shifts
before the cast to (s_max) greatly simplifies the object code.

(Yes, I know "signed" is redundant. It's there for emphasis.)

The complex issue raised by this patch is that allows s390 (at
least) to enable CONFIG_ARCH_SUPPORTS_INT128.

If you enable that option, s_max becomes 128 bits, and gcc compiles
the pre-patch code with a call to __ashrti3. (And, on some gcc
versions, __ashlti3.) Which isn't implemented, ergo link error.

Enabling that option allows 64-bit widening multiplies which
greatly simplify a lot of timestamp scaling code in the kernel,
so it's desirable.

But how to get there?

One option is to implement __ashrti3 on the platforms that need it.
But I'm inclined to *not* do so, because it's inefficient, rare,
and avoidable. This patch fixes the sole instance in the entire
kernel, which will make that implementation dead code, and I think
its absence will encourage Don't Do That, Then going forward.

But if we don't implement it, we've created an awkward dependency
between patches in different subsystems, and that needs handling.

Option 1: Submit this for 5.2 and turn on INT128 for s390 in 5.3.
Option 2: Let the arches cherry-pick this patch pre-5.2.

My preference is for option 2, but that requires permission from
ubsan's owner. Andrey?

Signed-off-by: George Spelvin <>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <>
lib/ubsan.c | 4 ++--
1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/lib/ubsan.c b/lib/ubsan.c
index e4162f59a81c..43ce177a5ca7 100644
--- a/lib/ubsan.c
+++ b/lib/ubsan.c
@@ -89,8 +89,8 @@ static bool is_inline_int(struct type_descriptor *type)
static s_max get_signed_val(struct type_descriptor *type, unsigned long val)
if (is_inline_int(type)) {
- unsigned extra_bits = sizeof(s_max)*8 - type_bit_width(type);
- return ((s_max)val) << extra_bits >> extra_bits;
+ unsigned extra_bits = sizeof(val)*8 - type_bit_width(type);
+ return (s_max)((signed long)val << extra_bits >> extra_bits);

if (type_bit_width(type) == 64)
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