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SubjectRe: [PATCH 02/12] percpu: do not search past bitmap when allocating an area
On Sat, Mar 02, 2019 at 01:32:04PM +0000, Peng Fan wrote:
> Hi Dennis,
>
> > -----Original Message-----
> > From: owner-linux-mm@kvack.org [mailto:owner-linux-mm@kvack.org] On
> > Behalf Of Dennis Zhou
> > Sent: 2019年2月28日 10:18
> > To: Dennis Zhou <dennis@kernel.org>; Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>; Christoph
> > Lameter <cl@linux.com>
> > Cc: Vlad Buslov <vladbu@mellanox.com>; kernel-team@fb.com;
> > linux-mm@kvack.org; linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
> > Subject: [PATCH 02/12] percpu: do not search past bitmap when allocating an
> > area
> >
> > pcpu_find_block_fit() guarantees that a fit is found within
> > PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS. Iteration is used to determine the first fit as it
> > compares against the block's contig_hint. This can lead to incorrectly scanning
> > past the end of the bitmap. The behavior was okay given the check after for
> > bit_off >= end and the correctness of the hints from pcpu_find_block_fit().
> >
> > This patch fixes this by bounding the end offset by the number of bits in a
> > chunk.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Dennis Zhou <dennis@kernel.org>
> > ---
> > mm/percpu.c | 3 ++-
> > 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/mm/percpu.c b/mm/percpu.c
> > index 53bd79a617b1..69ca51d238b5 100644
> > --- a/mm/percpu.c
> > +++ b/mm/percpu.c
> > @@ -988,7 +988,8 @@ static int pcpu_alloc_area(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk,
> > int alloc_bits,
> > /*
> > * Search to find a fit.
> > */
> > - end = start + alloc_bits + PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS;
> > + end = min_t(int, start + alloc_bits + PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS,
> > + pcpu_chunk_map_bits(chunk));
> > bit_off = bitmap_find_next_zero_area(chunk->alloc_map, end, start,
> > alloc_bits, align_mask);
> > if (bit_off >= end)
> > --
>
> From pcpu_alloc_area itself, I think this is correct to avoid bitmap_find_next_zero_area
> scan past the boundaries of alloc_map, so
>
> Reviewed-by: Peng Fan <peng.fan@nxp.com>
>
> There are a few points I did not understand well,
> Per understanding pcpu_find_block_fit is to find the first bit off in a chunk which could satisfy
> the bits allocation, so bits might be larger than PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS. And if
> pcpu_find_block_fit returns a good off, it means there is a area in the chunk could satisfy
> the bits allocation, then the following pcpu_alloc_area will not scan past the boundaries of
> alloc_map, right?
>

pcpu_find_block_fit() finds the chunk offset corresponding to the block
that will be able to fit the chunk. Allocations are done by first fit,
so scanning begins from the first_free of a block. Because the hints are
always accurate, you never fail to find a fit in pcpu_alloc_area() if
pcpu_find_block_fit() gives you an offset. This means you never scan
past the end anyway.

Thanks,
Dennis

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