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Subject[PATCH v2 3/3] watchdog: orion_wdt: use timer1 as a pretimeout
Date
The orion watchdog can either reset the CPU or generate an interrupt.
The interrupt would be useful for debugging as it provides panic()
output about the watchdog expiry, however if the interrupt is used the
watchdog can't reset the CPU in the event of being stuck in a loop with
interrupts disabled or if the CPU is prevented from accessing memory
(e.g. an unterminated DMA).

The Armada SoCs have spare timers that aren't currently used by the
Linux kernel. We can use timer1 to provide a pre-timeout ahead of the
watchdog timer and provide the possibility of gathering debug before the
reset triggers.

Signed-off-by: Chris Packham <chris.packham@alliedtelesis.co.nz>
---
Changes in v2:
- apply changes to armada-38x only
- use watchdog_notify_pretimeout() as suggested by Andrew and Guenter

drivers/watchdog/orion_wdt.c | 59 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
1 file changed, 50 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/watchdog/orion_wdt.c b/drivers/watchdog/orion_wdt.c
index 8b259c712c52..aa295f37e563 100644
--- a/drivers/watchdog/orion_wdt.c
+++ b/drivers/watchdog/orion_wdt.c
@@ -46,6 +46,11 @@
#define WDT_AXP_FIXED_ENABLE_BIT BIT(10)
#define WDT_A370_EXPIRED BIT(31)

+#define TIMER1_VAL_OFF 0x001c
+#define TIMER1_ENABLE_BIT BIT(2)
+#define TIMER1_FIXED_ENABLE_BIT BIT(12)
+#define TIMER1_STATUS_BIT BIT(8)
+
static bool nowayout = WATCHDOG_NOWAYOUT;
static int heartbeat = -1; /* module parameter (seconds) */

@@ -158,6 +163,7 @@ static int armadaxp_wdt_clock_init(struct platform_device *pdev,
struct orion_watchdog *dev)
{
int ret;
+ u32 val;

dev->clk = of_clk_get_by_name(pdev->dev.of_node, "fixed");
if (IS_ERR(dev->clk))
@@ -169,38 +175,48 @@ static int armadaxp_wdt_clock_init(struct platform_device *pdev,
}

/* Enable the fixed watchdog clock input */
- atomic_io_modify(dev->reg + TIMER_CTRL,
- WDT_AXP_FIXED_ENABLE_BIT,
- WDT_AXP_FIXED_ENABLE_BIT);
+ val = WDT_AXP_FIXED_ENABLE_BIT | TIMER1_FIXED_ENABLE_BIT;
+ atomic_io_modify(dev->reg + TIMER_CTRL, val, val);

dev->clk_rate = clk_get_rate(dev->clk);
+
return 0;
}

static int orion_wdt_ping(struct watchdog_device *wdt_dev)
{
struct orion_watchdog *dev = watchdog_get_drvdata(wdt_dev);
+
/* Reload watchdog duration */
writel(dev->clk_rate * wdt_dev->timeout,
dev->reg + dev->data->wdt_counter_offset);
+ if (dev->wdt.info->options & WDIOF_PRETIMEOUT)
+ writel(dev->clk_rate * (wdt_dev->timeout - wdt_dev->pretimeout),
+ dev->reg + TIMER1_VAL_OFF);
+
return 0;
}

static int armada375_start(struct watchdog_device *wdt_dev)
{
struct orion_watchdog *dev = watchdog_get_drvdata(wdt_dev);
- u32 reg;
+ u32 reg, val;

/* Set watchdog duration */
writel(dev->clk_rate * wdt_dev->timeout,
dev->reg + dev->data->wdt_counter_offset);
+ if (dev->wdt.info->options & WDIOF_PRETIMEOUT)
+ writel(dev->clk_rate * (wdt_dev->timeout - wdt_dev->pretimeout),
+ dev->reg + TIMER1_VAL_OFF);

/* Clear the watchdog expiration bit */
atomic_io_modify(dev->reg + TIMER_A370_STATUS, WDT_A370_EXPIRED, 0);

/* Enable watchdog timer */
- atomic_io_modify(dev->reg + TIMER_CTRL, dev->data->wdt_enable_bit,
- dev->data->wdt_enable_bit);
+ val = dev->data->wdt_enable_bit;
+ if (dev->wdt.info->options & WDIOF_PRETIMEOUT)
+ val |= TIMER1_ENABLE_BIT;
+ atomic_io_modify(dev->reg + TIMER_CTRL, val, val);

/* Enable reset on watchdog */
reg = readl(dev->rstout);
@@ -277,7 +293,7 @@ static int orion_stop(struct watchdog_device *wdt_dev)
static int armada375_stop(struct watchdog_device *wdt_dev)
{
struct orion_watchdog *dev = watchdog_get_drvdata(wdt_dev);
- u32 reg;
+ u32 reg, mask;

/* Disable reset on watchdog */
atomic_io_modify(dev->rstout_mask, dev->data->rstout_mask_bit,
@@ -287,7 +303,10 @@ static int armada375_stop(struct watchdog_device *wdt_dev)
writel(reg, dev->rstout);

/* Disable watchdog timer */
- atomic_io_modify(dev->reg + TIMER_CTRL, dev->data->wdt_enable_bit, 0);
+ mask = dev->data->wdt_enable_bit;
+ if (wdt_dev->info->options & WDIOF_PRETIMEOUT)
+ mask += TIMER1_ENABLE_BIT;
+ atomic_io_modify(dev->reg + TIMER_CTRL, mask, 0);

return 0;
}
@@ -349,7 +368,7 @@ static unsigned int orion_wdt_get_timeleft(struct watchdog_device *wdt_dev)
return readl(dev->reg + dev->data->wdt_counter_offset) / dev->clk_rate;
}

-static const struct watchdog_info orion_wdt_info = {
+static struct watchdog_info orion_wdt_info = {
.options = WDIOF_SETTIMEOUT | WDIOF_KEEPALIVEPING | WDIOF_MAGICCLOSE,
.identity = "Orion Watchdog",
};
@@ -368,6 +387,16 @@ static irqreturn_t orion_wdt_irq(int irq, void *devid)
return IRQ_HANDLED;
}

+static irqreturn_t orion_wdt_pre_irq(int irq, void *devid)
+{
+ struct orion_watchdog *dev = devid;
+
+ atomic_io_modify(dev->reg + TIMER_A370_STATUS,
+ TIMER1_STATUS_BIT, 0);
+ watchdog_notify_pretimeout(&dev->wdt);
+ return IRQ_HANDLED;
+}
+
/*
* The original devicetree binding for this driver specified only
* one memory resource, so in order to keep DT backwards compatibility
@@ -591,6 +620,18 @@ static int orion_wdt_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
}
}

+ irq = platform_get_irq(pdev, 1);
+ if (irq > 0) {
+ orion_wdt_info.options |= WDIOF_PRETIMEOUT;
+ ret = devm_request_irq(&pdev->dev, irq, orion_wdt_pre_irq,
+ 0, pdev->name, dev);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev, "failed to request IRQ\n");
+ goto disable_clk;
+ }
+ }
+
+
watchdog_set_nowayout(&dev->wdt, nowayout);
ret = watchdog_register_device(&dev->wdt);
if (ret)
--
2.21.0
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