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Subject[PATCH RESEND v5 5/5] binfmt_*: scope path resolution of interpreters
Date
The need to be able to scope path resolution of interpreters became
clear with one of the possible vectors used in CVE-2019-5736 (which
most major container runtimes were vulnerable to).

Naively, it might seem that openat(2) -- which supports path scoping --
can be combined with execveat(AT_EMPTY_PATH) to trivially scope the
binary being executed. Unfortunately, a "bad binary" (usually a symlink)
could be written as a #!-style script with the symlink target as the
interpreter -- which would be completely missed by just scoping the
openat(2). An example of this being exploitable is CVE-2019-5736.

In order to get around this, we need to pass down to each binfmt_*
implementation the scoping flags requested in execveat(2). In order to
maintain backwards-compatibility we only pass the scoping AT_* flags.

To avoid breaking userspace (in the exceptionally rare cases where you
have #!-scripts with a relative path being execveat(2)-ed with dfd !=
AT_FDCWD), we only pass dfd down to binfmt_* if any of our new flags are
set in execveat(2).

Signed-off-by: Aleksa Sarai <cyphar@cyphar.com>
---
fs/binfmt_elf.c | 2 +-
fs/binfmt_elf_fdpic.c | 2 +-
fs/binfmt_em86.c | 4 ++--
fs/binfmt_misc.c | 2 +-
fs/binfmt_script.c | 2 +-
fs/exec.c | 26 ++++++++++++++++++++++----
include/linux/binfmts.h | 1 +
include/linux/fs.h | 9 +++++++--
include/uapi/linux/fcntl.h | 6 ++++++
9 files changed, 42 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/binfmt_elf.c b/fs/binfmt_elf.c
index 54207327f98f..eef86ffa38c8 100644
--- a/fs/binfmt_elf.c
+++ b/fs/binfmt_elf.c
@@ -777,7 +777,7 @@ static int load_elf_binary(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
if (elf_interpreter[elf_ppnt->p_filesz - 1] != '\0')
goto out_free_interp;

- interpreter = open_exec(elf_interpreter);
+ interpreter = openat_exec(bprm->dfd, elf_interpreter, bprm->flags);
retval = PTR_ERR(interpreter);
if (IS_ERR(interpreter))
goto out_free_interp;
diff --git a/fs/binfmt_elf_fdpic.c b/fs/binfmt_elf_fdpic.c
index b53bb3729ac1..c463c6428f77 100644
--- a/fs/binfmt_elf_fdpic.c
+++ b/fs/binfmt_elf_fdpic.c
@@ -263,7 +263,7 @@ static int load_elf_fdpic_binary(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
kdebug("Using ELF interpreter %s", interpreter_name);

/* replace the program with the interpreter */
- interpreter = open_exec(interpreter_name);
+ interpreter = openat_exec(bprm->dfd, interpreter_name, bprm->flags);
retval = PTR_ERR(interpreter);
if (IS_ERR(interpreter)) {
interpreter = NULL;
diff --git a/fs/binfmt_em86.c b/fs/binfmt_em86.c
index dd2d3f0cd55d..3ee46b0dc0d4 100644
--- a/fs/binfmt_em86.c
+++ b/fs/binfmt_em86.c
@@ -81,10 +81,10 @@ static int load_em86(struct linux_binprm *bprm)

/*
* OK, now restart the process with the interpreter's inode.
- * Note that we use open_exec() as the name is now in kernel
+ * Note that we use openat_exec() as the name is now in kernel
* space, and we don't need to copy it.
*/
- file = open_exec(interp);
+ file = openat_exec(binprm->dfd, interp, binprm->flags);
if (IS_ERR(file))
return PTR_ERR(file);

diff --git a/fs/binfmt_misc.c b/fs/binfmt_misc.c
index aa4a7a23ff99..573ef06ff5a1 100644
--- a/fs/binfmt_misc.c
+++ b/fs/binfmt_misc.c
@@ -209,7 +209,7 @@ static int load_misc_binary(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
if (!IS_ERR(interp_file))
deny_write_access(interp_file);
} else {
- interp_file = open_exec(fmt->interpreter);
+ interp_file = openat_exec(bprm->dfd, fmt->interpreter, bprm->flags);
}
retval = PTR_ERR(interp_file);
if (IS_ERR(interp_file))
diff --git a/fs/binfmt_script.c b/fs/binfmt_script.c
index d0078cbb718b..340f63635aac 100644
--- a/fs/binfmt_script.c
+++ b/fs/binfmt_script.c
@@ -102,7 +102,7 @@ static int load_script(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
/*
* OK, now restart the process with the interpreter's dentry.
*/
- file = open_exec(i_name);
+ file = openat_exec(bprm->dfd, i_name, bprm->flags);
if (IS_ERR(file))
return PTR_ERR(file);

diff --git a/fs/exec.c b/fs/exec.c
index bcf383730bea..e63063b2de23 100644
--- a/fs/exec.c
+++ b/fs/exec.c
@@ -846,12 +846,24 @@ static struct file *do_open_execat(int fd, struct filename *name, int flags)
.lookup_flags = LOOKUP_FOLLOW,
};

- if ((flags & ~(AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW | AT_EMPTY_PATH)) != 0)
+ if ((flags & ~(AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW | AT_EMPTY_PATH | AT_BENEATH |
+ AT_XDEV | AT_NO_MAGICLINKS | AT_NO_SYMLINKS |
+ AT_THIS_ROOT)) != 0)
return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
if (flags & AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW)
open_exec_flags.lookup_flags &= ~LOOKUP_FOLLOW;
if (flags & AT_EMPTY_PATH)
open_exec_flags.lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_EMPTY;
+ if (flags & AT_BENEATH)
+ open_exec_flags.lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_BENEATH;
+ if (flags & AT_XDEV)
+ open_exec_flags.lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_XDEV;
+ if (flags & AT_NO_MAGICLINKS)
+ open_exec_flags.lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_NO_MAGICLINKS;
+ if (flags & AT_NO_SYMLINKS)
+ open_exec_flags.lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_NO_SYMLINKS;
+ if (flags & AT_THIS_ROOT)
+ open_exec_flags.lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_IN_ROOT;

file = do_filp_open(fd, name, &open_exec_flags);
if (IS_ERR(file))
@@ -879,18 +891,18 @@ static struct file *do_open_execat(int fd, struct filename *name, int flags)
return ERR_PTR(err);
}

-struct file *open_exec(const char *name)
+struct file *openat_exec(int dfd, const char *name, int flags)
{
struct filename *filename = getname_kernel(name);
struct file *f = ERR_CAST(filename);

if (!IS_ERR(filename)) {
- f = do_open_execat(AT_FDCWD, filename, 0);
+ f = do_open_execat(dfd, filename, flags);
putname(filename);
}
return f;
}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(open_exec);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(openat_exec);

int kernel_read_file(struct file *file, void **buf, loff_t *size,
loff_t max_size, enum kernel_read_file_id id)
@@ -1762,6 +1774,12 @@ static int __do_execve_file(int fd, struct filename *filename,

sched_exec();

+ bprm->flags = flags & (AT_XDEV | AT_NO_MAGICLINKS | AT_NO_SYMLINKS |
+ AT_THIS_ROOT);
+ bprm->dfd = AT_FDCWD;
+ if (bprm->flags)
+ bprm->dfd = fd;
+
bprm->file = file;
if (!filename) {
bprm->filename = "none";
diff --git a/include/linux/binfmts.h b/include/linux/binfmts.h
index 688ab0de7810..e4da2d36e97f 100644
--- a/include/linux/binfmts.h
+++ b/include/linux/binfmts.h
@@ -50,6 +50,7 @@ struct linux_binprm {
unsigned int taso:1;
#endif
unsigned int recursion_depth; /* only for search_binary_handler() */
+ int dfd, flags; /* passed down to execat_open() */
struct file * file;
struct cred *cred; /* new credentials */
int unsafe; /* how unsafe this exec is (mask of LSM_UNSAFE_*) */
diff --git a/include/linux/fs.h b/include/linux/fs.h
index 3e85cb8e8c20..a82c8dd44ad9 100644
--- a/include/linux/fs.h
+++ b/include/linux/fs.h
@@ -2937,8 +2937,13 @@ extern int kernel_read_file_from_fd(int, void **, loff_t *, loff_t,
extern ssize_t kernel_read(struct file *, void *, size_t, loff_t *);
extern ssize_t kernel_write(struct file *, const void *, size_t, loff_t *);
extern ssize_t __kernel_write(struct file *, const void *, size_t, loff_t *);
-extern struct file * open_exec(const char *);
-
+
+extern struct file *openat_exec(int, const char *, int);
+static inline struct file *open_exec(const char *name)
+{
+ return openat_exec(AT_FDCWD, name, 0);
+}
+
/* fs/dcache.c -- generic fs support functions */
extern bool is_subdir(struct dentry *, struct dentry *);
extern bool path_is_under(const struct path *, const struct path *);
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/fcntl.h b/include/uapi/linux/fcntl.h
index 6448cdd9a350..607bc98813e3 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/fcntl.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/fcntl.h
@@ -90,5 +90,11 @@
#define AT_STATX_FORCE_SYNC 0x2000 /* - Force the attributes to be sync'd with the server */
#define AT_STATX_DONT_SYNC 0x4000 /* - Don't sync attributes with the server */

+#define AT_RESOLUTION_TYPE 0xF8000 /* Type of path-resolution scoping we are applying. */
+#define AT_BENEATH 0x08000 /* - Block "lexical" trickery like "..", symlinks, absolute paths, etc. */
+#define AT_XDEV 0x10000 /* - Block mount-point crossings (includes bind-mounts). */
+#define AT_NO_MAGICLINKS 0x20000 /* - Block procfs-style "magic" symlinks. */
+#define AT_NO_SYMLINKS 0x40000 /* - Block all symlinks (implies AT_NO_MAGICLINKS). */
+#define AT_THIS_ROOT 0x80000 /* - Scope ".." resolution to dirfd (like chroot(2)). */

#endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_FCNTL_H */
--
2.21.0
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