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Subject[PATCH v6 perf,bpf 02/15] bpf: libbpf: introduce bpf_program__get_prog_info_linear()
Date
Currently, bpf_prog_info includes 9 arrays. The user has the option to
fetch any combination of these arrays. However, this requires a lot of
handling of these arrays. This work becomes more tricky when we need to
store bpf_prog_info to a file, because these arrays are allocated
independently.

This patch introduces struct bpf_prog_info_linear, which stores arrays
of bpf_prog_info in continues memory. Helper functions are introduced
to unify the work to get different information of bpf_prog_info.
Specifically, bpf_program__get_prog_info_linear() allows the user to
select which arrays to fetch, and handles details for the user.

Plesae see the comments before enum bpf_prog_info_array for more details
and examples.

Cc: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Song Liu <songliubraving@fb.com>
---
tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.c | 251 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.h | 63 ++++++++++
tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.map | 3 +
3 files changed, 317 insertions(+)

diff --git a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.c b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.c
index f5eb60379c8d..ca00ce5cbae0 100644
--- a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.c
+++ b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.c
@@ -112,6 +112,11 @@ void libbpf_print(enum libbpf_print_level level, const char *format, ...)
# define LIBBPF_ELF_C_READ_MMAP ELF_C_READ
#endif

+static inline __u64 ptr_to_u64(const void *ptr)
+{
+ return (__u64) (unsigned long) ptr;
+}
+
struct bpf_capabilities {
/* v4.14: kernel support for program & map names. */
__u32 name:1;
@@ -2997,3 +3002,249 @@ bpf_perf_event_read_simple(void *mmap_mem, size_t mmap_size, size_t page_size,
ring_buffer_write_tail(header, data_tail);
return ret;
}
+
+struct bpf_prog_info_array_desc {
+ int array_offset; /* e.g. offset of jited_prog_insns */
+ int count_offset; /* e.g. offset of jited_prog_len */
+ int size_offset; /* > 0: offset of rec size,
+ * < 0: fix size of -size_offset
+ */
+};
+
+static struct bpf_prog_info_array_desc bpf_prog_info_array_desc[] = {
+ [BPF_PROG_INFO_JITED_INSNS] = {
+ offsetof(struct bpf_prog_info, jited_prog_insns),
+ offsetof(struct bpf_prog_info, jited_prog_len),
+ -1,
+ },
+ [BPF_PROG_INFO_XLATED_INSNS] = {
+ offsetof(struct bpf_prog_info, xlated_prog_insns),
+ offsetof(struct bpf_prog_info, xlated_prog_len),
+ -1,
+ },
+ [BPF_PROG_INFO_MAP_IDS] = {
+ offsetof(struct bpf_prog_info, map_ids),
+ offsetof(struct bpf_prog_info, nr_map_ids),
+ -(int)sizeof(__u32),
+ },
+ [BPF_PROG_INFO_JITED_KSYMS] = {
+ offsetof(struct bpf_prog_info, jited_ksyms),
+ offsetof(struct bpf_prog_info, nr_jited_ksyms),
+ -(int)sizeof(__u64),
+ },
+ [BPF_PROG_INFO_JITED_FUNC_LENS] = {
+ offsetof(struct bpf_prog_info, jited_func_lens),
+ offsetof(struct bpf_prog_info, nr_jited_func_lens),
+ -(int)sizeof(__u32),
+ },
+ [BPF_PROG_INFO_FUNC_INFO] = {
+ offsetof(struct bpf_prog_info, func_info),
+ offsetof(struct bpf_prog_info, nr_func_info),
+ offsetof(struct bpf_prog_info, func_info_rec_size),
+ },
+ [BPF_PROG_INFO_LINE_INFO] = {
+ offsetof(struct bpf_prog_info, line_info),
+ offsetof(struct bpf_prog_info, nr_line_info),
+ offsetof(struct bpf_prog_info, line_info_rec_size),
+ },
+ [BPF_PROG_INFO_JITED_LINE_INFO] = {
+ offsetof(struct bpf_prog_info, jited_line_info),
+ offsetof(struct bpf_prog_info, nr_jited_line_info),
+ offsetof(struct bpf_prog_info, jited_line_info_rec_size),
+ },
+ [BPF_PROG_INFO_PROG_TAGS] = {
+ offsetof(struct bpf_prog_info, prog_tags),
+ offsetof(struct bpf_prog_info, nr_prog_tags),
+ -(int)sizeof(__u8) * BPF_TAG_SIZE,
+ },
+
+};
+
+static __u32 bpf_prog_info_read_offset_u32(struct bpf_prog_info *info, int offset)
+{
+ __u32 *array = (__u32 *)info;
+
+ if (offset >= 0)
+ return array[offset / sizeof(__u32)];
+ return -(int)offset;
+}
+
+static __u64 bpf_prog_info_read_offset_u64(struct bpf_prog_info *info, int offset)
+{
+ __u64 *array = (__u64 *)info;
+
+ if (offset >= 0)
+ return array[offset / sizeof(__u64)];
+ return -(int)offset;
+}
+
+static void bpf_prog_info_set_offset_u32(struct bpf_prog_info *info, int offset,
+ __u32 val)
+{
+ __u32 *array = (__u32 *)info;
+
+ if (offset >= 0)
+ array[offset / sizeof(__u32)] = val;
+}
+
+static void bpf_prog_info_set_offset_u64(struct bpf_prog_info *info, int offset,
+ __u64 val)
+{
+ __u64 *array = (__u64 *)info;
+
+ if (offset >= 0)
+ array[offset / sizeof(__u64)] = val;
+}
+
+struct bpf_prog_info_linear *
+bpf_program__get_prog_info_linear(int fd, __u64 arrays)
+{
+ struct bpf_prog_info_linear *info_linear;
+ struct bpf_prog_info info = {};
+ __u32 info_len = sizeof(info);
+ __u32 data_len = 0;
+ int i, err;
+ void *ptr;
+
+ if (arrays >> BPF_PROG_INFO_LAST_ARRAY)
+ return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+
+ /* step 1: get array dimensions */
+ err = bpf_obj_get_info_by_fd(fd, &info, &info_len);
+ if (err) {
+ pr_debug("can't get prog info: %s", strerror(errno));
+ return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT);
+ }
+
+ /* step 2: calculate total size of all arrays */
+ for (i = BPF_PROG_INFO_FIRST_ARRAY; i < BPF_PROG_INFO_LAST_ARRAY; ++i) {
+ bool include_array = (arrays & (1UL << i)) > 0;
+ struct bpf_prog_info_array_desc *desc;
+ __u32 count, size;
+
+ desc = bpf_prog_info_array_desc + i;
+
+ /* kernel is too old to support this field */
+ if (info_len < desc->array_offset + sizeof(__u32) ||
+ info_len < desc->count_offset + sizeof(__u32) ||
+ (desc->size_offset > 0 && info_len < desc->size_offset))
+ include_array = false;
+
+ if (!include_array) {
+ arrays &= ~(1UL << i); /* clear the bit */
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ count = bpf_prog_info_read_offset_u32(&info, desc->count_offset);
+ size = bpf_prog_info_read_offset_u32(&info, desc->size_offset);
+
+ data_len += count * size;
+ }
+
+ /* step 3: allocate continuous memory */
+ data_len = roundup(data_len, sizeof(__u64));
+ info_linear = malloc(sizeof(struct bpf_prog_info_linear) + data_len);
+ if (!info_linear)
+ return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+ /* step 4: fill data to info_linear->info */
+ info_linear->arrays = arrays;
+ memset(&info_linear->info, 0, sizeof(info));
+ ptr = info_linear->data;
+
+ for (i = BPF_PROG_INFO_FIRST_ARRAY; i < BPF_PROG_INFO_LAST_ARRAY; ++i) {
+ struct bpf_prog_info_array_desc *desc;
+ __u32 count, size;
+
+ if ((arrays & (1UL << i)) == 0)
+ continue;
+
+ desc = bpf_prog_info_array_desc + i;
+ count = bpf_prog_info_read_offset_u32(&info, desc->count_offset);
+ size = bpf_prog_info_read_offset_u32(&info, desc->size_offset);
+ bpf_prog_info_set_offset_u32(&info_linear->info,
+ desc->count_offset, count);
+ bpf_prog_info_set_offset_u32(&info_linear->info,
+ desc->size_offset, size);
+ bpf_prog_info_set_offset_u64(&info_linear->info,
+ desc->array_offset,
+ ptr_to_u64(ptr));
+ ptr += count * size;
+ }
+
+ /* step 5: call syscall again to get required arrays */
+ err = bpf_obj_get_info_by_fd(fd, &info_linear->info, &info_len);
+ if (err) {
+ pr_debug("can't get prog info: %s", strerror(errno));
+ free(info_linear);
+ return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT);
+ }
+
+ /* step 6: verify the data */
+ for (i = BPF_PROG_INFO_FIRST_ARRAY; i < BPF_PROG_INFO_LAST_ARRAY; ++i) {
+ struct bpf_prog_info_array_desc *desc;
+ __u32 v1, v2;
+
+ if ((arrays & (1UL << i)) == 0)
+ continue;
+
+ desc = bpf_prog_info_array_desc + i;
+ v1 = bpf_prog_info_read_offset_u32(&info, desc->count_offset);
+ v2 = bpf_prog_info_read_offset_u32(&info_linear->info,
+ desc->count_offset);
+ if (v1 != v2)
+ pr_warning("%s: mismatch in element count\n", __func__);
+
+ v1 = bpf_prog_info_read_offset_u32(&info, desc->size_offset);
+ v2 = bpf_prog_info_read_offset_u32(&info_linear->info,
+ desc->size_offset);
+ if (v1 != v2)
+ pr_warning("%s: mismatch in rec size\n", __func__);
+ }
+
+ /* step 7: update info_len and data_len */
+ info_linear->info_len = sizeof(struct bpf_prog_info);
+ info_linear->data_len = data_len;
+
+ return info_linear;
+}
+
+void bpf_program__bpil_addr_to_offs(struct bpf_prog_info_linear *info_linear)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = BPF_PROG_INFO_FIRST_ARRAY; i < BPF_PROG_INFO_LAST_ARRAY; ++i) {
+ struct bpf_prog_info_array_desc *desc;
+ __u64 addr, offs;
+
+ if ((info_linear->arrays & (1UL << i)) == 0)
+ continue;
+
+ desc = bpf_prog_info_array_desc + i;
+ addr = bpf_prog_info_read_offset_u64(&info_linear->info,
+ desc->array_offset);
+ offs = addr - ptr_to_u64(info_linear->data);
+ bpf_prog_info_set_offset_u64(&info_linear->info,
+ desc->array_offset, offs);
+ }
+}
+
+void bpf_program__bpil_offs_to_addr(struct bpf_prog_info_linear *info_linear)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = BPF_PROG_INFO_FIRST_ARRAY; i < BPF_PROG_INFO_LAST_ARRAY; ++i) {
+ struct bpf_prog_info_array_desc *desc;
+ __u64 addr, offs;
+
+ if ((info_linear->arrays & (1UL << i)) == 0)
+ continue;
+
+ desc = bpf_prog_info_array_desc + i;
+ offs = bpf_prog_info_read_offset_u64(&info_linear->info,
+ desc->array_offset);
+ addr = offs + ptr_to_u64(info_linear->data);
+ bpf_prog_info_set_offset_u64(&info_linear->info,
+ desc->array_offset, addr);
+ }
+}
diff --git a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.h b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.h
index b4652aa1a58a..c7645a5e1ac0 100644
--- a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.h
+++ b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.h
@@ -377,6 +377,69 @@ LIBBPF_API bool bpf_probe_map_type(enum bpf_map_type map_type, __u32 ifindex);
LIBBPF_API bool bpf_probe_helper(enum bpf_func_id id,
enum bpf_prog_type prog_type, __u32 ifindex);

+/*
+ * Get bpf_prog_info in continuous memory
+ *
+ * struct bpf_prog_info has multiple arrays. The user has option to choose
+ * arrays to fetch from kernel. The following APIs provide uniform way to
+ * fetch these data. All arrays in bpf_prog_info are stored in singile
+ * continuous memory region. This makes it easy to store the info in a
+ * file.
+ *
+ * Before writing bpf_prog_info_linear to files, it is necessary to
+ * translate pointers bpf_prog_info to offsets. Helper functions
+ * bpf_program__bpil_addr_to_offs() and bpf_program__bpil_offs_to_addr()
+ * are introduced to switch between pointers and offsets.
+ *
+ * Examples:
+ * # To fetch map_ids and prog_tags:
+ * __u64 arrays = (1UL << BPF_PROG_INFO_MAP_IDS) |
+ * (1UL << BPF_PROG_INFO_PROG_TAGS);
+ * struct bpf_prog_info_linear *info_linear =
+ * bpf_program__get_prog_info_linear(fd, arrays);
+ *
+ * # To save data in file
+ * bpf_program__bpil_addr_to_offs(info_linear);
+ * write(f, info_linear, sizeof(*info_linear) + info_linear->data_len);
+ *
+ * # To read data from file
+ * read(f, info_linear, <proper_size>);
+ * bpf_program__bpil_offs_to_addr(info_linear);
+ */
+enum bpf_prog_info_array {
+ BPF_PROG_INFO_FIRST_ARRAY = 0,
+ BPF_PROG_INFO_JITED_INSNS = 0,
+ BPF_PROG_INFO_XLATED_INSNS,
+ BPF_PROG_INFO_MAP_IDS,
+ BPF_PROG_INFO_JITED_KSYMS,
+ BPF_PROG_INFO_JITED_FUNC_LENS,
+ BPF_PROG_INFO_FUNC_INFO,
+ BPF_PROG_INFO_LINE_INFO,
+ BPF_PROG_INFO_JITED_LINE_INFO,
+ BPF_PROG_INFO_PROG_TAGS,
+ BPF_PROG_INFO_LAST_ARRAY,
+};
+
+struct bpf_prog_info_linear {
+ /* size of struct bpf_prog_info, when the tool is compiled */
+ __u32 info_len;
+ /* total bytes allocated for data, round up to 8 bytes */
+ __u32 data_len;
+ /* which arrays are included in data */
+ __u64 arrays;
+ struct bpf_prog_info info;
+ __u8 data[];
+};
+
+LIBBPF_API struct bpf_prog_info_linear *
+bpf_program__get_prog_info_linear(int fd, __u64 arrays);
+
+LIBBPF_API void
+bpf_program__bpil_addr_to_offs(struct bpf_prog_info_linear *info_linear);
+
+LIBBPF_API void
+bpf_program__bpil_offs_to_addr(struct bpf_prog_info_linear *info_linear);
+
#ifdef __cplusplus
} /* extern "C" */
#endif
diff --git a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.map b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.map
index 778a26702a70..f3ce50500cf2 100644
--- a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.map
+++ b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.map
@@ -153,4 +153,7 @@ LIBBPF_0.0.2 {
xsk_socket__delete;
xsk_umem__fd;
xsk_socket__fd;
+ bpf_program__get_prog_info_linear;
+ bpf_program__bpil_addr_to_offs;
+ bpf_program__bpil_offs_to_addr;
} LIBBPF_0.0.1;
--
2.17.1
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