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SubjectRe: [linux-sunxi] Re: [PATCH v3 3/9] power: supply: axp20x_usb_power: allow disabling input current limiting
On Mon, Mar 25, 2019 at 4:58 PM Hans de Goede <hdegoede@redhat.com> wrote:
>
> Hi,
>
> On 25-03-19 03:45, Chen-Yu Tsai wrote:
> > On Thu, Mar 21, 2019 at 5:30 PM Maxime Ripard <maxime.ripard@bootlin.com> wrote:
> >>
> >> Hi,
> >>
> >> The rest of the series is
> >> Acked-by: Maxime Ripard <maxime.ripard@bootlin.com>
> >>
> >> On Thu, Mar 21, 2019 at 04:48:44PM +0800, Chen-Yu Tsai wrote:
> >>> From: Chen-Yu Tsai <wens@csie.org>
> >>>
> >>> The AXP PMICs allow the user to disable current limiting on the VBUS
> >>> input. While read-out of this setting was already supported by the
> >>> driver, it did not allow the user to configure the PMIC to disable
> >>> current limiting.
> >>>
> >>> Add support for this.
> >>>
> >>> Signed-off-by: Chen-Yu Tsai <wens@csie.org>
> >>
> >> Do we really want to do that though? That could have some pretty bad
> >> consequences.
> >
> > If I understand the manual correctly, the PMIC has two mode of operation
> > with regards to VBUS. Normal operation means the PMIC will try to limit
> > the current draw to maintain VBUS above the set V_hold (defaults to 4.4V).
> > This is in addition to the current limit set in this patch.
> >
> > The other mode of operation is bypass, where it ignores the voltage limit.
> > Not sure if it also ignores the current limit, but probably not. In any
> > case we don't support this mode in the driver.
> >
> > So I can think of a few cases where this might be bad:
> >
> > 1. High current draw results in excessive voltage drop and heating over
> > line / traces due to insufficient conductor area. This should be covered
> > by the voltage holding mechanism.
> >
> > 2. Over taxing the external power supply. This should also result in some
> > voltage drop for simple power bricks. Advanced ones would either have
> > current limiting or over-current protection.
> >
> > What bad consequences are you thinking of?
>
> Lets say you use a typical 5v / 2A charger-plug, lets also say that at full
> load this brick has an efficiency of 90%. At full load it delivers 10W of
> power, while consuming 11.1W dissipating 1.1W of losses as heat.
>
> Now lets say we disable current-limiting and rely only on the V_hold
> mechanism, lets say that we end up with 4.5 volts at 2.4 amps because of
> this and since we are now operating in overload conditions the
> efficiency has fallen to 80% (approx. 4.5/5.0 * 90%) so now at full load
> it delivers 10.8W of power, while consuming 13.5W dissipating 2.7W of
> losses as heat. Chances are the the small plastic enclosure of your
> typical charger-plug cannot dissipate this much and will start warming
> up, until it bursts into flames.
>
> Disabling current limit protection is a very bad idea because you will
> end up in an equilibrium between the Vhold from the charger-ic and the
> over-current protection from the power-brick where you are over the
> design limit of the power-brick.
>
> I actually like what the TI charger-ics are doing here a lot more then
> what the AXP series is doing, with TI charger-ics if you set a current
> limit > 500mA and the power-brick's voltages drops too much because of
> this (or because of a bad cable) it automatically falls back to 500mA.
> Where as at least with the AXP288, it simply starts drawing 1.5A at 4.5V
> with a bad cable, but in this case the dissipation at least is happening
> inside the cable rather then inside the charger-plug, which typically
> already gets quite hot under normal operation conditions.
>
> Disabling the current limit is basically the same as what bad USB-A
> to USB-C cables which have a Rp-3.0 resistor in the C plug do, these tell
> the device with the Type-C plug it can safely draw 3A from the A-port the
> A plug is plugged into. The web is full of stories about this causing
> damage to machines, e.g.:
>
> "Bohn's Nexus 6P drew too much power from his MacBook Air while using a third-party cord, frying the machine and making the USB Type-C ports work only intermittently."
>
> From: https://www.laptopmag.com/articles/how-to-find-safe-usb-type-c-cables
>
> Another good link about the problems caused by these bad Rp resistor
> values in Type-C to Type-A cables (which also effectively disable the
> current-limit on the device charging on the C-end of the cable):
> https://plus.google.com/102617628172847077584/posts/HakwCMmd346
>
> Note this second link is going away in 6 days as google is retiring
> google+.
>
> Anyways TL;DR: Disabling the current-limit is a bad idea and really
> nothing good can come from this.

OK. I'll respin the series without this.

ChenYu

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