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> On Mar 21, 2019, at 4:21 PM, Keith Busch <> wrote:
> On Thu, Mar 21, 2019 at 04:12:39PM +0000, Stefan Hajnoczi wrote:
>> mdev-nvme seems like a duplication of SPDK. The performance is not
>> better and the features are more limited, so why focus on this approach?
>> One argument might be that the kernel NVMe subsystem wants to offer this
>> functionality and loading the kernel module is more convenient than
>> managing SPDK to some users.
>> Thoughts?
> Doesn't SPDK bind a controller to a single process? mdev binds to
> namespaces (or their partitions), so you could have many mdev's assigned
> to many VMs accessing a single controller.

Yes, it binds to a single process which can drive the datapath of multiple virtual controllers for multiple VMs (similar to what you described for mdev). You can therefore efficiently poll multiple VM submission queues (and multiple device completion queues) from a single physical CPU.

The same could be done in the kernel, but the code gets complicated as you add more functionality to it. As this is a direct interface with an untrusted front-end (the guest), it's also arguably safer to do in userspace.

Worth noting: you can eventually have a single physical core polling all sorts of virtual devices (eg. virtual storage or network controllers) very efficiently. And this is quite configurable, too. In the interest of fairness, performance or efficiency, you can choose to dynamically add or remove queues to the poll thread or spawn more threads and redistribute the work.

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