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SubjectRe: [PATCH 3/7] RISC-V: Rework kernel's virtual address space mapping
On Thu, Mar 28, 2019 at 11:09 AM Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@sifive.com> wrote:
>
> On Wed, 27 Mar 2019 14:36:39 PDT (-0700), logang@deltatee.com wrote:
> > The motivation for this is to support P2P transactions. P2P requires
> > having struct pages for IO memory which means the linear mapping must
> > be able to cover all of the IO regions. Unfortunately with Sv39 we are
> > not able to cover all the IO regions available on existing hardware,
> > but we can do better than what we currently do (which only cover's
> > physical memory).
> >
> > To this end, we restructure the kernel's virtual address space region.
> > We position the vmemmap at the beginning of the region (based on how
> > many virtual address bits we have) and the VMALLOC region comes
> > immediately after. The linear mapping then takes up the remaining space.
> > PAGE_OFFSET will need to be within the linear mapping but may not be
> > the start of the mapping seeing many machines don't have RAM at address
> > zero and we may still want to access lower addresses through the
> > linear mapping.
> >
> > With these changes, on a 64-bit system the virtual memory map (with
> > sparsemem enabled) will be:
> >
> > 32-bit:
> >
> > 00000000 - 7fffffff user space, different per mm (2G)
> > 80000000 - 81ffffff virtual memory map (32MB)
> > 82000000 - bfffffff vmalloc/ioremap space (1GB - 32MB)
> > c0000000 - ffffffff direct mapping of all phys. memory (1GB)
> >
> > 64-bit, Sv39:
> >
> > 0000000000000000 - 0000003fffffffff user space, different per mm (256GB)
> > hole caused by [38:63] sign extension
> > ffffffc000000000 - ffffffc0ffffffff virtual memory map (4GB)
> > ffffffc100000000 - ffffffd0ffffffff vmalloc/ioremap spac (64GB)
> > ffffffd100000000 - ffffffffffffffff linear mapping of phys. space (188GB)
> >
> > On the Sifive hardware this allows us to provide struct pages for
> > the lower I/O TileLink address ranges, the 32-bit and 34-bit DRAM areas
> > and 172GB of 240GB of the high I/O TileLink region. Once we progress to
> > Sv48 we should be able to cover all the available memory regions..
> >
> > For the MAXPHYSMEM_2GB case, the physical memory must be in the highest
> > 2GB of address space, so we cannot cover the any of the I/O regions
> > that are higher than it but we do cover the lower I/O TileLink range.
>
> IIRC there was another patch floating around to fix an issue with overlapping
> regions in the 32-bit port, did you also fix that issue? It's somewhere in my
> email queue...

That was a patch I submitted to fix overlapping FIXMAP and VMALLOC
regions.

This patch does not consider FIXMAP region.

I suggest we introduce asm/memory.h where we have all critical defines
related to virtual memory layout. Also, this header should have detailed
comments about virtual memory layout.

>
> > Signed-off-by: Logan Gunthorpe <logang@deltatee.com>
> > Cc: Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@sifive.com>
> > Cc: Albert Ou <aou@eecs.berkeley.edu>
> > Cc: Antony Pavlov <antonynpavlov@gmail.com>
> > Cc: "Stefan O'Rear" <sorear2@gmail.com>
> > Cc: Anup Patel <anup.patel@wdc.com>
> > ---
> > arch/riscv/Kconfig | 2 +-
> > arch/riscv/include/asm/page.h | 2 --
> > arch/riscv/include/asm/pgtable.h | 27 ++++++++++++++++++---------
> > 3 files changed, 19 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/arch/riscv/Kconfig b/arch/riscv/Kconfig
> > index 76fc340ae38e..d21e6a12e8b6 100644
> > --- a/arch/riscv/Kconfig
> > +++ b/arch/riscv/Kconfig
> > @@ -71,7 +71,7 @@ config PAGE_OFFSET
> > hex
> > default 0xC0000000 if 32BIT && MAXPHYSMEM_2GB
> > default 0xffffffff80000000 if 64BIT && MAXPHYSMEM_2GB
> > - default 0xffffffe000000000 if 64BIT && MAXPHYSMEM_128GB
> > + default 0xffffffd200000000 if 64BIT && MAXPHYSMEM_128GB
> >
> > config ARCH_FLATMEM_ENABLE
> > def_bool y
> > diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/page.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/page.h
> > index 2a546a52f02a..fa0b8058a246 100644
> > --- a/arch/riscv/include/asm/page.h
> > +++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/page.h
> > @@ -31,8 +31,6 @@
> > */
> > #define PAGE_OFFSET _AC(CONFIG_PAGE_OFFSET, UL)
> >
> > -#define KERN_VIRT_SIZE (-PAGE_OFFSET)
> > -
> > #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
> >
> > #define PAGE_UP(addr) (((addr)+((PAGE_SIZE)-1))&(~((PAGE_SIZE)-1)))
> > diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/pgtable.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/pgtable.h
> > index 5a9fea00ba09..2a5070540996 100644
> > --- a/arch/riscv/include/asm/pgtable.h
> > +++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/pgtable.h
> > @@ -89,22 +89,31 @@ extern pgd_t swapper_pg_dir[];
> > #define __S110 PAGE_SHARED_EXEC
> > #define __S111 PAGE_SHARED_EXEC
> >
> > -#define VMALLOC_SIZE (KERN_VIRT_SIZE >> 1)
> > -#define VMALLOC_END (PAGE_OFFSET - 1)
> > -#define VMALLOC_START (PAGE_OFFSET - VMALLOC_SIZE)
> > +#define KERN_SPACE_START (-1UL << (CONFIG_VA_BITS - 1))
> >
> > /*
> > * Roughly size the vmemmap space to be large enough to fit enough
> > * struct pages to map half the virtual address space. Then
> > * position vmemmap directly below the VMALLOC region.
> > */
> > -#define VMEMMAP_SHIFT \
> > - (CONFIG_VA_BITS - PAGE_SHIFT - 1 + STRUCT_PAGE_MAX_SHIFT)
> > -#define VMEMMAP_SIZE (1UL << VMEMMAP_SHIFT)
> > -#define VMEMMAP_END (VMALLOC_START - 1)
> > -#define VMEMMAP_START (VMALLOC_START - VMEMMAP_SIZE)
> > -
> > +#ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM
> > +#define VMEMMAP_SIZE (UL(1) << (CONFIG_VA_BITS - PAGE_SHIFT - 1 + \
> > + STRUCT_PAGE_MAX_SHIFT))
> > +#define VMEMMAP_START (KERN_SPACE_START)
> > +#define VMEMMAP_END (VMEMMAP_START + VMEMMAP_SIZE - 1)
> > #define vmemmap ((struct page *)VMEMMAP_START)
> > +#else
> > +#define VMEMMAP_END KERN_SPACE_START
> > +#endif
> > +
> > +#ifdef CONFIG_32BIT
> > +#define VMALLOC_SIZE ((1UL << 30) - VMEMMAP_SIZE)
> > +#else
> > +#define VMALLOC_SIZE (64UL << 30)
> > +#endif
> > +
> > +#define VMALLOC_START (VMEMMAP_END + 1)
> > +#define VMALLOC_END (VMALLOC_START + VMALLOC_SIZE - 1)
> >
> > /*
> > * ZERO_PAGE is a global shared page that is always zero,

Regards,
Anup

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