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Subject[PATCH AUTOSEL 5.0 011/262] tracing: kdb: Fix ftdump to not sleep
From: Douglas Anderson <>

[ Upstream commit 31b265b3baaf55f209229888b7ffea523ddab366 ]

As reported back in 2016-11 [1], the "ftdump" kdb command triggers a
BUG for "sleeping function called from invalid context".

kdb's "ftdump" command wants to call ring_buffer_read_prepare() in
atomic context. A very simple solution for this is to add allocation
flags to ring_buffer_read_prepare() so kdb can call it without
triggering the allocation error. This patch does that.

Note that in the original email thread about this, it was suggested
that perhaps the solution for kdb was to either preallocate the buffer
ahead of time or create our own iterator. I'm hoping that this
alternative of adding allocation flags to ring_buffer_read_prepare()
can be considered since it means I don't need to duplicate more of the
core trace code into "trace_kdb.c" (for either creating my own
iterator or re-preparing a ring allocator whose memory was already

NOTE: another option for kdb is to actually figure out how to make it
reuse the existing ftrace_dump() function and totally eliminate the
duplication. This sounds very appealing and actually works (the "sr
z" command can be seen to properly dump the ftrace buffer). The
downside here is that ftrace_dump() fully consumes the trace buffer.
Unless that is changed I'd rather not use it because it means "ftdump
| grep xyz" won't be very useful to search the ftrace buffer since it
will throw away the whole trace on the first grep. A future patch to
dump only the last few lines of the buffer will also be hard to



Reported-by: Brian Norris <>
Signed-off-by: Douglas Anderson <>
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <>
include/linux/ring_buffer.h | 2 +-
kernel/trace/ring_buffer.c | 5 +++--
kernel/trace/trace.c | 6 ++++--
kernel/trace/trace_kdb.c | 6 ++++--
4 files changed, 12 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/ring_buffer.h b/include/linux/ring_buffer.h
index 5b9ae62272bb..503778920448 100644
--- a/include/linux/ring_buffer.h
+++ b/include/linux/ring_buffer.h
@@ -128,7 +128,7 @@ ring_buffer_consume(struct ring_buffer *buffer, int cpu, u64 *ts,
unsigned long *lost_events);

struct ring_buffer_iter *
-ring_buffer_read_prepare(struct ring_buffer *buffer, int cpu);
+ring_buffer_read_prepare(struct ring_buffer *buffer, int cpu, gfp_t flags);
void ring_buffer_read_prepare_sync(void);
void ring_buffer_read_start(struct ring_buffer_iter *iter);
void ring_buffer_read_finish(struct ring_buffer_iter *iter);
diff --git a/kernel/trace/ring_buffer.c b/kernel/trace/ring_buffer.c
index 06e864a334bb..b49affb4666b 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/ring_buffer.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/ring_buffer.c
@@ -4205,6 +4205,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ring_buffer_consume);
* ring_buffer_read_prepare - Prepare for a non consuming read of the buffer
* @buffer: The ring buffer to read from
* @cpu: The cpu buffer to iterate over
+ * @flags: gfp flags to use for memory allocation
* This performs the initial preparations necessary to iterate
* through the buffer. Memory is allocated, buffer recording
@@ -4222,7 +4223,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ring_buffer_consume);
* This overall must be paired with ring_buffer_read_finish.
struct ring_buffer_iter *
-ring_buffer_read_prepare(struct ring_buffer *buffer, int cpu)
+ring_buffer_read_prepare(struct ring_buffer *buffer, int cpu, gfp_t flags)
struct ring_buffer_per_cpu *cpu_buffer;
struct ring_buffer_iter *iter;
@@ -4230,7 +4231,7 @@ ring_buffer_read_prepare(struct ring_buffer *buffer, int cpu)
if (!cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, buffer->cpumask))
return NULL;

- iter = kmalloc(sizeof(*iter), GFP_KERNEL);
+ iter = kmalloc(sizeof(*iter), flags);
if (!iter)
return NULL;

diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace.c b/kernel/trace/trace.c
index 5f40db27aaf2..89158aa93fa6 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace.c
@@ -3904,7 +3904,8 @@ __tracing_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file, bool snapshot)
if (iter->cpu_file == RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS) {
for_each_tracing_cpu(cpu) {
iter->buffer_iter[cpu] =
- ring_buffer_read_prepare(iter->trace_buffer->buffer, cpu);
+ ring_buffer_read_prepare(iter->trace_buffer->buffer,
+ cpu, GFP_KERNEL);
for_each_tracing_cpu(cpu) {
@@ -3914,7 +3915,8 @@ __tracing_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file, bool snapshot)
} else {
cpu = iter->cpu_file;
iter->buffer_iter[cpu] =
- ring_buffer_read_prepare(iter->trace_buffer->buffer, cpu);
+ ring_buffer_read_prepare(iter->trace_buffer->buffer,
+ cpu, GFP_KERNEL);
tracing_iter_reset(iter, cpu);
diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace_kdb.c b/kernel/trace/trace_kdb.c
index d953c163a079..810d78a8d14c 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace_kdb.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace_kdb.c
@@ -51,14 +51,16 @@ static void ftrace_dump_buf(int skip_lines, long cpu_file)
if (cpu_file == RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS) {
for_each_tracing_cpu(cpu) {
iter.buffer_iter[cpu] =
- ring_buffer_read_prepare(iter.trace_buffer->buffer, cpu);
+ ring_buffer_read_prepare(iter.trace_buffer->buffer,
+ cpu, GFP_ATOMIC);
tracing_iter_reset(&iter, cpu);
} else {
iter.cpu_file = cpu_file;
iter.buffer_iter[cpu_file] =
- ring_buffer_read_prepare(iter.trace_buffer->buffer, cpu_file);
+ ring_buffer_read_prepare(iter.trace_buffer->buffer,
+ cpu_file, GFP_ATOMIC);
tracing_iter_reset(&iter, cpu_file);
 \ /
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