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Subject[PATCH v3] mm/memory.c: do_fault: avoid usage of stale vm_area_struct
Date
LTP testcase mtest06 [1] can trigger a crash on s390x running 5.0.0-rc8.
This is a stress test, where one thread mmaps/writes/munmaps memory area
and other thread is trying to read from it:

CPU: 0 PID: 2611 Comm: mmap1 Not tainted 5.0.0-rc8+ #51
Hardware name: IBM 2964 N63 400 (z/VM 6.4.0)
Krnl PSW : 0404e00180000000 00000000001ac8d8 (__lock_acquire+0x7/0x7a8)
Call Trace:
([<0000000000000000>] (null))
[<00000000001adae4>] lock_acquire+0xec/0x258
[<000000000080d1ac>] _raw_spin_lock_bh+0x5c/0x98
[<000000000012a780>] page_table_free+0x48/0x1a8
[<00000000002f6e54>] do_fault+0xdc/0x670
[<00000000002fadae>] __handle_mm_fault+0x416/0x5f0
[<00000000002fb138>] handle_mm_fault+0x1b0/0x320
[<00000000001248cc>] do_dat_exception+0x19c/0x2c8
[<000000000080e5ee>] pgm_check_handler+0x19e/0x200

page_table_free() is called with NULL mm parameter, but because
"0" is a valid address on s390 (see S390_lowcore), it keeps
going until it eventually crashes in lockdep's lock_acquire.
This crash is reproducible at least since 4.14.

Problem is that "vmf->vma" used in do_fault() can become stale.
Because mmap_sem may be released, other threads can come in,
call munmap() and cause "vma" be returned to kmem cache, and
get zeroed/re-initialized and re-used:

handle_mm_fault |
__handle_mm_fault |
do_fault |
vma = vmf->vma |
do_read_fault |
__do_fault |
vma->vm_ops->fault(vmf); |
mmap_sem is released |
|
| do_munmap()
| remove_vma_list()
| remove_vma()
| vm_area_free()
| # vma is released
| ...
| # same vma is allocated
| # from kmem cache
| do_mmap()
| vm_area_alloc()
| memset(vma, 0, ...)
|
pte_free(vma->vm_mm, ...); |
page_table_free |
spin_lock_bh(&mm->context.lock);|
<crash> |

Cache mm_struct to avoid using potentially stale "vma".

[1] https://github.com/linux-test-project/ltp/blob/master/testcases/kernel/mem/mtest06/mmap1.c

Signed-off-by: Jan Stancek <jstancek@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
---
mm/memory.c | 5 ++++-
1 file changed, 4 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/mm/memory.c b/mm/memory.c
index e11ca9dd823f..e8d69ade5acc 100644
--- a/mm/memory.c
+++ b/mm/memory.c
@@ -3517,10 +3517,13 @@ static vm_fault_t do_shared_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf)
* but allow concurrent faults).
* The mmap_sem may have been released depending on flags and our
* return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry().
+ * If mmap_sem is released, vma may become invalid (for example
+ * by other thread calling munmap()).
*/
static vm_fault_t do_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf)
{
struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma;
+ struct mm_struct *vm_mm = vma->vm_mm;
vm_fault_t ret;

/*
@@ -3561,7 +3564,7 @@ static vm_fault_t do_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf)

/* preallocated pagetable is unused: free it */
if (vmf->prealloc_pte) {
- pte_free(vma->vm_mm, vmf->prealloc_pte);
+ pte_free(vm_mm, vmf->prealloc_pte);
vmf->prealloc_pte = NULL;
}
return ret;
--
1.8.3.1
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