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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH RESEND 0/3] mm modifications / helpers for emulated GPU coherent memory
On Thu, Mar 21, 2019 at 01:22:22PM +0000, Thomas Hellstrom wrote:
> Resending since last series was sent through a mis-configured SMTP server.
>
> Hi,
> This is an early RFC to make sure I don't go too far in the wrong direction.
>
> Non-coherent GPUs that can't directly see contents in CPU-visible memory,
> like VMWare's SVGA device, run into trouble when trying to implement
> coherent memory requirements of modern graphics APIs. Examples are
> Vulkan and OpenGL 4.4's ARB_buffer_storage.
>
> To remedy, we need to emulate coherent memory. Typically when it's detected
> that a buffer object is about to be accessed by the GPU, we need to
> gather the ranges that have been dirtied by the CPU since the last operation,
> apply an operation to make the content visible to the GPU and clear the
> the dirty tracking.
>
> Depending on the size of the buffer object and the access pattern there are
> two major possibilities:
>
> 1) Use page_mkwrite() and pfn_mkwrite(). (GPU buffer objects are backed
> either by PCI device memory or by driver-alloced pages).
> The dirty-tracking needs to be reset by write-protecting the affected ptes
> and flush tlb. This has a complexity of O(num_dirty_pages), but the
> write page-fault is of course costly.
>
> 2) Use hardware dirty-flags in the ptes. The dirty-tracking needs to be reset
> by clearing the dirty bits and flush tlb. This has a complexity of
> O(num_buffer_object_pages) and dirty bits need to be scanned in full before
> each gpu-access.
>
> So in practice the two methods need to be interleaved for best performance.
>
> So to facilitate this, I propose two new helpers, apply_as_wrprotect() and
> apply_as_clean() ("as" stands for address-space) both inspired by
> unmap_mapping_range(). Users of these helpers are in the making, but needs
> some cleaning-up.

To be clear this should _only be use_ for mmap of device file ? If so
the API should try to enforce that as much as possible for instance by
mandating the file as argument so that the function can check it is
only use in that case. Also big scary comment to make sure no one just
start using those outside this very limited frame.

>
> There's also a change to x_mkwrite() to allow dropping the mmap_sem while
> waiting.

This will most likely conflict with userfaultfd write protection. Maybe
building your thing on top of that would be better.

https://lwn.net/Articles/783571/

I will take a cursory look at the patches.

Cheers,
Jérôme

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