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SubjectRe: [PATCH v12 3/3] ipc: Do cyclic id allocation with ipcmni_extend mode
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Hi Waiman,


On 3/18/19 7:46 PM, Waiman Long wrote:
> --- a/ipc/util.c
>> +++ b/ipc/util.c
>> @@ -221,9 +221,17 @@ static inline int ipc_idr_alloc(struct ipc_ids *ids, struct kern_ipc_perm *new)
>> */
>>
>> if (next_id < 0) { /* !CHECKPOINT_RESTORE or next_id is unset */
>> + int max_idx;
>> +
>> + max_idx = ids->in_use*3/2;
>> + if (max_idx > ipc_mni)
>> + max_idx = ipc_mni;
>> + if (max_idx < ipc_min_cycle)
>> + max_idx = ipc_min_cycle;
>
> Why don't you use the min() and max() macros which will make it easier
> to read?
>
Changed.
>>
>> /* allocate the idx, with a NULL struct kern_ipc_perm */
>> - idx = idr_alloc(&ids->ipcs_idr, NULL, 0, 0, GFP_NOWAIT);
>> + idx = idr_alloc_cyclic(&ids->ipcs_idr, NULL, 0, max_idx,
>> + GFP_NOWAIT);
>>
>> if (idx >= 0) {
>> /*
>> diff --git a/ipc/util.h b/ipc/util.h
>> index 8c834ed39012..ef4e86bb2db8 100644
>> --- a/ipc/util.h
>> +++ b/ipc/util.h
>> @@ -27,12 +27,14 @@
>> */
>> #define IPCMNI_SHIFT 15
>> #define IPCMNI_EXTEND_SHIFT 24
>> +#define IPCMNI_EXTEND_MIN_CYCLE (2 << 12)
>
> How about
>
> #define IPCMNI_EXTEND_MIN_CYCLE    (RADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE *
> RADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE)
>
Good idea.
Actually, "2<<12" was the initial guess.

And then I noticed that this ends up as a two level radix tree during
testing :-)


Updated patch attached.

--

    Manfred

From 844c9d78cea41983a89c820bd5265ceded59883b Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com>
Date: Sun, 17 Mar 2019 06:29:00 +0100
Subject: [PATCH 2/2] ipc: Do cyclic id allocation for the ipc object.

For ipcmni_extend mode, the sequence number space is only 7 bits. So
the chance of id reuse is relatively high compared with the non-extended
mode.

To alleviate this id reuse problem, this patch enables cyclic allocation
for the index to the radix tree (idx).
The disadvantage is that this can cause a slight slow-down of the fast
path, as the radix tree could be higher than necessary.

To limit the radix tree height, I have chosen the following limits:
- 1) The cycling is done over in_use*1.5.
- 2) At least, the cycling is done over
"normal" ipcnmi mode: RADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE elements
"ipcmni_extended": 4096 elements

Result:
- for normal mode:
No change for <= 42 active ipc elements. With more than 42
active ipc elements, a 2nd level would be added to the radix
tree.
Without cyclic allocation, a 2nd level would be added only with
more than 63 active elements.

- for extended mode:
Cycling creates always at least a 2-level radix tree.
With more than 2730 active objects, a 3rd level would be
added, instead of > 4095 active objects until the 3rd level
is added without cyclic allocation.

For a 2-level radix tree compared to a 1-level radix tree, I have
observed < 1% performance impact.

Notes:
1) Normal "x=semget();y=semget();" is unaffected: Then the idx
is e.g. a and a+1, regardless if idr_alloc() or idr_alloc_cyclic()
is used.

2) The -1% happens in a microbenchmark after this situation:
x=semget();
for(i=0;i<4000;i++) {t=semget();semctl(t,0,IPC_RMID);}
y=semget();
Now perform semget calls on x and y that do not sleep.

3) The worst-case reuse cycle time is unfortunately unaffected:
If you have 2^24-1 ipc objects allocated, and get/remove the last
possible element in a loop, then the id is reused after 128
get/remove pairs.

Performance check:
A microbenchmark that performes no-op semop() randomly on two IDs,
with only these two IDs allocated.
The IDs were set using /proc/sys/kernel/sem_next_id.
The test was run 5 times, averages are shown.

1 & 2: Base (6.22 seconds for 10.000.000 semops)
1 & 40: -0.2%
1 & 3348: - 0.8%
1 & 27348: - 1.6%
1 & 15777204: - 3.2%

Or: ~12.6 cpu cycles per additional radix tree level.
The cpu is an Intel I3-5010U. ~1300 cpu cycles/syscall is slower
than what I remember (spectre impact?).

V2 of the patch:
- use "min" and "max"
- use RADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE * RADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE instead of
(2<<12).

Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com>
---
ipc/ipc_sysctl.c | 2 ++
ipc/util.c | 7 ++++++-
ipc/util.h | 3 +++
3 files changed, 11 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/ipc/ipc_sysctl.c b/ipc/ipc_sysctl.c
index 73b7782eccf4..bfaae457810c 100644
--- a/ipc/ipc_sysctl.c
+++ b/ipc/ipc_sysctl.c
@@ -122,6 +122,7 @@ static int one = 1;
static int int_max = INT_MAX;
int ipc_mni = IPCMNI;
int ipc_mni_shift = IPCMNI_SHIFT;
+int ipc_min_cycle = RADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE;

static struct ctl_table ipc_kern_table[] = {
{
@@ -252,6 +253,7 @@ static int __init ipc_mni_extend(char *str)
{
ipc_mni = IPCMNI_EXTEND;
ipc_mni_shift = IPCMNI_EXTEND_SHIFT;
+ ipc_min_cycle = IPCMNI_EXTEND_MIN_CYCLE;
pr_info("IPCMNI extended to %d.\n", ipc_mni);
return 0;
}
diff --git a/ipc/util.c b/ipc/util.c
index 6e0fe3410423..1a492afb1d8b 100644
--- a/ipc/util.c
+++ b/ipc/util.c
@@ -221,9 +221,14 @@ static inline int ipc_idr_alloc(struct ipc_ids *ids, struct kern_ipc_perm *new)
*/

if (next_id < 0) { /* !CHECKPOINT_RESTORE or next_id is unset */
+ int max_idx;
+
+ max_idx = max(ids->in_use*3/2, ipc_min_cycle);
+ max_idx = min(max_idx, ipc_mni);

/* allocate the idx, with a NULL struct kern_ipc_perm */
- idx = idr_alloc(&ids->ipcs_idr, NULL, 0, 0, GFP_NOWAIT);
+ idx = idr_alloc_cyclic(&ids->ipcs_idr, NULL, 0, max_idx,
+ GFP_NOWAIT);

if (idx >= 0) {
/*
diff --git a/ipc/util.h b/ipc/util.h
index 8c834ed39012..d316399f0c32 100644
--- a/ipc/util.h
+++ b/ipc/util.h
@@ -27,12 +27,14 @@
*/
#define IPCMNI_SHIFT 15
#define IPCMNI_EXTEND_SHIFT 24
+#define IPCMNI_EXTEND_MIN_CYCLE (RADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE * RADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE)
#define IPCMNI (1 << IPCMNI_SHIFT)
#define IPCMNI_EXTEND (1 << IPCMNI_EXTEND_SHIFT)

#ifdef CONFIG_SYSVIPC_SYSCTL
extern int ipc_mni;
extern int ipc_mni_shift;
+extern int ipc_min_cycle;

#define ipcmni_seq_shift() ipc_mni_shift
#define IPCMNI_IDX_MASK ((1 << ipc_mni_shift) - 1)
@@ -40,6 +42,7 @@ extern int ipc_mni_shift;
#else /* CONFIG_SYSVIPC_SYSCTL */

#define ipc_mni IPCMNI
+#define ipc_min_cycle RADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE
#define ipcmni_seq_shift() IPCMNI_SHIFT
#define IPCMNI_IDX_MASK ((1 << IPCMNI_SHIFT) - 1)
#endif /* CONFIG_SYSVIPC_SYSCTL */
--
2.17.2
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