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Subject[tip:x86/urgent] x86/boot: Restrict header scope to make Clang happy
Commit-ID:  a9c640ac96e19b3966357ec9bb586edd2e1e74de
Author: Nick Desaulniers <>
AuthorDate: Thu, 14 Mar 2019 15:14:57 -0700
Committer: Thomas Gleixner <>
CommitDate: Thu, 21 Mar 2019 12:24:38 +0100

x86/boot: Restrict header scope to make Clang happy

The inclusion of <linux/kernel.h> was causing issue as the definition of
__arch_hweight64 from arch/x86/include/asm/arch_hweight.h eventually gets
included. The definition is problematic when compiled with -m16 (all code
in arch/x86/boot/ is) as the "D" inline assembly constraint is rejected
by both compilers when passed an argument of type long long (regardless
of signedness, anything smaller is fine).

Because GCC performs inlining before semantic analysis, and
__arch_hweight64 is dead in this translation unit, GCC does not report
any issues at compile time. Clang does the semantic analysis in the
front end, before inlining (run in the middle) can determine the code is
dead. I consider this another case of PR33587, which I think we can do
more work to solve.

It turns out that arch/x86/boot/string.c doesn't actually need
linux/kernel.h, simply linux/limits.h and linux/compiler.h.

Suggested-by: Stephen Rothwell <>
Signed-off-by: Nick Desaulniers <>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <>
Tested-by: Nathan Chancellor <>
Reviewed-by: Nathan Chancellor <>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <>
Cc: Chao Fan <>
Cc: Uros Bizjak <>

arch/x86/boot/string.c | 3 ++-
1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/string.c b/arch/x86/boot/string.c
index 315a67b8896b..90154df8f125 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/string.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/string.c
@@ -13,8 +13,9 @@

#include <linux/types.h>
-#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/compiler.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
+#include <linux/limits.h>
#include <asm/asm.h>
#include "ctype.h"
#include "string.h"
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