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SubjectRe: [PATCH v6] pidns: introduce syscall translate_pid
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On 11/8/18 7:49 PM, Dmitry V. Levin wrote:
> Hi,
>
> On Mon, Jul 16, 2018 at 10:57:48AM -0700, Nagarathnam Muthusamy wrote:
>> On 06/01/2018 12:18 PM, Konstantin Khlebnikov wrote:
>>> Each process have different pids, one for each pid namespace it belongs.
>>> When interaction happens within single pid-ns translation isn't required.
>>> More complicated scenarios needs special handling.
>>>
>>> For example:
>>> - reading pid-files or logs written inside container with pid namespace
>>> - writing logs with internal pids outside container for pushing them into
>>> - attaching with ptrace to tasks from different pid namespace
>>>
>>> Generally speaking, any cross pid-ns API with pids needs translation.
>>>
>>> Currently there are several interfaces that could be used here:
>>>
>>> Pid namespaces are identified by device and inode of /proc/[pid]/ns/pid.
>>>
>>> Pids for nested pid namespaces are shown in file /proc/[pid]/status.
>>> In some cases pid translation could be easily done using this information.
>>> Backward translation requires scanning all tasks and becomes really
>>> complicated for deeper namespace nesting.
>>>
>>> Unix socket automatically translates pid attached to SCM_CREDENTIALS.
>>> This requires CAP_SYS_ADMIN for sending arbitrary pids and entering
>>> into pid namespace, this expose process and could be insecure.
>>>
>>> This patch adds new syscall for converting pids between pid namespaces:
>>>
>>> pid_t translate_pid(pid_t pid, int source, int target);
>>>
>>> Pid-namespaces are referred file descriptors opened to proc files
>>> /proc/[pid]/ns/pid or /proc/[pid]/ns/pid_for_children.
>>> Negative argument points to current pid namespace.
>>>
>>> Syscall returns pid in target pid-ns or zero if task have no pid there.
>>>
>>> Error codes:
>>> EBADF - file descriptor is closed
>>> EINVAL - file descriptor isn't pid namespace
>>> ESRCH - task not found in @source namespace
>>>
>>> Translation could breach pid-ns isolation and return pids from outer pid
>>> namespaces iff process already has file descriptor for these namespaces.
>>>
>>> Examples:
>>> translate_pid(pid, ns, -1) - get pid in our pid namespace
>>> translate_pid(pid, -1, ns) - get pid in other pid namespace
>>> translate_pid(1, ns, -1) - get pid of init task for namespace
>>> translate_pid(pid, -1, ns) > 0 - is pid is reachable from ns?
>>> translate_pid(1, ns1, ns2) > 0 - is ns1 inside ns2?
>>> translate_pid(1, ns1, ns2) == 0 - is ns1 outside ns2?
>>> translate_pid(1, ns1, ns2) == 1 - is ns1 equal ns2?
>>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Konstantin Khlebnikov <khlebnikov@yandex-team.ru>
>>> Reanimated-by: Nagarathnam Muthusamy <nagarathnam.muthusamy@oracle.com>
>>>
>>> ---
>>>
>>> v1: https://lkml.org/lkml/2015/9/15/411
>>> v2: https://lkml.org/lkml/2015/9/24/278
>>> * use namespace-fd as second/third argument
>>> * add -pid for getting parent pid
>>> * move code into kernel/sys.c next to getppid
>>> * drop ifdef CONFIG_PID_NS
>>> * add generic syscall
>>> v3: https://lkml.org/lkml/2015/9/28/3
>>> * use proc_ns_fdget()
>>> * update description
>>> * rebase to next-20150925
>>> * fix conflict with mlock2
>>> v4: https://lkml.org/lkml/2017/10/13/177
>>> * rename from getvpid() into translate_pid()
>>> * remove syscall if CONFIG_PID_NS=n
>>> * drop -pid for parent task
>>> * drop fget-fdget optimizations
>>> * add helper get_pid_ns_by_fd()
>>> * wire only into x86
>>> v5: https://lkml.org/lkml/2018/4/4/677
>>> * rewrite commit message
>>> * resolve pidns by task pid or by pidns fd
>>> * add arguments source_type and target_type
>>> v6:
>>> * revert back minimized v4 design
>>> * rebase to next-20180601
>>> * fix COND_SYSCALL stub
>>> * use next syscall number, old used for io_pgetevents
>>>
>>> --- sample tool ---
>>>
>>> #define _GNU_SOURCE
>>> #include <sys/syscall.h>
>>> #include <sys/types.h>
>>> #include <fcntl.h>
>>> #include <unistd.h>
>>> #include <stdlib.h>
>>> #include <stdio.h>
>>> #include <err.h>
>>>
>>> #ifndef SYS_translate_pid
>>> #ifdef __x86_64__
>>> #define SYS_translate_pid 334
>>> #elif defined __i386__
>>> #define SYS_translate_pid 386
>>> #endif
>>> #endif
>>>
>>> pid_t translate_pid(pid_t pid, int source, int target) {
>>> return syscall(SYS_translate_pid, pid, source, target);
>>> }
>>>
>>> int main(int argc, char **argv) {
>>> int pid, source, target;
>>> char buf[64];
>>>
>>> if (argc != 4)
>>> errx(1, "usage: %s <pid> <source> <target>", argv[0]);
>>>
>>> pid = atoi(argv[1]);
>>> source = atoi(argv[2]);
>>> target = atoi(argv[3]);
>>>
>>> if (source > 0) {
>>> snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "/proc/%d/ns/pid", source);
>>> source = open(buf, O_RDONLY);
>>> if (source < 0)
>>> err(2, "open source %s", buf);
>>> }
>>>
>>> if (target > 0) {
>>> snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "/proc/%d/ns/pid", target);
>>> target = open(buf, O_RDONLY);
>>> if (target < 0)
>>> err(2, "open target %s", buf);
>>> }
>>>
>>> pid = translate_pid(pid, source, target);
>>> if (pid < 0)
>>> err(2, "translate_pid");
>>>
>>> printf("%d\n", pid);
>>> return 0;
>>> }
>>>
>>> ---
>>> ---
>>> arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl | 1
>>> arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl | 1
>>> include/linux/syscalls.h | 1
>>> kernel/pid_namespace.c | 66 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>> kernel/sys_ni.c | 3 +
>>> 5 files changed, 72 insertions(+)
>>>
>>> diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl b/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl
>>> index 14a2f996e543..e70685750d43 100644
>>> --- a/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl
>>> +++ b/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl
>>> @@ -397,3 +397,4 @@
>>> 383 i386 statx sys_statx __ia32_sys_statx
>>> 384 i386 arch_prctl sys_arch_prctl __ia32_compat_sys_arch_prctl
>>> 385 i386 io_pgetevents sys_io_pgetevents __ia32_compat_sys_io_pgetevents
>>> +386 i386 translate_pid sys_translate_pid __ia32_sys_translate_pid
>>> diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl b/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl
>>> index cd36232ab62f..ebfd89055424 100644
>>> --- a/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl
>>> +++ b/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl
>>> @@ -342,6 +342,7 @@
>>> 331 common pkey_free __x64_sys_pkey_free
>>> 332 common statx __x64_sys_statx
>>> 333 common io_pgetevents __x64_sys_io_pgetevents
>>> +334 common translate_pid __x64_sys_translate_pid
>>>
>>> #
>>> # x32-specific system call numbers start at 512 to avoid cache impact
>>> diff --git a/include/linux/syscalls.h b/include/linux/syscalls.h
>>> index 390e814fdc8d..3f33971cf1c8 100644
>>> --- a/include/linux/syscalls.h
>>> +++ b/include/linux/syscalls.h
>>> @@ -843,6 +843,7 @@ asmlinkage long sys_clock_adjtime(clockid_t which_clock,
>>> struct timex __user *tx);
>>> asmlinkage long sys_syncfs(int fd);
>>> asmlinkage long sys_setns(int fd, int nstype);
>>> +asmlinkage long sys_translate_pid(pid_t pid, int source, int target);
>>> asmlinkage long sys_sendmmsg(int fd, struct mmsghdr __user *msg,
>>> unsigned int vlen, unsigned flags);
>>> asmlinkage long sys_process_vm_readv(pid_t pid,
>>> diff --git a/kernel/pid_namespace.c b/kernel/pid_namespace.c
>>> index 2a2ac53d8b8b..3b872cbbe264 100644
>>> --- a/kernel/pid_namespace.c
>>> +++ b/kernel/pid_namespace.c
>>> @@ -13,6 +13,7 @@
>>> #include <linux/user_namespace.h>
>>> #include <linux/syscalls.h>
>>> #include <linux/cred.h>
>>> +#include <linux/file.h>
>>> #include <linux/err.h>
>>> #include <linux/acct.h>
>>> #include <linux/slab.h>
>>> @@ -380,6 +381,71 @@ static void pidns_put(struct ns_common *ns)
>>> put_pid_ns(to_pid_ns(ns));
>>> }
>>>
>>> +static struct pid_namespace *get_pid_ns_by_fd(int fd)
>>> +{
>>> + struct pid_namespace *pidns;
>>> + struct ns_common *ns;
>>> + struct file *file;
>>> +
>>> + file = proc_ns_fget(fd);
>>> + if (IS_ERR(file))
>>> + return ERR_CAST(file);
>>> +
>>> + ns = get_proc_ns(file_inode(file));
>>> + if (ns->ops->type == CLONE_NEWPID)
>>> + pidns = get_pid_ns(to_pid_ns(ns));
>>> + else
>>> + pidns = ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
>>> +
>>> + fput(file);
>>> + return pidns;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +/*
>>> + * translate_pid - convert pid in source pid-ns into target pid-ns.
>>> + * @pid: pid for translation
>>> + * @source: pid-ns file descriptor or -1 for active namespace
>>> + * @target: pid-ns file descriptor or -1 for active namesapce
>>> + *
>>> + * Returns pid in @target pid-ns, zero if task have no pid there,
>>> + * or -ESRCH if task with @pid does not found in @source pid-ns.
>>> + */
>>> +SYSCALL_DEFINE3(translate_pid, pid_t, pid, int, source, int, target)
>>> +{
>>> + struct pid_namespace *source_ns, *target_ns;
>>> + struct pid *struct_pid;
>>> + pid_t result;
>>> +
>>> + if (source >= 0) {
>>> + source_ns = get_pid_ns_by_fd(source);
>>> + result = PTR_ERR(source_ns);
>>> + if (IS_ERR(source_ns))
>>> + goto err_source;
>>> + } else
>>> + source_ns = task_active_pid_ns(current);
>>> +
>>> + if (target >= 0) {
>>> + target_ns = get_pid_ns_by_fd(target);
>>> + result = PTR_ERR(target_ns);
>>> + if (IS_ERR(target_ns))
>>> + goto err_target;
>>> + } else
>>> + target_ns = task_active_pid_ns(current);
>>> +
>>> + rcu_read_lock();
>>> + struct_pid = find_pid_ns(pid, source_ns);
>>> + result = struct_pid ? pid_nr_ns(struct_pid, target_ns) : -ESRCH;
>>> + rcu_read_unlock();
>>> +
>>> + if (target >= 0)
>>> + put_pid_ns(target_ns);
>>> +err_target:
>>> + if (source >= 0)
>>> + put_pid_ns(source_ns);
>>> +err_source:
>>> + return result;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> static int pidns_install(struct nsproxy *nsproxy, struct ns_common *ns)
>>> {
>>> struct pid_namespace *active = task_active_pid_ns(current);
>>> diff --git a/kernel/sys_ni.c b/kernel/sys_ni.c
>>> index 06b4ccee0047..bf276e9ace9a 100644
>>> --- a/kernel/sys_ni.c
>>> +++ b/kernel/sys_ni.c
>>> @@ -153,6 +153,9 @@ COND_SYSCALL_COMPAT(kexec_load);
>>> COND_SYSCALL(init_module);
>>> COND_SYSCALL(delete_module);
>>>
>>> +/* kernel/pid_namespace.c */
>>> +COND_SYSCALL(translate_pid);
>>> +
>>> /* kernel/posix-timers.c */
>>>
>>> /* kernel/printk.c */
>>>
>> Ping :-) Checking back again for Ack or comments.
> JFYI, I'll try to attract more attention to this proposal
> by mentioning it in my talk at the LPC 2018 as a potential solution
> for one of several problems we have in strace, see
> https://www.linuxplumbersconf.org/event/2/contributions/78/

The patch has been picked up by Eric and it is in his tree. Not sure why

it has not made to a linux release.

Thanks,

Nagarathnam.

>

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